4,4-Dimethyloxazoline (DMOX) Derivatives

The following references dealing with mass spectrometry of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline (DMOX) derivatives of fatty acids have been collected as part of our regular literature searches for research purposes. The list is as comprehensive as we can manage but may not be exhaustive. References are listed alphabetically according to the surname of the first author, but not necessarily chronologically for a given author.

  • Aitzetmüller,K. An unusual fatty acid pattern in Eranthis seed oil. Lipids, 31, 201-205 (1996).
  • Albuquerque,L., Santos,J., Travassos,P., Nobre,M.F., Rainey,F.A., Wait,R., Empadinhas,N., Silva,M.T. and da Costa,M.S. Albidovulum inexpectatum gen. nov., sp. nov., a nonphotosynthetic and slightly thermophilic bacterium from a marine hot spring that is very closely related to members of the photosynthetic genus Rhodovulum. Appl. Environm. Microbiol., 68, 4266-4273 (2002).
  • Alves, S.P., Maia, M.R.G., Bessa, R.J.B., Fonseca, A.J.M. and Cabrita, A.R.J. Identification of C18 intermediates formed during stearidonic acid biohydrogenation by rumen microorganisms in vitro. Lipids, 47, 171-183 (2012).
  • Aro,A., Kosmeijer-Schuil,T., van de Bovenkamp,P., Hulshof,P., Zock,P and Katan,M.B. Analysis of C-18:1 cis and trans fatty acid isomers by the combination of gas-liquid chromatography of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives and methyl esters. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 977-985 (1998).
  • Ben-Menachem,G., Kubler-Kielb,J., Coxon,B. Yergey,A. and Schneerson,R. A newly discovered cholesteryl galactoside from Borrelia burgdorferi. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100, 7913-7918 (2003).
  • Berdeaux,O. and Wolff,R.L. Gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry of the 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of delta-5-unsaturated polymethylene-interrupted fatty acids from conifer seed oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1323-1326 (1996).
  • Berdeaux,O., Christie,W.W., Gunstone,F.D. and Sebedio,J.L. Large-scale synthesis of methyl cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoate from methyl ricinoleate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 1011-1015 (1997).
  • Berdeaux,O., Fournier,V., Lambelet,P., Dionisi,F., Sebedio,J.L. and Destaillats,F. Isolation and structural analysis of the cyclic fatty acid monomers formed from eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids during fish oil deodorization. J. Chromatogr. A, 1138, 216-224 (2007).
  • Berdeaux,O., Juaneda,P. and Sebedio,J.L. Analysis of conjugated and trans fatty acids after derivatization. Analusis, 26, M45-M51 (1998).
  • Berdeaux,O., Juaneda,P., Martine,L., Cabaret,S., Bretillon,L. and Acar,N. Identification and quantification of phosphatidylcholines containing very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid in bovine and human retina using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 1217, 7738-7748 (2010).
  • Berdeaux,O., Voinot,L., Angioni,E., Juaneda,P. and Sebedio,J.L. A simple method of preparation of methyl trans-10,cis-12-and cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoates from methyl linoleate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 1749-1755 (1998).
  • Berdeaux,O., Fournier,V., Lambelet,P., Dionisi,F., Sebedio,J.L. and Destaillats,F. Isolation and structural analysis of the cyclic fatty acid monomers formed from eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids during fish oil deodorization. J. Chromatogr. A, 1138, 216-224 (2007).
  • Broadwater,J.A., Laundre,B.J. and Fox,B.G. Desaturation of trans-octadecenoyl-acyl carrier protein by stearoyl-acyl carrier protein Delta(9) desaturase. J. Inorganic Biochem., 78, 7-14 (2000).
  • Cao,Y., Yang,L., Gao,H.L., Chen,J.N., Chen,Z.Y. and Ren,Q.S. Re-characterization of three conjugated linolenic acid isomers by GC-MS and NMR. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 145, 128-133 (2007).
  • Chang,K.J.L., Mansour,M.P., Dunstan,G.A., Blackburn,S.I., Koutoulis,A. and Nichols,P.D. Odd-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in thraustochytrids. Phytochemistry, 72, 1460-1465 (2011).
