Selected Patents Relating to Oils and Fats 2011

The following list contains brief details of current patents, which appeared to the editor to be especially relevant. Inevitably, there is an element of subjectivity in the choice. Topics included in the list are based on the Divisions of the AOCS and the topical sessions held at the AOCS annual meetings. Patents are listed here at approximately the same monthly intervals as they are published in Inform.

Fat-soluble drug composition  (Seiko, K. and K. Eichi, Riken Vitamin Co., US7947305, May 24, 2011).

The present invention aims at providing a fat-soluble drug composition having improved absorbability of the fat-soluble component in the living body and being stable as a formulation specifically a fat-soluble drug composition for capsules. The present invention relates to a fat-soluble drug composition comprising a fat-soluble component and an emulsifier wherein the emulsifier contains diacetyltartaric and unsaturated fatty acid esters of glycerol and a glycerol ester of unsaturated fatty acid.

Modifications of solid 3-sn-phosphoglycerides (Shaw, Walter A., et al., Biomolecular Products Inc., US7947306, May 24, 2011).

Methods for hydrolyzing solid ungranulated lysophosphatidylcholine with phospholipase A2 are provided. Also disclosed are methods for making a lipid matrix of lysophosphatidylcholine monoglyceride and fatty acid and lipid matrices of particular structure.

Low-trans fats for confectionery and bakery fat composition  (Cleenewerck, B., K. Saey, and M. Van Dyck, Fuji Oil Co. Ltd., US7947323, May 24, 2011).

The present invention relates to a process for the production of a fat composition for confectionery or baking applications. According to this process a starting fat composition containing palm oil or a palm oil fraction and having the following composition: (1) a glyceride composition with 1) a S2U content between 47 and 75 weight percent 2) a SU2+U3 content <40 weight percent 3) S3 content between 1 and 15 weight percent 4)a diglyceride content of 3 to 12 weight percent, the glyceride contents being expressed as weight percent with respect to the total amount of di- and triglycerides in which S means a saturated fatty acid with A hydrocarbon chain length of 14-24 carbon atoms and U means unsaturated fatty acid with a hydrocarbon chain length of 14-24 carbon atoms and (2) a total content of unsaturated fatty acids of less than 55 weight percent preferably less than 50 weight percent more preferably less than 48 weight percent is subjected to a catalytic hydrogenation so as to obtain a first fat with a trans fatty acid content < weight percent preferably <10 weight percent most preferably <5 weight percent and an increase of C18-0 of less than 1 weight percent preferably less than 0.7 weight percent more preferably less than 0.4 weight percent. This first fat is incorporated in the fat composition.

Agent for treating oil-polluted ground and for cleaning oil-contaminated surfaces and containers  (Kroh, W., Swisstech Holding AG, US7947641, May 24, 2011).

The invention relates to a concentrate for the effective environmentally friendly treatment of oil-polluted stretches of ground and the cleaning of oil-contaminated surfaces, said concentrate containing an emulsifier, a vegetable oil and ethanol. The emulsifier is preferably a non-ionic surfactant with an HLB value between 7 and 8. The vegetable oil is preferably selected so that it is liquid at temperatures above 5°C. Oils containing unsaturated fatty acids, in particular germ oils are especially suitable. For its application as a treatment for stretches of ground, the inventive concentrate is diluted with water to form a cleaning solution and is applied to the oil-contaminated surface that is to be treated. The oil is emulsified in the inventive cleaning solution and is detached from the particles of the ground. The oil degrades in a significantly easier manner in the emulsified state. To clean oil-contaminated surfaces, the cleaning solution is sprayed onto the latter. In an advantageous embodiment of the inventive cleaning method, a powder-like adsorption agent is added to the oil emulsion that is formed during the cleaning of oil-tank interiors, said agent adsorbing the emulsified oil and forming a sediment with the latter.

Method of treating hypertension and reducing serum lipase activity  (Wadstein, J., and J. Remmereit, Aker Biomarine ASA, US7947737, May 24, 2011).

This invention relates to a method of treating hypertension and reducing serum lipase activity by dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid. The method comprises administering a safe and effective amount of conjugated linoleic acid to a human. The conjugated linoleic acid may be provided in the form of a free fatty acid or chemical derivatives thereof in a pill, or as a component of a prepared food product.

Stabilized vegetable oils and methods of making same  (Higgins, N.W. and J.F. Stults, Bunge Oils Inc., US7947847, May 24, 2011).

A method for modifying ethylenic unsaturation in a triglyceride. One or more unsaturated fatty acyl moieties present in the triglyceride are substituted with a lactone or ketone moiety via an electron acceptor mediated reaction. The resulting reaction products are useful, for example, as formulations for lubricants, hydraulic fluids, dielectric fluids, and intermediates for polymer synthesis.

Method for preparing fatty acid esters of natural origin functionalized by oxidation for use as fluxing oils for bitumen  (Le Chien, H. and C. Deneuvillers, Colas SA; Valagro Centre de Valorisation Industrielle des Agroressources, US7951238, May 31, 2011).

A method for preparing a fluxing oil, having an iodine number ranging from 50 to 200, based on fatty substances of natural origin having been chemically functionalized by oxidation, includes the steps of: i) providing a fatty substance or a mixture of fatty substances of natural origin, ii) subjecting the fatty substance or the mixture of fatty substances of natural origin to at least one transesterification or esterification reaction by at least one alkanol or mono-alcohol, iii) subjecting the compound or mixture of compounds obtained at step ii) to at least one chemical functionalization reaction by oxidation introducing at least one functional group selected from carboxylic acid, epoxy, peroxide, aldehyde, ether, ester, alcohol and ketone groups, and iv) collecting the fluxing oil.

Enzymatic hydrolysis of a polymer comprising vinyl acetate monomer  (Sakaguchi, H., et al., US7951267, May 31, 2011).

The invention relates to the use of certain lipolytic enzymes such as cutinases and lipases in the manufacture of paper and paper products from recycled paper. Examples of such enzymes are derived from strains of Humicola, Candida, Fusarium and Pseudomonas. By use of these enzymes the problems relating to the so-called 'stickies' derived from waste paper are reduced.

Methods for extending the shelf-life of food compositions containing polyunsaturated fatty acids  (Fritsch, D.A., et al., Hills Pet Nutrition Inc., US7951493, May 31, 2011).

A process for preparing a food composition by mixing a nutritive base with at least one long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid; cooking the resulting mixture at a temperature not less than about 50°C; adding to the food composition at least one oxidatively protected lon- chain polyunsaturated fatty acid; and packaging the resulting composition in an oxygen-depleted environment within a sealed container to provide the food product that exhibits (1) acceptable palatability to an animal and (2) a shelf-life of at least about 6 months when stored at ambient temperature without opening the container.

Production of peracids using an enzyme having perhydrolysis activity  (Gavagan, J.E., et al., E I Du Pont de Nemours and Co., US7951566, May 31, 2011).

A process is provided for producing peroxycarboxylic acids from carboxylic acid esters. More specifically, carboxylic acid esters are reacted with an inorganic peroxide, such as hydrogen peroxide, in the presence of an enzyme catalyst having perhydrolysis activity. The present perhydrolase catalysts are classified as members of the carbohydrate esterase family 7 (CE-7) based on the conserved structural features. Further disinfectant formulations comprising the peracids produced by the processes described herein are provided.

Production of peracids using an enzyme having perhydrolysis activity  (Payne, M.S., et al., E I Du Pont de Nemours and Co., US7951567, May 31, 2011).

A method is provided for producing peroxycarboxylic acids from carboxylic acid esters. More specifically, carboxylic acid esters are reacted with an inorganic peroxide, such as hydrogen peroxide, in the presence of an enzyme catalyst having perhydrolysis activity derived from Bacillus sp. to produce peroxycarboxylic acids.

Hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated heat-bodied oils and uses thereof  (Bloom, P.D. and D.P. Holzgraefe, Archer Daniels Midland Co., US7951862, May 31, 2011).

The present disclosure presents materials comprising hydrogenated and/or partially hydrogenated polymerized vegetable oils. Non-limiting applications of the polymerized oils, including coatings, binders, blends, and greases are presented. Methods for forming these materials are also disclosed.

Method and apparatus for preparing fatty acid alkyl ester using fatty acid  (Roh, H.D., et al., SK Chemicals Co. Ltd., US7951967, May 31, 2011).

A method and an apparatus for preparing fatty acid alkyl ester for bio-diesels are disclosed, wherein fatty acid, specifically fatty acid distillate reacts with alcohol, without a catalyst. The method does not require the purification process of the catalyst and glycerin, and has the superior conversion ratio of fatty acid. The method for preparing fatty acid alkyl ester for bio-diesel fuels comprises the step of esterifying fatty acid raw material with alcohol, under a temperature of 200 to 350°C and a pressure of atmospheric pressure to 10 bar. The apparatus for preparing fatty acid alkyl ester for bio-diesel fuels comprises: the first reactor for esterifying fatty acid raw material with alcohol under a temperature of 200°C to 350°C and a pressure of atmospheric pressure to 10 bar and for converting 80 to 90 percent of total fatty acid into fatty acid alkyl ester; and the second reactor for converting remaining fatty acid unconverted at the first reactor into fatty acid alkyl ester.

Hydrotreating and catalytic dewaxing process for making diesel from oils and/or fats  (Ghonasgi, D.B., et al., ConocoPhillips Co., US7955401, June 7, 2011).

Methods for producing C10-C30 hydrocarbons from fatty materials such as triglyceride compounds are provided. Hydrocarbon compounds particularly those boiling in the temperature range of between about 80°F to about 1000°F are produced by contacting a fatty material with at least one catalyst comprising cobalt and molybdenum on a zeolite support under hydrotreating conditions. Additional hydrotreating catalysts may also be used to further improve the properties of the hydrocarbon product.

Method for recycling and exploitation of the glycerin obtained in the production of biodiesel  (De Menezes, R.B., et al., Petroleo Brasileiro SA, US7955402, June 7, 2011).

A method to exploit the glycerin obtained as a by-product of the industrial process to produce biodiesel inside or out of the industrial production unit, providing a reduction in the environmental liability that may be caused by an excess in the production of glycerin that cannot be exploited for industrial use. The referenced method uses recycling of the glycerin obtained through industrial process to produce biodiesel, using a process basically consisting of four stages: a) extracting glycerin produced as a by-product of the industrial process for producing biodiesel; b) hydrogenation of said n-propanol glycerin, c) recycling of the n-propanol thus obtained to be added to a mixture of alcohols; and d) transesterification of the n-propanol mixture added to the alcohol mixture, together with raw material triglycerides from renewable sources in order to obtain biodiesel. The referenced recycling of the n-propanol stream provides a reduction in the amount of the alcohol mixture necessary for the industrial process to produce biodiesel, consequently reducing operational costs.

Aqueous polyurethane dispersions made from hydroxymethyl containing polyester polyols derived from fatty acids  (Bhattacharjee, D., et al., Dow Global Technologies LLC, US7928161, April 19, 2011).

Polymer dispersions are prepared by reaction of a polyisocyanate and a hydroxylmethyl containing polyester polyol derived from a fatty acid to form a prepolymer, dispersing the prepolymer in an aqueous phase and then curing the prepolymer to form solid particle particles. The prepolymers can be prepared having isocyanate, hydroxyl, or a variety of other reactive functional groups. The dispersions are useful in a variety of coating, sealant, adhesive and elastomer applications.

Polypeptide having Δ5 desaturating activity, polynucleotide coding for the polypeptide, and use thereof (Fukuzawa, H., et al., Suntory Holdings Limited, US7928294, April 19, 2011).

The present invention relates to a polypeptide having a Δ5 fatty acid desaturation activity and a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide as well as use thereof. For example, the present invention relates to a polypeptide, comprising (i) the amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 2; or (ii) the amino acid sequence in which one or more amino acids are substituted, deleted, inserted, or added in the amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 2, and having the Δ5 fatty acid desaturation activity; an antibody capable of binding to this polypeptide; a polynucleotide encoding the polypeptide; a vector comprising this polynucleotide; a cell or transformant introduced with the polynucleotide; a method of producing a fatty acid using the cell, and so on.

Methods for improving low-temperature properties of biodiesel fuel  (Roby, S.H., and G. Zhou, Chevron USA Inc., US7931703, April 26, 2011).

The present invention is generally directed to novel biodiesel fuel compositions having enhanced low-temperature properties. The present invention is additionally directed to methods (i.e., processes) for making such enhanced biodiesel fuels by improving the low-temperature properties of ester-based biodiesel fuels via in situ enhancement and/or additive enhancement.

Pesticidal/ovicidal composition and pesticidal/ovicidal method  (Arimoto, Y., Riken, US7931911, April 26, 2011).

A pesticidal/ovicidal composition comprising: (i) 50–97.9 parts by mass of a triglyceride containing not less than 50% of oleic acid as a fatty acid component; (ii) 0.1–20 parts by mass of a cationic surface active agent; and (iii) 2–30 parts by mass of a glycerin derivative, and a pesticidal/ovicidal method using the same. The composition according to the invention has not only a pesticidal activity but also an ovicidal activity on crop pests, and provides a safe and high pesticidal/ovicidal effect.

Liquid developer and image forming apparatus  (Akioka, K,. and K. Ikuma, Seiko Epson Corp., US7932009, April 26, 2011).

A liquid developer includes toner particles formed of a resin material and a coloring agent, and an insulation liquid in which the toner particles are dispersed, the insulation liquid containing ester-exchange oil obtained by an ester-exchange reaction of linseed oil and at least one of semidrying oil and nondrying oil. It is preferred that the insulation liquid further contains fatty acid monoester. Further, it is preferred that the amount of the fatty acid monoester contained in the insulation liquid is in the range of 5 to 50 wt%.

High eicosapentaenoic acid producing strains of Yarrowia lipolytica  (Damude, H.G., et al., E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., US7932077, April 26, 2011).

Engineered strains of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica capable of producing greater than 25% eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, an ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid) in the total oil fraction are described. These strains comprise various chimeric genes expressing heterologous desaturases, elongases, and acyltransferases and optionally comprise various native desaturase and acyltransferase knockouts to enable synthesis and high accumulation of EPA. Production host cells are claimed, as are methods for producing EPA within said host cells.

Aqueous compositions with polyvalent metal ions and dispersed polymers  (Eichman, H.J., and A.W. Kohr, Rohm and Haas Co., US7932313, April 26, 2011).

There is provided a composition comprising (i) at least one aqueous polymer dispersion, wherein said polymer is formed from a monomer mix comprising one or more carboxylic acid functional monomers; (ii) at least one swelling agent; and (iii) at least one polyvalent metal ion; wherein said composition is formed by a process comprising the step of forming a preliminary admixture of said dispersion (i) with some or all of said swelling agent (ii), wherein the ratio of equivalents of polyvalent metal ions in said preliminary admixture to equivalents of carboxylic acid functional groups in said preliminary admixture is 0.25 or less.

Plant cyclopropane fatty acid synthase genes, proteins, and uses thereof  (Bao, X., et al., Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, US7932433, April 26, 2011).

Cyclopropane fatty acid synthase genes and polypeptides are described. Plants are transformed with such genes to produce such polypeptides.

Method for reducing free fatty acid content of biodiesel feedstock  (Kozyuk, O.V., and M. Brett, Arisdyne Systems, Inc., US7935157, May 3, 2011).

A method comprising applying controlled flow cavitation apparatuses and holding tanks to a pretreatment process in order to reduce the free fatty acid content of a biodiesel feedstock. A feedstock comprising a high content of free fatty acids can be passed through controlled flow cavitation apparatuses and holding tanks at a velocity capable of generating hydrodynamic cavitation zones and subsequent dwell times where the free fatty acid content can be reduced to below 2%.

Papermaking method using one or more quaternized dialkanolamine fatty acid ester compounds to control opacity and paper product made thereby  (Brogdon, B.N., et al., Kemira Chemicals, Inc., US7935222, May 3, 2011).

A method for making an opacity relevant grade paper or paperboard product, such as a communication type paper used for printing and writing applications, utilizes an effective amount of quaternized alkanolamine fatty acid ester compounds as an opacification aid to control the optical properties of the paper or paperboard product as a wet-end additive to a papermaking operation. Using the quaternized alkanolamine fatty acid ester compound can improve the opacity of the paper or paperboard product, maintain the opacity of the paper while reducing the use of other opacification aids, such as inorganic fillers and/or pigments, and allow for a reduction in paper grammage without a compromise in opacity. The improvements in paper optical properties are achieved without adversely affecting other characteristics of the paper product such as bulk value, tensile strength, tear index, and the like.

Method of effecting lysis of acid-fast bacteria and method of performing gene amplification or detection therewith  (Kamata, T., and Y. Izumizawa, ARKRAY, Inc., US7935483, May 3, 2011).

A method of effecting lysis of acid-fast bacteria, comprising heating acid-fast bacteria in a liquid containing a nonionic surfactant at a temperature of below the boiling point of the liquid. This method enables accomplishing secure lysis of acid-fast bacteria in a simple manner within a short period of time without the use of special apparatus and agent and enables extracting genes. The heating is preferably conducted at 96°C for 10 min. As the nonionic surfactant, use can be made of a D-sorbitol fatty acid ester, a polyoxyethylene glycol sorbitan alkyl ester, a polyoxyethylene glycol p-t-octylphenyl ether or the like. The pH value of the liquid is preferably 8, and the liquid preferably contains EDTA [ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid]. It is also preferred that before the heating, the acid-fast bacteria be treated with lipase.

Recombinant microalgae cells producing novel oils  (Franklin, S., et al., Solazyme, Inc., US7935515, May 3, 2011).

Disclosed herein are obligate heterotrophic microalgae cells containing an exogenous gene. In some embodiments the gene is a sucrose utilization gene, and further disclosed are methods of manufacturing triglyceride oils using sugar cane or sugar beets as a feedstock in a heterotrophic fermentation. In other embodiments the feedstock is depolymerized cellulosic material. Also disclosed are cells that produce medium-chain fatty acids at levels not produced in non-recombinant cells of the same species and genus.

Polymer binder for electrochemical device comprising multiply stacked electrochemical cells  (Kim, B.Y., et al., LG Chem, Ltd., US7935442, May 3, 2011).

Disclosed is an electrochemical device which comprises: (I) a binder comprising polymer particles obtained from the polymerization of: (i) 20–70 parts by weight of a (meth)acrylic acid ester monomer; (ii) 20–60 parts by weight of a vinyl monomer; and (iii) 0.01–30 parts by weight of an unsaturated carboxylic acid monomer based on 100 parts by weight of a binder polymer; and (II) electrochemical cells stacked multiply by using the binder wherein the binder allows electrode active material particles in an electrode to be fixed and interconnected among themselves and between the electrode active material and a collector and the electrode and a separator that is in contact with the electrode are bonded to each other by way of hot fusion. The binder is also disclosed. The binder has excellent adhesion and thermal bonding characteristics and thus is useful for an electrochemical device comprising multiply stacked electrochemical cells and can improve the overall quality of a battery.

