References up to 1989

The following references dealing with mass spectrometry of fatty acids have been collected as part of our regular literature searches for research purposes. The list is fairly comprehensive but is certainly not exhaustive, especially as relates to eicosanoids. Some abbreviations may have been introduced into the titles. References are listed alphabetically according to the surname of the first author, but not necessarily chronologically for a given author.

  • Abbot,G.G., Gunstone,F.D. and Hoyes,S.D. Fatty acids. 27. The formation of 1,4-epoxides from methyl linoleate and related esters with toluene-p-sulphonic acid and an appropriate solvent. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 4, 351-366 (1970).
  • Abley,P., McQuillin,F.J., Minnikin,D.E., Kusamran,K., Maskens,K. and Polgar,N. Location of olefinic links in long-chain esters by methoxymercuration-demercuration followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chem. Soc. D, 348 - 349 (1970).
  • Ackman,R.G., Safe,L., Hooper,S.N. and Paradis,M. 7-Methyl-7-hexadecenoic acid: isolation from lipids of the ocean sunfish Mola mola (Linn.) 1758. Lipids, 8, 21-24 (1973).
  • Adams,J. and Gross,M.L. Tandem mass spectrometry for collision activation of alkali-metal-cationized fatty acids: a method for determining double bond location Anal. Chem., 59, 1576-1582 (1987).
  • Adams,J. and Gross,M.L. Structure determination of modified fatty acids by collision activation of cationized molecules. Org. Mass Spectrom., 23, 307-316 (1988).
  • Adams,J., Deterding,L.J. and Gross,M.L. Tandem mass spectrometry for determining structural features of fatty acids. Spectroscopy Int. J. (Ottawa), 5, 199-228 (1987).
  • Ahmad,M.S., Ahmad,M.U., Osman,S.M. and Ballantine,J.A. Eriolaena hookeriana: a rich source of malvalic acid. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 25, 29-38 (1979).
  • Alexander,L.R., Justice,J.B. and Madden,J. FA composition of human erythrocyte membranes by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 342, 1-12 (1985).
  • Andersson,B.A. Mass spectrometry of fatty acid pyrrolidides. Prog. Chem. Fats other Lipids, 16, 279-308 (1978).
  • Andersson,B.A. Pyrrolidides in the structural analysis of lipids by mass spectrometry. Adv. Biochem. Physiol. Plant Lipids, 257-262 (1979).
  • Andersson,B.A. and Bertelsen,O. A study of the wax from the free-flowing preen gland secretion of the Coscoroba swan. Chem. Scripta, 8, 135-139 (1975).
  • Andersson,B.A. and Holman,R.T. Pyrrolidides for mass spectrometric determination of the position of double bonds in monounsaturated fatty acids. Lipids, 9, 185-190 (1974).
  • Andersson,B.A. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectrometric localisation of methylbranching in fatty acids using acylpyrrolidines. Lipids, 10, 716-718 (1975).
  • Andersson,B.A., Christie,W.W. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectrometric determination of positions of double bonds in polyunsaturatd fatty acid pyrrolidides. Lipids, 10, 215-219 (1975).
  • Andersson,B.A., Dinger,F. and Dinh-Nguyen,D. Mass spectrometry studies of stable isotope-labelled carboxylic acid derivatives. IV. Pyrrolidides of vicinal and geminal dideuterated n-octadecanoic acids and the omega trideuterated analogue. Chem. Scripta, 19, 118-121 (1982).
  • Andersson,B.A., Dinger,F. and Dinh-Nguyen,N. Mass spectrometry studies of stable isotope labelled carboxylic acid derivatives. I. Normal chain saturated deuterium and carbon-13 compounds. Chem. Scripta, 8, 200-203 (1975).
  • Andersson,B.A., Dinger,F., Dinh-Nguyen,N. and Raal,A. Mass spectrometry studies of stable isotope-labelled carboxylic acid derivatives. III. Methyl perdeuterio-n-alkanpyrrolidamates. Chem. Scripta, 10, 114-116 (1976).
  • Andersson,B.A., Dinger.F. and Dinh-Nguyen,N. Mass spectrometry studies of stable isotope-labelled carboxylic acid derivatives. II. Normal-chain dideuteriated monoethylenic compounds. Chem. Scripta, 9, 155-157 (1976).
  • Andersson,B.A., Heimermann,W.H. and Holman,R.T. Comparison of pyrrolidides with other amides for the mass spectrometry determination of structure of unsaturated fatty acids. Lipids, 9, 443-449 (1974).
