References - 1990 to 1999

The following references dealing with mass spectrometry of fatty acids have been collected as part of our regular literature searches for research purposes. The list is fairly comprehensive but is certainly not exhaustive (we do try hard), especially as relates to eicosanoids. References are listed alphabetically according to the surname of the first author, but not necessarily chronologically for a given author. Check at the bottom of the page for when this was last updated.

  • Adams,J. Charge-remote fragmentations: analytical applications and fundamental studies. Mass Spectrom. Rev., 9, 141-186 (1990).
  • Adams,J. and Songer,M.J. Charge-remote fragmentation for structural determination of lipids. Trends Anal. Chem., 12, 28-36 (1993).
  • Adelhardt,R. and Spiteller,G. Products of the dimerisation of unsaturated fatty acids. IX. Kinetic studies on the dimerisation of linoleic acid. Fat Sci. Technol., 95, 85-90 (1993).
  • Adelhardt,R., Link,W. and Spiteller,G. Products of dimerization of unsaturated fatty acids. 5. The aromatic fraction of dimeric acids. Fat Sci. Technol., 93, 277-282 (1991).
  • Adkisson,H.D., Risener,F.S., Zarrinkar,P.P., Walla,M.D., Christie,W.W. and Wuthier,R.E. Unique fatty acid composition of normal cartilage: discovery of high levels of n-9 eicosatrienoic acid and low levels of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. FASEB J., 5, 344-353 (1991).
  • Aitzetmüller,K. An unusual fatty acid pattern in Eranthis seed oil. Lipids, 31, 201-205 (1996).
  • Aitzetmüller,K. and Vosmann,K. Cyclopropenoic fatty acids in gymnosperms: the seed oil of Welwitschia. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 1761-1765 (1998).
  • Aitzetmüller,K., Tsevegsuren,N. and Vosmann,K. A new allenic fatty acid in Phlomis (Lamiaceae) seed oil. Fett-Lipid, 99, 74-78 (1997).
  • Ando,Y., Kawabata,Y., Narukawa,K. and Ota,T. Demospongic acids of the marine sponge Halichondria panicea from the coast of Hokkaido, Japan. Fisheries Sci., 64, 136-139 (1998).
  • Antoine,M. and Adams,J. Implications of the charge site in charge-remote fragmentations. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 3, 776-778 (1992).
  • Attygalle,A.B., Jham,G.N., Svatos,A., Frighetto,R.T.S., Meinwald,J., Vilela,E.F., Ferrara,F.A. and Uchoa-Fernandes,M.A. Microscale, random reduction: application to the characterization of (3E,8Z,11Z)-3,8,11-tetradecatrienyl acetate, a new lepidopteran sex pheromone. Tetrahedron Letts., 36, 5471-5474 (1995).
  • Augustyn,O.P.H., Ferreira,D. and Kock,J.L.F. Differentiation between yeast species, and strains within a species, by cellular fatty acid analysis. 4. Saccharomyces-sensu-stricto, Hanseniaspora, Saccharomycodes and Wickerhamiella. System. Appl. Microbiol., 14, 324-334 (1991).
  • Augustyn,O.P.H., Kock,J.L.F. and Ferreira,D. Differentiation between yeast species, and strains within a species, by cellular fatty acid analysis. 5. A feasible technique? System. Appl. Microbiol., 15, 105-115 (1992).
  • Baechmann,K., Hauptmann,J., Polzer,J. and Schuetz,P. Determination of organic alkyl- and 1-hydroxy hydroperoxides with chemiluminescence, fluorescence and GC/MS. Fres. J. Anal. Chem., 342, 809-812 (1992).
  • Baer,A.N., Costello,P.B. and Green,F.A. Free and esterified 13(R,S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids: principal oxygenase products in psoriatic skin scales. J. Lipid Res., 31, 125-130 (1990).
  • Banni,S. and Martin,J.-C. Conjugated linoleic acid and metabolites. In: Trans Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition, pp. 261-302 (edited by J.L. Sebedio and W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Dundee) (1998).
  • Banni,S., Day,B.W., Evans,R.W., Corongiu,F.P. and Lombardi,B. Detection of conjugated diene isomers of linoleic acid in liver lipids of rats fed a choline-devoid diet indicates that the diet does not cause lipoperoxidation. J. Nutr. Biochem., 6, 281-289 (1995).
  • Banni,S., Day,B.W., Evans,R.W., Corongui,F.P. and Lombardi,B. Liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of conjugated diene fatty acids in a partially hydrogenated fat. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 71, 1321-1325 (1994).
  • Barnathan,G., Bourgougnon,N. and Kornprobst,J.M. Methoxy fatty acids isolated from the red alga, Schizymenia dubyi. Phytochemistry, 47, 761-765 (1998).
  • Barnathan,G., Doumenq,P., Njinkoue,J.-M., Miralles,J., Debitus,C., Levi,C. and Kornprobst,J.-M. Sponge fatty acids 3. Occurrence of series of n-7 monoenoic and iso-5,9 dienoic long-chain fatty acids in the phospholipids of the marine sponge Cinachyrella aff. schulzei Keller. Lipids, 29, 297-303 (1994).
  • Barnathan,G., Kornprobst,J.M., Doumenq,P. and Miralles,J. New unsaturated long-chain fatty acids in the phospholipids from the Axinellida sponges Trikentrion loeve and Pseudaxinella cf. lunaecharta. Lipids, 31, 193-200 (1996).
  • Barnathan,G., Kornprobst,J.M., Doumenq,P., Miralles.J. and Bouryesnault,N. Sponge fatty-acids. 5. Characterization of complete series of 2-hydroxy long-chain fatty-acids in phospholipids of 2 Senegalese marine sponges from the family Suberitidae - Pseudosuberites sp and Suberites massa. J. Nat. Prod., 56, 2104-2113 (1993).
  • Barnathan,G., Miralles,J., Gaydou,E.M., Boury-Esnault,N. and Kornprobst,J.-M. New phospholipid fatty acids from the marine sponge Cinachyrella alloclada Uliczka. Lipids, 27, 779-784 (1992).
  • Batna,A., Scheinkonig,J. and Spiteller,G. The occurrence of furan fatty acids in Isochrysis sp. and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1166, 171-176 (1993).
  • Bell,M.V. Dick,J.R. and Pond,D.W. Octadecapentaenoic acid in a raphidophyte alga, Heterosigma akashiwo. Phytochemistry, 45, 303-306 (1997).
  • Berdeaux,O. and Wolff,R.L. Gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry of the 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of delta-5-unsaturated polymethylene-interrupted fatty acids from conifer seed oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1323-1326 (1996).
  • Berdeaux,O., Christie,W.W., Gunstone,F.D. and Sebedio,J.L. Large-scale synthesis of methyl cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoate from methyl ricinoleate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 1011-1015 (1997).
  • Berdeaux,O., Juaneda,P. and Sebedio,J.L. Analysis of conjugated and trans fatty acids after derivatization. Analusis, 26, M45-M51 (1998).
  • Berdeaux,O., Voinot,L., Angioni,E., Juaneda,P. and Sebedio,J.L. A simple method of preparation of methyl trans-10,cis-12-and cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoates from methyl linoleate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 1749-1755 (1998).
  • Bhat,U.R. and Carlson,R.W. A new method for the analysis of amide-linked hydroxy fatty acids in lipid-As from gram negative bacteria. Glycobiology, 2, 535-539 (1992).
  • Bleton,J., Mejanelle,P., Goursaud,S. and Tchapla,A. Identification of the main fatty acids component of the cork suberine by GC/MS Analusis, 26, M51-M54 (1998).
  • Blokker,P., Schouten,S., Van den Ende,H., De Leeuw,J.W. and Damste,J.S.S. Cell wall-specific omega-hydroxy fatty acids in some freshwater green microalgae. Phytochemistry, 49, 691-695 (1998).
  • Bordier,C.G., Sellier,N., Foucault,A.P. and Le Goffic,F. Characterization and purification of fatty acid methyl esters from the liver oil of the deep-sea shark (Centrophorus squamosus) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and countercurrent chromatography. Chromatographia, 39, 329-338 (1994).
  • Bortolomeazzi,R., Pizzale,L. and Lercker,G. Chromatographic determination of the position and configuration of isomers of methyl oleate hydroperoxides. J. Chromatogr. A, 626, 109-116 (1992).
  • Bousquet,O., Sellier,N. and Le Goffic,F. Characterization and purification of polyunsaturated fatty-acids from microalgae by GC-MS and countercurrent chromatography. Chromatographia, 39, 40-44 (1994).
  • Brakstad,F. Accurate determination of double bond position in mono-unsaturated straight-chain fatty acid ethyl esters from conventional electron impact mass spectra by quantitative spectrum structure modelling. Chemom. Intell. Lab. Systems, 19, 87-100 (1993).
  • Brechany,E.Y. and Christie,W.W. Identification of the saturated oxo fatty acids in cheese. J. Dairy Res., 59, 57-64 (1992).
  • Brodowsky,I.D. and Oliw,E.H. Biosynthesis of 8-R-hydroperoxylinoleic acid by the fungus Laetisaria arvalis. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1168, 68-72 (1993).
  • Brodowsky,I.D. and Oliw,E.H. Metabolism of 18:2(n-6), 18:3(n-3), 20:4(n-6) and 20:5(n-3) by the fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis: identification of metabolites formed by 8-hydroxylation and by w2 and w3 oxygenation. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1124, 59-65 (1992).
  • Brondz,I. and Olsen,I. Intra-injector methylation of free fatty acids from aerobically and anaerobically cultured Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Haemophilus aphrophilus. J. Chromatogr. B, 576, 328-333 (1992).
  • Brooks,C.J.W., Cole,W.J. and Anderson,R.A. Analytical GC separation of diastereomeric tert.-butylmethoxyphenylsilyl ethers. J. Chromatogr. A, 514, 305-308 (1990).
  • Brossard,N., Pachiaudi,C., Croset,M., Normand,S., Lecerf,J., Chirouze,V., Riou,J.P., Tayot,J.L. and Lagarde,M. Stable isotope tracer and GC combustion isotope ratio mass spectrometry to study the in vivo compartmental metabolism of docosahexaenoic acid. Anal. Biochem., 220, 192-199 (1994).
  • Brouwers,J.F.H.M., Versluis,C., van Golde,L.M.G. and Tielens,A.G.M. 5-Octadecenoic acid: evidence for a novel type of fatty acid modification in schistosomes. Biochem. J., 334, 315-319 (1998).
  • Brutting,R. and Spiteller,G. Products of dimerization of unsaturated fatty acids. 12. The dimerization of conjugated fatty acids. Fat Sci. Technol., 96, 445-451 (1994).
  • Burhenne,J. and Parlar,H., A contribution to the identification of fatty acids from fish oils by mass- and FTIR-spectroscopy. Fres. Env. Bull., 2, 119-124 (1993).
  • Cahoon,E.B. and Lynch,D.V. Analysis of glucocerebrosides of rye (Secale cereale L. cv Puma) leaf and plasma membrane. Plant Physiol., 95, 58-68 (1991).
  • Caldwell,K.A. and Gross,M.L. Structure determination of lipids: comparison of classical methods and new approaches involving charge-remote fragmentation. NATO ASI Ser., Ser. C., 353, 413-425 (1992).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Cruz,C. Dimethyldisulfide derivatization of ethyl (9Z,12Z)-9,12-octadecadienoate and ethyl (9E,12E)-9,12-octadecadienoate. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 84, 81-85 (1996).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Emiliano,A. Novel brominated phospholipid fatty acids from the Caribbean sponge Agelas sp. Lipids, 28, 763-766 (1993).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Medina,J.R. New delta(5,9)-fatty acids in the phospholipids of the sea anemone Stoichactis helianthus. J. Nat. Prod., 57, 1688-1695 (1994).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Reyes,E.D. Identification of the new 23-methyl-5,9-pentacosadienoic acid in the sponge Cribrochalina vasculum. Lipids, 25, 69-71 (1990).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Reyes,M. Identification of a new 6-bromo-5,9-eicosadienoic acid from the anemone Condylactis gigantea and the zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum. J. Nat. Prod., 58, 1689-1694 (1995).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Rodriguez,J. Two novel phospholipid fatty acids from the Caribbean sponge Geodia gibberosa. Lipids, 26, 324-326 (1991).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Sepulveda,J.A. Two novel naturally occurring α-methoxy acids from the phospholipids of two Caribbean sponges. Lipids, 27, 72-74 (1992).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Shalabi,F. Novel brominated phospholipid fatty acids from the Caribbean sponge Petrosia sp. J. Nat. Prod., 56, 739-746 (1993).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Shalabi,F. The rare Caribbean sponge Leucosolenia canariensis: phospholipid fatty acids and sterols. Lipids, 30, 467-470 (1995).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Shalabi,F. Unusual lipids in the Caribbean sponges Amphimedon viridis and Desmapsamma anchorata. J. Nat. Prod., 57, 1152-1159 (1994).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Shalabi,F. Identification of naturally occurring trans,trans 5,9 fatty acids from the sponge Plakortis halichondroides. Lipids, 25, 835-840 (1990).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Cruz,C. and Sostre,A. Identification of the novel 7-methyl-6-octadecenoic acid in Holothuria mexicana. J. Nat. Prod., 59, 1076-1078 (1996).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Emiliano,A., Rodriguez,J. and Reyes,E.D. Isolation and characterization of novel 2-hydroxy fatty acids from the phospholipids of the sponge Smenospongia aurea. Lipids, 27, 681-685 (1992).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Emiliano,A., Sostre,A., Restituyo,J.A., Gonzalez,I.M., Colon,G.M., Tosteson,C.G. and Tosteson,T.R. Fatty acid composition of bacteria associated with the toxic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis lenticularis and with Caribbean Palythoa species. Lipids, 33, 627-632 (1998).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Gonzalez,M.V. and Pagan,M. Neighboring methoxyl participation in the acid-catalyzed methoxylation of methylene-interrupted fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 89, 91-96 (1997).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Negron,V. and Reyes,E.D. Novel naturally occurring alpha-methoxy acids from the phospholipids of Caribbean sponges. Tetrahedron, 48, 1053-1058 (1992).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Negron,V. and Reyes,E.D. Novel monounsaturated fatty acids from the sponges Amphimedon compressa and Mycale laevis. J. Nat. Prod., 55, 333-339 (1992).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Reyes,E.D. and Shalabi,F. Identification of novel iso/anteiso nonacosadienoic acids from the phospholipids of the sponges Chondrosia remiformis and Myrmekioderma styx. J. Nat. Prod., 56, 1850-1855 (1993).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Reyes,E.D., Sostre,A., Rodriguez,A.D., Rodriguez,J.L. and Gonzalez,F.A. Identification of the novel antimicrobial fatty acid (5Z,9Z)-14-methyl-5,9-pentadecadienoic acid in Eunicea succinea. J. Nat. Prod., 60, 502-504 (1997).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Reyes,M., Sostre,A., Huang,H.S., Verhagen,M.F.J.M. and Adams,M.W.W. Unusual fatty acid compositions of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus and the bacterium Thermotoga maritima. J. Bact., 179, 2766-2768 (1997).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Shalabi,F. and Cruz,C. Thietane, tetrahydrothiophene and tetrahydrothiopyran formation in reaction of methylene-interrupted dienoates with dimethyl disulfide. Tetrahedron Letts., 35, 5575-5578 (1994).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Shalabi,F. and Maldonado,M.E. Identification of the new 18-hexacosenoic acid in the sponge Thalysias juniperina. Lipids, 25, 235-237 (1990).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Shalabi,F. and Reyes,M. New 2-hydroxy fatty acids in the Caribbean urchin Tripneustes esculentus. J. Nat. Prod., 57, 614-619 (1994).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Shalabi,F., Stefanov,K., Dimitrov,K., Popov,S., Kujumgiev,A. and Andreev,S. Comparison of the fatty acids of the tunicate Botryllus schlosseri from the Black Sea with two associated bacterial strains. Lipids, 30, 677-679 (1995).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Sostre,A. and Rodrígue,A.D. Phospholipid fatty acid composition of Gorgonians of the Genus Pseudopterogorgia: identification of tetracosapolyenoic acids. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 113, 781-783 (1996).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Sostre,A., Stefanov,K., Popov,S., Kujumgiev,A., Dimitrova-Konaklieva,S., Tosteson,C.G. and Tosteson,T.R. The fatty acid composition of a Vibrio alginolyticus associated with the alga Cladophora coelothrix, identification of the novel 9-methyl-10-hexadecenoic acid. Lipids, 32, 1271-1275 (1997).