Non-corrosive cleaning compositions for removing etch residues  (Leon, V.G., et al., Fujifilm Electronic Materials USA, Inc., US7935665, May 3, 2011).

A non-corrosive cleaning composition that is aqueous-based, non-hazardous and will not harm the environment and is useful primarily for removing both fresh and aged plasma etch residues from a substrate. The composition comprises (i) water; and (ii) a synergistic combination of at least one tricarboxylic acid and at least one carboxylic acid. Preferably, at least one carboxylic acid has a pKa value ranging from 3 to 6. Also, a method for removing etch residues from a substrate. The method includes the steps of (i) providing a substrate with etch residue; and (ii) contacting the substrate with a cleaning composition comprising water; and a synergistic combination of at least one tricarboxylic acid and at least one carboxylic acid.

Method of enhancing reproductive function of mammals by feeding of conjugated linoleic acids  (Bauman, D.E., et al., Cornell Research Foundation, Inc., BASF AG, US7935730, May 3, 2011).

This invention provides methods for improving reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows and other mammals. The method in the case of cows comprises feeding to the cows a composition comprising conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12. When these CLAs are fed daily to dairy cows starting at or prior to calving, and continued after parturition, an improvement in reproductive performance is observed.

Method for continuous production of biodiesel fuel  (Leveson, P.D., and J.P. Gaus, Nextgen Fuel, Inc., US7935840, May 3, 2011).

An apparatus and method for the continuous production of biofuel by the transesterification of a triglyceride. The apparatus comprises a high shear homogenizer; a reaction chamber; a gravity-driven separation device; an evacuated packed thin film stripper; a countercurrent pack water contactor; and an evacuated packed spray drier wherein each component operates with minimal heat and mass transfer resulting in a high capacity process with a reduced footprint.

Process for preparing a rapidly dispersing solid drug dosage form  (Parikh, I., et al., Jagotec AG, US7939105, May 10, 2011).

Rapidly dispersing solid dry therapeutic dosage form comprised of a water-insoluble compound existing as a nanometer or micrometer particulate solid which is surface stabilized by the presence of at least one phospholipid, the particulate solid being dispersed throughout a bulking matrix. When the dosage form is introduced into an aqueous environment, the bulking matrix is substantially completely dissolved within less than 2 minutes thereby releasing the water-insoluble particulate solid in an unaggregated and/or unagglomerated state. The matrix is composed of a water-insoluble substance or therapeutically useful water-insoluble or poorly water-soluble compound, a phospholipid and optionally also at least one non-ionic, anionic, cationic, or amphipathic surfactant, together with a matrix or bulking agent and if needed a release agent. The volume weighted mean particle size of the water-insoluble particle is 5 μm or less.

Ruminant feedstock dietary supplement  (Zuccarello, W.J., et al., Church & Dwight Co., Inc., US7939117, May 10, 2011).

This invention provides a rumen-bypass dietary supplement in compacted particulate form. The supplement has the capability to transport fatty acid calcium salt and between about 65–96% of rumen-protected undegraded amino acid content to the post-ruminal digestive system of a ruminant. A feedstock containing the supplement for ruminants benefically improves feed efficiency and body growth. The feedstock also is adapted to improve the lactational performance of dairy cattle.

Method of preventing flavor component from degradation  (Inaba, E., et al., Taiyo Kaguku Co., Ltd., US7939120, May 10, 2011).

The present invention relates to a deterioration preventive for a flavor component, which is an oil-in-water and/or -polyhydric alcohol type emulsion, comprising an extracted tocopherol, wherein δ-tocopherol is contained in an amount of 45% by weight or more of a total tocopherol, ferulic acid and/or a derivative thereof, and a polyglycerol fatty acid ester; a deterioration preventive for a flavor component, which is an oil-in-water and/or -polyhydric alcohol type emulsion comprising (i) the above-mentioned extracted tocopherol, (ii) ferulic acid and/or a derivative thereof, and (iii) an emulsifying agent having an HLB [hydrophilic-lipophilic balance] of 9 or more; a flavor for foodstuff, comprising the above-mentioned deterioration preventive; an emulsion flavor for foodstuff, comprising the above-mentioned extracted tocopherol, a catechin; and a polyglycerol fatty acid ester; and foodstuff comprising the above-mentioned deterioration preventive for a flavor component, the above-mentioned flavor for foodstuff, or the above-mentioned emulsion flavor for foodstuff.

Marker composite for medical implants  (Borck, A., et al., Biotronik VI Patent AG, US7939146, May 10, 2011).

An X-ray marker for medical implants made of a biocorrodible metallic material, wherein the X-ray marker composite includes 1–40 weight parts of a carrier matrix having a melting point greater than or equal to 43°C, which comprises 90 wt% or more at least one triglyceride; and 60–99 weight parts of a radiopaque marker component which is embedded in the carrier matrix.

Amphiphilic derivatives for the production of vesicles, micelles and complexants, and precursors thereof  (Grinberg, S., et al., Ben Gurion University of the Negev Research and Development Authority, US7939562, May 10, 2011).

Amphiphilic derivatives composed of at least one fatty acid chain are derived from natural vegetable oils such as vernonia oil, lesquerella oil, and castor oil, in which the several reactive groups such as epoxy, hydroxyl, and double bonds can be modified to polar and ionic groups. The head group of the amphiphilic derivative may be in the main fatty acid chain or in a side chain. The amphiphiles are useful for the formation of vesicles and micelles and for use as complexants and surfactants.

PUFA polyketide synthase systems and uses thereof  (Weaver, C.A., et al., Martek Biosciences Corp., US7939716, May 10, 2011).

Disclosed are the complete polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) polyketide synthase (PKS) systems from the bacterial microorganisms Shewanella japonica and S. olleyana, and biologically active fragments and homologs thereof. More particularly, this invention relates to nucleic acids encoding such PUFA PKS systems, to proteins and domains thereof that comprise such PUFA PKS systems, to genetically modified organisms (plants and microorganisms) comprising such PUFA PKS systems, and to methods of making and using the PUFA PKS systems disclosed herein. This invention also relates to genetically modified plants and microorganisms and methods to efficiently produce lipids enriched in various polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as well as other bioactive molecules by manipulation of a PUFA PKS system.

Image-bearing member protecting agent, protective layer forming device, image forming method, image forming apparatus and process cartridge  (Tanaka, S., et al., Ricoh Co., Ltd., US7941087, May 10, 2011).

To provide an image-bearing member protecting agent used in an image forming method which includes applying or attaching the agent onto a surface of an image bearing member, the agent including: a fatty acid metal salt (i) and an inorganic lubricant (ii) wherein the inorganic lubricant (ii) has an average particle diameter of 0.1 μm to 14 μm.

Fatty acid by-products and methods of using same  (Tran, B.L., and D.L. Kouznetsov, Nalco Co., US7942270, May 17, 2011).

Methods and compositions for separating materials are provided. In an embodiment, the present invention provides a method of separating a first material from a second material. For example, the method can comprise mixing the first material and the second material in a slurry with a beneficiation composition. The beneficiation composition can comprise one or more fatty acid by-products derived from a biodiesel manufacturing process. Air bubbles can be provided in the slurry to form bubble-particle aggregates with the first material and the bubble-particle aggregates can be allowed to be separated from the second material.

Deicing composition  (Stokes, D.B., et al., FMC Corp., US7943057, May 17, 2011).

A deicing composition is provided. The composition includes a potassium or sodium salt of a carboxylic acid and a lithium salt of a carboxylic acid or lithium nitrate, wherein the molar ratio of lithium to potassium or lithium to sodium is from 10% to 80%.

Nanogels and their production using liposomes as reactors  (Kazakov, S., et al., Polytechnic Institute of New York University, US7943067, May 17, 2011).

The present invention includes a method for preparing polymer hydrogel spherical particles on a nanometer scale (nanogels). The method includes encapsulating hydrogel-forming components into liposomes, diluting the large unilamellar liposomes suspension to prevent polymerization outside the liposomes, and polymerizing the encapsulated hydrogel-forming components. The lipid bilayer may be solubilized with detergent. The phospholipid and detergent molecules and their micelles may then be removed by dialysis. The resulting nanogels may then be dried by evaporation in a temperature gradient. Poly(acrylamide) poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-1-vinylimidazole) hydrogel particles with a diameter from 30 to 300 nm were detected and characterized by dynamic light scattering technique. The solvent, temperature, pH, and ionic sensitivities of the nanogels were studied.

Liquid developer and image forming apparatus  (Akioka, K., et al., Seiko Epson Corp. US7943282, May 17, 2011).

A liquid developer includes: an insulating liquid having dispersed therein toner particles, the insulating liquid containing a fatty acid monoester that is an ester of a fatty acid and a monohydric alcohol, and the insulating liquid having an aniline point of from 5 to 80°C.

Process for the production of diacylglycerol  (Lai, O.M., et al., Universiti Putra Malaysia, Golden Hope Research Sdn. Bhd., US7943335, May 17, 2011).

The present invention provides a process for producing a diacylglycerol, which comprises, reacting triacylglycerol with water and an enzyme preparation to obtain a mixture comprising of diacylglycerol, monoacylglycerol, and free fatty acid; removing water content in the mixture by way of dehydration; and separating monoacylglycerol, free fatty acid, and residual triacylglycerol by at least one separation method to obtain a high-purity diacylglycerol. An oil or fat composition comprising of diacylglycerol obtained from the process and phytosteryl esters and/or ferulic acid esters in an amount of from 0.5% to 25% by weight of diacylglycerol is also provided.

Phospholipases, nucleic acids encoding them and methods for making and using them  (Gramatikoa, S., et al., Verenium Corp., US7943360, May 17, 2011).

The invention provides novel polypeptides having phospholipase activity, including, e.g., phospholipase A, B, C, and D activity, patatin activity, lipid acyl hydrolase (LAH) activity, nucleic acids encoding them and antibodies that bind to them. Industrial methods, e.g., oil degumming and products comprising use of these phospholipases are also provided.

Methods and compositions for refining lipid feed stocks  (McNeff, C.V., McNeff Research Consultants, Inc., US7943791, May 17, 2011).

The present invention relates to systems and methods of using fatty acid alkyl ester solutions to refine feed stocks before converting the feed stocks into fatty acid alkyl esters. In an embodiment the invention includes a method for producing fatty acid alkyl esters. The method can include mixing a crude lipid feed stock with a refining solution to form a crude product mixture, the refining solution comprising greater than about 10 wt% fatty acid alkyl esters. The method can include extracting the liquid phase from the crude product mixture to obtain a purified lipid feed stock. The method can also include reacting the purified lipid feed stock with an alcohol to form a product mixture comprising fatty acid alkyl esters. In an embodiment, the invention includes a method of making a fatty acid alkyl ester composition. The method can include extracting lipids from a corn-based ethanol production by-product, adding an alcohol solution to the lipids to form a reaction mixture, and contacting the reaction mixture with a metal oxide catalyst. Other embodiments are included herein.

Production of biodiesel, cellulosic sugars, and peptides from the simultaneous esterification and alcoholysis/hydrolysis of materials with oil-containing substituents including phospholipids and peptidic content  (Berry, W.W., et al., Inventure Chemical Inc., US7943792, May 17, 2011).

The present invention relates to a method for producing fatty acid alkyl esters as well as cellulosic simplified sugars, shortened protein polymers, amino acids, or combination thereof resulting from the simultaneous esterification and hydrolysis, alcoholysis, or both of algae and other oil-containing materials containing phospholipids, free fatty acids, glycerides, or combination thereof as well as polysaccharides, cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignocelluloses, protein polymers, or combination thereof in the presence of an alcohol and an optional acid catalyst.

Arachidonic acid-containing plants and use of the plants  (Matsui, K., and R. Chen, Suntory Holdings Limited, US7943816, May 17, 2011).

The present invention provides arachidonic acid-containing plants and soybeans, and a method of use thereof. The arachidonic acid-containing plant is produced by a process that includes an arachidonic acid-producing step in which fatty acid synthetase genes associated with the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid are introduced into a plant to produce arachidonic acid. Thus, plants or soybeans containing arachidonic acid can easily be obtained. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a large amount of arachidonic acid at low cost.

Process for synthesis of androstane 17β carbothioic acid and relative compounds thereof  (Hsu, N.-H., et al., Corum Inc., US7935837, May 3, 2011).

A process for synthesis of androstane 17β carbothioic acid is provided. The process includes mixing an androstane 17β carboxylic acid and a coupling reagent, and adding an alkanethioic acid to form an androstane 17β carbothioic acid wherein the androstane 17β carbothioic acid has the formula (I): wherein R1 represents hydrogen or haloalkyl groups, R2 represents C1-8 linear alkyl groups, C1-8 branched alkyl groups, C1-6 unsaturated acyclic groups or aromatic groups, R3 represents hydrogen or hydroxyl, R4 represents hydrogen, bromine, chlorine, or fluorine and R5 represents hydrogen, bromine, chlorine, or fluorine. The process is a one-pot reaction.

Lipase inhibitors  (Nakai, M., et al., Suntory Holdings Limited, US7939559, May 10, 2011).

The present invention provides lipase inhibitors containing flavan-3-ol monomers or acylates thereof derived from teas as well as foods and beverages and medicines containing said inhibitors. More specifically the present invention provides lipase inhibitors containing at least one of flavan-3-ol monomers represented by the formula : wherein R1 and R3 independently represent H or OH, R2 represents H, R4 represents H, G, 3MeG or p-cou, R5 represents H or G, R and R independently represent H or G, R represents H or G, and G, 3MeG, and p-cou, respectively, represent the groups of the formulae: or acylates thereof; as well as foods and beverages and medicines containing said lipase inhibitors.

Apparatus and method for producing biodiesel from fatty acid feedstock  (Kozyuk, O.V., Arisdyne Systems, Inc., US7754905, July 13, 2010).

A method comprising applying a controlled flow cavitation apparatus to a biodiesel production process in order to increase fatty acid alkyl ester yield. A feedstock comprising free fatty acids can be passed through a controlled flow cavitation apparatus at a velocity capable of generating a hydrodynamic cavitation zone where the free fatty acids can be esterified. One or more controlled flow cavitation apparatuses can be applied at various points of a biodiesel production process.

Fatty acid by-products and methods of using same  (Tran, B.L., and D.L. Kouznetsov, Nalco Co., US7837891, November 23, 2010).

Methods and compositions for separating materials are provided. In an embodiment the present invention provides a method of separating a first material from a second material. For example, the method can comprise mixing the first material and the second material in a slurry with a beneficiation composition. The beneficiation composition can comprise one or more fatty acid by-products derived from a biodiesel manufacturing process or derived from transesterification reactions involving triglycerides. Air bubbles can be provided in the slurry to form bubble-particle aggregates with the first material and the bubble-particle aggregates can be separated from the second material.

High eicosapentaenoic acid producing strains of Yarrowia lipolytica  (Damude, H.G., et al., E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., US7879591, November 23, 2010).

Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase [“LPAAT”'] participates in the second step of oil biosynthesis and is expected to play a key role in altering the quantity of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids [“LC-PUFAs”] produced in oils of oleaginous organisms. An LPAAT isolated from Mortierella alpina [“MaLPAAT1”] that is suitable for use in the manufacture of oils enriched in LC-PUFAs in oleaginous organisms is disclosed. Most desirably, the substrate specificity of the instant MaLPAAT1 will be particularly useful to enable increased C18 to C20 elongation conversion efficiency and increased Δ4 desaturation conversion efficiency in recombinant host cells producing LC-PUFAs.

Lipobeads and their production  (Kazakov, S., et al., Polytechnic Institute of New York University, US7883648, February 8, 2011).

Lipobeads (liposome-encapsulated hydrogels) combine properties of hydrogels and liposomes to create systems that are sensitive to environmental conditions and respond to changes in those conditions in a fast time scale. Lipobeads may be produced by polymerizing anchored or unanchored hydrogels within liposomes or by mixing anchored or unanchored hydrogels with liposomes. Giant lipobeads may be produced by shrinking unanchored nanogels in lipobeads and fusing the resulting lipobead aggregates, long-term aging of anchored or unanchored lipobeads, or mixing anchored or unanchored aggregated nanogels with liposomes. Poly(acrylamide) poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-1-vinylimidazole) lipobeads were produced and characterized.

Renewable chemical production from novel fatty acid feedstocks  (Franklin, S., et al., Solazyme Inc., US7883882, February 8, 2011).

Disclosed herein are methods of manufacturing renewable chemicals through the manufacture of novel triglyceride oils followed by chemical modification of the oils. Methods such as transesterification, hydrogenation, hydrocracking, deoxygenation, isomerization, interesterification, hydroxylation, hydrolysis, and saponification are disclosed. Novel oils containing fatty acid chain lengths of C8, C10, C12, or C14 are also disclosed and are useful as feedstocks in the methods of the invention.

Oil composition for coating  (Akahane, A., et al., The Nisshin OilliO Group, Ltd., US7923050, April 12, 2011).

An oil-and-fat composition for coating that simultaneously exhibits both significantly conflicting properties: drying quickly at ambient temperature and hardly peeling off (when eaten) and a food product including the oil-and-fat composition. The oil-and-fat composition for coating of the present invention includes an interesterified oil (i) that is nonselectively interesterified and contains 80 mass % or more of a fatty acid having 16 or more carbon atoms and 35 to 60 mass % of a saturated fatty acid having 16 or more carbon atoms in its constituent fatty acids, and an interesterified oil (ii) that is nonselectively interesterified and contains 20 to 60 mass % of a saturated fatty acid having 12 to 14 carbon atoms and 40 to 80 mass % of a saturated fatty acid having 16 to 18 carbon atoms in its constituent fatty acids. The composition also includes a tri-saturated fatty acid acylglycerol in a content of 10 to 15 mass %.

Method for the manufacturing of a soy protein-based preparation  (Geiger, R., and M. Labbe, Gervais Danone SA, US7923051, April 12, 2011).

Method for the manufacturing of a soy protein-based preparation comprising hydration of soy proteins and thickener agent in two different recipients which are combined and homogenized with subsequent acidification, and soy protein-based preparations obtained by said method, and use of said preparations to be introduced in acidic products.

Method of recovering lipase activity  (Negishi, S., et al., The Nisshin OilliO Group, Ltd., US7923224, April 12, 2011).

The present invention discloses a method of recovering lipase activity which comprises the steps of using a lipase derived from Thermomyces sp. and immobilized on a carrier, or a lipase powder composition which comprises a filter aid and the lipase derived from Thermomyces sp. and immobilized on a carrier which is crushed into the average particle size of 1 μm or larger and smaller than 300 μm in an esterification or transesterification reaction; and washing said lipase or lipase powder composition with triacylglycerol. According to this method, the decreased lipase activity can be effectively recovered.