  • Angstrom,J., Breimer,M.E., Falk,K-E., Hansson,G.C., Karlsson,K-A. and Leffler,H. Chemical characterization of pent-, hexa-, hepta-, octa-, and nonaglycosylceramides of rat small intestine having a globoside-like terminus. J. Biol. Chem., 257, 682-688 (1982).
  • Aplin,R.T. and Safe,S. Electron impact-induced rearrangements of natural polyacetylenes. Chem. Commun., 140-142 (1967).
  • Apon,J.M.B. and Nicolaides,N. The determination of the position isomers of the methyl branched FA esters by capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 13, 467-473 (1975).
  • Argoudelis,C.J. and Perkins,E.G. Determination of double bond position in mono-unsaturated fatty acids using combination gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Lipids, 3, 379-381 (1968).
  • Ariga,T., Araki,E. and Murata,T. Determination of geometrical and positional isomers in octadecenoic acids by CI-mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 19, 14-19 (1977).
  • Aubourg,P., Bougneres,P.F. and Rocchiccioli,F. Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry measurement of very long-chain (C22-C26) FA in microlitre samples of plasma. J. Lipid Res., 26, 263-269 (1985).
  • Audier,H., Bory,S., Fetizon,M., Longevialle,P. and Toubiana,R. Orientation of fragmentation in mass spectrometry by introduction of functional groups. 6. Location of double bonds. Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 3034-3035 (1964).
  • Aveldano,M.I. and Sprecher,H. Very long chain (C24 to C36) polyenoic fatty acids of the n-3 and n-6 series in dipolyunsaturated phosphatidylcholines from bovine retina. J. Biol. Chem., 262, 1180-1186 (1987).
  • Ayanoglu,E., Kurtz,K., Kornprobst,J.M. and Djerassi,C. New natural 2-acetoxy fatty acids using CI and EI mass spectrometry. Lipids, 20, 141-144 (1985).
  • Ayanoglu,E., Popov,S., Kornprobst,J.M., Aboud-Bichara,A. and Djerassi,C. Phospholipid studies of marine organisms. V. New alpha-methoxy acids from Higginsia tethyoides. Lipids, 18, 830-836 (1983).
  • Ayanoglu,E., Walkup,R.D., Sica,D. and Djerassi,C. Phospholipid studies of marine organisms: III. New phospholipid FA from Petrosia ficiformis. Lipids, 17, 617-625 (1982).
  • Ayorinde,F.O., Clifton,J., Afolabi,O.A. and Shepard,R.L. Rapid transesterification and mass spectrometric approach to seed oil analysis. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 65, 942-947 (1988).
  • Baba,T., Kaneda,K., Kusunose,E., Kusunose,M. and Yano,I. Molecular species of mycolic acid subclasses in 8 strains of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Lipids, 23, 1132-1138 (1988).
  • Balazy,M. and Nies,A.S. Characterization of epoxides of polyunsaturated fatty acids by mass spectrometry via 3-pyridinylmethyl esters. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 18, 328-336 (1989).
  • Bambagiotti,M.A., Coran,S.A., Vincieri,F.F., Petrucciani,T. and Traldi,P. High-energy collisional spectroscopy of [RCOO]- anions from negative-ion chemical-ionization of fatty acid methyl esters. Org. Mass Spectrom., 21, 485-488 (1986).
  • Batt,R.D., Hodges,R. and Robertson,J.G. Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry of the TMS ether methyl ester derivatives of long chain hydroxy acids from Nocardia corallina. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 239, 368-373 (1971).
  • Baty,J.D., Willis,R.G. and Tavendale,R. HPLC/mass spectrometry of FA as their anthrylmethyl esters. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 12, 565-569 (1985).
  • Bertelsen,O. and Dinh-Nguyen,N. Contribution to the studies of the naturally occurring lipids. 1. Uropygial gland wax of the black-necked swan (Cygnus melanocoryphus). Chem. Scripta, 19, 172-175 (1982).
  • Bertelsen,O. and Dinh-Nguyen,N. Structure elucidation of alkyl-branched chain aliphatic alcohols and FA by mass spectrometry of their respective alkyl nicotinate and picolinyl carboxylate derivatives. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 87, 336-342 (1985).
  • Bertelson,O. and Dinh-Nguyen,N. Structure elucidation of long-chain fatty acids and alcohols by mass spectrometry of their cyclic amide derivatives. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 87, 318-323 (1985).