  • Carreto,L., Moore,E., Nobre,M.F., Wait,R., Riley,P.W., Sharp,R.J. and Dacosta,M.S. Rubrobacter xylanophilus sp.nov.: a new thermophilic species isolated from a thermally polluted effluent. Int. J. System. Bact., 46, 460-465 (1996).
  • Carreto,L., Wait,R., Nobre,M.F. and Da Costa,M.S. Determination of the structure of a novel glycolipid from Thermus aquaticus 15004 and demonstration that hydroxy fatty acids are amide-linked to glycolipids in Thermus spp. J. Bact., 178, 6479-6486 (1996).
  • Carrier,D.-J., Cunningham,J.E., Hogge,L.R., Taylor,D.C. and Dunstan,D.I. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of some fatty acids from white and interior spruce. J. Chromatogr. A, 715, 317-324 (1995).
  • Chance,D.L., Gerhardt,K.O. and Mawhinney,T.P. Gas-liquid chromatography mass spectrometry of hydroxy fatty acids as their methyl esters tert.-butyldimethylsilyl ethers. J. Chromatogr. A, 793, 91-98 (1998).
  • Chang,Y.S. and Watson,J.T. Charge-remote fragmentation during FAB-CAD-b/e linked-scan mass spectrometry of (aminoethyl)-triphenylphosphonium derivatives of fatty acids. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 3, 769-775 (1992).
  • Chapman,D. and Goni,F.M. Physical properties: optical and spectral characteristics. In: The Lipid Handbook (2nd Edition), pp. 487-560 (ed. F.D. Gunstone, J.L. Harwood and F.B. Padley, Chapman & Hall, London) (1994).
  • Chardigny,J.-M., Sebedio,J.L., Grandgirard,A., Martine,L., Berdeaux,O. and Vatele,J.-M. Identification of novel trans isomers of 20:5n-3 in liver lipids of rats fed a heated oil. Lipids, 31, 165-168 (1996).
  • Chaurasia,C.C., Williams,T.D., Judson,C.M. and Hanzlik,R.P. Quantitation of fatty acids and hydroxy fatty acids by GC/MS. Predictively useful correlations of relative response factors with empirical formula. J. Mass Spectrom., 30, 1018-1022 (1995).
  • Cheng,C.F. and Gross,M.L. Fragmentation mechanisms of oxofatty acids via high-energy collisional activation. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 9, 620-627 (1998).
  • Cheng,C.F., Giblin,D. and Gross,M.L. Structural determination of oxofatty acids by charge-remote fragmentations. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 9, 216-224 (1998).
  • Cheng,C.F., Pittenauer,E and Gross,M.L. Charge-remote fragmentations are energy-dependent processes. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 9, 840-844 (1998).
  • Cheung,M., Young,A.B. and Harrison,A.G. O-. and OH- chemical ionization of some fatty acid methyl esters and triacylglycerols. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 5, 553-557 (1994).
  • Choi,S.S. Characterization of ion fragmentations of fatty acids. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 18, 573-578 (1997).
  • Christie,W.W. Mass spectrometry of fatty acids with methylene-interrupted ene-yne systems. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 94, 35-41 (1998).
  • Christie,W.W. Recent developments in high-performance liquid and gas chromatography of lipids. Rev. Franc. Corps Gras, 38, 155-160 (1991).
  • Christie,W.W. Structural analysis of fatty acids. In: Advances in Lipid Methodology - Four, pp. 119-169 (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Dundee) (1997).
  • Christie,W.W. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry methods for structural analysis of fatty acids. Lipids, 33, 343-353 (1998).
  • Christie,W.W. Mass spectrometry of fatty acid derivatives. In: Applications of Modern Mass Spectrometry in Plant Science Research (Proc. Phytochemical Society of Europe), pp. 195-209 (edited by R.P. Newton and T.J. Walton, Clarendon Press, Oxford). (1996).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Bakare,O. MS characterization of picolinyl and methyl ester derivatives of isomeric thia fatty acids. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 20, 629-635 (1991).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Wong,C.F. Mass spectrometry of derivatives of isomeric allenic fatty acids. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 21, 267-270 (1992).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Marekov,I.N., Stefanov,K.L. and Andreev,S.N. The fatty acids of the sponge Hymeniacidon sanguinea from the Black Sea. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 109, 245-252 (1994).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Sebedio,J.L. and Le Quere,J.L. Silver ion chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the structural analysis of cyclic monoenoic acids formed in frying oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 66, 143-153 (1993).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Stefanov,K. and Popov,S. The fatty acids of the sponge Dysidea fragilis from the Black Sea. Lipids, 27, 640-644 (1992).
  • Christie,W.W., Dobson,G. and Gunstone,F.D. Isomers in commercial samples of conjugated linoleic acid. Lipids, 32, 1231 (1997).
  • Christie,W.W., Hamilton,J.T.G. and Harper,D.B. Mass spectrometry of fluorinated fatty acids in the seed oil of Dichapetalum toxicarium. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 97, 41-47 (1998).
  • Claeys,M., Nizigiyimana,L., van den Heuvel,H. and Derrick,P.J. Mechanistic aspects of charge-remote fragmentation in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid derivatives: evidence for homolytic cleavage. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 10, 770-774 (1996).
  • Claeys,M., Nizigiyimana,L., Van den Heuvel,H., Vedernikova,I. and Haemers,A. Charge-remote and charge-proximate fragmentation processes in alkali-cationized fatty acid esters upon high-energy collisional activation. A new mechanistic proposal. J. Mass Spectrom., 33, 631-643 (1998).
  • Clare,R.A., Huang,S., Doig,M.V. and Gibson,G.G. GC-MS characterization of some novel hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids formed on incubation of arachidonic acid with microsomes from induced rat livers. J. Chromatogr. B, 562, 237-247 (1991).
  • Classen,E., Marx,F. and Fabricius,H. Mass spectra of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of oxooctadecanoic acids. Fat Sci. Technol., 96, 331-332 (1994).
  • Contado,M.J. and Adams,J. Collision-induced dissociations and B/E linked scans for structural determination of modified fatty acid esters. Anal. Chim. Acta, 246, 187-197 (1991).
  • Cordero,M.M. and Wesdemiotis,C. Characterization of the neutral products formed upon the charge-remote fragmentation of fatty acid ions. Anal. Chem., 66, 861-866 (1994).
  • Costa,C.G., Dorland,L., Holwerda,U., de Almeida,I.T., Poll-The,B.T., Jakobs,C. and Duran,M. Simultaneous analysis of plasma free fatty acids and their 3-hydroxy analogs in fatty acid beta-oxidation disorders. Clin. Chem., 44, 463-471 (1998).
  • Costantino,V., Fattorusso,E., Mangoni,A., Di Rosa,M,. and Ianaro,A. Glycolipids from sponges. 6. Plakoside A and B, two unique prenylated glycosphingolipids with immunosuppressive activity from the marine sponge Plakortis simplex. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 119, 12465-12470 (1997).
  • Couderc,F. Gas chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry as an analytical tool for the identification of fatty acids. Lipids, 30, 691-699 (1995).
  • Couderc,F., Berjeaud,J.M. and Prome,J.C. The use of remote-site fragmentation for the characterization of 2,3 unsaturated fatty acids. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 5, 92 (1991).
  • Cueto,R., Squadrito,G.L. and Pryor,W.A. Quantifying aldehydes and distinguishing aldehydic product profiles from autoxidation and ozonation of unsaturated acids. Methods Enzymol., 233, 174-182 (1994).
  • Dasgupta,A., Banerjee,P. and Malik,S. Use of microwave irradiation for rapid transesterification of lipids and accelerated synthesis of fatty acyl pyrrolidides for analysis by GC-MS: study of fatty acid profiles of olive oil, evening primrose oil, fish oils and phospholipids from mango pulp. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 62, 281-291 (1992).
  • Davis,A.L., McNeill,G.P. and Caswell,D.C. Analysis of conjugated linoleic acid isomers by C-13 NMR spectroscopy. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 97, 155-165 (1999).
  • de Waard,P., van der Wal,H., Huijberts,G.N.M. and Eggink,G. Heteronuclear NMR analysis of unsaturated fatty acids in poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates). J. Biol. Chem., 268, 315-319 (1993).
  • DeLuca,S., Sarver,E.W., Harrington,P.D. and Voorhees,K.J. Direct analysis of bacterial fatty acids by Curie-Point pyrolysis tandem MS. Anal. Chem., 62, 1465-1472 (1990).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka,T. Furan fatty acids of some brackish invertebrates from the Caspian sea. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 114, 317-320 (1996).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka.T. Acetylenic fatty acids of the Dicranaceae. Phytochemistry, 36, 685-689 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka.T. Distribution of acetylenic acids and polar lipids in some aquatic Bryophytes. Phytochemistry, 40, 93-97 (1995).
  • Dembitsky,V.M. and Rezanka.T. Distribution of diacylglycerylhomoserines, phospholipids and fatty acids in 13 moss species from Southwestern Siberia. Biochem. System. Ecol., 23, 71-78 (1995).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Kashin,A.G. and Rezanka.T. Comparative study of the endemic fresh-water fauna of Lake Baikal. 5. Phospholipid and fatty acid composition of the deep-water amphipod crustacean Acanthogammarus (Brachyuropus) grewingkii. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 108, 443-448 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Kashin,A.G. Fatty acid and phospholipid composition of freshwater molluscs Anadonta piscinalis and Limnaea fragilis from the River Volga. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 105, 597-601 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative study of the endemic fresh-water fauna of Lake Baikal. 1. Phospholipid and fatty acid composition of two mollusc species, Baicalia oviformus and Benedictia baicalensis. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 106, 819-823 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Rozentsvet,O.A. Lipid composition of three macrophytes from the Caspian Sea. Phytochemistry, 33, 1015-1019 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Bychek,I.A. Fatty acids and phospholipids from lichens of the order Lecanorales. Phytochemistry, 31, 851-853 (1992).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Bychek,I.A. Lipid composition of some lichens. Phytochemistry, 31, 1617-1620 (1992).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative study of the endemic freshwater fauna of Lake Baikal - II. Unusual lipid composition of two sponge species Baicalospongia bacillifera and B. intermedia (Family Lubomirskiidae, Class Demospongiae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 106, 825-831 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. and Shubina,E.E. Unusual hydroxy fatty acids from some higher fungi. Phytochemistry, 34, 1057-1059 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T. Bychek,I.A. and Afonina,O.M. Polar lipid and fatty acid composition of some Bryophytes. Phytochemistry, 33, 1009-1014 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T., Bychek,I.A. and Afonina,O.M. Acetylenic acids and lipid compositions of some mosses from Russia. Phytochemistry, 33, 1021-1027 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T., Bychek,I.A. and Shustov,M.V. Identification of fatty acids from Cladonia lichens. Phytochemistry, 30, 4015-4018 (1991).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka,T., Bychek,I.A. and Shustov,M.V. Fatty acid composition of Parmelia lichens. Phytochemistry, 31, 841-843 (1992).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Phospholipid and fatty acid compositions of the endemic amphipod crustacean Issycogammarus bergi from the brackish mountain Lake Issyk-Kul (Tian-Shan, middle Asia). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 107, 331-336 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative study of the endemic fresh-water fauna of Lake Baikal. 6. Unusual fatty acid and lipid composition of the endemic sponge Lubomirskia baicalensis and its amphipod crustacean parasite Brandtia (Spinacanthus) parasitica. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 109, 415-426 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative study of the endemic fresh-water fauna of Lake Baikal. 3. Phospholipid and fatty acid compositions of the amphipod crustacean of the genus Eulimnogammarus. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 107, 317-323 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative examination of phospholipids and fatty acids from some Caspian invertebrates Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 104, 617-622 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Kashin,A.G. Comparative study of the endemic freshwater fauna of Lake Baikal. 4. Phospholipid and fatty acid compositions of two gastropod mollusks of the genus Valvata. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 107, 325-330 (1994).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Shubina,E.E. Chemical composition of fatty acids from some fungi. Crypt. Bot., 3, 383-386 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Shubina,E.E. Chemical constituents of some higher fungi. 1. Fatty acid and phospholipid compositions of Basidiomycetes. Crypt. Bot., 3, 373-377 (1993).