  • Chardigny,J.-M., Sebedio,J.L., Grandgirard,A., Martine,L., Berdeaux,O. and Vatele,J.-M. Identification of novel trans isomers of 20:5n-3 in liver lipids of rats fed a heated oil. Lipids, 31, 165-168 (1996).
  • Choma,A. and Komaniecka,I. Straight and branched (omega-1)-hydroxylated very long chain fatty acids are components of Bradyrhizobium lipid A. Acta Biochim. Polon., 58, 51-57 (2011).
  • Christie, W.W. The chromatographic analysis of lipids. In: 'The Lipid Handbook - 3rd edition', pp. 426-455 (edited by F.D. Gunstone, J.L. Harwood and A. Dijkstra, Chapman & Hall, London) (2007).
  • Christie,W.W. Mass spectrometry of fatty acid derivatives. In: Applications of Modern Mass Spectrometry in Plant Science Research (Proc. Phytochemical Society of Europe), pp. 195-209 (edited by R.P. Newton and T.J. Walton, Clarendon Press, Oxford). (1996).
  • Christie,W.W. Structural analysis of fatty acids. In: Advances in Lipid Methodology - Four, pp. 119-169 (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Dundee) (1997).
  • Christie,W.W. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry methods for structural analysis of fatty acids. Lipids, 33, 343-353 (1998).
  • Christie,W.W. Mass spectrometry of fatty acids with methylene-interrupted ene-yne systems. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 94, 35-41 (1998).
  • Christie,W.W. and Dobson,G. Formation of cyclic fatty acids during the frying process. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 102, 515-520 (2000).
  • Christie, W.W. and Han, X. Lipid Analysis - Isolation, Separation, Identification and Lipidomic Analysis (4th edition), 446 pages (Oily Press, Bridgwater, U.K. and Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, U.K.) (2010) - Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Christie,W.W., Dobson,G. and Adlof,R.O. A practical guide to the isolation, analysis and identification of conjugated linoleic acid. Lipids, 42, 1073-1084 (2007).
  • Christie,W.W., Hamilton,J.T.G. and Harper,D.B. Mass spectrometry of fluorinated fatty acids in the seed oil of Dichapetalum toxicarium. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 97, 41-47 (1998).
  • Christie,W.W., Robertson,G.W., McRoberts,W.C. and Hamilton,J.T.G. Mass spectrometry of the 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of isomeric octadecenoates (monoenes). Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 102, 23-29 (2000).
  • Christie,W.W., Sébédio,J.L. and Juanéda,P. A practical guide to the analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). INFORM, 12, 147-152 (2001).
  • Classen,E., Marx,F. and Fabricius,H. Mass spectra of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of oxooctadecanoic acids. Fat Sci. Technol., 96, 331-332 (1994).
  • de la Fuente,M.A., Luna.P. and Juarez,M. Chromatographic techniques to determine conjugated linoleic acid isomers. Trends Anal. Chem., 25, 917-926 (2006).
  • Delmonte,P., Roach,J.A.G., Mossoba,M.M., Morehouse,K.M., Lehmann,L. and Yurawecz,M.P. Synthesis and isolation of trans-7,cis-9 octadecadienoic acid and other CLA isomers by base conjugation of partially hydrogenated gamma-linolenic acid. Lipids, 38, 579-583 (2003).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka,T. Furan fatty acids of some brackish invertebrates from the Caspian sea. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 114, 317-320 (1996).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka.T. Distribution of acetylenic acids and polar lipids in some aquatic Bryophytes. Phytochemistry, 40, 93-97 (1995).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka.T. Acetylenic fatty acids of the Dicranaceae. Phytochemistry, 36, 685-689 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka.T. Distribution of diacylglycerylhomoserines, phospholipids and fatty acids in 13 moss species from Southwestern Siberia. Biochem. System. Ecol., 23, 71-78 (1995).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Rozentsvet,O.A. Lipid composition of three macrophytes from the Caspian Sea. Phytochemistry, 33, 1015-1019 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Bychek,I.A. Lipid composition of some lichens. Phytochemistry, 31, 1617-1620 (1992).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Bychek,I.A. Fatty acids and phospholipids from lichens of the order Lecanorales. Phytochemistry, 31, 851-853 (1992).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. Bychek,I.A. and Afonina,O.M. Polar lipid and fatty acid composition of some Bryophytes. Phytochemistry, 33, 1009-1014 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T., Bychek,I.A. and Afonina,O.M. Acetylenic acids and lipid compositions of some mosses from Russia. Phytochemistry, 33, 1021-1027 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T., Bychek,I.A. and Shustov,M.V. Fatty acid composition of Parmelia lichens. Phytochemistry, 31, 841-843 (1992).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative examination of phospholipids and fatty acids from some Caspian invertebrates Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 104, 617-622 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Phospholipid and fatty acid compositions of the endemic amphipod crustacean Issycogammarus bergi from the brackish mountain Lake Issyk-Kul (Tian-Shan, middle Asia). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 107, 331-336 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Shubina,E.E. Chemical constituents of some higher fungi. 1. Fatty acid and phospholipid compositions of Basidiomycetes. Crypt. Bot., 3, 373-377 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Shubina,E.E. Chemical constituents of some higher fungi. 2. Fatty acid compositions of Ascomycetes. Crypt. Bot., 3, 378-382 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Shubina,E.E. Chemical composition of fatty acids from some fungi. Crypt. Bot., 3, 383-386 (1993).