Low-foaming, acidic low-temperature cleaner and process for cleaning surfaces  (Held, T.D., Henkel AG and Co. KGaA, US7923425, April 12, 2011).

Low-foaming industrial cleaning compositions comprising water; (i) at least one carboxylic acid; (ii) one or more aromatic, water-soluble or dispersible, nonionic surfactants; and optionally, one or more of the following: (iii) one or more salts of carboxylic acids selected from the group consisting of carboxylic acids that are the same as component (i), different from component (i) and mixtures thereof; and (iv) an amount of hydrotrope material sufficient to produce a stable homogeneous solution or dispersion of components (i) through (iii) in water; (v) a pH adjuster; (vi) one or more polyhydric alcohols; and (vii) one or more preservatives.

Fatty acid hydroxylases and uses thereof  (Meesapyodsuk, D., and X. Qiu, Bioriginal Food & Science Corp., University of. Saskatchewan, US7923598, April 12, 2011).

The invention provides isolated nucleic acid molecules which encode novel fatty acid hydroxylases. The invention also provides recombinant expression vectors including hydroxylase nucleic acid molecules, host cells into which the expression vectors have been introduced, and methods for the production of hydroxyl fatty acids such as 12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoic acid (ricinoleic acid).

Plastic fat composition  (Andou, M., et al., The Nisshin OilliO Group, Ltd., US7927647, April 19, 2011).

A plastic fat composition to be used mainly as a margarine or shortening having a low content of trans fatty acids, and superior qualities without generating coarse crystals and the like even though a large amount of palm-based fats are blended is provided. A plastic fat composition containing: fat A that is a palm-based fat having an iodine value of no greater than 62; fat B that is a transesterified oil containing 20 to 60% by mass of a saturated fatty acid having 12 to 14 carbon atoms, and 40 to 80% by mass of a saturated fatty acid having 16 to 18 carbon atoms based on the total fatty acids constituting the fat B; and fat C that is a vegetable oil other than the fat A, the fat C having a melting point of no higher than 25°C, wherein the fat A, the fat B, and the fat C are in an oil phase, the ratio of the content of the fat A to the content of the fat B (fat A/fat B) ranges from 0.5 to 5.5, and the oil phase contains 4.5 to 10.5% by mass of a trisaturated triglyceride constituted only with a saturated fatty acid having 16 or more carbon atoms.

Composition and method for enhancing eggs  (Grusby, A.H., Archer Daniels Midland Company, US7927648, April 19, 2011).

A blend is provided for enhancing or replacing eggs in foods. The blend, when mixed with natural liquid eggs, liquid egg substitute, or whole egg powder and water, provides an edible egg product having a higher level of protein and lower levels of cholesterol and fats per serving than the levels normally found in natural eggs. The blend includes major amounts of a soy protein concentrate and minor amounts of lecithin. The lecithin is preferably a de-oiled lecithin obtained from soy beans. In an alternative embodiment, the blend includes a soluble dietary fiber, such as a digestion-resistant maltodextrin soluble dietary fiber, in addition to the soy protein and lecithin. The dietary fiber is present in an amount less than the amount of the soy protein but greater than the amount of lecithin.

Fatty acid synthetase, polynucleotide encoding the same, and uses thereof (Ochiai, M., Suntory Holdings Limited, US7927845, April 19, 2011).

The present invention provides fatty acid synthetases which are responsible for novel fatty acid synthesis, polynucleotides which encode such fatty acid synthetases [e.g., a polynucleotide comprising (i) a polynucleotide consisting of the nucleotide sequence of Positions 1 to 12486 of SEQ ID NO: 1, or (ii) a polynucleotide which hybridizes under stringent conditions to a polynucleotide comprising a nucleotide sequence complementary to the nucleotide sequence of Positions 1 to 12486 of SEQ ID NO: 1, and which encodes a protein having a fatty acid synthetase activity], expression vectors and transformants comprising such polynucleotides, methods for producing food and other products using such transformants, food products produced by such methods, and methods for assessing and selecting lipid-producing test fungi.

Detection and analysis of biodiesel in fuels  (Kauffman, R.E., Herguth Technologies, Inc., US7927877, April 19, 2011).

A method of analyzing biodiesel content in a fuel sample generally includes providing a fuel sample including at least one of a biodiesel and other diesel fuel; mixing a predetermined amount of solvent to the fuel sample, wherein the fuel sample is soluble in the solvent; mixing a predetermined amount of water to the fuel sample; analyzing the fuel sample for a change; and associating the change with a biodiesel content in the fuel sample.

Composite sheet material and process of making  (Canfield, V.R., et al., Building Materials Investment Corp., US7928023, April 19, 2011).

A composite sheet material, useful as a component of roofing shingles, and a process of making same, which includes a glass fiber web bound with a thermosetting resin which includes a fatty acid amide having the structural formula RCOONH2, where R is a C8–C25 alkyl.

Enzyme stabilization  (Lenoir, P.M., Dow Global Technologies LLC, US7928052, April 19, 2011).

A method is disclosed for stabilizing liquid enzyme-containing liquid formulations by adding at least one boron compound and at least one α-hydroxy-mono-carboxylic acid or the salt of an α-hydroxy-mono-carboxylic acid capable of forming an enzyme-stabilizing compound. An enzyme-stabilized formulation is disclosed comprising an α-hydroxy-mono-carboxylic acid or the salt of an α-hydroxy-mono-carboxylic acid, a boron-containing compound capable complexing with an α-hydroxy-mono-carboxylic acid, the complex formed by the boron compound and an α-hydroxy-mono-carboxylic acid, and an enzyme. The invention applies to both enzyme concentrate raw materials, and to useful product formulations.

Process to produce an enriched composition  (Parker, K.R., et al., Eastman Chemical Co., US7855305, December 21, 2010).

A process is provided for producing enriched carboxylic acid compositions, produced by contacting composition comprising a carboxylic acid with an enrichment feed in an enrichment zone to form an enriched carboxylic acid composition. This invention also relates to a process and the resulting compositions for removing catalyst from a carboxylic acid composition to produce a post catalyst removal composition.

Process for producing diesel fuel oil from fat  (Tsuto, K., and T. Koshikawa, Revo International Inc., US7857869, December 28, 2010).

A process for producing diesel fuel oil from fat and oil comprises producing fatty acid methyl ester for diesel fuel in accordance with transesterification of the fat and oil with methanol, wherein the process further comprises a step of converting glycerol formed as a by-product into methanol, and the obtained methanol is used as a material for the transesterification. In the step of converting glycerol formed as a by-product into methanol, water in an equimolar amount or more to the amount of glycerol is added to glycerol, the obtained mixture is gasified under a pressure of 2 MPa or greater at a temperature of 700°C or higher to convert the mixture into a gas comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and carbon monoxide and hydrogen are then converted into methanol in accordance with a methanol synthesis process.

Co-production of biodiesel and an enriched food product from distillers grains  (Krasutsky, P.A., and A.B. Khotkevych, Regents of the University of Minnesota, US7857872, December 28, 2010).

Embodiments of the present invention relate to a method for the production of biodiesel and co-production of an enriched food product. The method comprises the steps of extracting with solvent from distillers grains sufficient to produce an extract and an enriched food product, separating the oil from the extract, reacting the oil sufficient to produce biodiesel, and refining the biodiesel.

Chemical markers  (Banavali, R.M., and R.W. Stephens, Rohm and Haas Co., US7858373, December 28, 2010).

A method for marking a petroleum hydrocarbon, a biodiesel fuel or an ethanol fuel, by adding an organic marker compound.

Pharmaceutical formulation comprising a water-insoluble active agent  (Vehring, R., et al., Novartis Pharma AG, US7862834, January 4, 2011).

A method of preparing a pharmaceutical formulation comprises providing a solution comprising a first solvent, a second solvent, an active agent, and an excipient. The second solvent is less polar than the first solvent, and the excipient is more soluble in water than the active agent. The first and second solvents are removed from the solution to produce particles comprising the active agent and the excipient. In one version, the excipient comprises an amino acid and/or a phospholipid. A pharmaceutical formulation made by a version of the invention comprises particles comprising an active agent and an excipient which at least partially encapsulates the active agent, wherein the excipient is more soluble in water than the active agent.

Process for producing highly unsaturated fatty acid-containing lipid  (Ono, K., et al., Suntory Holdings Ltd., US7863024, January 4, 2011).

The present invention provides a process for producing a highly unsaturated fatty acid-containing lipid which is less expensive than existing ones, which comprises culturing a microorganism belonging to the genus Mortierella with the use of, as a medium carbon source, a saccharified starch, which is less expensive than glucose, does not contribute to an increase in osmotic pressure of the culture medium, and can be utilized by the Mortierella microorganism, and collecting a highly unsaturated fatty acid-containing lipid from the culture.

Process for the transesterification of esters  (Krause, E., and V. Rohm, Krause-Rohm-Systeme AG, US7863471, January 4, 2011).

The invention relates to a method for transesterification of at least one component comprising at least one ester group with at least one component comprising at least one hydroxyl group, wherein the red mud produced in the Bayer process used for producing aluminum is added to the method as a reaction-promoting component. The invention also relates to the use of carboxylic acid salts produced during the transesterification method as plant-treating agents and as detergents in cleaning and washing agents. The invention also relates to the use of dealkalized red mud obtained by means of the method according to the invention as the iron-contributing component of an iron fertilizer which can be used in particular in agriculture and to which limestone can also be added.

Process for alkaline hydrolysis of carboxylic acid derivatives to carboxylic acids  (Krause, E., and V. Rohm, Krause-Rohm-Systeme AG, US7863480, January 4, 2011).

The invention relates to a process for alkaline hydrolysis of carboxylic acid derivatives, especially carboxylic esters, to carboxylic acids, wherein, for the alkaline hydrolysis of the carboxylic acid derivatives, red mud which is produced by the Bayer process used for aluminum production is used as a reaction-promoting component, especially as a hydroxide ion source.

Biological lubricant composition and method of applying lubricant composition  (Burdick, J.-A.M., et al., Clemson University Research Foundation, US7867985, January 11, 2011).

Fluid compositions and methods for lubrication of mammalian joints are disclosed, including both natural and artificial fluids. Synovial fluid acts to lubricate the bearing surfaces of bones and bone-like structures which are held in frictional contact within biological joints. Such fluids may be used to treat arthritic, injured, and diseased joints. Synovial fluid containing a dextran-based hydrogel with lipids provides enhanced rheological and tribological properties of such a fluid. Phospholipids are particularly useful in dextran-based compositions for synovial fluid. One phospholipid that can be used advantageously in synovial fluid is dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC).

Preparation of glycerol derivatives and intermediates therefor  (Lee, T.-S., et al., Enzychem Co. Ltd., US7868196, January 11, 2011).

Disclosed is a process for the regioselective preparation of glycerol derivative in a high efficiency and yield. The process for the regioselective preparation of 1-R1-2-R2-3-acetyl-glycerol derivative comprises the steps of: obtaining 1-R1-3-protecting group-glycerol by introducing a protecting group to 3-position of 1-R1-glycerol; obtaining 1-R1-2-R2-3-protecting group-glycerol by introducing R2 group into 2-position of 1-R1-3-protecting group-glycerol; and carrying out the deprotection reaction and the acetylation reaction of 1-R1-2-R2-3-protecting group-glycerol at the same time. Wherein, R1 and R2 are fatty acid groups having 16 to 22 carbon atoms, and are different from each other; and the protecting group is trityl group or trialkylsilyl group.

Low and no trans fat confections  (De Muijnck, L., Archer Daniels Midland Co., US7871656, January 18, 2011).

A fat composition for use in food products is provided, which contains low levels of trans fats, and includes a non-hydrogenated fractionated palm kernel oil and a non-hydrogenated fractionated palm oil. A confectionery composition containing the fat composition also is provided. The confectionery composition can be used to coat a food product, and can be flavored and/or colored. Methods for making a confectionery composition using the fat composition also are provided.

Insulin-oligomer conjugates, formulations and uses thereof  (Radhakrishnan, B., et al., Biocon Ltd., US7872095, January 18, 2011).

An insulin compound coupled to a modifying moiety having a formula: –X–R1–Y-PAG-Z–R (Formula VI) where, X, Y, and Z are independently selected linking groups and each is optionally present, and X, when present, is coupled to the insulin compound by a covalent bond, either R1 or R2 is a lower alkyl, optionally including a carbonyl group, and when R1 is a lower alkyl, R2 is a capping group, and PAG is a linear or branched carbon chain incorporating one or more alkalene glycol moieties, and optionally incorporating one or more additional moieties selected from the group consisting of –S–, –O–, –N–, and –C(O)–, and where the modifying moiety has a maximum number of 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, or 25 heavy atoms.

Biodiesel processes in the presence of free fatty acids and biodiesel producer compositions  (Bunning, D.L., et al., Best Energies, Inc., US7872149, January 18, 2011).

Glyceride-containing feed for a base-catalyzed transesterification with lower alkanol to make biodiesel is pretreated with glycerin separated during the transesterification to partially convert glycerides with lower alkanol contained in the separated glycerin using base catalyst in the separated glycerin while reducing the free fatty acid and phosphorus compound concentrations in the glyceride-containing feed. Unique producer compositions are provided by the pretreatment processes.

Anti-skinning composition for oil based coating material  (Nowak, M., and L. Gurariy, Troy Corp., US7875111, January 25, 2011).

The invention provides anti-skinning compositions for use in manufacturing oil-based coating materials. The novel anti-skinning compositions are clear, homogeneous solutions of cyclohexanone oxime that can be prepared by dissolving cyclohexanone oxime in a suitable carboxylic acid or mixture of carboxylic acids. Suitable carboxylic acids include fatty acids, such as fatty acids of tall oil distillate. Surprisingly, the fatty acids are useful as delivery solvents over a useful range of temperatures and have desirable flash points. They are compatible with many oil-based coating materials. The anti-skinning compositions and manufacturing methods of the present invention are especially useful in the manufacture of oil-based paints containing metal carboxylate driers.

Stabilized ester compositions and their use in film-forming compositions  (Bloom, P.D., et al., Archer Daniels Midland Co., US7875664, January 25, 2011).

This invention relates to a composition comprising, consisting of or alternatively consisting essentially of a stabilized furfural or glycol ester of a vegetable oil fatty acid and an antioxidant such as butylated hydroxy toluene. This invention also relates to latex film-forming compositions containing stabilized furfural or glycol esters, such as a stabilized propylene glycol monoester (PGME) mixture. This invention is also directed to methods of stabilizing furfural or glycol esters of a vegetable fatty acid by contacting the esters with an antioxidant such as butylated hydroxy toluene. This invention also includes methods of preparing film-forming compositions comprising a stabilized furfural or glycol ester, such as the stabilized PGME mixture disclosed herein.

Cation complexes of insulin compound conjugates, formulation and uses thereof  (Radhakrishnan, B., et al., Biocon Ltd., US7875700, January 25, 2011).

The invention provides a complex including a cation and an insulin compound conjugate. The insulin compound conjugate includes insulin compound, such as human insulin or an analog thereof, conjugated to a modifying moiety, such as a polyethylene glycol moiety. The invention also includes solids and pharmaceutical compositions including such complexes, methods of making such complexes, and methods of using such complexes in the treatment of insulin compound deficiencies and other ailments. Further, the invention includes novel insulin compound conjugates and modifying moieties for use in making novel insulin compound conjugates. The invention also includes fatty acid compositions for administration of pharmaceutical agents, such as the novel insulin compound conjugates, and/or the cation-insulin compound conjugate complexes of the invention.

Structured glycerol esters useful as edible moisture barriers  (Klemann, L.P., et al., Kraft Foods Global Brands LLC, US7879384, February 1, 2011).

Lipid compositions are provided that are effective as edible moisture barriers for reducing moisture migration between food components. The lipid compositions include a mixture of structured glycerol ester (SGE) compositions bearing short-chain (2 to 4 carbons), medium-chain (6 to 12 carbons), and saturated long-chain (14 to 22 carbons) fatty acid residues. The SGE compositions of the invention are reduced calorie and fully saturated, contain essentially zero trans-unsaturated fatty acids, and contain components present in stable alpha crystal forms.

Resin composition for organic insulating layer, method of manufacturing resin composition, and display panel including resin composition  (Lee, D.-K., et al., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., US7879961, February 1, 2011).

Disclosed herein is a resin composition for an organic insulating layer, a method of manufacturing the same, and a display panel including an insulating layer formed using the resin composition. The resin composition for an organic insulating layer is produced by polymerizing about 5 to about 35 wt% of an unsaturated carboxylic acid, an unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydride, or a mixture of the unsaturated carboxylic acid and the unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydride, about 5 to about 40 wt% of a styrene compound, about 5 to about 40 wt% of an epoxy compound, about 0.1 to about 10 wt% of an isobornyl compound, and about 20 to about 40 wt% of a dicyclopentadiene compound, based on the total weight of unsaturated carboxylic acid, unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydride, styrene compound, isobornyl compound, and dicyclopentadiene compound.

Process to produce an enrichment feed  (Gibson, P.E., and K.R. Parker, Eastman Chemical Co., US7880031, February 1, 2011).

A process is provided for producing enriched carboxylic acid compositions produced by contacting composition comprising a carboxylic acid with an enrichment feed in an enrichment zone to form an enriched carboxylic acid composition. This invention also relates to a process and the resulting compositions for removing catalyst from a carboxylic acid composition to produce a post catalyst removal composition.

Recording sheet and image recording method using the same  (Koga, C., et al., Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd., US7883200, February 8, 2011).

A recording sheet including base paper including pulp fiber and filler, wherein the recording sheet further includes carboxylic acid. An inkjet recording method and an electrophotographic image recording method using the recording sheet.

Natural vegetable oil concentrated in unsaponifiable matters as food ingredient  (Kohler, C., et al., Laboratories Expanscience, US7883729, February 8, 2011).

The invention concerns a natural vegetable oil selected among palm oil, corn germ oil, sunflower oil, and canola oil, concentrated in unsaponifiable matters, such that said oil unsaponifiable matter content is 3 to 15% m/m. Said concentrated natural vegetable oil constitutes a novel food ingredient enriched in particular in vitamin E and phytosterol, useful as favored food source in vitamin E and phytosterol, meeting recommended daily intake.

Paintball formulation and method for making the same  (Baggs, Y., JT Sports LLC, US7883774, February 8, 2011).

The invention herein provides for an improved fill composition for encapsulation in casing structures adapted for projectile motion and rupture upon contact with a target surface, such as paintballs. The fill composition adapted for use in an impact-rupturable capsule of the invention comprises a water-soluble dye and soy oil. The invention further provides for an improved shell composition for an impact-rupturable capsule containing the fill composition.