  • Dembitsky,V.M., Rezanka.T. and Shubina,E.E. Chemical constituents of some higher fungi. 2. Fatty acid compositions of Ascomycetes. Crypt. Bot., 3, 378-382 (1993).
  • Demirbuker,M., Blomberg,L.G., Olsson,N.U., Bergqvist,M., Herslof,B.G. and Jacobs,F.A. Characterization of triacylglycerols in the seeds of Aquilegia vulgaris by chromatographic and mass spectrometric methods. Lipids, 27, 436-441 (1992).
  • Diczfalusy,U., Alexson,S.E.H., Sisfontes,L., Olund,J. and Bjorkhem,A. Identification of intermediates in the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of linoleic acid. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1043, 182-188 (1990).
  • Dimarzo,V., Ventriglia,M., Mollo,E., Mosca,M. and Cimino,G. Occurrence and biosynthesis of 11(R)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (11-R-HETE) in the Caribbean soft coral Plexaurella dichotoma. Experientia, 52, 834-838 (1996).
  • Dobson,G. Identification of conjugated fatty acids by gas chromatography mass spectrometry of 4-methyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione adducts. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 137-142 (1998).
  • Dobson,G. Cyclic fatty acids in heated vegetable oils: structures and mechanisms. In: Recent Developments in the Synthesis of Fatty Acid Derivatives, pp. 196-212 (ed. G. Knothe & J.T.P. Derksen, AOCS Press, Champaign) (1999).
  • Dobson,G. Cyclic fatty acids: qualitative and quantitative analysis. In: 'Lipid Analysis in Oils and Fats', pp. 136-180 (edited by R.J. Hamilton, Blackie, London) (1998).
  • Dobson,G. and Christie,W.W. Structural analysis of fatty acids by mass spectrometry of picolinyl esters and dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Trends Anal. Chem., 15, 130-137 (1996).
  • Dobson,G. and Sebedio,J.L. Monocyclic dienoic fatty acids formed from gamma-linolenic acid in heated evening primrose oil. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 97, 105-118 (1999).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Sebedio,J.L. Saturated bicyclic fatty acids formed in heated sunflower oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 87, 137-147 (1997).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Sebedio,J.L. Monocyclic saturated fatty acids formed from oleic acid in heated sunflower oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 82, 101-110 (1996).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Sebedio,J.L. The nature of cyclic fatty acids formed in heated vegetable oils. Grasas Aceites, 47, 26-33 (1996).
  • Dobson,G., Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Sebedio,J.L. and Le Quere,J.L. Silver ion chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the structural analysis of cyclic dienoic fatty acids formed in frying oils. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 75, 171-182 (1995).
  • Dorland,L., Ketting,D., Bruinvis,L. and Duran,M. Medium-chain and long-chain 3-hydroxymonocarboxylic acids - analysis by GC combined with MS. Biomed. Chromatogr., 5, 161-164 (1991).
  • Dudda,A., Spiteller,G. and Kobelt,F. Lipid oxidation products in ischemic porcine heart tissue. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 82, 39-51 (1996).
  • Dunstan,G.A., Volkman,J.K. and Barrett,S.M. The effect of lyophilization on the solvent extraction of lipid classes, fatty acids and sterols from the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Lipids, 28, 937-944 (1993).
  • Duque,C., Cepeda,N. and Martinez,A. The steryl ester and phospholipid fatty acids of the sponge Agelas conifera from the Colombian Caribbean. Lipids, 28, 767-769 (1993).
  • Engst,W., Petrzika,M. and Macholz,R. Study of the fatty acid composition of biomass lipids. Nahrung, 35, 695-700 (1991).
  • Eulitz,K., Yurawecz,M.P., Sehat,N., Fritsche,J., Roach,J.A.G., Mossoba,M.M., Kramer,J.K.G., Adlof,R.O. and Ku,Y. Preparation, separation, and confirmation of the eight geometrical cis/trans conjugated linoleic acid isomers 8,10-through 11,13-18:2. Lipids, 34, 873-877 (1999).
  • Evershed,R.P. Mass spectrometry of lipids. In: 'Lipid Analysis. A Practical Approach' (edited by R.J.Hamilton & S. Hamilton, IRL Press, Oxford), pp. 263-308 (1992).
  • Fagerquist,C.K., Neese,R.A. and Hellerstein,M.K. Molecular ion fragmentation and its effects on mass isotopomer abundances of fatty acid methyl esters ionized by electron impact. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 10, 430-439 (1999).
  • Fang,X., Kaduce,T.L. and Spector,A.A. 13-(S)-Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) incorporation and conversion to novel products by endothelial cells. J. Lipid Res., 40, 699-707 (1999).
  • Fay,L. and Richli,U. Location of double bonds in polyunsaturated fatty acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatization. J. Chromatogr. A, 541, 89-98 (1991).
  • Fournier,F., Remaud,B., Blasco,T. and Tabet,J.C. Ion-dipole complex formation from deprotonated phenol fatty acid esters evidenced by using gas-phase labelling combined with tandem MS. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 4, 343-351 (1993).
  • Fritsche,J., Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Sehat,N., Ku,Y. and Steinhart,H. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers in human adipose tissue. Z. Lebensm.-Unters. Forsch., 205, 415-418 (1997).
  • Fritsche,J., Rickert,R., Steinhart,H., Yurawecz,M.P., Mossoba,M.M., Sehat,N., Roach,J.A.G., Kramer,J.K.G. and Ku,Y. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers: formation, analysis, amounts in foods, and dietary intake. Fett-Lipid, 101, 272-276 (1999).
  • Gallon,A.A. and Pryor,W.A. The identification of the allylic nitrite and nitro derivatives of methyl linoleate and methyl linolenate by negative chemical ionization mass spectroscopy. Lipids, 28, 125-133 (1993).
  • Garcia-Vallejo,M.C., Conde,E., Cadahia,E. and de Simon,B.F. Suberin composition of reproduction cork from Quercus suber. Holzforschung, 51, 219-224 (1997).
  • Gardner,D.R., Sanders,R.A., Henry,D.E., Tallmadge,D.H. and Wharton,H.W. Characterization of used frying oils. Part. 1. Isolation and identification of compound classes. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 69, 499-508 (1992).
  • Gardner,H.W. Analysis of plant lipoxygenase metabolites. In: Advances in Lipid Methodology - Four, pp. 1-43 (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Dundee) (1997).
  • Gardner,H.W. and, Hou,C.T. All (S) stereoconfiguration of 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid from bioconversion of oleic acid by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 76, 1151-1156 (1999).
  • Gardner,H.W., Simpson,T.D. and Hamberg,M. Mechanism of linoleic acid hydroperoxide reaction with alkali. Lipids, 31, 1023-1028 (1996).
  • Gardner,H.W., Simpson,T.D. and Hamberg,M. Transformation of fatty acid hydroperoxides by alkali and characterization of products. Lipids, 28, 487-495 (1993).
  • Garrido,J.L. and Medina,I. One-step conversion of fatty-acids into their 2-alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives directly from total lipids. J. Chromatogr. A, 673, 101-105 (1994).
  • Garson,M.J., Zimmermann,M.P., Hoberg,M., Larsen,R.M., Barttershill,C.N. and Murphy,P.T. Isolation of brominated fatty acids from the phospholipids of the tropical marine sponge Amphimedon terpenensis. Lipids, 28, 1011-1014 (1993).
  • Garson,M.J, Zimmermann,M.P., Battershill,C.N., Holden,J.L. and Murphy,P.T. The distribution of brominated long-chain fatty-acids in sponge and symbiont cell-types from the tropical marine sponge amphimedon terpenensis. Lipids, 29, 509-516 (1994).
  • Gee,A.J., Groen,L.A. and Johnson,M.E. Determination of fatty acid amides as trimethylsilyl derivatives by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 541-552 (1999).
  • Geiger,O., Glushka,J., Lugtenberg, B.J.J., Spaink,H.P. and Thomas-Oates,J.E. NodFE-Dependent fatty acids that lack an alpha-beta-unsaturation are subject to differential transfer, leading to novel phospholipids. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interactions, 11, 33-44 (1998).
  • Gerard,H.C., Osman,S.F., Fett,W.F. and Moreau.R.A. Separation, identification and quantification of monomers from cutin polymers by HPLC with evaporative light scattering detection. Phytochem. Anal., 3, 139-144 (1992).
  • German,J.B. and Berger,R. Formation of 8,15-dihydroxy eicosatetraenoic acid via 15- and 12-lipoxygenases in fish gill. Lipids, 25, 849-853 (1990).
  • Gharaibeh,A.A. and Voorhees,K.J. Characterization of lipid fatty acids in whole-cell microorganisms using in situ supercritical-fluid derivatization/extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 68, 2805-2810 (1996).
  • Gradowska,W. and Larsson,L., Determination of absolute configuration of 2- and 3-hydroxy fatty acids in organic dust by GC-MS. J. Microb. Methods, 20, 55-67 (1994).
  • Graff,G., Anderson,L.A., Jaques,L.W. and Scannell,R.T., Evidence for the formation of 2-hydroxyethyl esters by action of fatty acids with diazomethane in diethyl ether. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 53, 27-36 (1990).
  • Griffiths,G., Brechany,E.Y., Jackson,F.M., Christie,W.W., Stymne,S. and Stobart,A.K. Distribution and biosynthesis of stearidonic acid in leaves of Borago officinalis. Phytochemistry, 43, 381-386 (1996).
  • Griffiths,W.J., Yang,Y., Lindgren,J.A. and Sjovall,J. Charge remote fragmentation of fatty acid anions in 400 eV collisions with Xenon atoms. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 10, 21-28 (1996).
  • Gross,M.L., Tandem mass spectrometric strategies for determining structure of biologically interesting molecules. Acc. Chem. Res., 27, 361-369 (1994).
  • Guido,D.M., McKenna,R. and Mathews,W.R., Quantitation of hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acids and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids as indicators of lipid peroxidation using GC-MS. Anal. Biochem., 209, 123-129 (1993).
  • Guth,H. and Grosch,W., Furan fatty acids in butter and butter oil. Z. Lebensm.-Unters. Forsch., 194, 360-362 (1992).
  • Hamberg,M. Trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids in beer: qualitative and quantitative analysis. J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1568-1572 (1991).
  • Hamberg,M. Regio- and stereochemical analysis of trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids derived from linoleic acid 9- and 13-hydroperoxides. Lipids, 26, 407-415 (1991).
  • Hamberg,M. A pathway for biosynthesis of divinyl ether fatty acids in green leaves. Lipids, 33, 1061-1071 (1998).
  • Hamberg,M. Oxidation of octadecatrienoic acids in the red alga Lithothamnion corallioides: structural and stereochemical studies of conjugated tetraene fatty acids and bis-allylic hydroxy acids. J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. I., 3065-3072 (1993).
  • Hamberg,M. and Hamberg,G. 15(R)-Hydroxylinoleic acid, an oxylipin from oat seeds. Phytochemistry, 42, 729-732 (1996).
  • Hamberg,M., Gerwick,W.H. and Asen,P.A. Linoleic acid metabolism in the red alga Lithothamnion coralloides: biosynthesis of 11(R)-hydroxy-9(Z),12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid. Lipids, 27, 487-493 (1992).
  • Hamilton,J.T.G. and Harper,D.B. Fluoro fatty acids in seed oil of Dichapetalum toxicarium. Phytochemistry, 44, 1129-1132 (1997).
  • Harvey,D.J. Lipids from the guinea pig harderian gland - use of picolinyl and other pyridine-containing derivatives to investigate the structures of novel branched-chain fatty acids and glycerol ethers. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 20, 61-69 (1991).
  • Harvey,D.J. Identification by GC and MS of lipids from the rat Harderian gland. J. Chromatogr. B, 565, 27-34 (1991).
  • Harvey,D.J. Picolinyl esters for the structural determination of fatty acids by GC/MS. Mol. Biotech., 10, 251-260 (1998).
  • Harvey,D.J. Identification and quantification of lipids from rabbit harderian glands by GC-MS. Biomed. Chromatogr., 5, 143-147 (1991).
  • Harvey,D.J. Mass spectrometry of picolinyl and other nitrogen-containing derivatives of fatty acids. In: 'Advances in Lipid Methodology - One' (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Ayr), pp. 19-80 (1992).
  • Hierro,M.T.G., Robertson,G., Christie,W.W. and Joh,Y.-G. The fatty acid composition of the seeds of Ginkgo biloba. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 575-579 (1996).
  • Hofmann,U., Holzer,S. and Meese,C.O., Pentafluorophenyldiazoalkanes as novel derivatization reagents for the determination of sensitive carboxylic acids by GC-negative-ionMS. J. Chromatogr. A, 508, 349-356 (1990).