  • Destaillats,F., Berdeaux,O., Sebedio,J.L., Juaneda,P., Gregoire,S., Chardigny,J.M., Bretillon,L. and Angers,P. Metabolites of conjugated isomers of alpha-linolenic acid (CLnA) in the rat. J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 1422-1427 (2005).
  • Destaillats,F., Guitard,M. and Cruz-Hernandez,C. Identification of Delta 6-monounsaturated fatty acids in human hair and nail samples by gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry using ionic-liquid coated capillary column. J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 9384-9389 (2011).
  • Destaillats,F., Sebedio,J.L., Berdeaux,O., Juaneda, P. and Angers,P. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of metabolites of conjugated cis-9,trans-11, cis-15 18:3 fatty acid. J. Chromatogr. B, 820, 15-22 (2005).
  • Destaillats,F., Trottier,J.P., Galvez,J.M.G. and Angers,P. Analysis of alpha-linolenic acid biohydrogenation intermediates in milk fat with emphasis on conjugated linolenic acids. J. Dairy Sci., 88, 3231-3239 (2005).
  • Destaillats,F., Wolff,R.L. and Angers,P. A new Delta 7-polyunsaturated fatty acid in Taxus spp. seed lipids, dihomotaxoleic (7,11-20:2) acid. Lipids, 36, 319-321 (2001).
  • Dobson,G. Cyclic fatty acids: qualitative and quantitative analysis. In: 'Lipid Analysis in Oils and Fats', pp. 136-180 (edited by R.J. Hamilton, Blackie, London) (1998).
  • Dobson,G. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of conjugated linoleic acid and metabolites. In: Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research, Volume 2., pp. 13-36 (edited by J.L. Sebedio, W.W. Christie & R.O. Adlof, AOCS Press, Champaign, IL.) (2003).
  • Dobson,G. and Christie,W.W. Structural analysis of fatty acids by mass spectrometry of picolinyl esters and dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Trends Anal. Chem., 15, 130-137 (1996).
  • Dobson,G. and Christie,W.W. Mass spectrometry of fatty acid derivatives. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 104, 36-43 (2002).
  • Dobson,G. and Sebedio,J.L. Monocyclic dienoic fatty acids formed from gamma-linolenic acid in heated evening primrose oil. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 97, 105-118 (1999).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Sebedio,J.L. Saturated bicyclic fatty acids formed in heated sunflower oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 87, 137-147 (1997).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Sebedio,J.L. The nature of cyclic fatty acids formed in heated vegetable oils. Grasas Aceites, 47, 26-33 (1996).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Sebedio,J.L. Monocyclic saturated fatty acids formed from oleic acid in heated sunflower oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 82, 101-110 (1996).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Sebedio,J.L. and Le Quere,J.L. Silver ion chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the structural analysis of cyclic dienoic fatty acids formed in frying oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 75, 171-182 (1995).