Diglyceride solutions for lipase activity determination  (Imamura, S., Asahi Kasei Pharma Corp., US7883862, February 8, 2011).

Diglyceride solutions for lipase activity determination, comprising at least one diglyceride, a low concentration buffer, and a nonionic surfactant.

Renewable chemical production from novel fatty acid feedstocks  (Franklin, S., et al., Solazyme, Inc., US7883882, February 8, 2011).

Disclosed herein are methods of manufacturing renewable chemicals through the manufacture of novel triglyceride oils followed by chemical modification of the oils. Methods such as transesterification, hydrogenation, hydrocracking, deoxygenation, isomerization, interesterification, hydroxylation, hydrolysis, and saponification are disclosed. Novel oils containing fatty acid chain lengths of C8, C10, C12, or C14 are also disclosed and are useful as feedstocks in the methods of the invention.

Concentrated liquid soap formulations with greater than 50% long chain soap and fatty acid having readily pumpable viscosity  (Hermanson, K., et al., Conopco, Inc., US7884061, February 8, 2011).

The present invention provided concentrated soap compositions, particularly those where long-chain (>C14) soap and fatty acid comprise >50% of soap and fatty acid. The compositions are formulated in such reasons that, quite unpredictably, despite high soap concentration, they have viscosity which allows them to be pumped from, for example, consumer packaging (e.g., bottles) and/or transit or storage points during manufacture (e.g., pipes, storage tanks, etc.).

Process to produce an enriched composition  (Parker, K.R., et al., Eastman Chemical Co., US7884231, February 8, 2011).

A process is provided for producing enriched carboxylic acid compositions produced by contacting composition comprising a carboxylic acid with an enrichment feed in an enrichment zone to form an enriched carboxylic acid composition. This invention also relates to a process and the resulting compositions for removing catalyst from a carboxylic acid composition to produce a post catalyst removal composition.

Glycerin by-products and methods of using same  (Tran, B., and S. Bhattacharja, Nalco Co., US7887630, February 15, 2011).

Methods and compositions for grinding materials are provided. In an embodiment, the present invention provides a method of grinding solid materials. For example, the method can comprise mixing the solid material with the grinding aid, and using a grinding media such as steel balls to grind the solids. The grinding aid composition can comprise one or more glycerin by-products derived from a biodiesel manufacturing process. The grinding aid composition can also comprise one or more glycerin by-products of transesterification reactions involving triglycerides. The grinding aid can be added to the grinding process as a solution.

Restructured meat product and process for preparing same  (McMindes, M.K., and E. Godinez, Solae, LLC, US7887870, February 15, 2011).

This invention relates to a restructured meat product, comprising (i) a fibrous material containing soy protein and soy cotyledon fiber, wherein said soy cotyledon fiber is present in the fibrous material in an amount of from 1% to 8% by weight on a moisture-free basis; (ii) a comminuted meat; and (iii) water. In another embodiment, the invention discloses a process for preparing a restructured meat product, comprising the steps of: hydrating (i) a fibrous material containing soy protein and soy cotyledon fiber, wherein said soy cotyledon fiber is present in the fibrous material in an amount of from 1% to 8%, by weight on a moisture-free basis in water until the water is absorbed and the fibers are separated; and adding (ii) a comminuted meat, wherein the temperature of the comminuted meat is below 10°C, and mixing the fibrous material and the comminuted meat to produce a homogeneous, fibrous and texturized meat product having a moisture content of at least 50%.

Block copolymer modified vegetable oil and polymer blends and methods of making same  (Connell, E.J., et al., Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America Inc./University of Minnesota, US7888418, February 15, 2011).

Embodiments of a polymer and vegetable oil-based composition comprise a polylactide homopolymer, a vegetable oil dispersed inside the polylactide homopolymer, and a block copolymer configured to aid the dispersion of the vegetable oil inside the polylactide homopolymer.

Glycerin by-products and methods of using same  (Tran, B., and S. Bhattacharja, Nalco Co., US7892353, February 15, 2011).

Methods and compositions for grinding materials are provided. In an embodiment, the present invention provides a method of grinding solid materials. For example, the method can comprise mixing the solid material with the grinding aid, and using a grinding media such as steel balls to grind the solids. The grinding aid composition can comprise one or more glycerin by-products derived from a biodiesel manufacturing process. The grinding aid composition can also comprise one or more glycerin by-products of transesterification reactions involving triglycerides. The grinding aid can be added to the grinding process as a solution.

Contrast agents  (Johnson, D., et al., GE Healthcare AS, US7892522, February 22, 2011).

Ultrasound contrast agents comprising microbubbles of biocompatible gas, e.g., a sulfur halide or a perfluorocarbon, stabilized by opsonizable amphiphilic material, e.g., a membrane-forming lipid such as a phospholipid, especially a negatively charged phospholipid such as a phosphatidylserine, may exhibit prolonged contrast-generating residence time in the liver following intravenous administration.

Defoamer emulsion compositions for pulp mill applications  (Cheng, H.N., et al., Hercules, Inc., US7893115, February 22, 2011).

An oil-in-water emulsion useful as a defoamer for pulp and paper mill applications is described. The defoamer has an oil blend (of a triglyceride oil or a mixture of triglyceride oils and silicone), a stabilizing agent (to make the oil blend stable in the emulsion), hydrophobic silica particles, surfactants, dispersants, and other components. The emulsion is usable directly at low concentrations to control foam.

Use of lipid conjugates in the treatment of diseases  (Yedgar, S., Yissum Research Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ltd., US7893226, February 22, 2011).

This invention provides compounds represented by the structure of the general formula (A): wherein L is a lipid or a phospholipid, Z is either nothing, ethanolamine, serine, inositol, choline, or glycerol, Y is either nothing or a spacer group ranging in length from 2 to 30 atoms, X is a physiologically acceptable monomer, dimer, oligomer, or polymer, wherein X is a glycosaminoglycan; and n is a number from 1 to 1000, wherein any bond between L, Z, Y and X is either an amide or an esteric bond.

Lipase  (Nakao, M., et al., Suntory Holdings Ltd., US7893232, February 22, 2011).

The present invention provides a novel lipase with a molecular weight of about 32 kDa, which is produced by a strain belonging to the genus Tetrasphaera, as well as a gene encoding the same. This lipase has the ability to recognize a medium-chain fatty acid as a substrate. The present invention also provides a novel lipase with a molecular weight of about 40 kDa, which is produced by a strain belonging to the genus Tetrasphaera and has the ability to recognize both a medium-chain fatty acid and a long-chain fatty acid as substrates, as well as a polynucleotide encoding the same. The present invention further provides Tetrasphaera sp. strain NITE P-154. The lipase of the present invention can be used as an immobilized enzyme and is useful in fields such as production of digestants and/or flavorings, production of clinical laboratory reagents, detergent enzymes and/or fats, as well as production of optically active intermediates for agricultural chemicals and pharmaceutical preparations.

Method for producing multiple unsaturated fatty acids in plants  (Cirpus, P., et al., BASF Plant Science GmbH, US7893320, February 22, 2011).

The present invention relates to a method for the production of fatty acid esters which comprise unsaturated fatty acids with at least three double bonds, and to free unsaturated fatty acids with a content of at least 1% by weight based on the total fatty acids present in the plants, by expressing at least one nucleic acid sequence which encodes a polypeptide with Δ6-desaturase activity and at least one nucleic acid sequence which encodes a polypeptide with Δ6-elongase activity. Advantageously, these nucleic acid sequences can, if appropriate, be expressed in the transgenic plant together with a third nucleic acid sequence which encodes a polypeptide with Δ5-desaturase activity. The invention furthermore relates to the use of defined nucleic acid sequences which encode polypeptides with a Δ6-desaturase activity, Δ6-elongase activity or Δ5-desaturase activity selected from a group of nucleic acid sequences, and/or to the use of nucleic acid constructs comprising the above-mentioned nucleic acid sequences.

Safflower with elevated gamma-linolenic acid  (Knauf, V.C., et al., Arcadia Biosciences, Inc., US7893321, February 22, 2011).

The present invention relates to compositions and methods for preparing γ-linoleic acid (GLA) in safflower plants, particularly from seeds of safflower. Nucleic acid sequences and constructs encoding one or more fatty acid desaturase sequences are used to generate transgenic safflower plants that contain and express one or more of these sequences and produce high levels of GLA in safflower seeds. Provided are transgenic safflower plants and seeds that produce high levels of GLA.

Conjugated fatty acid based emulsion and methods for preparing and using same  (Changaris, D.G., US7897160, March 1, 2011).

Stable emulsions comprising as a base one or more diene conjugated fatty acids. Amino acids and other macromolecules can be used to stabilize the emulsion. The emulsion is also useful as a carrier and delivery vehicle of the macromolecules to humans or animals in need of the macromolecules. Plant oil extracts, such as conjugated linoleic acid and its acylated derivatives, are useful as the diene conjugated fatty acids that form the base of the stable emulsion. The emulsions formed are useful as nutritional or cosmetic adjuvant for oral-based nutrition, skin diseases, cosmetic utility, enhancing oral nutrition, or pharmacological benefit. Methods of producing and using the emulsions are also provided.

Modified whey protein compositions having improved foaming properties  (Sorensen, T., and M. Rich, Novozymes North America, Inc., US7897186, March 1, 2011).

Methods for improving the foaming properties of whey protein preparations by contacting an aqueous solution containing whey protein with a phospholipase are disclosed. Treatment of a whey protein preparation with a phospholipase results in a whey protein preparation having improved foam overrun and foam stability when whipped, as compared to a whey protein preparation that is not treated with a phospholipase.

Compounded hydrocarbon oil and oil base drilling fluids prepared therefrom  (Dobson, J.R., Jr., et al., Texas United Chemical Co., LLC, US7897544, March 1, 2011).

The invention discloses a compounded hydrocarbon oil which comprises a base hydrocarbon oil, preferably a mixture of paraffinic hydrocarbons, propylene carbonate, and a liquid fatty acid containing at least 12 carbon atoms per molecule, preferably tall oil fatty acid. The volume ratio of propylene carbonate to liquid fatty acid is from about 3.5:1 to about 7:1. Preferably the concentration of propylene carbonate is from about 0.002 gal/gal oil to about 0.0057 gal/gal oil and the concentration of the liquid fatty acid is from about 0.0003 gal/gal oil to about 0.0015 gal/gal oil. The invention further comprises a method of compounding the compounded hydrocarbon oil and an oil base drilling fluid prepared from the compounded hydrocarbon oil. Preferably the compounded hydrocarbon oil is characterized by an increase in the low shear rate viscosity of the oil of at least 5,000 centipoise or mixing 7.5 lb/bbl of an organoclay therein.

Synthesis of purified, partially esterified polyol polyester fatty acid compositions  (Schaefer, J.J., and J.E. Trout, The Procter & Gamble Co., US7897699, March 1, 2011).

This invention relates to processes for the production of purified, partially esterified polyol fatty acid polyesters and the compositions derived from those processes. The purified, partially esterified polyol fatty acid polyesters of the present invention are particularly well suited for use in a variety of food, beverage, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic applications and comprise less than about 5% polyol; less than about 5 ppm of residual solvent; less than about 700 ppm of lower alky esters; less than about 5% of a soap and free fatty acid mixture; less than about 3% of ash; and have an acid value of less than about 6.

Process to produce an enrichment feed  (Sluijmers, J.W., et al., Eastman Chemical Co., US7897809, March 1, 2011).

A process is provided for producing enriched carboxylic acid compositions produced by contacting composition comprising a carboxylic acid with an enrichment feed in an enrichment zone to form an enriched carboxylic acid composition. This invention also relates to a process and the resulting compositions for removing catalyst from a carboxylic acid composition to produce a post catalyst removal composition.

Alternative organic fuel formulations including vegetable oil  (Schomann, M., Alternative Fuels Group Inc., US7901469, March 8, 2011).

Fuel formulations may be produced from vegetable oil without the need to remove glycerin from the vegetable oil prior to use. The fuel formulations may be used in diesel fuel vehicles and/or as a home heating oil. The fuel formulations may include vegetable oil, kerosene, a fuel stabilizer, and a cetane boost additive.

Temperature-sensitive liposomal formulation  (Needham, D., Duke University, US7901709, March 8, 2011).

A liposome contains an active agent and has a gel-phase lipid bilayer membrane comprising phospholipid and a surface-active agent. The phospholipids are the primary lipid source for the lipid bilayer membrane, and the surface-active agent is contained in the bilayer membrane in an amount sufficient to increase the percentage of active agent released at the phase transition temperature of the lipid bilayer, compared to that which would occur in the absence of the surface- active agent. The surface-active agent is present in the lipid bilayer membrane so as to not destabilize the membrane in the gel phase.

Two-stage process for producing oil from microalgae  (Oyler, J.R., Genifuel Corp., US7905930, March 15, 2011).

A process for production of biofuels from algae can include cultivating an oil-producing algae by promoting sequential photoautotrophic and heterotrophic growth. The method can further include producing oil by heterotrophic growth of algae wherein the heterotrophic algae growth is achieved by introducing a sugar feed to the oil-producing algae. An algal oil can be extracted from the oil-producing algae and can be converted to form biodiesel.

Biodiesel production method and apparatus  (Woods, R.R., and B. Porter, Primafuel, Inc., US7905931, March 15, 2011).

Methods and apparatus for the production of biodiesel are provided. The methods involve converting a fatty acid-rich material to biodiesel using a homogeneous catalyst, followed by electrodialysis of the resulting product to remove the catalyst.

Process for preparing an immobilized enzyme  (Sato, M., et al., Kao Corp., US7906305, March 15, 2011).

Provided is a process for preparing an immobilized enzyme, which comprises the steps of immobilizing an enzyme used for decomposing oil and fat on a carrier, by adsorption, without drying, bringing the immobilized enzyme into contact with a fatty acid triglyceride or fatty acid partial glyceride, or mixtures thereof, and adjusting the moisture content of the enzyme to 5% to 50% by weight based on the weight of the carrier, wherein the enzyme is used for esterification.

Carboxylic acid derivatives  (Beumer, R., et al., DSM IP Assets B.V., US7906496, March 15, 2011).

The present invention is concerned with novel arylalkyl carboxylic acid derivatives, more specifically, with acylates of arylalkyl carboxylic acids with naturally occurring, non-toxic hydroxy, sulfhydryl, amino or imino compounds, and to compositions containing them. The compositions are preferably cosmetic preparations.

Waterborne film-forming compositions containing reactive surfactants and/or humectants  (Bloom, P.D., and T. Tabuena-Salyers, Archer Daniels Midland Co., US7906571, March 15, 2011).

The present invention is directed to aqueous coating compositions, such as paints, containing a film-forming latex polymer and a reactive surfactant and/or a low volatile organic compound (VOC) humectant. The reactive surfactant, a polyglycerol ester or ether of an unsaturated fatty acid, reduces or eliminates the need for traditional water-soluble additives that lower the water resistance of the dry coating. Additionally, the reactive surfactants of the invention are capable of oxidative cross-linking during the curing process, forming a dry film that is more durable and water-resistant than traditional latex paint composition. The low VOC humectant polyglycerol, isosorbide, or a derivative of isosorbide can replace at least in part traditional humectants such as propylene glycol which contribute to VOC, while maintaining an effective open time for application of the aqueous coating compositions.

Electrical contact enhancing coating  (Kyle, B.K., and T.R. Mrock, US7910026, March 22, 2011).

The electrical contact enhancing coating is a composition that includes finely divided precious metal particles mixed with a dielectric carrier to form a coating. The dielectric carrier is a vegetable oil (preferably soybean-based) carrier of the type used as a dielectric coolant in power transformers, and is preferably high in antioxidant content. In a first embodiment, the precious metal is 100% silver having an average particle size of about 5–10 μm. In a second embodiment, the precious metal is about 65–85% silver and 15–35% gold (average particle size 0.5-1.8 μm), by weight. In a third embodiment, the precious metal is about 65–85% silver, 12.5–30% gold, and 2.5–5% palladium (average particle size 0.5–1.8 μm), by weight. The precious metals may be cryogenically treated prior to mixing with the dielectric carrier.

Methods for identifying the effect of a drug agent on the metabolism of sugars and fats in an individual (Hellerstein, M.K., The Regents of the University of California, US7910323, March 22, 2011).

Provided herein are methods for determining the metabolism of one or more sugars and/or fatty acids, and applications thereof. Such applications include determining the rate of glycogen synthesis and glycolysis, which are believed to be early markers for predicting elevated risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Other applications include methods for screening drugs that effect sugar and/or fatty acid metabolism. The methods are useful for at least partially characterizing drugs for desirable or undesirable (toxic) characteristics. Drugs that are at least partially characterized using the methods of the invention can then be further developed in pre-clinical testing and clinical trials. Such drugs may be found to be useful in treating obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other disorders of metabolism.

Process for the preparation of fatty acids  (Bhaggan, K., et al., Lipid Nutrition B.V./Anqing Zhongchuang Bioengineering Co., Ltd., US7910757, March 22, 2011).

A process for the preparation of a material comprising conjugated isomers of a polyunsaturated fatty acid comprises: treating a first fatty acid mixture comprising saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids in the presence of ethanol to form (i) a solid fraction and (ii) a liquid fraction comprising a second fatty acid mixture, wherein the second fatty acid mixture has a higher molar ratio of total polyunsaturated fatty acids to total saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids than the first fatty acid mixture; separating the solid fraction and the liquid fraction; and subjecting the second fatty acid mixture or a derivative or reaction product thereof to treatment with a base in the presence of a solvent, to form conjugated isomers of at least some of the polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Catalytic hydrogenation process for the production of low trans fat-containing triglycerides  (Hassan, A., et al., H R D Corp., US7910758, March 22, 2011).

Hydrogenated vegetable oil exhibiting superior thermal stability and containing reduced levels of saturates and trans fatty acids are produced using an activated hydrogenation catalyst and/or an improved hydrogenation process incorporating high shear. Use of a high-shear mechanical device incorporated into the hydrogenation process as a reactor device is shown to be capable of enabling reactions that would normally not be feasible under a given set of reaction pressure and temperature conditions. For example, the hydrogenation process described herein enables a reduction of hydrogenation time, and operation at lower temperatures than current processes. The resulting hydrogenated vegetable oil is particularly useful in frying, confectionery baking, and other applications where a product with a low trans fat content or higher thermal stability is desirable. The hydrogenated oil produced may comprise less than 10 wt% of trans fatty acids with less than 5 wt% of linolenic acid (C18:3).

Process for producing hydrated oily base food  (Kato, M., and T. Okawauchi, Fuji Oil Co., Ltd., US7914837, March 29, 2011).