  • Hou,C.T. A novel compound, 12,13,17-trihydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid, from linoleic acid by a new microbial isolate Clavibacter sp. ALA2. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1359-1362 (1996).
  • Hou,C.T., Brown,W., Labeda,D.P., Abbott,T.P. and Weisleder,D. Microbial production of a novel trihydroxy unsaturated fatty acid from linoleic acid. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechn., 19, 34-38 (1997).
  • Hsu,F.F. and Turk,J. Distinction among isomeric unsaturated fatty acids as lithiated adducts by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry using low energy collisionally activated dissociation on a triple stage quadrupole instrument. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 10, 600-612 (1999).
  • Huysmans,L., Nizigiyimana,L., Van den Heuvel,H. and Claeys,M. Charge-remote molecular hydrogen removal in protonated and alkali-cationized long-chain fatty acid esters upon cesium ion bombardment. Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 188, 39-52 (1999).
  • Ibanez,E., Borros,S., Comellas,L. and Gassiot,M. Determination of beta-hydroxy fatty acids in sewage sludge by using selected ion monitoring. J. Chromatogr. A, 775, 287-293 (1997).
  • Ikeda,M. and Kusaka,T. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry of hydroxy and non-hydroxy fatty acids as amide derivatives. J. Chromatogr. B, 575, 197-205 (1992).
  • Imai,H., Ohnishi,M., Kinoshita,M., Kojima,M. and Ito,S. Structure and distribution of cerebroside containing unsaturated hydroxy fatty acids in plant leaves. Biosci. Biotechn. Biochem., 59, 1309-1313 (1995).
  • Imbs,A.B. and Latyshev,N.A. New Delta 5 and Delta 4 unsaturated medium-and long-chain fatty acids in the freshwater sponge Baicalospongia bacilifera. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 92, 117-125 (1998).
  • Imbs,A.B., Kuklev,D.B., Vereshchagin,A.D. and Latyshev,N.A. Application of an analytical modification of the iodolactonization reaction to selective detection of D5 (D4) unsaturated fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 60, 71-76 (1991).
  • Inamoto,Y., Hamanaka,S., Hamanaka,Y., Ariyama,S., Takemoto,T. and Okita,K. Unique fatty acids of Helicobacter pylori are methoxy fatty acids. Proc. Jap. Acad. Ser. B. - Phys. Biol. Sci., 69, 65-69 (1993).
  • Ioneda,T. Chromatographic and mass spectrometric characterization of 3-O-benzoyl methyl ester derivatives of mycolic acid fractions from Corynobacte5r pseudotuberculosis, C. diphtheriae and Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 65, 93-101 (1993).
  • Ioneda,T. and Beaman,B.L. Thermospray mass spectral analyses of corynomycolic acids and their derivatives. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 83, 123-130 (1996).
  • Ioneda,T. and Beaman,B.L. Molecular weight determination of methyl esters of mycolic acids using thermospray mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 63, 41-46 (1992).
  • Ioneda,T. and Ishige,M. Electron impact and chemical ionization mass spectral analyses of methyl ester species of free mycolic acid fraction from Rhodococcus lentifragmentus. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 83, 93-109 (1996).
  • Iwahashi,H., Deterding,L.J., Parker,C.E., Mason,R.P. and Tomer,K.B. Identification of radical adducts formed in the reactions of unsaturated fatty acids with soybean lipoxygenase using continuous-flow fast-atom-bombardment with tandem-mass spectrometry. Free Rad. Res., 25, 255-274 (1996).
  • Iwahashi,H., Parker,C.E., Mason,R.P. and Tomer,K.B. Radical adducts of nitrosobenzene and 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane with 12,13-epoxylinoleic acid radical, 12,13-epoxylinolenic acid radical and 14,15-epoxyarachidonic acid radical. Biochem. J., 276, 447-453 (1991).
  • Jacob,J. and Raab,G. 2,3-Dihydroxy fatty acids-containing waxes in storks (Ciconiidae). Z. Naturforsch., 51, 743-749 (1996).
  • Jensen,N., Lam,K., Cody,R.B. and Tamura,J. Evidence for distinction of cis and trans isomers of mono-unsaturated fatty acids by FAB-MS. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 4, 239-241 (1990).
  • Jensen,N.J., Haas,G.W. and Gross,M.L. Ion-neutral complex intermediate for loss of water from fatty acid carboxylates. Org. Mass Spectrom., 27, 423-427 (1992).
  • Jiang,H.L., Kruger,N., Lahiri,D.R., Wang,D.R., Vatele,J.M. and Balazy,M. Nitrogen dioxide induces cis-trans-isomerization of arachidonic acid within cellular phospholipids - Detection of trans-arachidonic acids in vivo. J. Biol. Chem., 274, 16235-16241 (1999).
  • Jin,S.-J., Hoppel,C.L. and Tserng,K.-Y. Incomplete fatty acid oxidation. The production and epimerization of fatty acids. J. Biol. Chem., 267, 119-125 (1992).
  • Jira,W., Spiteller,G. and Schramm,A. Increase in hydroxy fatty acids in human low density lipoproteins. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 84, 165-173 (1996).
  • Joh,Y.-G., Brechany,E.Y. and Christie,W.W. Characterization of wax esters in the roe oil of amber fish, Seriola aureovittata. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 72, 707-713 (1995).
  • Joh,Y.G., Elenkov,I.J., Stefanov,K.L., Popov,S.S., Dobson,G. and Christie,W.W. Novel di-, tri-, and tetraenoic fatty acids with bis-methylene-interrupted double-bond systems from the sponge Haliclona cinerea. Lipids, 32, 13-17 (1997).
  • Johnson,D.W. Dimethylaminoethyl esters for trace, rapid analysis of fatty acids by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 13, 2388-2393 (1999).
  • Johnson,D.W., Beckman,K., Fellenberg,A.J., Robinson,B.S. and Poulos,A. Monoenoic fatty acids in human brain lipids: isomer identification and distribution. Lipids, 27, 177-180 (1992).
  • Johnson,J.A., Blackburn,M.L., Bull,A.W., Welsch,C.W. and Watson,J.T. Separation and quantitation of linoleic acid oxidation products in mammary gland tissue from mice fed low-and high-fat diets. Lipids, 32, 369-375 (1997).
  • Johnson,S.B. and Brown,R.E. Simplified derivatization for determining sphingolipid fatty acyl composition by GC-MS. J. Chromatogr. A, 605, 281-6 (1992).
  • Jones,A.D. Quantitative capillary GC-MS of lipids using stable isotope dilution methods. In: 'Lipid Chromatographic Analysis', pp. 347-364 (edited by T. Shibamoto, Dekker, NY) (1993).
  • Juaneda,P. and Sebedio,J.L. Combined silver-ion and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography for the separation and identification of C-20 metabolites of conjugated linoleic acid isomers in rat liver lipids. J. Chromatogr. B, 724, 213-219 (1999).
  • Jung,S. and Hollingsworth,R.I. Structures and stereochemistry of the very-long alpha,omega-bifunctional alkyl species in the membranes of Sarcina ventriculi indicate that they are formed by tail-to-tail coupling of normal fatty acids. J. Lipid Res., 35, 1932-1945 (1994).
  • Jung,S., Lowe,S.E., Hollingsworth,R.I. and Zeikus,J.G. Sarcina ventriculi synthesises very long chain dicarboxylic acids in response to different forms of environmental stress. J. Biol. Chem., 268, 2828-2835 (1993).
  • Jung,S.H., Zeikus,J.G. and Hollingsworth,R.I. A new family of very-long-chain alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acids is a major structural fatty acid component of the membrane lipids of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus 39E. J. Lipid Res., 35, 1057-1065 (1994).
  • Käkelä,R., Ackman,R.G. and Hyvärinen,H. Very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the blubber of ringed seals (Phoca hispida sp.) from Lake Saimaa, Lake Ladoga, the Baltic Sea, and Spitsbergen. Lipids, 30, 725-731 (1995).
  • Kakela,R., Hyvarinen,H. and Vainiotalo,P. Unusual fatty acids in the depot fat of the Canadian beaver (Castor canadensis). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 113, 625-629 (1996).
  • Kamada,N., Kawashima,H., Sakuradani,E., Akimoto,K., Ogawa,U. and Shimizu,S. Production of 8,11-cis-eicosadienoic acid by a Delta 5 and Delta 12 desaturase-defective mutant derived from the arachidonic acid-producing fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 76, 1269-1274 (1999).
  • Kamal-Eldin,A., Maatta,K., Toivo,J., Lampi,A.M. and Piironen,V. Acid-catalyzed isomerization of fucosterol and Delta(5)-avenasterol. Lipids, 33, 1073-1077 (1998).
  • Kaya,K., Sano,T. and Shiraishi,F. Tetrahydropyran ring-containing fatty acid-combined taurine (tetrathermoyltaurine) in the taurolipid fraction of Tetrahymena thermophila. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1127, 22-27 (1992).
  • Kerwin,J.L. and Torvik,J.J. Identification of monohydroxy fatty acids by electrospray-mass spectrometry and tandem-mass spectrometry. Anal. Biochem., 237, 56-64 (1996).
  • Kerwin,J.L., Wiens,A.L. and Ericsson,L.H. Identification of fatty acids by electrospray mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry. J. Mass Spectrom., 31, 184-192 (1996).
  • Keusgen,M., Curtis,J.M. and Ayer,S.W. The use of nicotinates and sulfoquinovosyl monoacylglycerols in the analysis of monounsaturated n-3 fatty acids by mass spectrometry. Lipids, 31, 231-238 (1996).
  • Keusgen,M., Curtis,J.M., Thibault,P., Walter,J.A., Windust,A. and Ayer,S.W. Sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerols from the alga Heterosigma carterae. Lipids, 32, 1101-1112 (1997).
  • Kim,H.-Y. and Sawazaki,S. Structural analysis of hydroxy fatty acids by thermospray liquid chromatography/tandem MS. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 22, 302-310 (1993).
  • Kim,Y.H., Yoo,J.S. and Kim,M.S. Structural determination of fatty acyl groups of phospholipids by fast atom bombardment tandem mass spectrometry of sodium adduct molecular ions. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 18, 874-880 (1997).
  • Koizumi,C., Jeong,B.Y. and Ohshima,T. Fatty chain composition of ether and ester glycerophospholipids in the Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg). Lipids, 25, 363-370 (1990).
  • Kramer,J.K.G., Fellner,V., Dugan,M.E.R., Sauer,F.D., Mossoba,M.M. and Yurawecz,M.P. Evaluating acid and base catalysts in the methylation of milk and rumen fatty acids with special emphasis on conjugated dienes and total trans fatty acids. Lipids, 32, 1219-1228 (1997).
  • Kuhn,H., Belker,J., Wiesner,R., Schewe,T., Lankin,V.Z. and Tikhaze,A.K. Structure elucidation of oxygenated lipids in human atherosclerotic lesions. Eicosanoids, 5, 17-22 (1992).
  • Kuhn,H., Belkner,J. and Wiesner,R. Subcellular distribution of lipoxygenase products in rabbit reticulocyte membranes. Eur. J. Biochem., 191, 221-227 (1990).
  • Kuhn,H., Belkner,J., Wiesner,R. and Alder,L. Occurrence of 9- and 13-keto-octadecadienoic acid in biological membranes oxygenated by the reticulocyte lipoxygenase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 279, 218-224 (1990).
  • Kuhn,H., Heydeck,D. and Sprecher,H. On the mechanistic reason for the dual positional specificity of the reticulocyte lipoxygenase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1081, 129-134 (1991).
  • Kuhn,H., Sprecher,H. and Brash,A.R. On singular or dual position specificity of lipoxygenases. The number of chiral products varies with alignment of methylene groups at the active site of the enzyme. J. Biol. Chem., 265, 16300-16305 (1990).
  • Kuksis,A. Lipids. In: J. Chromatogr. Library. Vol. 51. Part B., pp. B171-B227 (edited by E. Heftmann, Elsevier, Amsterdam) (1992).
  • Kuksis,A. and Myher,J.J. Application of tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of long-chain carboxylic acids. J. Chromatogr. B, 671, 35-70 (1995).
  • Kusaka,T. and Ikeda,M. LC-MS of fatty acids including hydroxy and hydroperoxy acids as their 3-methyl-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-2-one derivatives. J. Chromatogr. A, 639, 165-173 (1993).
  • Kuwahara,Y., Samejima,M., Sakata,T., Kurosa,K., Sato,M., Matsuyama,S. and Suzuki,T. Chemical ecology of astigmatid mites. 44. identification of (Z,Z,Z)-5,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid and (Z,Z)-5,9-octadecadienoic acid as possible biosynthetic precursors of new hydrocarbons (Z,Z,Z)-4,8,11-heptadecatriene and (Z,Z)-4,8-heptadecadiene found in the astigmatid mite, Tortonia sp. Appl. Entomol. Zool., 30, 433-441 (1995).
  • Laakso,P. Supercritical fluid chromatography of lipids. In: 'Advances in Lipid Methodology - One' (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Ayr), pp. 81-119 (1992).
  • Laethem,R.M., Balazy,M. and Koop,D.R. Epoxidation of C18 unsaturated fatty-acids by cytochromes P4502c2 and and P4502caa. Drug Metab. Disposition, 24, 664-668 (1996).
  • Lamberto,M. and Ackman,R.G. Positional isomerization of trans-3-hexadecenoic acid employing 2-amino-2-methylpropanol as a derivatizing agent for double bond location by GC/MS. Anal. Biochem., 230, 224-228 (1995).
  • Lamberto,M. and Ackman,R.G. Confirmation by GC/MS of two unusual trans-3-monoethylenic fatty acids from the Nova Scotian seaweeds Palmaria palmata and Choridrus crispus. Lipids, 29, 441-444 (1994).