  • Dobson,G., Griffiths,D.W., Davies,H.V. and McNicol,J.W. Comparison of fatty acid and polar lipid contents of tubers from two potato species, Solanum tuberosum and Solanum phureja. J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 6306-6314 (2004).
  • Dubois,N., Barnathan,G., Gouygou,J.P. and Berge,J.P. Gas chromatographic behavior of fatty acid derivatives for mass spectrometry on low-polarity capillary columns. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 111, 688-697 (2009).
  • Dunstan,G.A., Volkman,J.K. and Barrett,S.M. The effect of lyophilization on the solvent extraction of lipid classes, fatty acids and sterols from the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Lipids, 28, 937-944 (1993).
  • Elvert,M., Boetius,A., Knittel,K. and Jorgensen,B.B. Characterization of specific membrane fatty acids as chemotaxonomic markers for sulfate-reducing bacteria involved in anaerobic oxidation of methane. Geomicrobiol. J., 20, 403-419 (2003).
  • Eulitz,K., Yurawecz,M.P., Sehat,N., Fritsche,J., Roach,J.A.G., Mossoba,M.M., Kramer,J.K.G., Adlof,R.O. and Ku,Y. Preparation, separation, and confirmation of the eight geometrical cis/trans conjugated linoleic acid isomers 8,10-through 11,13-18:2. Lipids, 34, 873-877 (1999).
  • Fay,L. and Richli,U. Location of double bonds in polyunsaturated fatty acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatization. J. Chromatogr. A, 541, 89-98 (1991).
  • Fournier,W., Destaillats,F., Juaneda,P., Dionisi,F., Lambelet,P., Sebedio,J.L. and Berdeaux,O. Thermal degradation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids during deodorization of fish oil. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 108, 33-42 (2006).
  • Fritsche,J., Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Sehat,N., Ku,Y. and Steinhart,H. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers in human adipose tissue. Z. Lebensm.-Unters. Forsch., 205, 415-418 (1997).
  • Fritsche,J., Rickert,R., Steinhart,H., Yurawecz,M.P., Mossoba,M.M., Sehat,N., Roach,J.A.G., Kramer,J.K.G. and Ku,Y. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers: formation, analysis, amounts in foods, and dietary intake. Fett-Lipid, 101, 272-276 (1999).
  • Fritsche,J., Yurawecz,M..P, Pawlosky,R., Flanagan,V.P., Steinhart,H. and Ku,Y. Spectroscopic characterization of unusual conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers. J. Sep. Sci., 24, 59-61 (2001).
  • Fukuda,Y. and Ando,Y. Occurrence of all-cis-5,8,11,14,17,20,23-hexacosaheptaenoic acid (26:7n-3) in roughscale sole Clidoderma asperrimum flesh lipids. Fisheries Sci., 77, 875-882 (2011).
  • Garrido,J.L. and Medina,I. Identification of minor fatty acids in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) by GC-MS of their 2-alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Anal. Chim. Acta, 465, 409-416 (2002).
  • Garrido,J.L. and Medina,I. One-step conversion of fatty-acids into their 2-alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives directly from total lipids. J. Chromatogr. A, 673, 101-105 (1994).
  • Go,J.V., Rezanka,T., Srebnik,M. and Dembitsky,V.M. Variability of fatty acid components of marine and freshwater gastropod species from the littoral zone of the Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Sea of Galilee. Biochem. System. Ecol., 30, 819-835 (2002).
  • Gómez-Corté,P., Tyburczy,C., Brenna,J.T., Juárez,M. and Angel de la Fuente,M. Characterization of cis-9,trans-11,trans-15-C18:3 in milk fat by GC and covalent adduct chemical ionization tandem MS. J. Lipid Res., 50, 2412-2420 (2009).
  • Gorissen,L., Raes,K., Weckx,S., Dannenberger,D., Leroy,F., De Vuyst,L. and De Smet,S. Production of conjugated linoleic acid and conjugated linolenic acid isomers by Bifidobacterium species. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 87, 2257-2266 (2010).
  • Guillou,H., Rioux,V., Catheline,D., Thibault,J.-N., Bouriel,M., Jan,S., D'Andrea,S. and Legrand,P. Conversion of hexadecanoic acid to hexadecenoic acid by rat 6-desaturase. J. Lipid Res., 44, 450-454 (2003).