Addition of a large amount of a food additive such as an emulsifier to a food is undesirable, since it is feared that not only the flavor of the food is damaged but also the secure sense for the qualities of the product and consumers’ buying intention are worsened thereby. It is intended to provide a process for conveniently producing a hydrated oily base food such as a chocolate drink powder while reducing the content of an emulsifier. Namely, an oily base food having a high hydration nature can be produced even by using a small amount of an emulsifier by densely mixing a small amount of a hydrophilic material, which contains a hydrophilic emulsifier as the essential component, with an oil-containing material, or shaping an oil-containing material into flakes or a powder as the final product by roll refining.

Tissue regeneration substrate, complex thereof with cells, and method for its production  (Fukuhira, Y., et al., Teijin Ltd., US7915028, March 29, 2011).

A tissue regeneration substrate comprising a film with a honeycomb structure composed primarily of a polymer compound and a phospholipid. A tissue regeneration complex comprising the tissue regeneration substrate and cells held in the tissue regeneration substrate. The substrate is particularly suitable for regeneration of cartilage tissue, and allows growth of cartilage tissue in a three-dimensional fashion.

Dispersible concentrate lipospheres for delivery of active agents  (Domb, A.J., Yissum Research Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, US7919113, April 5, 2011).

A formulation containing one or more lipophilic agents, methods of making and using the formulation are described herein. The formulation is formed by adding a pre-suspension concentrate composition to an aqueous medium. Upon contact with the aqueous medium, a solid nanoparticle suspension spontaneously forms. The resulting formulation is in the form of a microemulsion. The concentrate contains an amphiphilic solvent, a pharmaceutically acceptable solid carrier such as a solid fatty acid or ester, a surfactant, and an agent. Preferably the concentrate contains a combination of a surfactant with a high hydrophilic/lipophilic balance (HLB) of at least about 8 and a surfactant with a low HLB of less than about 5. The agent is preferably a lipophilic drug and other lipophilic ingredient, such as vitamins. The composition is suitable for use in medical and non-medical applications. The microemulsions described herein have increased stability compared to the prior art.

Pesticide compositions and methods for their use  (Coleman, R., Summerdale Inc., US7820594, October 26, 2010).

This invention relates to agricultural compositions, particularly pesticidal compositions which find particular use as a fungicide or herbicide composition. The pesticidal composition can include one or more fatty acids and one or more organic acids different from the fatty acid. The organic acid can but need not exhibit any fungicidal activity; however, when combined with a fatty acid, the organic acid functions as a potent synergist for the fatty acid as a fungicide. Additionally, the pesticidal composition can include other components such as emulsifiers, adjuvants, surfactants, and diluents. The pesticidal composition significantly reduces or prevents the fungal infection of cash crops including vegetables, fruits, berries, seeds, grains, and, at higher application rates, can also be used as a herbicide and/or harvest aid or desiccant for harvested crops such as potatoes. The addition of an emulsifier further enhances the herbicidal properties of the compositions.
Patent family members: AU2003202265 AA, US2004266852 AA, US2007249699 AA, US7741244 BB, US7820594 BB, WO03059063 A1

Natural rubber latex natural rubber composition and tire using the same  (Kondou, H., Bridgestone Corp., US7825175, November 2, 2010).

The natural rubber latex of the present invention in which phospholipid contained in the latex is decomposed, particularly the natural rubber latex in which it is decomposed by enzyme treatment with lipase and/or phospholipase at a temperature of 70°C or lower is excellent in a processability, and in the natural rubber thereof and the rubber composition using the same, the physical properties such as an anti-aging characteristic, a tensile strength and an abrasion resistance are sufficiently maintained. Accordingly, the natural rubber of the present invention can be used as an excellent member for a tire.
Patent family members: CN1324053 C, CN1692128 A, DE60315504 D1, DE60315504 T2, EP1568713 A1, EP1568713 A4, EP1568713 B1, ES2291712 T3, US2005234186 AA, US7825175 BB, WO04052935 A1

Wax and wax-based products  (Murphy, T.A., and M.D. Shepherd, Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc., US7833294, November 16, 2010).

The present lipid-based wax compositions commonly include a polyol fatty acid ester component (made up of partial and/or completely esterified polyols). Generally, at least a portion of the polyol fatty acid ester has been subjected to a transesterification reaction. Lipid-based wax compositions having a melting point of about 48°C to about 75°C can be particularly advantageous for use in forming candles. The wax may contain other components such as mineral wax, plant wax, insect wax, and/or other components. The polyol fatty acid ester component can include triacylglycerols such as those derived from plant oils (soybean oil, palm oil, etc.). The polyol ester component may be characterized based on one or more of its physical characteristics, such as SFI-40, SFI-10, typical crystal structure, iodine value, melting curve, and/or other properties.
Patent family members: AT491015 E, CA2525088 AA, EP1620533 A1, EP1620533 B1, US2004221503 AA, US2006272200 AA, US7192457 BB, US7833294 BB, WO04101720 A1

Manufacturing method of bio-diesel oil  (Lee, J.-S., et al., Korea Institute of Energy Research, US7834203, November 16, 2010).

The object of this invention is to provide a method of producing a bio-diesel oil in a great amount in a relatively short time, in which oil/fat and alcohol, used as reactants are homogeneously mixed with each other to form a single liquid phase mixture which effectively react with each other. The method includes transesterifying the oil/fat and alcohol in the presence of alkyl ester. Additionally, in the method alkyl ester is added to a mixture of the oil/fat and alcohol by recycling alkyl ester as a product to the mixture. Furthermore, the method includes (i) an acidic catalyst, and (ii) transesterifying the pre-esterified oil/fat with alcohol in the presence of alkyl ester.
Patent family members: JP2006524267 T2, JP4418432 B2, KR100566106 B1, KR20040084515 A, US2006293532 AA, US7834203 BB, WO04085585 A1

Products and methods for maintaining or increasing ceramide levels in skin  (Koenig, D.W., and J.J. Van Compel, Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc., US7838025, November 23, 2010).

Disclosed are methods and products such as wet wipes and absorbents capable of providing a skin health benefit when utilized in the intended fashion. More specifically, the products described herein comprise an agent, such as a botanical extract, which is capable of increasing the activity of sphingomyelinase according to a Sphingomyelinase Activity Screening Test and/or decreasing the activity of ceramidase according to a Ceramidase Activity Screening Test. By increasing the activity of sphingomyelinase and/or decreasing the activity of ceramidase, the agents in combination with the products described herein are able to maintain or increase the level of ceramides in the skin leading to improved skin health.
Patent family members: AU2003225245 AA, BRPI0316025 A, CN1694684 A, EP1585494 A1, EP1925279 A2, EP1925279 A3, KR20050084656 A, MXPA05004727 A1, US2004096485 AA, US2009053286 AA, US7585518 BB, US7838025 BB, WO04045574 A1

Fat composition  (Masui, K., and H. Takahashi, Kao Corp., US7838060, November 23, 2010).

The invention provides a fat and oil composition which contains diacylglycerol at a high concentration recognized to have an action of suppressing the accumulation of body fat, has a low content of trans-unsaturated fatty acid having a risk of exerting an adverse influence on diseases in circulatory organs, and is used in bakery products. The invention relates to a fat and oil composition containing 60 to 80 wt% diacylglycerol in fats and oils, wherein 90 wt% or more of fatty acids constituting the diacylglycerol are unsaturated fatty acids, and, in triacylglycerol as the balance, tri-saturated triacylglycerol whose every constituent fatty acid is a saturated fatty acid accounts for 45 to 75 wt% and tri-unsaturated triacylglycerol whose every constituent fatty acid is an unsaturated fatty acid accounts for 10 to 50 wt%, and the content of trans-unsaturated fatty acids in total fatty acids constituting the fats and oils is 5 wt% or less.
Patent family members: CN100553466 C, CN1946301 A, EP1759589 A1, EP1759589 A4, JP2005336471 A2, KR20070006832 A, US2008064750 AA, US7838060 BB, WO05104863 A1

Increasing rate of enzyme catalyzed equilibrium reactions  (Nemser, S., and M.E. Rezac, CMS Technologies Holdings Inc. and Kansas State University Research Foundation, US7838267, November 23, 2010).

A method of increasing the rate of conversion of reactants to reaction product of enzyme-catalyzed, reversible, i.e., equilibrium, reactions having water or methanol as by-product includes removing water and/or methanol from the reaction mass during reaction by permeation of the reaction mass through a selectively permeable perfluorinated polymer or copolymer membrane.
Patent family members: CA2669279 AA, DE112007002581 T5, US2008099400 AA, US7838267 BA, WO08055051 A2, WO08055051 A3, WO08055051 B1

Phospholipases and uses thereof  (Albermann, K., et al., DSM IP Assets B.V., US7838274, November 23, 2010).

The invention relates to a newly identified polynucleotide sequence comprising a gene that encodes a novel phospholipase isolated from Aspergillus niger. The invention features the full-length nucleotide sequence of the novel gene, the cDNA sequence comprising the full-length coding sequence of the novel phospholipase as well as the amino acid sequence of the full-length functional protein and functional equivalents thereof. The invention also relates to methods of using these enzymes in industrial processes and methods of diagnosing fungal infections. Also included in the invention are cells transformed with a polynucleotide according to the invention and cells wherein a phospholipase according to the invention is genetically modified to enhance or reduce its activity and/or level of expression.
Patent family members: AR039839 AA, AT476500 E, AU2003232821 AA, BRPI0311205 A, CA2486529 AA, CN100545261 C, CN101684470 A, CN1659277 A, DE60333629 D1, DK1506291 T3, EA008607 B1, EP1506291 A2, EP1506291 B1, ES2347550 T3, IN03414DN2004 A, JP2005525818 T2, JP2009183302 A2, JP4511342 B2, PL373887 A1, PT1506291 T, SI1506291 T1, US2007207521 AA, US2010047877 AA, US7588925 BB, US7838274 BB, WO03097825 A2, WO03097825 A3

Liquid dye formulations in non-petroleum based solvent systems  (Friswell, M.R., Sunbelt Corp., US7842102, November 30, 2010).

A dye formulation is disclosed that includes a vegetable oil ester based solvents that have carbon chain lengths of C1 to C18, a solvent dye that is a true liquid dye dissolved in the vegetable oil ester for imparting color to the dye formulation, and reduced sulfur levels in commercially available dye formulations as compared to those in hydrocarbon-based solvent systems. Sulfur content is typically reduced to 2–3% of dye formulations in hydrocarbon-based solvents. The formulations are particularly useful for tagging petroleum substrates as well as writing instrument and ink jet formulations.
Patent family members: CA2642739 AA, EP2065459 A2, EP2065459 A3, US2009113640 AA, US7842102 BB

Method of concentrating minor ingredient contained in oily matter obtained from plant tissue  (Mori, O., et al., Ajinomoto Co., Inc., US7842321, November 30, 2010).

Fat-soluble trace constituents contained in plant tissues may be conveniently concentrated and/or purified by a method which involves extracting the fat-soluble trace constituent from a plant, to obtain an extract containing the fat-soluble trace constituent; adding a fatty acid ester to the extract, to obtain a mixture; and subjecting the mixture to molecular distillation. The method is particularly effective for the concentration and/or purification of fat-soluble constituents which are solids or viscous liquids at ambient temperature and ordinary pressure. The concentrated and/or purified fat-soluble trace constituent of a plant tissue prepared by the method may be combined with a food or drink to afford a food or drink product that contains the concentrated and/or purified fat-soluble trace constituent.
Patent family members: CN101040036 A, CN101040036 B, US2007134384 AA, US7842321 BB, WO06043601 A1

Method of making high solids, high protein dairy-based food  (Fitzsimons, W., et al., Fonterra IP Ltd., US7842325, November 30, 2010).

The present invention provides a process for producing a high solids/high protein dairy product wherein a milk protein concentrate is first mixed with molten fat to produce a mixture of protein particles coated in fat and the mixture hydrated, acidified, and heated under low shear to produce a dairy product, preferably a cheese or cheese-like product having a protein to water ratio of between 0.6 and 3.0.
Patent family members: AR037868 AA, AU2002356474 AA, AU2002356474 BB, BRPI0215047 A, CA2470190 AA, CN100464640 C, CN1602155 A, EG23432 A, EP1465497 A2, EP1465497 A4, JP2005511103 T2, JP4308013

Cereal and fruit oil  (Mattei, A., Carapelli Firenze S.p.A, US7842328, November 30, 2010).

The present invention relates to a vegetable oil comprising a mixture of cereal oils and fruit oils. These are selected from: corn oil, rice oil, wheat germ oil, barley oil, oat oil, rye oil, sorghum oil and millet oil and walnut oil, blackcurrant oil, almond oil, hazelnut oil, apricot oil, peach oil, avocado oil, cherry oil, watermelon oil, melon oil, blueberry oil, and orange oil.
Patent family members: AR048533 AA, AU2004320494 AA, BRPI0418822 A, CA2569362 AA, CA2569362 C, CN1960639 A, EP1755404 A1, JP2008502783 T2, MXPA06014035 A1, NZ551703 A, TW200539817 A, US2007243306 AA, US7842328 BB, WO05120242 A1, WO05120242 C1

Process for the preparation of lubricants  (Darbha, S., et al., Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, US7842653, November 30, 2010).

The present invention provides an improved process for the preparation of lubricants from vegetable oil or fat obtained from animal source. The present invention involves a reaction of vegetable oil or fat with an alcohol in the presence of a double metal cyanide catalyst, at a temperature in the range of 150–200°C for a period of 3–6 hr to obtain the desired bio-lubricant.
Patent family members: DE602006004109 D1, EP1733788 A1, EP1733788 B1, IN01561DE2005 A, US2007004599 AA, US7842653 BB

Synthetic lipid mixtures for the preparation of a reconstituted surfactant  (Curstedt, T., et al., Chiesi Farmaceutici S.p.A, US7842664, November 30, 2010).

The invention relates to reconstituted surfactants consisting of artificial phospholipids and peptides able to lower the air-liquid surface tension, more particularly to reconstituted surfactants comprising special phospholipid mixtures and artificial peptides which are analogs of the natural surfactant protein C for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome and other diseases relating to pulmonary surfactant dysfunctions.
Patent family members: AU2003233320 AA, AU2003233320 AB, AU2003233320 BB, CA2486152 AA, CN100347193 C, CN1653088 A, DE60311798 T2, DK1506234 T3, EA007928 B1, EP1506234 A1, EP1506234 B1, ES2282627 T3, HK1079221 A1, HR20041058 A2, IL165239 A0, IN03534DN2004 A, ITMI20021058 A0, ITMI20021058 A1, JP2006504635 T2, MXPA04011369 A1, NZ536606 A, PL372751 A1, PT1506234 T, UA79609 C2, US2005176625 AA, US2008242589 AA, US7511011 BB, US7842664 BB, WO03097695 A1, ZA200409215 A

Method for treating of oils and fats  (Murakami, S., US7846221, December, 7, 2010).

A method for treatment of oils and fats having a high saturated fatty acid content whose treatment has previously been difficult, especially waste oils and fats and discharged oils and fats, characterized in that the oils and fats just prior to hydrolysis are subjected to ozone treatment and light irradiation treatment.
Patent family members: CN100516185 C, CN1898368 A, DE602004014983 D1, EP1715028 A1, EP1715028 A4, EP1715028 B1, US2007148310 AA, US7846221 BB, WO05063951 A1

Method of making a vegetable oil-based candle  (Njus, D.J., and J. Nicolaisen, SoyBasics, LLC, US7846372, December 7, 2010).

The present invention provides a method of making a candle from a vegetable oil-based candle wax that provides a smooth, solid vegetable oil-based candle having fully integrated color and fragrance.
Patent family members: US7846372 BA

Phospholipid gel compositions for drug delivery and methods of treating conditions using same  (Murthy, Y.V.S.N., IDEXX Laboratories, US7846472, December 7, 2010).

The present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions in the form of a gel for controlled or sustained release of a pharmaceutically active agent and to methods for treating or preventing a condition in an animal by administering to an animal in need thereof the pharmaceutical compositions. One particular type of condition for which the pharmaceutical compositions are useful is a microbial infection, e.g., of the skin, ear, or eye, especially for veterinary applications.
Patent family members: AU2005267395 AA, AU2005267395 BB, CA2571063 AA, CN101014323 A, EP1781256 A1, IN07988DN2006 A, JP2008504271 T2, US2005287181 AA, US2005287198 AA, US2005287200 AA, US7846472 BB, US7854943 BB, US7858115 BB, WO06012145 A1

Environmentally benign anti-icing or deicing fluids employing triglyceride processing by-products  (Sapienza, R., et al., MLI Associates LLC, US7854856, US7854856, December 21, 2010).

Deicing compositions comprised of glycerol-containing by-products of triglyceride processing processes are disclosed.
Patent family members: CA2539927 AA, CA2539927 C, EA200702340 A1, EP1689823 A1, EP1689823 A4, EP1879977 A1, EP1879977 A4, JP2008539308 T2, US2005062013 AA, US2005247907 AA, US2008006794 AA, US6890451 BB, US7270768 BB, US7854856 BB, WO05030899 A1, WO06116254 A1

Foodstuff supplement and method of producing same  (Palamountain, J.R., et al., Vita Power Ltd., US7854953, December 21, 2010).

A foodstuff supplement and method of producing the foodstuff supplement. The method includes forming a liquid phase and adding vitamins to the liquid phase at a temperature below that at which significant depletion and/or degradation of the vitamins will occur. Oil is heated in a vessel and an emulsifier is added to the heated oil. The resultant mixture is cooled and the liquid phase is added.
Patent family members: AT319328 E, AU2002341453 BB, CA2466158 AA, CN100542428 C, CN1578629 A, DE60209767 D1, DE60209767 T2, DK1446025 T3, EP1446025 A1, EP1446025 A4, EP1446025 B1, EP1671551 A1, ES2258159 T3, HK1071037 A1, JP2005527187 T2, JP4338519 B2, NZ514900 A, US2005003046 AA, US7854953 BB, US7854953 BB, WO03032750 A1, WO03032750 C1, ZA200403809 A

Barrier film  (Henderson-Rutgers, R., et al., Plantic Technologies Ltd., US7854994, December 21, 2010).