  • Lanser,A.C. Bioconversion of oleic acid to a series of keto-hydroxy and dihydroxy acids by Bacillus species NRRL BD-447: Identification of 7-hydroxy-16-oxo-9-cis-octadecenoic acid. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 1809-1813 (1998).
  • Lanser,A.C. and Manthey,L.K. Bioconversion of oleic acid by Bacillus strain NRRL BD-447: Identification of 7-hydroxy-17-oxo-9-cis-octadecenoic acid. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 76, 1023-1026 (1999).
  • Lanser,A.C., Plattner,R.D. and Bagby,M.O. Production of 15-, 16- and 17-hydroxy-9-octadecenoic acids by bioconversion of oleic acid with Bacillus pumilus. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 69, 363-366 (1992).
  • Lavillonniere,F., Martin,J.C., Bougnoux,P. and Sebedio,J.L. Analysis of conjugated linoleic acid isomers and content in French cheeses. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 343-352 (1998).
  • Le Quere,J.-L. Tandem mass spectrometry in the structural analysis of lipids. In: 'Advances in Lipid Methodology - Two', pp. 215-245 (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Dundee) (1993).
  • Le Quere,J.-L., Sebedio,J.L., Henry,R., Couderc,F., Demont,N. and Prome,J.C. GC-MS and GC-tandem MS of cyclic fatty acid monomers isolated from heated fats. J. Chromatogr. B, 562, 659-672 (1991).
  • Lee,H-B., Peart,T.E. and Carron,J.M. GC and MS determination of some resin and fatty acids in pulpmill effluents as their pentafluorobenzyl ester derivatives. J. Chromatogr. A, 498, 367-380 (1990).
  • Lee,W.N.P., Byerley,L.O., Bassilian,S., Ajie,H.O., Clark,I., Edmond,J. and Bergner,E.A. Isotopomer study of lipogenesis in human hepatoma cells in culture: contribution of carbon and hydrogen atoms from glucose. Anal. Biochem., 226, 100-112 (1995).
  • Lehmann,W.D., Stephan,M., Fuerstenberger,G. and Marks,F. Profiling of monohydroxylated fatty acids in normal, hyperplastic and neoplastic mouse epidermis by GC-MS. Dev. Oncol., 71, 405-408 (1993).
  • Leth,T. Chemometric analysis of mass spectra of cis and trans fatty acid picolinyl esters. Z. Lebensm.-Unters. Forsch., 205, 111-115 (1997).
  • Libert,R., Van Hoof,F., Thillaye,M., Vincent,M.F., Nassogne,M.C., Stroobant,V., de Hoffmann,E. and Schanck,A. Identification of new medium-chain acylcarnitines present in normal human urine. Anal. Biochem., 251, 196-205 (1997).
  • Libert,R., Van Hoof,F., Thillaye,M., Vincent,M.F., Nassogne,M.C., Stroobant,V., de Hoffmann,E. and Schanck,A. Identification of new medium-chain acylcarnitines present in urine of a patient with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. J. Inher. Metab. Dis., 22, 9-18 (1999).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Chau,S.H. Mass spectral studies on positional isomers of methyl telluralaurate. J. Mass Spectrom., 31, 115-117 (1996).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Cheung,Y.K. Mass spectral studies on methyl and picolinyl ester derivatives of isomeric selena fatty acids. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 21, 505-508 (1992).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Choi,Y.C. Mass spectral determination of deuterium-labelled picolinyl fatty esters in the determination of double bond position. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 69, 1245-1247 (1992).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Choi,Y.C. GC-MS of saturated and unsaturated even and odd-number long chain fatty acids by analysis of the picolinyl esters. Application to a Chinese medicinial seed (Cuscuta semen) seed oil. J. Int. Fed. Clin. Chem., 3, 121-128 (1991).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Choi,Y.C. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the picolinyl ester derivatives of deuterated acetylenic fatty acids. J. Chromatogr. A, 625, 271-276 (1992).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F., Cheung,Y.K., Chau,S.H., Christie,W.W. and Brechany,E.Y. Mass spectra of the picolinyl ester derivatives of some conjugated diacetylenic acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 63, 65-68 (1992).
  • Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F., Choi,C.Y.C., Berger,A. and Berger,R.G. Re-examination of the fatty acid composition of Biota orientalis seed oil by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the picolinyl ester derivatives. J. Chromatogr. A, 543, 257-261 (1991).
  • Liebich,H.M., Schmeider,N., Wahl,H.G. and Woll,J. Separation and identification of unsaturated fatty acid isomers in blood serum and therapeutic oil preparations in the form of their oxazoline derivatives by GC-MS. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 17, 519-521 (1994).
  • Liu,Y.D., Longmore,R.B. and Fox,J.E.D. Separation and identification of ximenynic acid isomers in the seed oil of Santalum spicatum RBr as their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1729-1731 (1996).
  • Luthria,D.L. and Sprecher,H. 2-Alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazolines as derivatives for the structural elucidation of isomeric unsaturated fatty acids. Lipids, 28, 561-564 (1993).
  • MacMillan,D.K. and Murphy,R.C. Analysis of lipid hydroperoxides and long-chain conjugated keto acids by negative-ion electrospray mass spectrometry. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 6, 1190-1201 (1995).
  • MacPherson,J.C., Bemis,D.L., Jacobs,R.S., Gerwick,W.H. and Todd,J. NMR in conjunction with GC-MS and UV methods: a case study on marine lipids. In: 'Spectral Properties of Lipids', pp. 97-122 (edited by R.J. Hamilton & J. Cast, Sheffield Academic Press) (1998).
  • Maile,R., Dani,F.R., Jones,G.R., Morgan,E.D. and Ortius,D. Sampling techniques for gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of long-chain free fatty acids from insect exocrine glands. J. Chromatogr. A, 816, 169-175 (1998).
  • Mansour,M.P., Volkman,J.K., Holdsworth,D.G., Jackson,A.E. and Blackburn,S.I. Very-long-chain (C-28) highly unsaturated fatty acids in marine dinoflagellates. Phytochemistry, 50, 541-548 (1999).
  • Martinez,A., Duque,C. and Fujimoto,Y. Novel fatty acid esters of (7E,12E,18R,20Z)-variabilin from the marine sponge Ircinia felix. Lipids, 32, 565-569 (1997).
  • Marty,Y., Soudant,P., Perrotte,S., Moal,J., Dussauze,J. and Samain,J.F. Identification and occurrence of a novel cis-4,7,10,trans-13-docosatetraenoic fatty acid in the scallop Pecten maximus (L.). J. Chromatogr. A, 839, 119-127 (1999).
  • Marx,F. and Classen,E. Analysis of epoxy fatty acids by GC-MS of their dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Fat Sci. Technol., 96, 207-211 (1994).
  • Matsumoto,M., Kuhara,T., Shinka,T., Matsomoto,I. and Kajita,M. Mass spectrometric identification of 2-hydroxydodecanedioic acid and its homologues in urine from patients with hopantenate therapy during clinical episodes. Biomed. Environm. Mass Spectrom., 19, 171-175 (1990).
  • Matucha,M., Jockisch,W., Verner,P. and Anders,G. Isotope effects in GLC of labelled compounds. J. Chromatogr. A, 588, 251-258 (1992).
  • Mayakova,T.I., Kuznetsova,E.E., Kovaleva,M.G. and Plyusnin,S.A. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric study of lipids and rapid diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J. Chromatogr. B, 672, 133-137 (1995).
  • Mazzola,E.P., McMahon,J.B., McDonald,R.E., Yurawecz,M.P., Sehat,N. and Mossoba,M.M. C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectral confirmation of Delta 6- and Delta 7-trans-18:1 fatty acid methyl ester positional isomers. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 1335-1337 (1997).
  • McKinney,D.E., Bortiatynski,J.M., Carson,D.M., Clifford,D.J., DeLeeuw,J.W. and Hatcher,P.G. Tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) thermochemolysis of the aliphatic biopolymer cutan: insights into the chemical structure. Org. Geochem., 24, 641-650 (1996).
  • McLearie,J.L., Sinclair,R.S., Chacon,J.N. and Smith,F.J. Synthesis and characterisation of the photosensitised oxidation reaction products of phenyl esters of linoleic and arachidonic acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 62, 165-176 (1992).
  • Mielniczuk,Z., Alugupalli,S., Mielniczuk,E. and Larsson,L. GC-MS of lipopolysaccharide 3-hydroxy fatty acids - comparison of pentafluorobenzyl and trimethylsilyl methyl ester derivatives. J. Chromatogr. A, 623, 115-122 (1992).
  • Mielniczuk,Z., Mielniczuk,E. and Larsson,L. GC-MS methods for analysis of 2- and 3-hydroxylated fatty acids: application for endotoxin measurement. J. Microb. Methods, 17, 91-102 (1993).
  • Mikami,T., Tsuchihashi,K., Kashiwagi,M., Yachida,Y., Daino,T., Hashi,K., Akino,T. and Gasa,S. Characterization of an O-fatty-acylated sulfatide from equine brain. Eur. J. Biochem., 255, 289-295 (1998).
  • Mikhailova,M.V., Bemis,D.L., Wise,M.L., Gerwick,W.H., Norris,J.N. and Jacobs,R.S. Structure and biosynthesis of novel conjugated polyene fatty acids from the marine green alga Anadyomene stellata. Lipids, 30, 583-589 (1995).
  • Milley,J.E., Boyd,R.K., Curtis,J.M., Musial,C. and Uthe,J.F. Dichloromyristic acid, a major component of organochlorine load in lobster digestive gland. Environm. Sci. Technol., 31, 535-541 (1997).
  • Minnikin,D.E., Dobson,G., Bolton,R.C. and Parlett,J.H. HPLC and spectroscopic analyses of Mycobacterial waxes and glycolipids In: Analytical Microbiology Methods. pp. 137-148 (edited by A. Fox, S.L. Morgan, L. Larsson & G. Odham, Plenum Press, New York) (1990).
  • Miralles,J., Barnathan,G., Galonnier,R., Sall,T., Samb,A., Gaydou,E.M. and Kornprobst,J.M. New branched-chain fatty acids from the Senegalese gorgonian Leptogorgia piccola (white and yellow morphs). Lipids, 30, 459-466 (1995).
  • Mlakar,A. and Spiteller,G. Reinvestigation of lipid peroxidation of linolenic acid. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1214, 209-220 (1994).
  • Mlakar,A. and Spiteller,G. Distinction between enzymatic and nonenzymic lipid peroxidation. J. Chromatogr. A, 743, 293-300 (1996).
  • Mlakar,A. and Spiteller,G. Dihydroxy and hydroxyoxo fatty acids as products of nonenzymic lipid peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 82, 25-32 (1996).
  • Moore,B.S., Walker,K., Tornus,I., Handa,S., Poralla,K. and Floss,H.G. Biosynthetic studies of omega-cycloheptyl fatty acids in alicyclobacillus cycloheptanicus. Formation of cycloheptanecarboxylic acid from phenylacetic acid. J. Org. Chem., 62, 2173-2185 (1997).
  • Mossoba,M.M., Kramer,J.K.G,. Yurawecz,M.P., Sehat,N., Roach,J.A.G., Eulitz,K., Fritsche,J., Dugan,M.E.R. and Ku,Y. Impact of novel methodologies on the analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Implications of CLA feeding studies. Fett-Lipid, 101, 235-243 (1999).
  • Mossoba,M.M., McDonald,R.E., Roach,J.A.G., Fingerhut,D.D., Yurawecz,M.P. and Sehat,N. Spectral confirmation of trans monounsaturated C18 fatty acid positional isomers. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 125-130 (1997).
  • Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Lin,H.S., McDonald,R.E., Flickinger,B.D. and Perkins,E.G. Elucidation of cyclic fatty acid monomer structures. Cyclic and bicyclic ring sizes and double bond position and configuration. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 72, 721-727 (1995).
  • Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Lin,H.S., McDonald,R.E., Flickinger,B.D. and Perkins,E.G. Rapid determination of double bond configuration and position along the hydrocarbon chain in cyclic fatty acid monomers. Lipids, 29, 893-896 (1994).
  • Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., McDonald,R.E. and Perkins,E.G. Confirmatory mass spectral data for cyclic fatty acid monomers. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1317-1321 (1996).
  • Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., McDonald,R.E., Flickinger,B.D. and Perkins,E.G. Analysis of cyclic fatty acid monomer 2-alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives by gas chromatography-matrix isolation-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 3193-3196 (1996).
  • Mottram,H.R., Dudd,S.N., Lawrence,G.J., Stott,A.W. and Evershed,R.P. New chromatographic, mass spectrometric and stable isotope approaches to the classification of degraded animal fats preserved in archaeological pottery. J. Chromatogr. A, 833, 209-221 (1999).
  • Mu,H., Wesen,C., Sundin,P. and Nilsson,E. Gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric identification of tetrachloroalkanoic and dichloroalkanoic acids in eel lipids. J. Mass Spectrom., 31, 517-526 (1996).
  • Mu,H.L., Sundin,P. and Wesen,C. Halogenated fatty acids. 2. Methods of determination in lipids. Trends Anal. Chem., 16, 274-286 (1997).
  • Muizebelt,W.J. and Nielen,M.W.F. Oxidative crosslinking of unsaturated fatty acids studied with mass spectrometry. J. Mass Spectrom., 31, 545-554 (1996).
  • Murphy,R.C. Mass Spectrometry of Lipids (Handbook of Lipid Research, Vol. 7) (Plenum Press, N.Y.) (1993).
  • Murphy,R.C., Khaselev,N., Nakamura,T. and Hall,L.M. Oxidation of glycerophospholipids from biological membranes by reactive oxygen species: liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of eicosanoid products. J. Chromatogr. B, 731, 59-71 (1999).
  • Negri,A.P., Cornell,H.J. and Rivett,D.S. The nature of covalently bound fatty acids in wool fibres. Austral. J. Agric. Res., 42, 1285-1292 (1991).