  • Guschina,I.A., Dobson,G. and Harwood,J.L. Lipid metabolism in the moss Dicranum scoparium: effect of light conditions and heavy metals on the accumulation of acetylenic triacylglycerols. Physiologia Plantarum, 116, 441-450 (2002).
  • Hamilton,J.T.G. and Christie,W.W. Mechanisms for ion formation during the electron impact-mass spectrometry of picolinyl ester and 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 105, 93-104 (2000).
  • Hennessy, A.A., Barrett, E., Ross, R.P., Fitzgerald, G.F., Devery, R. and Stanton, C. The production of conjugated a-linolenic, g-linolenic and stearidonic acids by strains of bifidobacteria and propionibacteria. Lipids, 47, 313-327 (2012).
  • Hierro,M.T.G., Robertson,G., Christie,W.W. and Joh,Y.-G. The fatty acid composition of the seeds of Ginkgo biloba. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 575-579 (1996).
  • Hurst,W.J., Tarka,S.M., Dobson,G. and Reid,C.M. Determination of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentrations in milk chocolate J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 1264-1265 (2001).
  • Igarashi,M. and Miyazawa,T. Preparation and fractionation of conjugated trienes from alpha-linolenic acid and their growth-inhibitory effects on human tumor cells and fibroblasts. Lipids, 40, 109-113 (2005).
  • Jiang,H.L., Kruger,N., Lahiri,D.R., Wang,D.R., Vatele,J.M. and Balazy,M. Nitrogen dioxide induces cis-trans-isomerization of arachidonic acid within cellular phospholipids - Detection of trans-arachidonic acids in vivo. J. Biol. Chem., 274, 16235-16241 (1999).
  • Juaneda,P. Utilisation of reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography as an alternative to silver-ion chromatography for the separation of cis- and trans-C18:1 fatty acid isomers. J. Chromatogr. A, 954, 285-289 (2002).
  • Jung,M.Y. and Jung,M.O. Identification of conjugated linoleic acids in hydrogenated soybean oil by silver ion-impregnated HPLC and gas chromatography-ion impacted mass spectrometry of their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 6188-6193 (2002).
  • Kangani,C.O. and Kelley,D.E. One pot direct synthesis of amides or oxazolines from carboxylic acids using Deoxo-Fluor reagent. Tetrahedron Letts., 46, 8917-8920 (2005).
  • Kangani,C.O., Kelley,D.E. and Evans,R.W. Synthesis and mass spectrometry of benzoxazoline, dimethyloxazoline and 4-phenyloxazoline derivatives of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 21, 2129-2136 (2007).
  • Karas, M.A. and Russa, R. New long chain bases in lipophosphonoglycan of Acanthamoeba castellanii. Lipids, 48, 639-650 (2013).
  • Kaufman,M. and Wiesman,Z. Pomegranate oil analysis with emphasis on MALDI-TOF/MS triacylglycerol fingerprinting. J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 10405-10413 (2007).
  • Kawashima,H. Unusual minor nonmethylene-interrupted di-, tri-, and tetraenoic fatty acids in limpet gonads. Lipids, 40, 627-630 (2005).
  • Kawashima,H. and Ohnishi,M. Occurrence of novel nonmethylene-interrupted C-24 polyenoic fatty acids in female gonad lipids of the limpet Cellana grata. Biosci. Biotechn. Biochem., 70, 2575-2578 (2006).
  • Kawashima,H. and Ohnishi,M. Identification of minor fatty acids and various non-methylene-interrupted diene isomers in mantle, muscle, and viscera of the marine bivalve Megangulus zyonoensis. Lipids, 39, 265-271 (2004).
  • Kim,S.J., Woo,H.K., Seo,M.Y. and Joh,Y.G. Analysis of fatty acids in puffer fish liver oils by combined chromatographic procedures - Resolution of fatty acid methyl esters by Ag+-chromatography and their identification by GC-MS using 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Food Sci. Biotechnol., 12, 326-336 (2003).
  • Kinami,T., Horii,N, Narayan,B., Arato,S., Hosokawa,M., Miyashita,K., Negishi,H., Ikuina,J., Noda,R. and Shirasawa,S. Occurrence of conjugated linolenic acids in purified soybean oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 84, 23-29 (2007).