  • Blomberg,J. Unusual lipids II. Head oil of the North Atlantic pilot whale, Globicephala melaena melaena. Lipids, 9, 461-470 (1974).
  • Blomstrand,R. and Svennson,L. Studies on phospholipids with particular reference to cardiolipin of rat heart after feeding rapeseed oil. Lipids, 9, 771-780 (1974).
  • Blomstrand,R., Svensson,L. and Herslof,B. Mass fragmentographic determination of docosenoic acid in rapeseed oils. Lipids, 13, 283-288 (1978).
  • Bohannon,M.B. and Kleiman,R. Unsaturated C18 alpha-hydroxy acids in Salvia nilotica. Lipids, 10, 703-706 (1975).
  • Bohannon,M.B. and Kleiman,R. Cyclopropene fatty acids of selected seed oils from Bombacaceae, Malvaceae, and Sterculiaceae. Lipids, 13, 270-273 (1978).
  • Boniforti,L., Lorusso,S., Chiaccherini,E., Mariani,C. and Fedeli,E. Identification of positional and geometrical isomers in unsaturated fatty acids using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of epoxy derivatives. Riv. Ital. Sostanze Grasse, 67, 455-457 (1985).
  • Boon,J.J., De Leeuw,J.W., van der Hoek,G.J. and Vosjan,J.H. Significance and taxonomic value of iso and anteiso monoenoic fatty acids and branched beta-hydroxy acids in Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. J. Bact., 129, 1183-1191 (1977).
  • Boon,J.J., Van de Graaf,B., Schuyl,P.J.W., De Lange,F. and De Leeuw,J.W. The mass spectrometry of iso- and anteiso-monoenoic fatty acids. Lipids, 12, 717-721 (1977).
  • Brash,A.R., Ingram,C.D. and Harris,T.M. Analysis of a specific oxygenation reaction of soybean lipoxygenase-1 with fatty acids esterified in phospholipids. Biochemistry, 26, 5465-5471 (1987).
  • Brash,A.R., Porter,A.T. and Maas,R.L. Investigation of the selectivity of hydrogen abstraction in the non-enzymatic formation of hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids and leukotrienes by autoxidation. J. Biol. Chem., 260, 4210-4216 (1985).
  • Brauner,A., Budziewicz,H. and Boland, W. Studies in chemical ionization mass spectrometry. 5. Localization of homoconjugated triene and tetraene units in aliphatic compounds. Org. Mass Spectrom., 17, 161-164 (1982).
  • Breimer,M.E., Karlsson,K.A. and Samuelsson,B.E. Characterization of a human intestinal difucosyl heptaglycosylceramide with a blood group B determinant and a type I carbohydrate chain. J. Biol. Chem., 257, 1079-1085 (1982).
  • Brondz,I. and Olsen,I. Determination of acids in whole lipopolysaccharide and in free lipid A from etc J. Chromatogr. B, 308, 19-29 (1984).
  • Brooks,C.W.J., Cole,W.J. and Barrett,G.M. Studies of cyclic di-tert-butylsilene derivatives of diols and hydroxy acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 315, 119-133 (1984).
  • Brooks,J.B., Liddle,J.A. and Alley,C.C. Electron capture gas chromatography and mass spectrometry studies of iodomethyltetramethylmethyldisiloxane esters and iodomethyldimethylsilyl ethers of some short-chain acids, hydroxy acids and alcohols. Anal. Chem., 47, 1960-1965 (1975).
  • Brown,A.S., Cho,K.Y., Cheung,H.T.A., Hemmens,V. and Vine,J. Determination of FA of the bacteria Streptomyces R61 and Actinomadura R39 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 341, 139-145 (1985).
  • Budzikiewicz,H. Structure elucidation by ion-molecule reactions in the gas phase: the location of C,C-double and triple bonds. Fres. Z. Anal. Chem., 321, 150-158 (1985).
  • Buser,H-R., Arn,H., Geurin,P. and Rauscher,S. Determination of double bond position in monounsaturated acetates by mass spectrometry of dimethyldisulphide adducts. Anal. Chem., 55, 818-822 (1983).
  • Cairns,T. and Siegmund,E.G. Tandem mass spectrometry of fatty acid methyl esters. Evidence for bicyclic product ions Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 3, 138-140 (1989).