  • Nemoto,T., Yoshino,G., Ojika,M. and Sakagami,Y. Amphimic acids and related long-chain fatty acids as DNA topoisomerase I inhibitors from an Australian sponge, Amphimedon sp: Isolation, structure, synthesis, and biological evaluation. Tetrahedron, 53, 16699-16710 (1997).
  • Niepel,T., Meyer,H., Wray,V. and Abraham,W.-R. Intraspecific variation of unusual phospholipids from Corynebacterium spp. containing a novel fatty acid. J. Bact., 180, 4650-4657 (1998).
  • Nikolova-Damyanova,B., Christie,W.W. and Herslof,B. The structure of the triacylglycerols of meadowfoam oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 67, 503-507 (1990).
  • Nilsson,R. and Liljenberg,C. The determination of double bond positions in polyunsaturated fatty acids - GC/MS of the diethylamide derivatives. Phytochem. Anal., 2, 253-259 (1991).
  • Nimz,E.L. and Morgan,S.L. On-line derivatization for complex fatty acid mixtures by capillary GC-MS. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 31, 145-149 (1993).
  • Nizigiyimana,L., Rajan,P.K., Haemers,A., Claeys,M. and Derrick,P.J. Mechanistic aspects of high-energy collision-induced dissociation proximate to the charge in saturated fatty acid N-butyl esters cationized with lithium. Evidence for hydrogen radical removal. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 11, 1808-1812 (1997).
  • Nizigiyimana,L., Van den Heuvel,H. and Claeys,M. Comparison of low- and high-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry in the analysis of ricinoleic and ricinelaidic acid. J. Mass Spectrom., 32, 277-286 (1997).
  • Nizigiyimana,L., VandenHeuvel,H. and Claeys,M. Mechanistic aspects of high-energy collision-induced dissociation in 1,4-bis-unsaturated fatty acid esters cationized with lithium. Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 106, 439-446 (1997).
  • Oldham,N.J. and Svatos,A. Determination of the double bond position in functionalized monoenes by chemical ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry using acetonitrile as a reagent gas. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 13, 331-336 (1999).
  • Oliw,E.H., Su,C., Skogstrom,T. and Benthin,G. Analysis of novel hydroperoxides and other metabolites of oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry with ion trap MnS. Lipids, 33, 843-852 (1998).
  • Orgambide,G,G., Reusch,R.N. and Dazzo,F.B. Methoxylated fatty acids reported in Rhizobium isolates arise from chemical alterations of common fatty acids upon acid-catalyzed transesterification procedures. J. Bact., 175, 4922-4926 (1993).
  • Osterroht,C. Extraction of dissolved fatty acids from sea water. Fres. J. Anal. Chem., 345, 773-779 (1993).
  • Paik,M.J., Lee,K.O. and Shin,H.S. Determination of very-long-chain fatty acids in serum by gas chromatography-nitrogen-phosphorus detection following cyanomethylation. J. Chromatogr. B, 721, 3-11 (1999).
  • Passi,S., Picardo,M., De Luca,C., Nazzarro-Porro,M., Rossi,L. and Rotilio,G. Saturated dicarboxylic acids as products of unsaturated fatty acid oxidation. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1168, 190-198 (1993).
  • Patterson,B.W. and Wolfe,R.R. Concentration dependence of methyl palmitate isotope ratios by electron inpact ionization GC/MS. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 22, 481-486 (1993).
  • Patterson,B.W., Zhao,G.H., Elias,N., Hachey,D.L. and Klein,S. Validation of a new procedure to determine plasma fatty acid concentration and isotopic enrichment. J. Lipid Res., 40, 2118-2124 (1999).
  • Pawlosky,R.J., Sprecher,H.W. and Salem,N. High sensitivity negative ion GC-MS method for detection of desaturated and chain-elongated products of deuterated linoleic and linolenic acids. J. Lipid Res., 33, 1711-1717 (1992).
  • Pazouki,S., Baty,J.D., Wallace,H.M. and Coleman,C.S. Study of fatty acid profiles in cancer cells grown in culture using GC-MS. Analyst, 115, 517-520 (1990).
  • Pepe,C., Balcar,N., Dizabo,P., Dagaut,J., Saliot,A., Couffignal,R. and Sayer,H. Determination of positions of double bonds in diunsaturated esters and a disubstituted gamma-lactone by means of GC/MS of dimethyl disulfide derivatives. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 9, 1576-1579 (1995).
  • Pepe,C., Sayer,H., Balcar,N., Dagaut,J. and Couffignal,R. Determination of the position of the double bonds in di-unsaturated compounds by means of gas chromatography mass spectrometry of dimethyl disulfide derivatives. Eur. Mass Spectrom., 3, 465-469 (1997).
  • Petersson,M.A., Hulthe,G. and Fogelqvist,E. New sheathless interface for coupling capillary electrophoresis to electrospray mass spectrometry evaluated by the analysis of fatty acids and prostaglandins. J. Chromatogr. A, 854, 141-154 (1999).
  • Petrzika,M., Engst,W. and Macholz,R. Mass spectrometric structural analysis of fatty acid mixtures from biological material after capillary GC. Nahrung, 35, 491-502 (1991).
  • Pitt,J.J. GC-MS characterisation of unsaturated dicarboxylic acids in urine. J. Chromatogr. B, 534, 182-189 (1990).
  • Polzer,J. and Bachmann,K. Sensitive determination of alkyl hydroperoxides by high-resolution GC-MS and high-resolution GC with flame ionization detection. J. Chromatogr. A, 653, 283-291 (1993).
  • Prome,J.-C., Aurelle,H., Couderc,F., Prome,D., Savagnac,A. and Treilhou,M. Structural determination of unsaturated long chain fatty acids from Mycobacteria by capillary GC and collision activation dissociation MS. In: Analytical Microbiology Methods. pp. 163-178 (edited by A. Fox, S.L. Morgan, L. Larsson & G. Odham, Plenum Press, New York) (1990).
  • Proteau,P.J. and Gerwick,W.H. Divinyl ethers and hydroxy fatty acids from three species of Laminaria (brown algae). Lipids, 28, 783-787 (1993).
  • Ramamurthi,S., Manohar,V. and Mani,V.V.S. Characterization of fatty acid isomers in dehydrated castor oil by gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry techniques. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 75, 1297-1303 (1998).
  • Ratnayake,W.M.N. and Pelletier,G. Positional and geometrical isomers of linoleic acid in partially hydrogenated oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 69, 95-105 (1992).
  • Ratnayake,W.M.N., Chen,Z.Y., Pelletier,G. and Weber,D. Occurrence of 5c,8c,11c,15t-eicosatetraenoic acid and other unusual polyunsaturated fatty acids in rats fed partially hydrogenated canola oils. Lipids, 29, 707-714 (1994).
  • Ray,A.K., Lin,Y.Y., Gerard,H.C., Chen,Z.J., Osman,S.F., Fett,W.F., Moreau,R.A. and Stark,R.E. Separation and identification of lime cutin monomers by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Phytochemistry, 38, 1361-1369 (1995).
  • Reynaud,D., Thickitt,C.P. and Pace-Asciak,C.R. Facile preparation and structure determination of monohydroxy derivatives of docosahexaenoic acid by alpha-tocopherol-directed autoxidation. Anal. Biochem., 214, 165-170 (1993).
  • Rezanka,T. Polyunsaturated and unusual fatty acids from slime moulds. Phytochemistry, 33, 1441-1444 (1993).
  • Rezanka,T. Branched and very long-chain dicarboxylic acids from Equisetum species. Phytochemistry, 47, 1539-1543 (1998).
  • Rezanka,T. Analysis of very long chain fatty acids by HPLC and GC-MS with chemical ionization. LC-GC Int., 3 (10), 46-49 (1990).
  • Rezanka,T. Identification of very long polyenoic acids as picolinyl esters by Ag+ ion-exchange HPLC, reversed-phase HPLC and GC-MS. J. Chromatogr. A, 513, 344-348 (1990).
  • Rezanka,T. Identification of very-long-chain acids from peat and coals by capillary GC-MS. J. Chromatogr. A, 627, 241-245 (1992).
  • Rezanka,T. and Dembitsky,V.M. Identification of unusual cyclopropane monounsaturated fatty acids from the deep-water lake invertebrate Acanthogammarus grewingkii. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 109, 407-413 (1994).
  • Rezanka,T. and Dembitsky,V.M. Isoprenoid fatty acids from fresh-water sponges. J. Nat. Prod., 56, 1898-1904 (1993).
  • Rezanka,T. and Sokolov,M.Y. Rapid method for the enrichment of very long-chain fatty acids from microorganisms. J. Chromatogr. A, 636, 249-254 (1993).
  • Rezanka,T. and Solokov,M.Y. Identification of fatty acids longer than C32 in a sulphate reducing bacterium by reversed-phase HPLC and GC-MS. J. Chromatogr. A, 508, 275-277 (1990).
  • Rezanka,T., Rozentsvet,O.A. and Dembitsky,V.M. Characterization of the hydroxy fatty acid content of Basidiomycotina. Folia Microbiol., 44, 635-641 (1999).
  • Rezanka,T., Sokolov,M.Y. and Viden,I. Unusual and very-long-chain fatty acids in Desulfotomaculum, a sulfate-reducing bacterium. FEMS Microbiol. Letts, 73, 231-238 (1990).
  • Rezanka,T., Zlatkin,I.V., Viden,I., Slabova,O.I. and Nikitin,D.I. Capillary GC-MS of unusual and very-long-chain fatty acids from soil Oligotrophic bacteria. J. Chromatogr. A, 558, 215-221 (1991).
  • Rezanka.T. and Dembitsky,V.M. Novel brominated lipidic compounds from lichens of Central Asia. Phytochemistry, 51, 963-968 (1999).
  • Rezanka.T. and Dembitsky,V.M. Very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in crustacea of the order Bathynellacea. Biochem. System. Ecol., 27, 551-558 (1999).
  • Rezanka.T. and Dembitsky,V.M. Fatty acids of lichen species from Tian Shan Mountains. Folia Microbiol., 44, 643-646 (1999).
  • Rezanka.T. and Dembitsky,V.M. Brominated fatty acids from lichen Acorospora gobiensis. Phytochemistry, 50, 97-99 (1999).
  • Ribot,E., Grandgirard,A., Sebedio,J.L., Grynberg,A. and Athias,P. Incorporation of cyclic fatty acid monomers in lipids of rat heart cell cultures. Lipids, 27, 79-81 (1992).
  • Rickert,R., Steinhart,H., Fritsche,J., Sehat,N., Yurawecz,M.P., Mossoba,M.M., Roach,J.A.G., Eulitz,K.., Ku,Y. and Kramer,J.K.G. Enhanced resolution of conjugated linoleic acid isomers by tandem-column silver-ion high performance liquid chromatography. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 22, 144-148 (1999).
  • Roach,J.A.G. Identification of CLA isomers in food and biological extracts by mass spectrometry. In: Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research, Vol. 1. (ed. M.P. Yurawecz, M.M. Mossoba, J.K.G. Kramer, M.W. Pariza and G.J. Nelson, AOCS Press, Champaign) pp. 126-140 (1999).
  • Roach,J.A.G., Yurawecz,M.P., Mossoba,M.M. and Eulitz,K. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of lipids. In: 'Spectral Properties of Lipids', pp. 191-234 (edited by R.J. Hamilton & J. Cast, Sheffield Academic Press) (1998).
  • Robinson,B.S., Johnson,D.W. and Poulos,A. Novel molecular species of sphingomyelin containing 2-hydroxylated polyenoic very-long-chain fatty acids in mammalian testes and spermatozoa. J. Biol. Chem., 267, 1746-1751 (1992).
  • Robinson,B.S., Johnson,D.W. and Poulos,A. Unique molecular species of phosphatidylcholine containing very-long-chain (C24-C38) polyenoic fatty acids in rat brain. Biochem. J., 265, 763-767 (1990).
  • Rohwedder,W.K., Duval,S.M., Wolf,D.J. and Emken,E.A. Measurement of the metabolic interconversion of deuterium-labelled fatty acids by GC-MS. Lipids, 25, 401-405 (1990).
  • Rojo,J.A. and Perkins,E.G. Isomer identification and gas chromatographic retention studies of monomeric cyclic fatty acid methyl esters. J. Chromatogr. A, 537, 329-344 (1991).
  • Rontani,J.F. Electron ionization mass spectrometric determination of double bond position in monounsaturated alpha,beta- and beta,gamma-isomeric isoprenoid acids. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 12, 961-967 (1998).
  • Rubino,F.M. and Zecca,L. Triple quadrupole tandem MS study of the 3-picolinyl esters of fatty acids. Org. Mass Spectrom., 27, 1240-1247 (1992).
  • Rubino,F.M. and Zecca,L. Application of triple quadrupole tandem MS to the analysis of pyridine-containing derivatives of long-chain acids and alcohols. J. Chromatogr. B, 579, 1-12 (1992).
  • Saito,T. and Ochiai,H. Fatty acid composition of the cellular slime mold Polysphondylium pallidum. Lipids, 33, 327-332 (1998).
  • Santana-Marques,M.G.O., Ferrer-Correia,A.J.V., Caldwell,K.A. and Gross,M.L. Charge-remote fragmentation and the 2-step elimination of alkanols from fast-atom bombardment-desorbed (M+H)+, (M+Cat)+ and (M-H)- ions of aromatic beta-hydroxyoximes. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 4, 819-827 (1993).
  • Santinelli,F. and Damiani,P. A simple and rapid method for concurrent determination of petroselinic and oleic acids in oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 935-938 (1997).
  • Saraf,A. and Larsson,L. Use of gas chromatography-ion-trap tandem-mass spectrometry for the determination of chemical markers of microorganisms in organic dust. J. Mass Spectrom., 31, 389-396 (1996).