  • Kramer,J.K.G., Sehat,N., Dugan,M.E.R., Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Eulitz,K., Aalhus,J.L., Schaefer,A.L. and Ku,Y. Distributions of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers in tissue lipid classes of pigs fed a commercial CLA mixture determined by gas chromatography and silver ion high-performance liquid chromatography. Lipids, 33, 549-558 (1998).
  • Kuklev,D.V. and Smith,W.L. A procedure for preparing oxazolines of highly unsaturated fatty acids to determine double bond positions by mass spectrometry. J. Lipid Res., 44, 1060-1066 (2003).
  • Lamberto,M. and Ackman,R.G. Confirmation by GC/MS of two unusual trans-3-monoethylenic fatty acids from the Nova Scotian seaweeds Palmaria palmata and Choridrus crispus. Lipids, 29, 441-444 (1994).
  • Lamberto,M. and Ackman,R.G. Positional isomerization of trans-3-hexadecenoic acid employing 2-amino-2-methylpropanol as a derivatizing agent for double bond location by GC/MS. Anal. Biochem., 230, 224-228 (1995).
  • Lavillonniere,F., Martin,J.C., Bougnoux,P. and Sebedio,J.L. Analysis of conjugated linoleic acid isomers and content in French cheeses. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 343-352 (1998).
  • Liebich,H.M., Schmeider,N., Wahl,H.G. and Woll,J. Separation and identification of unsaturated fatty acid isomers in blood serum and therapeutic oil preparations in the form of their oxazoline derivatives by GC-MS. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 17, 519-521 (1994).
  • Liu,Y.D., Longmore,R.B. and Fox,J.E.D. Separation and identification of ximenynic acid isomers in the seed oil of Santalum spicatum RBr as their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1729-1731 (1996).
  • Lopez,J.F. and Grimalt,J.O. Reassessment of the structural composition of the alkenone distributions in natural environments using an improved method for double bond location based on GC-MS analysis of cyclopropylimines. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 17, 710-720 (2006).
  • Luthria,D.L. and Sprecher,H. 2-Alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazolines as derivatives for the structural elucidation of isomeric unsaturated fatty acids. Lipids, 28, 561-564 (1993).
  • MacKenzie,D.A., Carter,A.T., Wongwathanarat,P., John Eagles, Joanne Salt,J. and Archer,D.B. A third fatty acid D9-desaturase from Mortierella alpina with a different substrate specificity to ole1p and ole2p. Microbiology, 148, 1725-1735 (2002).
  • Mansour,M.P. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography purification of methyl esters of C-16-C-28 polyunsaturated fatty acids in microalgae, including octacosaoctaenoic acid [28:8(n-3)]. J. Chromatogr. A, 1097, 54-58 (2005).
  • Mansour,M.P., Holdsworth,D.G., Forbes,S.E., Macleod,C.K. and Volkman,J.K. High contents of 24:6(n-3) and 20:1(n-13) fatty acids in the brittle star Amphiura elandiformis from Tasmanian coastal sediments. Biochem. System. Ecol., 33, 659-674 (2005).
  • Marekov, I., Antonova,D., Gyosheva,M., Momchilova,S. and Nikolova-Damyanova,B. Fatty acid composition of lipids from two macrofungal species belonging to genus Clitocybe. Compt. Rend. Acad. Bulgare Sci., 60, 757-762 (2007).
  • Marekov, I., Momchilova, S., Grung, B. and Nikolova-Damyanova, B. Fatty acid composition of wild mushroom species of order Agaricales - Examination by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and chemometrics. J. Chromatogr. B, 910, 54-60 (2012).
  • Marty,Y., Soudant,P., Perrotte,S., Moal,J., Dussauze,J. and Samain,J.F. Identification and occurrence of a novel cis-4,7,10,trans-13-docosatetraenoic fatty acid in the scallop Pecten maximus (L.). J. Chromatogr. A, 839, 119-127 (1999).
  • Marx,F. and Classen,E. Analysis of epoxy fatty acids by GC-MS of their dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Fat Sci. Technol., 96, 207-211 (1994).
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Updated August 13, 2013