A barrier composition which is injection moldable and able to be made into a transparent film or incorporated (by co-extrusion and/or lamination) into multi-layer film products, the composition on dry basis: (i) from 45 to 90% by weight of a starch and/or a modified starch selected from starches modified by reaction with a hydroxyl alkyl group, an acetate or a dicarboxylic acid anhydride or a grafting polymer; (ii) from 4 to 12% by weight of a water-soluble polymer selected from polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylacetate, and copolymers of ethylene and vinylalcohol which have a melting point compatible with the molten state of the starch components; (iii) from 5 to 45% by weight of a non-crystallizing mixture of sorbitol and at least one other plasticizer selected from glycerol, maltitol, xylitol, mannitol, glycerol trioleate, epoxidized linseed or soybean oil, tributyl citrate, acetyl tri-ethyl citrate, glyceryl triacetate, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate; polyethylene oxide or polyethylene glycol; (iv) from 0.3 to 2.5% by weight of a C12–C22 fatty acid or salt; (v) from 0.25 to 3% of an emulsifier system having a hydrophilic-lipophilic balance value between 2 and 10. The barrier film may be co-injection molded with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polylactic acid (PLA) for blow molding into beverage bottles, with polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) or biodegradable polymers for high gas-barrier containers or closures, or may be co-extruded with PE, PP, or PLA for thin-film packaging applications or for blow-molded containers.
Patent family members: AU2005297323 AA, AU2005297323 BB, CA2583945 AA, CN101360783 A, EP1802698 A1, IL182416 A0, JP2008517108 T2, KR20070088638 A, NZ554682 A, US2009110942 AA, US7854994 BB, WO06042364 A1

Lipid metabolism improving agent  (Hori, G., et al., Kyowa Hakko Bio Co., Ltd., US7790702, September 7, 2010).

The present invention relates to a protein/phospholipid or protein hydrolyzate/phospholipid complex containing 10 wt% or more of bound phospholipid, a lipid metabolism improving agent comprising the complex, and a functional food comprising the complex. The present invention provides a lipid metabolism improving agent and a functional food containing the complex.
Patent family members: AT253927 E, AU199668902 A1, AU200056551 A5, AU721852 B2, AU721852 C, AU764747 B2, CA2204406 AA, CA2204406 C, CN1136007 C, CN1161001 A, DE69630666 D1, DE69630666 T2, EP0790060 A1, EP0790060 A4, EP0790060 B1, JP2004337177 A2, JP3599347 B2, US2002182250 AA, US2006160725 AA, US7790702 BB, WO9709059 A1

Process for preparing glyceryl carbonate  (Schmitt, B., et al., Evonik Roehm GmbH, US7790908, September 7, 2010).

The present invention relates to a process for preparing highly pure glyceryl carbonate by transesterifying dialkyl carbonates or cyclic carbonates in the presence of a basic catalyst.
Patent family members: AU2006328838 AA, CA2630242 AA, CN101287720 A, DE102005060732 A1, EP1963301 A1, JP2009519286 T2, KR20080078835 A, NZ566676 A, RU2008128560 A, TW200732318 A, US2008255372 AA, US7790908 BB, WO07071470 A1, ZA200802049 A

Process for the preparation of 1 2-propanediol  (Henkelmann, J., et al., BASF SE, US7790937, September 7, 2010).

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of 1,2-propanediol, in which a glycerol-containing stream, in particular a stream obtained on an industrial scale in the production of biodiesel, is subjected to a hydrogenation.
Patent family members: CA2642592 AA, CN101395113 A, EA200801936 A1, EP1993985 A1, JP2009528392 T2, US2009216050 AA, US7790937 BB, WO07099161 A1

Frying fats and oils  (Cain, F.W., et al., Loders Croklaan USA LLC, US7794773, September 14, 2010).

Compositions suitable for use as a frying fat or oil may be derived from palm oil by a process comprising interesterification and comprise triglycerides. The compositions may have a content of saturated fatty acids having from 12 to 24 carbon atoms (SAFA) of at least 53% by weight, and a content of unsaturated fatty acids having 18 carbon atoms of less than 47% by weight. The compositions may be used to prepare fried foods such as donuts.
Patent family members: US2006105090 AA, US2007207250 AA, US7611744 BB, US7794773 BB

Sequestering of glycoprotein molecules and oligosaccharide moieties in lipo-glycoprotein membranes and micelles  (Mullen, E.H., The MITRE Corp., US7786276, August 31, 2010).

Spontaneous formation of a coherent membrane at the interface between a nonpolar liquid and an aqueous solution of glycoprotein can be used to separate proteins and carbohydrates from tissue fluid and other complex mixtures. When volatile hydrocarbons are used to induce membrane formation, evaporation of organic and aqueous solvents leaves behind a delicate film or powder. The method for extracting glycoprotein from solution and sequestering it in floating membranes can be used to study environmental conditions or to remove carbohydrates from proteins in the tissues of living organisms. This technique can also be used for detecting proteins in solutions.
Patent family members: US2002048604 AA, US2003032770 AA, US2007141694 AA, US5824337 A, US6528092 BB, US7148031 BB, US7786276 BB

Hydrolysis-resistant multilayer polyester film with hydrolysis stabilizer  (Kliesch, H., et al., Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH, US7794822, September 14, 2010).

The invention relates to a multilayer polyester film comprising a hydrolysis stabilizer, wherein the hydrolysis stabilizer is an epoxidized alkyl ester of fatty acid or is a mixture of epoxidized alkyl esters of fatty acid or is an epoxidized fatty acid glyceride or is a mixture of epoxidized fatty acid glycerides, and at least one external layer of the film does not comprise the hydrolysis stabilizer. The form in which the hydrolysis stabilizer is added to the polyester can be that of dry liquid, absorbed by a carrier material.
Patent family members: DE102006016156 A1, EP1842662 A1, JP2007276478 A2, KR20070100165 A, US2007237972 AA, US7794822 BB

Base for electric insulating oil  (Takei, M., et al., Lion Corp.; Japan AE Power Systems Corp., US7795193, September 14, 2010).

A base for electric insulating oil comprising an esterification product from a C8–C20 higher fatty acid and a C6–C14 branched aliphatic monohydric alcohol; or a base for electric insulating oil comprising an esterification product from a mixed fatty acid derived from palm oil and/or mixed fatty acid derived from soybean oil and a C1–C5 aliphatic monohydric alcohol or C6–C14 branched aliphatic monohydric alcohol. The thus provided base for electric insulating oil excels in viscosity, fluidity, chemical stability, etc. and is capable of satisfactorily exhibiting electrical characteristics of electric insulating oil.
Patent family members: CN100533604 C, CN1856843 A, DE602004013166 D1, DE602004013166 T2, EP1662513 A1, EP1662513 A4, EP1662513 B1, KR20070015103 A, TW200515430 A, US2007069188 AA, US7795193 BB, WO05022558 A1

Composition and method of use of soy-based binder material  (Blackmon, D. and S. Walther, Enviroad, LLC, US7798743, September 21, 2010).

A composition and method for use of a soy-based material binder is provided. One example method for increasing road stabilization with a soy-based material binder may include determining road base attributes of the road base for application. The method may further include creating a soy-based material binder comprising at least one of a soy protein isolate with a concentration in the range of 1 to 20% of soy protein isolate based on road base attributes. The method may further include determining an amount of soy-based material binder for a volume of application based on the concentration of soy protein isolate in the soy-based material binder and the road base attributes. Further still, the method may include combining the soy-based material binder and the road base wherein the resultant mixture includes soy-based material binder in a range of 0.0001–5 gallons per pound of road base.
Patent family members: US2009103979 AA, US7798743 BB

Pharmaceutical compositions for lipophilic drugs  (Bhalani, V.T. and S.P. Patel, Watson Laboratories Inc., US7799340, September 21, 2010).

Stable solutions of lipophilic drugs, such as cyclosporin, forming a polar lipid self-emulsifying drug delivery system. The solutions can include lipophilic drugs, such as cyclosporin, dissolved in a polar lipid, such as having a C6–C12 fatty acid monoglyceride content of at least about 50%, surfactants and triglycerides. The composition forms a fine emulsion on exposure to water. The encapsulated dosage form of this composition needs neither a hydrophilic component nor air-tight blister packaging, and is particularly suitable for oral administration.
Patent family members: AT309087 E, AU199956416 A1, AU759223 B2, CA2342823 AA, CA2342823 C, DE69928295 D1, DE69928295 T2, DK1171286 T3, EP1171286 A2, EP1171286 B1, ES2253908 T3, GB200022467 A0, GB2341166 A1, GB2341166 B2, GB2350599 A1, GB2350599 B2, GB9819361 A0, GB9921020 A0, HK1043340 A1, IL141783 A0, IL141783 A1, JP2002524301 T2, JP3802759 B2, NZ510674 A, PL190824 B1, PL347124 A1, US2006188561 AA, US2007259810 AA, US5858401 A, US6617000 BA, US7070802 BA, US7452552 BB, US7799340 BB, WO0013884 A2, WO0013884 A3, ZA200102706 A

Compositions which can be used as biofuels  (Schörken, U., et al., Cognis IP Management GmbH, US7799544, September 21, 2010).

A composition comprising alkyl esters with a C1–C8 alkyl group, and partial glycerides, with a free glycerol content of, at most, 2%, by weight, based on the weight of the composition, derived in an enzymatically-catalyzed reaction from saturated or unsaturated, straight or branched C8–C22 fatty acids of vegetable oils, and useful, inter alia, in biofuels, such as biodiesel, and as an additive for improving the lubricating performance of fuel compositions.
Patent family members: BRPI0606422 A2, CA2595007 AA, CN101479372 A, DE102005002700 A1, EP1838822 A2, JP2008527154 T2, MX2007008658 A1, US2008153143 AA, US7799544 BB, WO06077023 A2, WO06077023 A3

Nut butter compositions and methods related thereto  (Garter, B.L., et al., Kellogg Co., US7803418, September 28, 2010).

In general terms, this invention provides nut butter compositions and methods for preparing the disclosed nut butter compositions. In preferred embodiments, the nut butter composition or method is a peanut butter. In another preferred embodiment, the present invention provides a method of preparing a gelled peanut butter composition comprising the steps of: blending peanut butter, emulsifier, sugar alcohol and triglyceride-based stabilizer so as to create a first blend; blending starch with the first blend to create a second blend; resting the second blend until a gel is formed, wherein the peanut butter is not more than 85°F (29.4°C) and 65–85%, the emulsifier is 0.15–0.5%, the sugar alcohol is 5–30%, the triglyceride-based stabilizer is 1–5%, and the starch is 1–5%.
Patent family members: US2008081092 AA, US7803418 BB, WO08042836 A2, WO08042836 A3

Cheese compositions and related methods  (Huang, V.T., et al., General Mills Marketing, Inc., US7807207, October 5, 2010).

The present invention relates to cheese compositions and methods of making cheese compositions, including methods of formulating cheese compositions. Cheese compositions of the present invention include casein protein, non-casein protein, and non-pregelatinized, modified starch. Methods of making cheese compositions according to the present invention relate to making cheese compositions that include casein protein, non-casein protein, and non-pregelatinized, modified starch. Methods of formulating cheese compositions of the present invention include reducing an amount casein protein by replacing it with an amount of non-pregelatinized, modified starch and an amount of non-casein protein.
Patent family members: CA2542252 AA, CA2542534 AA, US2005106303 AA, US2006159825 AA, US7807207 BB, US7815957 BB, WO05048725 A2, WO05048725 A3

Trans-free hard palm oil fraction, trans-free non-hydrogenated hard structural fat and fat blends and methods  (Ullanoormadam, S.R., Premium Vegetable Oils Berhad, US7807208, October 5, 2010).

A trans-free hard palm oil fraction, a trans-free non-hydrogenated hard structural fat and a fat blend using the trans-free non-hydrogenated hard structural fat and liquid oils suitable for the manufacture of low SAFA (saturated fatty acid) high poly/mono unsaturated margarine and spreads, wherein the trans-free non-hydrogenated hard structural fat is made from a selectively fractionated non-hydrogenated high melting palm oil fraction which is interesterified with dry-fractionated non-hydrogenated lauric fat, such as a palm kernel oil or its fractions the resultant interesterified fat is obtained with high yield ratios that can be economically and commercially used as trans-free non hydrogenated hard structural fat for the aforesaid manufacture.
Patent family members: AT300186 E, AU200148050 A5, AU770403 B2, CA2315464 AA, CA2315464 C, CA2512632 AA, CN1263387 C, CN1325630 A, DE60112179 D1, DE60112179 T2, DK1159877 T3, EP1159877 A2, EP1159877 A3, EP1159877 B1, EP1552751 A1, ES2246287 T3, IN00611DE2001 A, IN03323DE2005 A, IN03324DE2005 A, IN230369 B, JP2002017255 A2, SG115376 A1, US2002001662 AA, US2005069620 AA, US6808737 BB, US7807208 BB

Pesticide for insect control (Newman, W.A., Remediation and Natural Attenuation Services Inc., US7807717, October 5, 2010).

A method for the control of insects breeding on water surfaces and particularly mosquitoes, comprising blending in a high shear mixer water, the ester of a fatty acid of 10 to 25 carbon atoms and a low molecular weight alcohol, such as methanol or ethanol, an emulsifying agent and a thickener until an emulsion containing the ester with droplet sizes ranging from 1 to 20 microns in diameter is obtained and applying such to the surface of insect-infested water in sufficiently diluted form, to break the emulsion and form a thin continuous film.
Patent family members: US2006008495 AA, US7807717 BB

Crosslinked oil droplet-based cosmetic or pharmaceutical emulsions  (Schreiber, J., and K.H. Diec, Beiersdorf AG, US7811594, October 12, 2010).

The invention is a crosslinked water-in-oil emulsion that is useful in cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. The emulsion includes a water phase, oil phase, water-in-oil emulsifier, and one or more crosslinkers. The crosslinkers that are useful in the invention include molecules having at least one hydrophilic region and at least one hydrophobic region. The invention also includes a process for preparing the crosslinked emulsion.
Patent family members: DE10213956 A1, EP1492491 A2, US2005106199 AA, US7811594 BB, WO03082223 A2, WO03082223 A3

Lipid mixtures for synthetic surfactants  (Johansson, J., et al., Chiesi Farmaceutici S.p.A., US7811988, October 12, 2010).

The present invention provides novel lipid mixtures for synthetic surfactants. In particular, the invention provides a specific lipid mixture containing a specific amount of polyunsaturated phospholipids to be used for the preparation of synthetic surfactants. Said surfactants and pharmaceutical compositions thereof are useful for the treatment of surfactant deficiencies like respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).
Patent family members: AT452624 E, BRPI0411259 A, CA2527419 AA, CN100482207 C, CN1809338 A, DE602004024780 D1, EA008039 B1, EP1481665 A1, EP1628634 A1, EP1628634 B1, ES2337145 T3, JP2007500199 T2, US2008045449 AA, US7811988 BB, WO04105726 A1

Process for the production of derivatives of saturated carboxylic acids  (Bastioli, C., et al., Novamont S.p.A., US7812186, October 12, 2010).

A process for the production of carboxylic acids and their derivatives comprising the steps of: (iii) reacting a derivative of an unsaturated fatty acid with an oxidizing compound in the presence of a catalyst capable of catalyzing the reaction of oxidation of the double olefinic bond of the derivative of the unsaturated fatty acid so as to obtain as intermediate product of reaction a vicinal diol; and (iv) reacting said intermediate compound with oxygen, or a compound containing oxygen, in the presence of a catalyst capable of catalyzing the reaction of oxidation of the hydroxyl groups of the vicinal diol to carboxylic groups, characterized in that both of the steps (i) and (ii) are carried out in the absence of added organic solvent and in that the water/diol ratio in the reaction of step (ii) is less than 1:1.
Patent family members: AU2006298786 AA, CA2621962 AA, CN101273005 A, EP1926699 A1, IN01995CN2008 A, ITMI20051779 A1, JP2009508913 T2, RU2008114623 A, US2008245995 AA, US7812186 BB, WO07039481 A1

Production of biofuels and biolubricants from a common feedstock  (Miller, S.J., Chevron USA Inc., US7815694, October 19, 2010).

The present invention is directed to methods and systems for processing triglyceride-containing, biologically-derived oils, wherein such processing comprises conversion of triglycerides to free fatty acids and the separation of these fatty acids by saturation type. Such separation by type enables the efficient preparation of both lubricants and transportation fuels from a common source using a single integrated method and/or system.
Patent family members: US2009084026 AA, US7815694 BB

Process for conversion of biomass to fuel  (Roberts IV, W.L., et al., North Carolina State University, US7816570, October 19, 2010).

A process for the direct conversion of lipid biomass fuel stock to combustible fuels includes the steps of hydrolyzing a lipid biomass to form free fatty acids, catalytically deoxygenating the free fatty acids to form n-alkanes, and reforming at least a portion of the n-alkanes into a mixture of compounds having the correct chain length, conformations and ratio to be useful as transportation fuels. The process exhibits an overall energy efficiency of at least about 75%, wherein energy efficiency is calculated as the lower heating value of the produced transportation fuel over the sum of the lower heating value of the process reactants and the total energy input into the process.
Patent family members: AU2007347654 AA, CA2670985 AA, CN101595203 A, EA200900728 A1, EP2097496 A2, EP2097496 B1, IN02208KN2009 A, JP2010511750 T2, KR20090095631 A, MX2009005723 A1, US2009069610 AA, US7816570 BB, WO08103204 A2, WO08103204 A3, ZA200904021 A

Process for converting a hydroxycarboxylic acid or salts thereof to an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or its esters  (Bogan Jr., L., et al., Rohm and Haas Co., US7754916, July 13, 2010).

A process for converting a salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid to an unsaturated carboxylic acid, or esters thereof. The process involves converting an ammonium salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid in aqueous solution to a corresponding hydroxycarboxylic acid and ammonium cation in aqueous solution; and separating the ammonium cation from the aqueous solution, leaving the hydroxycarboxylic acid in aqueous solution. The converting and separating steps may be accomplished by employing a hydrophobic acid or an acid ion exchange resin each of which must have an acid dissociation constant, i.e., pKa, at least 0.5 less that that of the salt of the hydroxycarboxylic acid. Where a hydrophobic acid is used, it must be immiscible in water, and its salt must also be immiscible in water, and the resulting multiphase solution comprises an aqueous phase comprising the corresponding hydroxycarboxylic acid, as well as a nonaqueous phase comprising a neutralized acid. Alternatively, where the ion exchange resin is used the aqueous solution of the ammonium salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid is contacted with the resin, thereby converting the salt to a hydroxycarboxylic acid and capturing the ammonium cations on the resin. In either case, the aqueous solution is treated, such as by heating, to separate and recover the hydroxycarboxylic acid. The nonaqueous phase or resin is treated to separate and recover ammonia useful for preparing additional ammonium salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid.

Process for improving enzymatic degumming of vegetable oils and reducing fouling of downstream processing equipment (Dayton, C.L.G., et al., Bunge Oils Inc., US7713727, May 11, 2010).

A process controls enzymatic degumming characteristics which cause fouling of postreactor equipment of industrial-scale processing of edible oils. An antifouling agent including an organic or mineral acid is added after the reactor and before any postreactor equipment such as heat exchangers and centrifuges. Typically the antifouling agent is added at greater than about 100 ppm of the oil, and typically the pH of the aqueous phase of the oil is between about 3.5 and 4.2.