  • Saraf,A., Park,J.H., Milton,D.K. and Larsson,L. Use of quadrupole GC-MS and ion trap GC-MS-MS for determining 3-hydroxy fatty acids in settled house dust: relation to endotoxin activity. J. Env. Monit., 1, 163-168 (1999).
  • Sayanova,O., Smith,M.A., Lapinskas,P., Stobart,A.K., Dobson,G., Christie,W.W. and Shewry,P.R. Expression of a borage desaturase cDNA containing an N-terminal cytochrome b5 domain results in the accumulation of high levels of D 6 -desaturated fatty acids in transgenic tobacco. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 94, 4211-4216 (1997).
  • Scheinkonig,J., Hannemann,K. and Spiteller,G. Methylation of the beta-positions of the furan ring in furanoid acids. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1254, 73-76 (1995).
  • Schmid,P.C., Holman,R.T. and Soukup,V.G. 13-Phenyltridecanoic acid in seed lipids of some aroids. Phytochemistry, 45, 1173-1175 (1997).
  • Schneider,C., Schreier,P. and Herderich,M. Analysis of lipoxygenase-derived fatty acid hydroperoxides by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Lipids, 32, 331-336 (1997).
  • Schulz,S. Mass spectrometric determination of methyl group positions in long chain methyl ethers and alcohols via nitriles. Chem. Commun., 969-970 (1997).
  • Sebedio,J.L., Catte,M., Boudier,M.A., Prevost,J. and Grandgirard,A. Formation of fatty acid geometrical isomers and of cyclic fatty acid monomers during the finish frying of frozen prefried potatoes. Food Res. Int., 29, 109-116 (1996).
  • Sebedio,J.L., Juaneda,P., Dobson,G., Ramilison,I., Martin,J.C., Chardigny,J.M. and Christie,W.W. Metabolites of conjugated isomers of linoleic acid (CLA) in the rat. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1345, 5-10 (1997).
  • Sebedio,J.L., Juaneda,P., Gregoire,S., Chardigny,J.M., Martin,J.C. and Ginies,C. Geometry of conjugated double bonds of CLA isomers in a commercial mixture and in their hepatic 20:4 metabolites. Lipids, 34, 1319-1325 (1999).
  • Sehat,N., Kramer,J.K.G., Mossoba,M.M., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Eulitz,K., Morehouse,K.M. and Ku,Y. Identification of conjugated linoleic acid isomers in cheese by gas chromatography, silver ion high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectral reconstructed ion profiles. Comparison of chromatographic elution sequences. Lipids, 33, 963-971 (1998).
  • Sehat,N., Rickert,R., Mossoba,M.M., Kramer,J.K.G., Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Adlof,R.O., Morehouse,K.M., Fritsche,J,. Eulitz,K.D., Steinhart,H. and Ku,Y. Improved separation of conjugated fatty acid methyl esters by silver ion-high-performance liquid chromatography. Lipids, 34, 407-413 (1999).
  • Shantha,K.L., Rao Bhaskar,V.S. and Pratap,G. Mass spectra of 6-oxo and 7-oxo aliphatic acids. Fette Wissens.Techn., 95, 344-346 (1993).
  • Shibahara,A., Yamamoto,K., Shinkai,K., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. cis-9,cis-15-Octadecadienoic acid: a novel fatty acid found in higher plants. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1170, 245-252 (1993).
  • Shimada,K., Mukai,Y., Nakajima,A. and Naka,Y. Studies on neurosteroids.6. Characterization of fatty acid esters of pregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone in rat brains using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Anal. Commun., 34, 145-146 (1997).
  • Shirasaka,N., Nishi,K. and Shimizu,S. Biosynthesis of furan fatty acids (F-acids) by a marine bacterium, Shewanella putrefaciens. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1346, 253-260 (1997).
  • Shirasaka,N., Nishi,K. and Shimizu,S. Occurrence of a furan fatty acid in marine bacteria. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1258, 225-227 (1995).
  • Simon,E., Kern,W. and Spiteller,G. Location of the branch in monomethyl branched fatty acids. Biomed. Environm. Mass Spectrom., 19, 129-136 (1990).
  • Sittig,M. and Hirsch,P. Chemotaxonomic investigation of budding and or hyphal bacteria. System. Appl. Microbiol., 15, 209-222 (1992).
  • Skovly,J., Lundanes,E. and Greibrokk,T. Determination of the identity of by-products in the industrial production of saturated fatty acids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1297-1304 (1996).
  • Sok,D-E. and Kim,M.R. Enzymatic formation of 9,16-dihydro(pero)xyoctadecatrienoic acid isomers from alpha-linolenic acid. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 277, 86-93 (1990).
  • Spitzer,V. Fatty acid composition of some seed oils of the Sapindaceae. Phytochemistry, 42, 1357-1360 (1996).
  • Spitzer,V. GLC-MS analysis of the fatty acids of the seed oil, triglycerides, and cyanolipid of Paullinia elegans (Sapindaceae) - a rich source of cis-13-eicosenoic acid (paullinic acid). J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 18, 413-416 (1995).
  • Spitzer,V. Gas chromatography/(electron impact)mass spectrometry analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) using different derivatization techniques. In: Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research, Vol. 1. (ed. M.P. Yurawecz, M.M. Mossoba, J.K.G. Kramer, M.W. Pariza and G.J. Nelson, AOCS Press, Champaign) pp. 110-125 (1999).
  • Spitzer,V. Structure analysis of fatty acids by gas chromatography - low resolution electron impact mass spectrometry of their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives - a review. Prog. Lipid Res., 35, 387-408 (1997).
  • Spitzer,V. Screening analysis of unknown seed oils. Fett-Lipid, 101, 2-19 (1999).
  • Spitzer,V. GC-MS (chemical ionization and electron impact modes) characterization of the methyl esters and oxazoline derivatives of cyclopropene fatty acids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 68, 963-969 (1991).
  • Spitzer,V. The mass spectra of the 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of some conjugated hydroxy ene-yne C17 and C18 fatty acids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 489-492 (1996).
  • Spitzer,V. The mass spectra of the 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of the methoxymethyl olefins of malvalic and sterculic acids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 72, 389-390 (1995).
  • Spitzer,V., Aitzetmuller,K. and Vosmann,K. The seed oil of Bernardia pulchella (Euphorbiaceae): a rich source of vernolic acid. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1733-1735 (1996).
  • Spitzer,V., Bordignon,S.A. de L., Schenkel,E.P. and Marx,F. Identification of nine acetylenic fatty acids, 9-hydroxystearic acid and 9,10-epoxystearic acid in the seed oil of Jodina rhombifolia Hook et Arn. (Santalaceae). J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 71, 1343-1348 (1994).
  • Spitzer,V., Marx,F. and Pfeilsticker,K. Electron impact mass spectra of the oxazoline derivatives of some conjugated diene and triene C18 fatty acids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 71, 873-876 (1994).
  • Spitzer,V., Marx,F., Maia,J.G.S. and Pfeilsticker,K. The mass spectra of the picolinyl ester derivatives of malvalic and sterculic acid. Fat Sci. Technol., 96, 395-396 (1994).
  • Spitzer,V., Marx,F., Maia,J.G.S. and Pfeilsticker,K. Occurrence of alpha-eleostearic acid in the seed oil of Parinari montana (Chrysobalanaceae). Fat Sci. Technol., 94, 58-60 (1992).
  • Spitzer,V., Marx,F., Maia,J.G.S. and Pfeilsticker,K. Identification of conjugated fatty-acids in the seed oil of Acioa edulis (Prance) syn Couepia edulis (Chrysobalanaceae). J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 68, 183-189 (1991).
  • Spitzer,V., Marx,F., Maia,J.G.S. and Pfeilsticker,K. Curupira tefeensis II. Occurrence of acetylenic fatty acids. Fat Sci. Technol., 93, 169-174 (1991).
  • Spitzer,V., Tomberg,W. and Pohlentz,G. Structure analysis of an allene-containing estolide tetraester triglyceride in the seed oil of Sebastiana commersoniana (Euphorbiaceae). Lipids, 32, 549-557 (1997).
  • Spitzer,V., Tomberg,W., Hartmann,R. and Aichholz,R. Analysis of the seed oil of Heisteria silvanii (Olacaceae). A rich source of a novel C-18 acetylenic fatty acid. Lipids, 32, 1189-1200 (1997).
  • Spitzer,V., Tomberg,W. and Zucolotto,M. Identification of alpha-parinaric acid in the seed oil of Sebastiana brasiliensis Sprengel (Euphorbiaceae). J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 569-573 (1996).
  • Stefanov,K., Seizova,K., Brechany,E.Y. and Christie,W.W. An unusual fatty acid composition for a fresh-water mussel, Unio tumidus, from Bulgaria. J. Nat. Prod., 55, 979-981 (1992).
  • Stefanov,K.L., Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Popov,S.S., and Andreev,S.N. Lipid composition of the red and green forms of Actinia equina from the Black Sea. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 103, 687-690 (1992).
  • Stellard,F., ten Brink,H.J., Kok,R.M., van den Heuvel,L. and Jakobs,C. Stable isotope dilution analysis of very long chain fatty acids in plasma, urine and amniotic fluid by electron capture negative ion MS. Clin. Chim. Acta, 192, 133-144 (1990).
  • Suma,K., Raju,N.P. and Vairamani,M. Liquid secondary ion mass spectral study of fatty acid methyl esters: Silver cationization and collision induced dissociation studies. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 11, 1939-1944 (1997).
  • Suutari,M. and Laakso,S. Signature GLC-MS ions in identification of delta-5- and delta-9-unsaturated iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids. J. Microb. Methods, 17, 39-48 (1993).
  • Takaichi,S. Heterogeneous position of the double bonds of unsaturated fatty acids in carotenoid glucoside esters from Rhodococcus rhodochrous RNMSI. Agric. Biol. Chem., 54, 2139-2140 (1990).
  • Takayama,M. Metastable McLafferty rearrangement reaction in the electron impact ionization of stearic acid methyl ester. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 144, 199-204 (1995).
  • Takayama,M., Hiraoka,K. and Nakata,H. Surface-ionization and electron-impact-induced fragmentation of the [M+H]+ ions of methyl stearate. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 148, L11-L16 (1995).
  • Tanaka,T., Shibata,K., Hino,H., Murashita,T., Kayama,M. and Satouchi,K. Purification and gas chromatographic mass spectrometric characterization of non-methylene interrupted fatty acid incorporated in rat liver. J. Chromatogr. B, 700, 1-8 (1997).
  • ten Brink,,H.J., Schor,D.S., Kok,,R.M. Poll-The,B.T., Wanders,R.J. and Jakobs,C. Phytanic acid alpha-oxidation: accumulation of 2-hydroxyphytanic acid and absence of 2-oxophytanic acid in plasma from patients with peroxisomal disorders. J. Lipid Res., 33, 1449-1457 (1992).
  • ten Brink,H.J., Stellaard,F., van den Heuvel,C.M.M., Kok,R.M., Schor,D.S.M., Wanders,R.J.A. and Jakobs,C. Pristanic acid and phytanic acid in plasma from patients with peroxisomal disorders: stable isotope dilution analysis with electron capture negative ion mass fragmentography. J. Lipid Res., 33, 41-47 (1992).
  • Thiel,V., Jenisch,A., Worheide,G., Lowenberg,A., Reitner,J. and Michaelis,W. Mid-chain branched alkanoic acids from 'living fossil' demosponges: a link to ancient sedimentary lipids?. Org. Geochem., 30, 1-14 (1999).
  • Thiemt,S. and Spiteller,G. 1,4-dihydroxy fatty acids: artifacts by reduction of di-and polyunsaturated fatty acids with sodium borohydride. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 160, 269-281 (1997).
  • Thomas,D.W., van Kuijk,F.J.G.M. and Stephens,R.J. Quantitative determination of hydroxy fatty acids as an indicator of in vivo lipid peroxidation: oxidation products of arachidonic and docosapentaenoic acids in rat liver after exposure to carbon tetrachloride. Anal. Biochem., 206, 353-358 (1992).
  • Thomas,D.W., van Kuijk,F.J.G.M., Dratz,E.A. and Stephens,R.J. Quantitative determination of hydroxy fatty acids as an indicator of in vivo lipid peroxidation: GC-MS methods. Anal. Biochem., 198, 104-111 (1991).
  • Toledo, M.S., Levery, S.B., Straus,A.H., Suzuki,E., Momany,M., Glushka,J., Moulton,,J.M. and Takahashi,H.K. Characterization of sphingolipids from Mycopathogens: factors correlating with expression of 2-hydroxy fatty acyl (E)- 3-unsaturation in cerebrosides of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and Aspergillus fumigatus. Biochemistry, 38, 7294-7306 (1999).
  • Toschi,T.G., Stante,F., Capella,P. and Lercker,G. Study on position and geometric configuration of methyl linoleate hydroperoxide isomers obtained by thermo-oxidation: chromatographic analyses of their corresponding hydroxy derivatives. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 18, 764-766 (1995).
  • Turnipseed,S.B., Allentoff,A.J. and Thompson,J.A. Analysis of trimethylsilylperoxy derivatives of thermally labile hydroperoxides by GC-MS. Anal. Biochem., 213, 218-225 (1993).
  • Ulsaker,G.A. and Teien,G. Identification of 9,10-epoxyoctadecanoic acid in human urine using gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry. Biomed. Chromatogr., 9, 183-187 (1995).
  • Vairamani,M. and Saraswathi,M. Mass spectral study of geometrical (E)- and (Z)-isomers. Mass Spectrom. Rev., 10, 491-597 (1991).
  • Vallance,H. and Applegarth,D. An improved method for quantification of very long-chain fatty acids in plasma. Clin. Biochem., 27, 183-186 (1994).
  • van den Berg,J.J.M., Winterbourn,C.C. and Kuypers,F.A., Hypochlorous acid-mediated modification of cholesterol and phospholipid: analysis of reaction products by GC-MS. J. Lipid Res., 34, 2005-2012 (1993).