  • Caldwell,K.A. and Gross,M.L. Nondiscriminatory fast atom bombardment matrix for fatty acid mixture analysis. Anal. Chem., 61, 494-496 (1989).
  • Campbell,I.M. and Naworal,J. Composition of the saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids of Mycobacterium phlei. J. Lipid Res., 10, 593-598 (1969).
  • Campbell,I.M. and Naworal,J. Mass spectral discrimination between monoenoic and cyclopropanoid, and between normal, iso, and anteiso fatty acid methyl esters. J. Lipid Res., 10, 589-592 (1969).
  • Capella,P. and Zorzut,C.M. Determination of double bond position in monounsaturated fatty acid esters by mass spectrometry of their trimethylsilyloxy derivatives. Anal. Chem., 40, 1458-1463 (1968).
  • Capella,P., Galli,C. and Fumagalli,R. Hydroxy fatty acids from cerebrosides of the central nervous system: gas-liquid chromatography determination and mass spectrometry identification. Lipids, 3, 431-438 (1968).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Lopez,M.R. On the isolation of 2-hydroxydocosanoic and 2-hydroxytricosanoic acids from the marine sponge Arnphimedon compressa. Lipids, 24, 89-91 (1989).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Maldonado,L. Identification of 5,9-hexadecadienoic acid in the marine sponge Chondrilla nucula. Lipids, 21, 470-471 (1986).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Maldonado,L. The phospholipid fatty acids of the marine sponge Xestospongia muta. Lipids, 23, 682-684 (1988).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Maldonado,M.E. On the isolation of the new fatty acid 6,11-eicosadienoic (20:2) and related 6,11-dienoic acids from the sponge Euryspongia rosea. Lipids, 24, 665-668 (1989).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Maldonado,M.E. 7-methyl-8-hexadecenoic acid: a novel fatty acid from the marine sponge Desmapsama anchorata. Lipids, 23, 690-693 (1988).
  • Carballeira,N.M. and Maldonado,M.E. New phospholipid fatty acids from the caribbean sponge Ectyoplasia ferox. Lipids. 24, 371-374 (1989).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Maldonado,L. and Porras,B. Isoprenoid fatty acids from marine sponges. Are sponges selective? Lipids, 22, 767-769 (1987).
  • Carballeira,N.M., Shalabi,F. and Negron,V. 2-Hydroxy fatty acids from marine sponges 2. The phospholipid fatty acids of the Caribbean sponges Verongula gigantean and Aplysina archeri. Lipids, 24, 229-232 (1989).
  • Careaga,N.M. and Sprecher,H. Synthesis of two hydroxy fatty acids from 7,10,13,16,19-docosapentaenoic acid. J. Biol. Chem., 259, 14413-14417 (1984).
  • Carlier,J-P. and Sellier,N. Identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of short-chain hydroxy acids produced by Fusobacterium species and Clostridium innocuum. J. Chromatogr. B, 420, 121-128 (1987).
  • Cassidy,D.M., Pratt,D.A., Taylor,R., Alberti,K.G.M.M. and Laker,M.F. Capillary column gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of the fatty acid composition of human adipose tissue. J. Chromatogr. B, 491, 1-13 (1989).
  • Cervilla,M. and Puzo,G. Determination of double bond position in monounsaturated FA by mass analysed ion kinetic energy spectrometry/collision induced dissociation after chemical ionisation of their amino alcohol derivatives Anal. Chem., 55, 2100-2103 (1983).
  • Chai,R. and Harrison,A.G. Location of double bonds by chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 53, 34-37 (1981).
  • Chang,C.C., Esselman,W.J. and Clagett,C.O. The isolation and specificity of alfalfa lipoxygenase. Lipids, 6, 100-106 (1971).
  • Chapman,D. and Goni,F.M. Physical properties - optical and spectral characteristics. in The Lipid Handbook, pp. 385-447 (edited by F.D.Gunstone, J.L.Harwood and F.B.Padley, Chapman and Hall, London) (1986).
  • Chasin,D.G. and Perkins,E.G. Synthesis and mass spectra of esters of branched-chain fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 6, 8-30 (1971).
  • Christie,W.W. Cyclopropane and cyclopropene fatty acids. in 'Topics in Lipid Chemistry' Vol. 1, pp. 1-49 (edited by F.D. Gunstone, Logos Press, London) (1970).
  • Christie,W.W. HPLC and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the analysis of fatty acids in 'Fats for the Future', pp. 335-344 (edited by R.C. Cambie, Ellis Horwood Ltd, Chichester). (1989).