 

Dry fractionation method for fat  (Kuwabara, Y., et al., Fuji Oil Co. Limited, US7767241, August 03, 2010).

It is intended to provide a dry fractionation method for fat whereby the performance for fractionating a fat into a high-melting fraction, a medium-melting fraction, and a low-melting fraction can be improved, thereby preventing in particular the medium-melting fraction from worsening of the melting properties in the mouth and a decrease in the melting point with the passage of time and, in its turn, improving the melting properties in the mouth of a chocolate product which is produced by using the thus obtained hard butter for chocolates, etc. A method of fractionating a fat wherein a fraction (in particular, a medium-melting fraction) obtained by dry fractionation is efficiently separated from a high-melting fraction and a low-melting fraction mixed therewith. More specifically, a dry fractionation method which comprises heating a crystal fraction containing a large amount of 1,3-disaturated-2-unsaturated triglycerides to thereby melt the 1,3-disaturated-2-unsaturated triglyceride components followed by solid/liquid separation of trisaturated triglycerides as a crystal fraction, thereby achieving a favorable performance of fractionating 1,3-disaturated-2-unsaturated triglycerides and saturated triglycerides.
Patent family members: AU2003266689 AA, EP1548094 A1, EP1548094 A4, JP2004123839 A2, JP4534986 B2, US2006165867 AA, US7767241 BB, WO2004029185 A1, WO05028601 A1

Production method of oil or fat containing polyunsaturated fatty acid-containing triglyceride  (Akimoto, K., et al., Suntory Holdings Limited, US7767427, August 3, 2010).

The present invention relates to a production method of an oil containing triglyceride in which medium-chain fatty acids are bound to the 1- and 3-positions of the triglyceride and polyunsaturated fatty acid is bound to the 2 position by allowing lipase, which specifically acts on ester bonds at the 1- and 3-positions that has been immobilized on a porous ion exchange resin support having a pore size of about 100 Angstroms or more, to act on a mixture of medium-chain fatty acids and raw material oil containing at least one polyunsaturated fatty acid selected from the group consisting of ω-6 series polyunsaturated fatty acid having 18 or more carbon atoms and 3 or more double bonds and ω-9 series polyunsaturated fatty acid having 18 or more carbon atoms and 2 or more double bonds but not containing ω-3 series polyunsaturated fatty acid, oils, and fats or triglycerides obtained by that method, and the use of the oils and fats or triglycerides in a food, beverage or pharmaceutical composition.
Patent family members: AT457357 E, AU2002311326 BB, CA2452401 AA, CN100523206 C, CN101037641 A, CN1522301 A, DE60235303 D1, DK1411129 T3, EP1411129 A1, EP1411129 A4, EP1411129 B1, KR20040030787 A, US2004171127 AA, US2009076149 AA, US7538238 BB, US7767427 BB, WO03004667 A1

Koji mold-origin phospholipase A2  (Kitamoto, K., et al., National Institute of Technology and Evaluation; National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology; National Research Institute of Brewing, US7763444, July 27, 2010).

It is intended to provide koji mold-origin phospholipase A2 and a DNA encoding it. Namely, phospholipase A2 comprising the following protein (i) or (ii): (i) a protein having an amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2; and (ii) a protein having an amino acid sequence derived from an amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2 by a partial modification and serving as phospholipase A2.
Patent family members: US2009263888 AA, US7763444 BB, WO04078967 A1

Absorbent articles with compositions for reducing irritation response  (Dvoracek, B.J., and D.J. Tyrrell, Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc., US7771735, August 10, 2010).

The present invention relates to compositions and absorbent articles including compositions for protecting the skin barrier. The compositions can be applied to the bodyfacing surfaces of absorbent articles so that the compositions come into contact with the skin. The compositions of the invention provide several benefits including prevention and alleviation of skin irritations associated with the use of absorbent articles. The compositions can include hydrophilic and nonaqueous components as well as extracted botanical actives.
Patent family members: AR068067 AA, DE60141346 D1, EP1345632 A2, EP1345632 B1, KR100926397 B1, KR20030068190 A, MXPA02000044 A1, MXPA03005200 A1, US2002120242 AA, US2002136755 AA, US2003206979 AA, US6749860 BB, US7771735 BB, WO02051456 A2, WO02051456 A3

Phytosterol compositions  (Wester, I., and J. Ekblom, Raisio Nutrition Ltd., US7771771, August 10, 2010).

This invention relates to phytosterols and phytostanols, in particular to fatty acid esters of phytosterols and phytostanols with a specified fatty acid composition. The invention further relates to methods for preparation of the phytosterol and phytostanol esters and their uses.
Patent family members: AT236535 E, AU199939349 A1, AU758747 B2, BRPI9910248 A, CA2332000 AA, CA2332000 C, DE69906719 D1, DE69906719 T2, DE69906719 T3, DK1075191 T3, DK1075191 T4, EP1075191 A1, EP1075191 B1, EP1075191 B2, ES2197640 T3, ES2197640 T5, FI111513 B, FI981011 A, FI981011 A0, JP2002513079 T2, NZ508578 A, PT1075191 T, US2004047969 AA, US2005079258 AA, US6589588 BA, US6800317 BB, US7771771 BB, WO9956558 A1

Fat compositions for use in food  (Wester, I., Raisio Nutrition Ltd.; Raisio Benecol Ltd., US7771772, August 10, 2010).

Fatty acid esters, such as the unsaturated fatty acid esters of sterols and/or stanols, are used as a replacement for a substantial portion or all of the undesirable saturated and trans-unsaturated fats used as structure-giving hardstocks in edible foods such as margarines, mayonnaise, cooking oils, cheeses, butter, and shortening. Because of the similarity in the crystallinity and physical properties of the esters to those of the undesirable hardstock fats, the substitution or replacement contributes favorably to the flavor, texture, and other sensory properties of the foods. Only the fatty acid portion of the phytosterol esters defined herein as texturizing agent is digested or absorbed, with the sterol part being unabsorbable, thereby resulting in a reduction in total caloric uptake. Furthermore, the phytosterol fatty acid esters reduce the absorption of both dietary and biliary cholesterol from the digestive tract, thereby lowering the blood serum cholesterol level, especially the LDL-cholesterol.
Patent family members: AT341214 E, AU199748699 A1, AU736020 B2, AU736020 C, BRPI9712869 A, BRPI9712869 B1, CA2271676 AA, CA2271676 C, CN1101655 C, CN1239407 A, CZ298783 B6, CZ9901586 A3, DE69736783 D1, DE69736783 T2, EE04699 B1, EE9900172 A, EP1011343 A1, EP1011343 B1, EP1762146 A1, ES2274538 T3, HU0001806 AB, HU0001806 AC, HU1806 U, HU71136 A2, HU9400712 A0, HU9700203 U0, IL129749 A0, IL129749 A1, JP2001503623 T2, JP2008073058 A2, JP4105234 B2, NO314822 B1, NO992086 A, NO992086 A0, NZ335801 A, PL188845 B1, PL333141 A1, RU2202895 C2, SI1011343 T1, SK286008 B6, SK60299 A3, UA69378 C2, US2003175402 AA, US2004219277 AA, US2007071875 AA, US6162483 A, US6929816 BB, US7771772 BB, WO9819556 A1, ZA9709903 A

Process for enzymatic production of triglycerides  (Galante, J.H., et al., Stepan Co., US7759096, July 20, 2010).

A process for enzymatic production of glyceride compositions, specifically industrially practicable production of triglycerides, including conjugated linoleic and linolenic acid triglycerides, and the compositions produced by such process. An enzymatic reaction zone is first utilized, in which a mixture of glycerol and fatty acids or fatty acid derivatives is reacted in the presence of an enzymatic catalyst to form 1,3-diglycerides. The mixture is then circulated through a second thermal rearrangement zone, maintained at a higher temperature, to promote rearrangement of the 1,3-diglycerides to 1,2-diglycerides. Triglycerides are produced by recirculating the mixture through the enzymatic production zone.
Patent family members: EP1749099 A2, US2009131701 AA, US7759096 BB, WO05081669 A2, WO05081669 A3

Vegetable oil lubricating composition  (Stunkel, B., and G.A. Aguilar, R.T. Vanderbilt Co., Inc., US7772168, August 10, 2010).

A lubricating composition includes, in weight percentage, at least 90% of a vegetable oil, and an additive composition including: (i) about 1.5–2% triphenylphosphorothionate (TPPT), (ii) about 0.1–3% hindered phenolic antioxidant, (iii) about 0.05–0.25% 1-[di(phenyl)aminomethyl]tolutriazole, and (iv) about 0.05–0.5% alkyl succinic acid half ester rust inhibitor.
Patent family members: EP2121880 A2, EP2121880 A4, US2008132434 AA, US7772168 BB, WO08067430 A2, WO08067430 A3

Whippable food product with improved stability  (Perks, C., et al., Rich Products Corp., US7776376, August 17, 2010).

A whippable food product having improved stability characteristics without detectable change in the organoleptic characteristics is provided. The product comprises triglyceride fat, one or more sugars, and an emulsifier component comprising destabilizing and stabilizing emulsifiers in amounts sufficient to stabilize the product. This product can be stored at ambient temperatures for extended periods of time and can also be whipped and displayed at ambient temperatures.
Patent family members: BRPI0410208 A, CA2525765 AA, CN1787746 A, EP1628538 A2, EP1628538 A4, IN04927DN2005 A, IN243994 B, JP2007500516 T2, KR20060028387 A, MXPA05012122 A1, RU2005138856 A, RU2335133 C2, TW200509804 A, US2004265468 AA, US2008131576 AA, US7351440 BB, US7776376 BB, WO04103088 A2, WO04103088 A3, ZA200508834 A

Wax emulsion coating applications  (Borsinger, G., and A. Hassan, HRD Corp., US7776928, August 17, 2010).

Waxes prepared from hydrogenated plant oils, such as castor, palm, and soybean, are used to prepare water-based emulsions. The inventive waxes, obtained from naturally derived, renewable resources were emulsified under anionic, cationic, and nonionic conditions, producing emulsions having a solids content up to about 45% solids. The emulsions are stable, and are characterized by having an average particle size less than 1,000 nanometers. When used to coat fibrous cellulosic articles, such as paperboard, the emulsions’ performance was similar to emulsions containing petroleum-derived waxes. The inventive waxes have a low iodine value (between 2–5) and melting points between approximately 120–200°F (49–94°C) (Mettler drop point). The inventive waxes are used as an alternative to petroleum-derived, or expensive naturally occurring waxes in the manufacture of emulsions used in coatings, polishes, adhesives, paper products, paperboard, and other manufacturing operations.
Patent family members: CA2519163 AA, DE602004020878 D1, EP1608707 A1, EP1608707 B1, ES2322853 T3, JP2006521448 T2, US2006289138 AA, US2007068642 AA, US7267743 BB, US7776928 BB, WO04083310 A1, WO04083310 B1, WO08061003 A1, WO08061003 B1

Inverse emulsion polymer and method of use thereof (Strominger, M.G., et al., Nalco Co., US7776958, August 17, 2010).

The present invention provides an inverse emulsion polymer having a dispersed phase composed of an aqueous solution of an acrylic polymer and a continuous phase composed of an ester of a fatty acid and a water-soluble alcohol. The present invention further includes a method of water treatment which includes adding the inverse emulsion polymer to an industrial water system and hydrolyzing the ester of a fatty acid and a water-soluble alcohol into a fatty acid salt. The inverse emulsion polymer may be used as a flocculant to clarify industrial water systems at elevated temperature and/or elevated pressure and high pH.
Patent family members: AU2005259987 AA, BRPI0512825 A, CN1980960 A, EP1765876 A1, EP1765876 A4, IN03945KN2006 A, KR20070061483 A, RU2007103352 A, RU2384589 C2, US2006004130 AA, US7776958 BB, WO06004745 A1

Lubricant base from palm oil and its by-products  (Kian, Y.S.., et al., Malaysian Palm Oil Board, US7781384, August 24, 2010).

The invention relates to a biodegradable functional fluid composition based on vegetable oil. This functional fluid, which is suitable for lubricant, hydraulic and like fluid, comprises palm olein and its by-product generated from fractionation of palm oil. The by-product is esterified by a hindered alcohol prior to blending together with palm olein and additive packages. The hydraulic fluid is particularly suited for tropical climate with temperature ranging from 15–40°C.
Patent family members: EP1533360 A1, SG112024 A1, US2005112267 AA, US7781384 BB

Lipophilic-coated microparticle containing a protein drug and formulation comprising same  (Kim, M.-J., et al., LG Life Sciences, Limited, US7785625, August 31, 2010).

A solid lipophilic microparticle having an average particle size ranging from 0.1 to 200 μm, comprising a lipophilic substance, hyaluronic acid, or an inorganic salt thereof and an active ingredient selected from the group consisting of a protein or peptide drug, retains the full activity of the active ingredient; and when formulated in the form of an oil dispersion or oil-in-water emulsion, it releases in an in vivo environment the active ingredient in a controlled manner over a long period.
Patent family members: US2003064105 AA, US2005158392 AA, US7785625 BB

Preparation and administration form comprising an acid-labile active compound  (Dietrich, R., and R. Linder, Nycomed GmbH, US7785630; US7790198; US7794752, August 31, 2010; September 7, 2010; September 14, 2010).

Three separate patents: Novel administration forms and preparation for acid-labile active compounds are described. The novel administration forms contain individual active compound units, the active compound being present in the active compound units in a matrix made of a mixture comprising at least one fatty alcohol and at least one solid paraffin, in a matrix made of a mixture of a triglyceride and at least one solid paraffin or in a matrix made of a mixture comprising at least one fatty acid ester and at least one solid paraffin. In particular, the active compound units are microspheres which can be produced by prilling.
Patent family members: AT300285 E, AU200050741 A5, AU775995 B2, BG106165 A, BRPI0011347 A, CA2376202 AA, CA2376202 C, CN1361683 A, CZ20014405 A3, DE60021570 D1, DE60021570 T2, DK1187601 T3, EA005803 B1, EE200100660 A, EP1187601 A1, EP1187601 B1, EP1616562 A1, ES2246238 T3, HR20020006 A2, HU0201637 AB, HU0201637 AC, IL146504 A0, IL146504 A1, JP2003501377 T2, MXPA01012659 A1, NO20015980 A, NO20015980 A0, PL352882 A1, PT1187601 T, SI1187601 T1, SK200101802 A5, SK285247 B6, TR200103527 T2, US2006127477 AA, US2008069882 AA, US7785630 BB, US7790198 BB, US7794752 BA, WO0074654 A1, ZA200110000 A

Robust multi-enzyme preparation for the synthesis of fatty acid alkyl esters  (Basheer, S., et al., Transbiodiesel Ltd., US7790429, September 7, 2010).

A process for the preparation of short-chain alkyl esters of fatty acids, preferably fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel) in solvent-free system is disclosed. In particular, the process comprises (i) providing a fatty acid source, (ii) stepwise adding a short-chain free alcohol, preferably methanol, or any other alcohol donor, to said fatty acid source in the presence of a lipase preparation, and (iii) allowing the reaction to proceed under suitable conditions, until said fatty acid source triglycerides are converted to fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). The lipase preparation comprises at least two lipases. The two lipases being separately or jointly immobilized on a suitable support and wherein at least one of the lipases has increased affinity for partial glycerides and at least one of the lipases is sn-1,3 positional specific.
Patent family members: AU2008331092 AA, CA2706972 AA, EP2225385 A2, IN01124MN2010 A, KR20100098421 A, MX2010005841 A1, US2009133322 AA, US2010330629 AA, US7790429 BB, WO09069116 A2, WO09069116 A3

Process for obtaining an oil composition and the oil composition obtained therefrom  (Siew, W.L.,, et al., Malaysian Palm Oil Board, US7785645, August 31, 2010).

The present invention relates to a process of producing an oil composition by blending and fractionation steps and the oil composition obtained therefrom. The invention is directed to any vegetable oils such as palm oil, palm olein, or palm stearin blends with unsaturated oils of soybean, corn, canola, rapeseed, sunflower oil, where the oleic content is more than 20% and the linoleic and linolenic contents are more than 30%. The new liquid oil is clear and is used as salad oils, cooking oils, etc. The stearins from such blends are of use in margarine and shortenings.
Patent family members: CN100475048 C, CN1547929 A, HK1069076 A1, JP2004329204 A2, JP4447894 B2, US2004224071 AA, US7785645 BB

Modified vegetable oil-based polyols  (Petrovic, Z.S., et al., Pittsburg State University, US7786239, August 31, 2010).

Methods of making unsaturated modified vegetable oil-based polyols are described. Also described are methods of making oligomeric modified vegetable oil-based polyols. An oligomeric composition having a modified fatty acid triglyceride structure is also described. Also, methods of making a polyol including hydroformylation and hydrogenation of oils in the presence of a catalyst and support are described.
Patent family members: AR054970 AA, AU2005267131 AA, BRPI0512511 A, CA2571214 AA, CN101014583 A, EP1797057 A1, IN04769CN2006 A, JP2008504287 T2, MX2007000022 A1, US2006041157 AA, US2010311992 AA, US7786239 BB, WO06012344 A1, ZA200610662 A

Edible compositions for lowering cholesterol  (Wester, I., et al., Raisio Nutrition Ltd., US7794745, September 14, 2010).

The present invention is related to improved compositions for reducing serum total and/or LDL cholesterol levels. The compositions are combinations of dietary fiber and plant sterol. The compositions are used as such or more advantageously in food products and comprise one or several fibers, preferably βʹ-glucan, in combination with one or several plant sterols and/or stanols in their free and/or esterified forms.
Patent family members: AU2002246174 BB, CA2442118 AA, EP1377181 A1, FI20010780 A0, JP2004519254 T2, JP2010183924 A2, JP4562352 B2, US2004131657 AA, US2010298261 AA, US7794745 BB, WO02082929 A1, ZA200308718 A

Gas-generating additives having improved shelf lives for use in cement compositions  (Santra, A.K., and R.J. McKinley, Halliburton Energy Services, Inc., US7722954, May 25, 2010).

According to various embodiments, gas-generating additives for use in a cement composition comprise: a gas-generating material at least partially coated with a mixture comprising a fatty acid ester of sorbitan, glycerol, or pentaerythritol and having a shelf life of about 12 months or greater. The gas-generating additives may also include a C8–C18 hydrocarbon. In more embodiments, cement compositions comprise: a gas-generating material at least partially coated with a mixture comprising a fatty acid ester of sorbitan glycerol or pentaerythritol and a C8–C18 hydrocarbon for increasing a shelf life of the gas-generating material. In yet more embodiments, cement compositions comprise: a cement; a fluid for making the cement composition pumpable; a hydrogen-generating material at least partially coated with a mixture for delaying a hydrogen-generating reaction, the mixture comprising sorbitan monooleate, and an isoparaffin.