  • van der Heijdt,L.M., van der Lecq,F., Lachmansingh,A., Versluis,K., van de kerk-van Hoof,A., Veldink,G.A. and Vliegenthart,J.F.G. Formation of octadecadienoate dimers by soybean lipoxygenase. Lipids, 28, 779-782 (1993).
  • Van Kuijk,F.J.G.M., Thomas,D.W., Stephens,R.J. and Dratz,E.A. GC-MS assays for lipid peroxides. Methods Enzymol., 186, 388-398 (1990).
  • Van Pelt,C.K. and Brenna,J.T. Acetonitrile chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry to locate double bonds in polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. Anal. Chem., 71, 1981-1989 (1999).
  • Van Pelt,C.K., Carpenter,B.K. and Brenna,J.T. Studies of structure and mechanism in acetonitrile chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry of polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 10, 1253-1262 (1999).
  • Van Pelt,C.K., Huang,M.C., Tschanz,C.L. and Brenna,J.T. An octaene fatty acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19,22,25-octacosaoctaenoic acid (28:8n-3), found in marine oils. J. Lipid Res., 40, 1501-1505 (1999).
  • Venter,P., Kock,J.L.F., Kumar,G.S., Botha,A., Coetzee,D.J., Botes,P.J., Bhatt,R.K., Falck,J.R., Schewe,T. and Nigam,S. Production of 3R-hydroxy-polyenoic fatty acids by the yeast Dipodascopsis uninucleata. Lipids, 32, 1277-1283 (1997).
  • Verhoeven,N.M., Schor,D.S.M., Struys,E.A., Jansen,E.E.W., ten Brink,H.J., Wanders,R.J.A. and Jakobs,C. Analysis of pristanic acid beta-oxidation intermediates in plasma from healthy controls and patients affected with peroxisomal disorders by stable isotope dilution gas chromatography mass spectrometry. J. Lipid Res., 40, 260-266 (1999).
  • Vetter,W. and Walther,W. Preparation of pyrrolidides from fatty acids via trimethylsilyl esters for GC-MS analysis. J. Chromatogr. A, 513, 405-407 (1990).
  • Vetter,W. and Walther,W. Pyrrolidides as derivatives for the determination of the fatty acids of triacylglycerols by gas-chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A, 686, 149-154 (1994).
  • Vetter,W., Meister,W. and Oesterhelt,G. 2-Alkylimidazoline derivative to control fatty acid fragmentation upon electron impact and electrospray ionization. J. Mass Spectrom., 33, 461-472 (1998).
  • Virtue,P., Nichols,P.D. and Boon,P.I. Simultaneous estimation of microbial phospholipid fatty acids and diether lipids by capillary gas chromatography. J. Microb. Methods, 25, 177-185 (1996).
  • Voinov,V.G., Boguslavskiy,V.M. and Elkin,Y.N. Resonance electron-capture for determining double bond and hydroxy group locations in fatty acids. Org. Mass Spectrom., 29, 641-646 (1994).
  • Vosmann,K., Klein,E. and Weber,N. Reaction of fatty acid amides and ethanolamides with trimethylsulfonium hydroxide. J. Chromatogr. A, 773, 239-247 (1997).
  • Vreken,P., van Lint,A.E.M., Bootsma,A.H., Overmars,H., Wanders,R.J.A. and van Gennip,A.H. Rapid stable isotope dilution analysis of very-long-chain fatty acids, pristanic acid and phytanic acid using gas chromatography electron impact mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 713, 281-287 (1998).
  • Wahl,H.G., Chrzanowski,A., Muller,C., Liebich,H.M. and Hoffmann,A. Identification of furan fatty acids in human blood cells and plasma by multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 697, 453-459 (1995).
  • Wahl,H.G., Habel,S.-Y., Schmieder,N. and Liebich,H.M. Identification of cis-trans-isomers of methyl ester and oxazoline derivatives of unsaturated fatty acids using GC-FTIR-MS. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 17, 543-548 (1994).
  • Wahl,H.G., Liebich,H.M. and Hoffmann,A. Identification of fatty acid methyl esters as minor components of fish oil by multidimensional GC-MSD - new furan fatty acids. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 17, 308-311 (1994).
  • Walther,U. and Spiteller,G. Formation of oleic acid epoxide at the storage of oleic acid of technical quality. Fat Sci. Technol., 95, 472-474 (1993).
  • Wang,T., Wu,W. and Powell,W.S. Formation of monohydroxy derivatives of arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, and oleic acid during oxidation of low density lipoprotein by copper ions and endothelial cells. J. Lipid Res., 33, 525-537 (1992).
  • Watanabe,K. and Nishiyama,M. Characterization of a novel brain neutral glycosphingolipid composition in house musk shrew (Suncus murinus). Eur. J. Biochem., 230, 971-976 (1995).
  • Weintraub,S.T. Mass spectroscopy of lipids. Pract. Spectrosc., 8, 257-286 (1990).
  • Weintraub,S.T., Satsangi,R.K., Simmons,A.M., Williams,R.F. and Pinckard,R.N. Synthesis of pentafluorobenzoic anhydride - a superior derivatizing agents for lipids. Anal. Chem., 65, 2400-2402 (1993).
  • Wellburn,A.R., Robinson,D.C., Thomson,A. and Leith,I.D. Influence of episodes of summer O-3 on delta(5) and delta(9) fatty-acids in autumnal lipids of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L) Karst]. New Phytologist, 127, 355-361 (1994).
  • Wesen,C., Mu,H., Sundlin,P., Froyen,P., Skramstad,J. and Odham,G. GC-MS identification of chlorinated octadecanoic acids in eel lipids. J. Mass Spectrom., 30, 959-968 (1995).
  • Wheelan,P., Zirrolli,J.A. and Murphy,R.C. Low-energy fast atom bombardment tandem mass spectrometry of monohydroxy substituted unsaturated fatty acids. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 22, 465-473 (1993).
  • Wheelan,P., Zirrolli,J.A. and Murphy,R.C. Analysis of hydroxy fatty-acids as pentafluorobenzyl ester, trimethylsilyl ether derivatives by electron ionization gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 6, 40-51 (1995).
  • Wheelan,P., Zirrolli,J.A. and Murphy,R.C. Electrospray ionization and low-energy tandem mass spectrometry of polyhydroxy unsaturated fatty acids. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 7, 140-149 (1996).
  • Wilson,R., Smith,R., Wilson,P., Shepherd,M.J. and Riemersma,R.A. Quantitative gas chromatography mass spectrometry isomer-specific measurement of hydroxy fatty acids in biological samples and food as a marker of lipid peroxidation. Anal. Biochem., 248, 76-85 (1997).
  • Wise,M.L., Hamberg,M. and Gerwick,W.H. Biosynthesis of conjugated triene-containing fatty acids by a novel isomerase from the red marine alga Ptilota filicina. Biochemistry, 33, 15223-15232 (1994).
  • Wolff,R.L., Christie,W.W. and Coakley,D. Bishomopinolenic (7,11,14-20:3) acid in Pinaceae seed oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 1583-1586 (1997).
  • Wolff,R.L., Christie,W.W. and Coakley,D. The unusual occurrence of 14-methylhexadecanoic acid in pinaceae seed oils among plants. Lipids, 32, 971-973 (1997).
  • Wolff,R.L., Christie,W.W. and Marpeau,A.M. Reinvestigation of the polymethylene-interrupted 18:2 and 20:2 acids of Ginkgo biloba seed lipids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 76, 273-276 (1999).
  • Wolff,R.L., Christie,W.W., Pedrono,F. and Marpeau,A.M. Arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, and biosynthetically related fatty acids in the seed lipids from a primitive gymnosperm, Agathis robusta. Lipids, 34, 1083-1097 (1999).
  • Wolff,R.L., Christie,W.W., Pedrono,F., Marpeau,A.M., Tsevegsuren,N., Aitzetmuller,K. and Gunstone,F.D. Delta 5-olefinic acids in the seed lipids from four Ephedra species and their distribution between the alpha and beta positions of triacylglycerols. Characteristics common to Coniferophytes and Cycadophytes. Lipids, 34, 855-864 (1999).
  • Wollenweber,H.W. and Rietschel,E.T. Analysis of lipopolysaccharide (Lipid A) fatty acids. J. Microb. Methods, 11, 195-211 (1990).
  • Wretsenjo,I., Svensson,L. and Christie,W.W. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of fatty acids in borage oil using the picolinyl ester derivatives. J. Chromatogr. A, 521, 89-98 (1990).
  • Wu,P.F., Grav,H.J., Horn,R. and Bremer,J . Effects of chain length and sulfur position of thia fatty acids on their incorporation into phospholipids in 7800 c1 hepatoma cells and isolated rat hepatocytes, and their effects on fatty acid composition of phospholipids. Biochem. Pharmacol., 51, 751-758 (1996).
  • Wu,Z.C., Robinson,D.S., Domoney,C. and Casey,R. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the products of linoleic acid oxidation catalyzed by pea (Pisum sativum) seed lipoxygenases. J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 337-342 (1995).
  • Yamamoto,K., Shibahara,A., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. Determination of double bond positions in methylene-interrupted dienoic fatty acids by GC-MS as their dimethyl disulphide adducts. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 60, 39-50 (1991).
  • Yamamoto,K., Shibahara,A., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. Double bond localization in heneicosapentaenoic acid by a GC/MS method. Lipids, 26, 948-950 (1991).
  • Yamamoto,K., Shibahara,A., Sakuma,A., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. Occurrence of n-5 monounsaturated fatty acids in jujube pulp lipids. Lipids, 25, 602-605 (1990).
  • Yamane,M. and Abe,A. High-performance liquid chromatography-thermospray MS of hydroxy-polyunsaturated fatty acid acetyl derivatives. J. Chromatogr. B, 575, 1-18 (1992).
  • Yamane,M., Abe,A. and Nakajima,M. High-performance liquid chromatograpy thermospray mass-spectrometry of omega-hydroxy polyunsaturated fatty acids from rat brain homogenate. J. Chromatogr. B, 662, 91-96 (1994).
  • Yamane,M., Abe,A. and Yamane,S. HPLC thermospray mass spectrometry of epoxy polyunsaturated fatty acids and epoxyhydroxy polyunsaturated fatty acids from an incubation mixture of rat tissue homogenate. J. Chromatogr. B, 652, 123-136 (1994).
  • Yang,L.-Y., Kuksis,A., Myher,J.J. and Steiner,G. Contribution of de novo fatty acid synthesis to very-low-density lipoprotein triacylglycerols: evidence from mass isotopomer distribution analysis of fatty acids synthesized from [H-2(6)]ethanol. J. Lipid Res., 37, 262-274 (1996).
  • Yoo,J.S., Watson,J.T. and McGuffin,V.L. Temperature-programmed microcolumn liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Microcolumn Sep., 4, 349-362 (1992).
  • Young,D.C., Vouros,P. and Holick,M.F. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of conjugated dienes by derivatization with 4-methyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione. J. Chromatogr. A, 522, 295-302 (1990).
  • Yruela,I., Barbe,A. and Grimalt,G.O. Determination of double bond position and geometry in linear and highly branched hydrocarbons and fatty acids from GC-MS of epoxides and diols generated by stereospecific resin hydration. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 28, 421-427 (1990).
  • Yu,C.M., Curtis,J.M., Wright,J.L.C., Ayer,S.W. and Fathiafshar,Z.R. An unusual fatty acid and its glyceride from the marine fungus Microsphaeropis olivacea. Canad. J. Chem., 74, 730-735 (1996).
  • Yurawecz,M.P., Hood,J.K., Mossoba,M.M., Roach,J.A.G. and Ku,Y. Furan fatty acids determined as oxidation products of conjugated octadecadienoic acid. Lipids, 30, 595-598 (1995).
  • Yurawecz,M.P., Hood,J.K., Roach,J.A.G., Mossoba,M.M., Daniels,D.H., Ku,Y., Pariza,M.W. and Chin,S.F. Conversion of allylic hydroxy oleate to conjugated linoleic acid and methoxy oleate by acid-catalyzed methylation procedures. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 71, 1149-1155 (1994).
  • Yurawecz,M.P., Molina,A.M., Mossoba,M. and Ku,Y. Estimation of conjugated octadecatrienoates in edible oils and fats. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 70, 1093-1099 (1993).
  • Yurawecz,M.P., Roach,J.A.G., Sehat,N., Mossoba,M.M., Kramer,J.K.G., Fritsche,J., Steinhart,H. and Ku,Y. A new conjugated linoleic acid isomer, 7 trans, 9 cis-octadecadienoic acid, in cow milk, cheese, beef and human milk and adipose tissue. Lipids, 33, 803-809 (1998).
  • Yurawecz,M.P., Sehat,N., Mossoba,M.M., Roach,J.J. and Ku,Y. Oxidation products of conjugated linoleic acid and furan fatty acids. In: 'New Techniques and Applications in Lipid Analysis', pp. 183-215 (edited by R.E. McDonald and M.M. Mossoba, AOCS Press, Champaign) (1997).
  • Zelles,L. Phospholipid fatty acid profiles in selected members of soil microbial communities. Chemosphere, 35, 275-294 (1997).
  • Zelles,L. and Bai,Q.Y. Fractionation of fatty acids derived from soil lipids by solid phase extraction and their quantitative analysis by GC-MS. Soil Biol. Biochem., 25, 495-507 (1993).
  • Zelles,L. and Bai,Q.Y. Fatty acid patterns of phospholipids and lipopolysaccharides in environmental samples. Chemosphere, 28, 391-411 (1994).
  • Zirrolli,J.A. and Murphy,R.C. Low energy tandem-MS of the molecular ion derived from fatty acid methyl esters - a novel method for the analysis of branched-chain fatty acids. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 4, 223-229 (1993).

Updated August 22, 2011