Production of peracids using an enzyme having perhydrolysis activity  (DiCosimo, R., et al., E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., US7723083, May 25, 2010).

A process is provided for producing peroxycarboxylic acids from carboxylic acid esters. Carboxylic acid esters are reacted with an inorganic peroxide, such as hydrogen peroxide, in the presence of an enzyme catalyst having perhydrolysis activity. The present perhydrolase catalysts are classified as members of the carbohydrate esterase family 7 (CE-7) based on the conserved structural features. Disinfectant formulations comprising the peracids produced by the processes described herein are provided.

Method of dry fractionation of fat or oil  (Kuwabara, Y., et al., Fuji Oil Co. Ltd., US7727569, June 1, 2010).

A procedure is provided for the solvent-free fractionation of vegetable butter, transesterified fat or oil, isomerized hydrogenated fat or oil, etc. to obtain a fraction enriched in G2U (defined below) by reducing the amount of liquid olein in stearin. Fat or oil (A) containing components G2U and GU2 is fractionated through crystallization/solid-liquid separation into crystal fraction of concentrated G2U (AF) and liquid fraction of concentrated GU2 (AL). Subsequently the AF crystal fraction is mixed with a liquid G2U-containing fat or oil (B) whose GU2 concentration is lower than that of the liquid fraction (AL), and thereafter the mixture is separated into crystal fraction (BF) and liquid fraction (BL). G = a saturated or trans acid form fatty acid residue; U = a cis form unsaturated fatty acid residue; and G2U= a triglyceride of G2-residue and U1-residue bonded together.

Method of producing water-containing chocolates  (Ushioda, T., et al., Fuji Oil Co. Ltd., US7727574, June 1, 2010).

The present invention provides a method of producing water-containing chocolates in which an aqueous component and a fat and oil composition containing trisaturated fatty acid glyceride crystals dispersed in a fat or oil whose melting point is at or below body temperature are added to and emulsified with a chocolate mass.

Soluble phospholipids for use in clotting factor assays  (Lentz, B., et al., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US7727736, June 1, 2010).

The present invention provides a soluble phospholipid reagent and assays of clotting activity using the same. The methods of the invention can be used to carry out any clotting assay or other assay of clotting activity that traditionally relies on platelet membranes or synthetic membrane preparation by substituting therefore the soluble phospholipids of the invention. Assay compositions and kits comprising the soluble phospholipids of the invention are also provided.

Nonaqueous gels for consolidating and stabilizing wellbore formations  (Ballard, D.A., M-I LLC, US7727938, June 1, 2010).

A method of treating an earth formation that includes injecting at least one lipophilic monomer into the earthen formation; the lipophilic monomer is selected from an epoxide-functionalized derivative of soybean oil, linseed oil, rapeseed oil, cashew nut shell oil, perilla oil, tung oil, oiticia oil, safflower oil, poppy oil, hemp oil, cottonseed oil, sunflower oil, high-oleic triglycerides, triglycerides of euphorbia plants, peanut oil, olive oil, olive kernel oil, almond oil, kapok oil, hazelnut oil, apricot kernel oil, beechnut oil, lupine oil, maize oil, sesame oil, grapeseed oil, lallemantia oil, castor oil, herring oil, sardine oil, menhaden oil, whale oil, and tall oil; injecting at least one crosslinking agent into the earthen formation; wherein the at least one crosslinking agent comprises at least one primary amine; and allowing the lipophilic monomer and the crosslinking agent to react in the earth formation is disclosed.

Saponified fatty acids as breakers for viscoelastic surfactant-gelled fluids  (Crews, J.B., Baker Hughes Inc., US7728044, June 1, 2010).

Fluids viscosified with viscoelastic surfactants (VES) may have their viscosities affected (increased or reduced, e.g., gels broken) by the indirect or direct action of a composition that contains at least one fatty acid modified with an alkali metal base, an alkali earth metal base, ammonium base, and/or organic base compound (optionally with an alkali metal halide salt, an alkali earth metal halide salt, and/or an ammonium halide salt). The composition containing the resulting saponification product is believed to either act as a co-surfactant with the VES itself to increase viscosity and/or possibly by disaggregating or otherwise affecting the micellar structure of the VES-gelled fluid. In a specific, non-limiting instance, a brine fluid gelled with an amine oxide surfactant may have its viscosity broken with a composition containing naturally occurring fatty acids in canola oil or corn oil affected with Ca(OH)2, Mg(OH)2, NaOH, and the like.

Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle  (Tao, B.Y., Indiana Soybean Board, Inc., US7731767, June 8, 2010).

A vegetable lipid-based composition and candle comprised of a vegetable lipid component and a petroleum wax is described. The vegetable lipid component may include a triglyceride or a free fatty acid/triglyceride mixture. The vegetable lipid-based composition has properties that make it advantageous in candle production.

Diesel fuel emulsion  (Oldfield, A.S., and L. Thompson, Croda International Plc, US7731768, June 8, 2010).

A fuel emulsion consists of diesel fuel, water, and an emulsifier composition having a hydrophile/lipophile balance value of at least 4. The emulsifier composition comprises a polymeric nonionic surfactant with hydrophilic and hydrophobic repeating units, together with at least one component selected from fatty acid esters or partial esters of polyhydric alcohols; alkoxylated fatty acid esters or partial esters of polyhydric alcohols; and alkoxylated primary alcohols. Preferred emulsifier compositions include mixtures of the polymeric non-ionic surfactant with at least two of the components. Especially preferred compositions comprise mixtures of the polymeric nonionic surfactant with the fatty acid (partial) esters or alkoxylated fatty acid (partial) esters. The emulsifier composition may include an emulsion coupler such as a primary alcohol, e.g., octanol.

Edible emulsions  (Smorholm, O., Bioli Innovation AS, US7732001, June 8, 2010).

The invention provides an edible oil-in-water emulsion concentrate comprising as a continuous aqueous phase a physiologically tolerable plant juice concentrate and a discontinuous phase comprising a physiologically tolerable, oxidation-labile unsaturated lipid or fatty acid, wherein the emulsion is produced by homogenization. At least 95% by number of the droplets of said discontinuous phase have a particle diameter of no more than 10 micrometers.

Method for screening of a lipase having improved enzymatic activity using yeast surface display vector and the lipase  (Choi, E., et al., Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, US7736643, June 15, 2010).

The present invention relates to a method for screening of the lipase having improved enzymatic activity using yeast surface display vector and the mutant lipase prepared by the same more particularly to the method comprising (i) cloning lipase gene into surface display vector; (ii) preparing mutant lipase gene library of the step i by mutagenic PCR [polymerase chain reaction]; (iii) transforming the mutant lipase gene library of the step ii and surface display vector into host cell; and (iv) measuring the activity of the mutant lipase displayed in the surface of the transformed host cell and selecting the mutant lipase prepared by the same. The method of the present invention can screen the lipase having improved enzymatic activity.

Natural emulsifier for cosmetics based on olive oil  (Amari, S., and C. Schubert, B&T S.R.L., US7736662, June 15, 2010

The present invention relates to a natural ethylene oxide-free emulsifier composed of olive oil, the fatty acids of which have been esterified, preferably with sorbitol and/or cetyl stearyl alcohol. The present invention also relates to cosmetics containing an emulsifier as described above as well as a method for manufacturing such a product for cosmetic use.

Compound useful for pancreatic lipase inhibition and the process for isolation thereof  (Sattur, A.P., et al., Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, US7737146, June 15, 2010).

The present invention relates to a novel nonadeca-6-enoic acid-3-(hexadecyloxy-hydroxy-thiophosphoryloxy)-quinoxalin-2-yl ester designated as streptolipin, useful for pancreatic lipase inhibition, isolated from the culture of Streptomyces vayuensis strain N2 and a process for the preparation thereof.

Cosmetic use of phytosphingosine as slimming agent and cosmetic compositions comprising phytosphingosine  (Franchi, J., and F. Pellicier, LVMH Recherche, US7737186, June 15, 2010).

The invention relates to novel cosmetic uses of phytosphingosine or of one of its cosmetically acceptable salts (particularly the hydrochloride) as a slimming agent and/or as an active agent which stimulates the synthesis of leptin by adipocytes, for preparing a cosmetic composition intended for reducing subcutaneous excess fat. The invention also relates to a method of cosmetic treatment intended for obtaining a slimming effect on the human body according to which a cosmetic composition containing phytosphingosine or one of its cosmetically acceptable salts particularly its hydrochloride, is applied on the parts of the body to be treated. The invention also relates to novel cosmetic compositions containing phytosphingosine or one of its cosmetically acceptable salts, particularly its hydrochloride, in combination with a lipolytic agent selected from the group consisting of cAMP [cyclic adenosine monophosphate] and its derivatives, adenylate cyclase enzyme-activating agents and phosphodiesterase enzyme-inhibiting agents.

Resin composition for water paint, water paint, and production method for resin composition for water paint  (Miyagaki, A., et al., DIC Corp., US7737213, June 15, 2010

A water-based paint resin including water and a vinyl-modified epoxy ester resin which includes a fatty acid chain to which a vinyl polymer portion is combined; the vinyl polymer portion includes a terminal carboxyl group, where all or part of the carboxylic acid is neutralized with a basic compound.

Fungicide compositions  (Coleman, R.D., Robert D. Coleman, US7741244, June 22, 2010).

This invention relates to agricultural compositions that find particular use as a fungicide composition. The fungicide composition can include one or more fatty acids and one or more organic acids different from the fatty acid. The organic acid can but need not exhibit any fungicidal activity; however, when combined with a fatty acid, the organic acid functions as a potent synergist for the fatty acid as a fungicide. Additionally, the fungicide composition can include other components such as emulsifiers, adjuvants, surfactants, and diluents. The fungicide composition significantly reduces or prevents the fungal infection of cash crops including vegetables, fruits, berries, seeds, grains, and at higher application rates can also be used as a harvest aid or desiccant for harvested crops such as potatoes.

Diacylglycerol acyl transferase proteins  (Lardizabal, K.D., et al., Monsanto Technology LLC, US7741532, June 22, 2010).

The invention provides diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DAGAT) proteins, wherein said proteins are active in the formation of triacylglycerol from fatty acyl and diacylglycerol substrates. In one aspect, Mortierella ramanniana DAGAT proteins of about 36 and 37 kDa as measured by SDS-PAGE [sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis] have been isolated. The invention also provides novel DAGAT polynucleotide and polypeptide sequences and to methods of producing such polypeptides using recombinant techniques. In addition, methods are provided for using such sequences to alter triacylglycerol levels in plants and to treat diseases associated with altered DAGAT activity or expression.

Canola oil having increased oleic acid and decreased linolenic acid content (DeBonte, L.R., and W.D. Hitz, Cargill Inc., US7741542, June 22, 2010).

An endogenous oil extracted from Brassica seeds is disclosed that contains, after crushing and extraction, greater than 86% oleic acid and less than 2.5% α-linolenic acid. The oil also contains less than 7% linoleic acid. The Brassica seeds are produced by plants that contain seed-specific inhibition of microsomal oleate desaturase and microsomal linoleate desaturase gene expression. Such inhibition can be created by co-suppression or antisense technology. Such an oil has a very high oxidative stability in the absence of added antioxidants.

Use of unsaponifiable components of vegetable oils for preparing a cosmetic and related treatments  (Boumediene, K., et al., Laboratories Expanscience, US7744933, June 29, 2010).

The invention relates to the use of at least one unsaponifiable component of vegetable oil, in particular of avocado, soya bean, and/or lupin oils, for the preparation of a medicament intended to stimulate the expression of TGF (transforming growth factor)-β or the expression of the plasminogen activator inhibitor PAI-1. The invention also relates to a method of cosmetic treatment comprising the application of at least one unsaponifiable component of vegetable oil as well as the use of the latter as additive in a food for human beings and/or for animals.

Integrated chemical processes for industrial utilization of seed oils  (Lysenko, Z., et al., Dow Global Technologies Inc., US7745652, June 29, 2010).

Integrated processes of preparing industrial chemicals starting from seed oil feedstock compositions containing one or more unsaturated fatty acids or unsaturated fatty acid esters, which are essentially free of metathesis catalyst poisons, particularly hydroperoxides; metathesis of the feedstock composition with a lower olefin, such as ethylene, to form a reduced chain olefin, preferably a reduced chain α-olefin, and a reduced chain unsaturated acid or ester, preferably a reduced chain α,ω-unsaturated acid or ester. The reduced chain unsaturated acid or ester may be (trans)esterified to form a polyester polyolefin, which may be epoxidized to form a polyester polyepoxide. The reduced chain unsaturated acid or ester may be hydroformylated with reduction to produce an α,ω-hydroxy acid or α,ω-hydroxy ester which may be (trans)esterified with a polyol to form an α,ω-polyester polyol. Alternatively, the reduced chain unsaturated acid or ester may be hydroformylated with reductive amination to produce an α,ω-amino acid or α,ω-amino ester, which may be (trans)esterified to form α,ω-polyester polyamine.

Δ-12 desaturase gene suitable for altering levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in oleaginous yeasts  (Yadav, N.S., and X. Zhang, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., US7749703, July 6, 2010).

The present invention relates to a Δ-12 fatty acid desaturase able to catalyze the conversion of oleic acid to linoleic acid (LA; 18:2). Nucleic acid sequences encoding the desaturase, nucleic acid sequences that hybridize thereto, DNA constructs comprising the desaturase gene, and recombinant host microorganisms expressing increased levels of the desaturase are described. Methods of increasing production of specific ω-3 and/or ω-6 fatty acids are described by overexpression of the Δ-12 fatty acid desaturase or by disruption of the native gene.

Diagnostic assay for stroke  (Hochstrasser, D.F., et al., Electrophorectics Limited, US7754436, July 13, 2010).

Heart and brain fatty acid binding proteins (H-FABP, B-FABP) are markers for stroke. The invention provides a diagnostic assay for either of these markers, preferably by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosobent assay) using an anti-H-FABP or B-FABP antibody. Since H-FABP is also a marker for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), to distinguish stroke from AMI requires an assay specific to AMI, e.g., using troponin-1 or CK-MB (creatine kinase, muscle band) as a marker, also to be carried out.

Lipolytic enzyme ELIP  (Jones, B.E., et al., Danisco US Inc., US7754468, July 13, 2010

The present invention provides a novel nucleic acid sequence, designated ELIP, encoding a lipolytic enzyme and the corresponding encoded amino acid sequences. The invention also provides expression vectors and host cells comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding at least one novel lipolytic enzyme, recombinant lipolytic enzyme proteins, and methods for producing the same.

Use of esters of unsaturated physiologically active fatty acids as nutrient media for cell cultures  (Strube, A., et al., Cognis IP Management GmbH, US7754484, July 13, 2010).

The disclosed invention relates to the use of esters of unsaturated, physiologically active fatty acids as nutrient media for cell cultivation and, more particularly, as a substitute for fetal bovine serum. In one aspect the esters comprise more than 50 mol% of physiologically active fatty acids containing 16 to 24 carbon atoms and 2 to 5 double bonds as the acid component and a lower C1-4 alcohol, preferably ethanol, or a sterol as ester component. In another aspect the esters comprise a transesterification product of natural or synthetic oils or a mixture of such oils having greater than 50 mol% of unsaturated, physiologically active fatty acids, based on the acyl group and a lower C1-4 alcohol or a sterol. In a further aspect, the esters are used together with sterols, phospholipids, and/or vegetable proteins or are liposomally encapsulated.

Fatty acid nutritional supplement  (Roe, C.R., Baylor Research Institute, US7754764, July 13, 2010

A seven-carbon fatty acid or derivative thereof has been identified as an excellent energy source for humans or human infants. A nutritional supplement suitable for humans or human infants comprising a seven-carbon fatty acid chain compound or derivative thereof can be used to increase energy production derived from fatty acid metabolism. For example, administering a seven-carbon fatty acid chain compound or derivative thereof can be used to accelerate the growth rate of a prematurely born human infant.

Vegetable based dioxanone derivatives, synthesis and uses thereof  (Binder, T.P., and P.D. Bloom, Archer Daniels Midland Co., US7754823, July 13, 2010).

The present invention is directed to carboxylic acid and ester moieties that are attached to a carbon chain that is between 2 and 24 carbons in length, wherein the chain contains at least one dioxanone ring system, said dioxanone being formed from two adjacent carbons in the chain and/or at least one carbon in the chain is substituted with a pendant dioxanone ring system. In preferred embodiments, the carbon chain is a fatty acid residue. The carbons of said chain can be optionally substituted, saturated, or unsaturated. When two or more said ester moieties are present, the invention is directed to a polyester such as a triglyceride, that contains multiple carbon chains wherein each chain is independently derivatized such that the triglyceride contains at least one dioxanone ring system, said dioxanone being formed from two adjacent carbons in at least one of said chains. The present invention is also directed to a method of preparing a dioxanone-containing composition or fatty acid derivative. The present invention is also directed to coating formulations and polymers that utilize a dioxanone containing composition or fatty acid derivative and methods of making such coatings and polymers.

Production of high-cetane diesel fuel from low-quality biomass-derived feedstocks  (Monnier, J., et al., Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as Represented by the Minister of Natural Resources, US7754931, July 13, 2010).

A method is taught for producing diesel fuels of high cetane value from a triglyceride feedstock, comprising pretreating the triglyceride feedstock by thermal cracking to partially convert the triglycerides and produce a middle distillates stream, and catalytically hydrotreating the middle distillate fraction to produce high cetane value diesel fuels. A biomass-derived diesel fuel is also taught having sulfur content below 10 ppm, a cetane value of at least 70, a cloud point below 0°C, and a pour point of less than –4°C. A blended diesel fuel is also taught comprising 5 to 20 vol% of the biomass-derived diesel fuel of the present invention and 80 to 95 vol% of a petroleum diesel, based on total volume of the blended diesel fuel.

Liquid developer  (Teshima, T., and K. Akoika, Seiko Epson Corp., US7756444, July 13, 2010).

A liquid developer which has excellent preservability, storage stability for a long period of time, and fixing characteristic of toner particles and which is also harmless to the environment is provided. The liquid developer contains an insulation liquid and toner particles dispersed in the insulation liquid. The insulation liquid contains a saturated fatty acid and at least one component selected from a group comprising a linolenic acid component, a linoleic acid component, and an oleic acid component. The liquid developer may contain an antioxidizing agent and an oxidation polymerization accelerator for accelerating an oxidation polymerization reaction of the linolenic acid component, the linoleic acid component, or the oleic acid component during a fixing process.

Process for enriching polyunsaturated fatty acids  (Schorken, U., et al., Cognis IP Management GmbH, US7737289, June 15, 2010).

A process for enriching and separating polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in a fatty acid mixture containing non-PUFA fatty acids is disclosed.

 

Updated January 25, 2012