  • Christie,W.W. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectrometry of lipids. I. cyclopropane fatty acids. Lipids, 1, 176-182 (1966).
  • Christie,W.W. and Holman,R.T. Synthesis and characterization of the complete series of methylene-interrupted cis,cis-octadecadienoic acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 1, 407-423 (1967).
  • Christie,W.W. and Stefanov,K. Separation of picolinyl ester derivatives of fatty acids by high-performance liquid chromatography for identification by mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 392, 259-265 (1987).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectra of the picolinyl esters of isomeric mono- and dienoic fatty acids. Lipids, 22, 224-228 (1987).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y. and Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. Mass spectra of the picolinyl ester derivatives of some isomeric dimethylene-interrupted octadecadiynoic acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 46, 225-229 (1988).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y. and Shukla,V.K.S. Analysis of seed oils containing cyclopentenyl fatty acids by combined chromatographic procedures. Lipids, 24, 116-120 (1989).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y. and Stefanov,K. Silver ion high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the analysis of complex fatty acid mixtures: application to marine invertebrates. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 46, 127-136 (1988).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Gunstone,F.D., Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectra of the picolinyl esters of some non-methylene-interrupted octadecadienoic acids. Lipids, 22, 664-666 (1987).
  • Christie,W.W., Brechany,E.Y., Johnson,S.B. and Holman,R.T. A comparison of pyrrolidide and picolinyl ester derivatives for the identification of fatty acids in natural samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Lipids, 21, 657-661 (1986).
  • Christie,W.W., Rebello,D. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectrometry of derivatives of cyclopentenyl fatty acids. Lipids, 4, 229-231 (1969).
  • Christopher,R.K. and Duffield,A.M. Use of vinyl methyl ether as a CI reagent for gas chromatography-CI-mass spectrometry discrimination between cyclopropenoid and monoenoic fatty acid methyl esters. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 7, 429-432 (1980).
  • Christopoulou,C.N. and Perkins,E.G. Isolation and characterisation of dimers formed in used soybean oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 66, 1360-1370 (1989).
  • Christopoulou,C.N. and Perkins,E.G. Dimer acids: synthesis and mass spectrometry of the tetrahydroxy, di- hydroxy, and diketo dimers of methyl stearate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 66, 1344-1352 (1989).
  • Cobern,D., Hobbs,J.S., Lucas,R.A. and Mackenzie,D.J. Location of hydroperoxide groups in monohydroperoxides formed by chlorophyll-photosensitised oxidation of unsaturated esters. J. Chem. Soc. C., 1897-1902 (1966).
  • Conacher,H.B.S. and Gunstone,F.D. The rearrangement of methyl 12,13-epoxyoleate by boron trifluoride with formation of cyclopropane esters. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 3, 203-220 (1969).
  • Coombe,R.G., Vine,J.H. and Yip,H. Unusual fatty acids from amniotic fluid phospholipids. J. Chromatogr. B, 341, 146-153 (1985).
  • Cooper,M.J. and Anders,M.W. Determination of long-chain FA as 2-naphthacyl esters by HPLC and mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 46, 1849-1852 (1974).
  • Couderc,F., Aurelle,H., Prome,D., Savagnac,A. and Prome,J.C. Analysis of fatty acids by negative ion gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: structural correlations between alpha-mycolic acid chains and delta-5-mono-unsaturated fatty acids from Mycobacterium phlei. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 317-321 (1988).
  • Cox,A.D. and Wilkinson,S.G. Polar lipids and fatty acids of Pseudomonas cepacia. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1001, 60-67 (1989).
  • Cox,R.E., Maxwell,J.R. and Myers,R.N Monocarboxylic acids from oxidation of acyclic isoprenoid alkanes by Mycobacterium fortuitum. Lipids, 11, 72-76 (1976).
  • Coxon,D.T. and Price,K.R. Direct HPLC separation of diastereoisomeric methyl 9,10,12-trihydroxy stearates and its application to the stereochemical study of hydroperoxy cyclic peroxides. J. Chromatogr., 285, 392-394 (1984).
  • Daffe,M., Laneelle,M-A. and Valero Guillen,P.L. Tetraenoic and pentaenoic mycolic acids from Mycobacterium thamnopheos. Structure, taxonomic and biosynthetic implications. Eur. J. Biochem., 177, 339-344 (1988).
  • Dasgupta,A., Ayanoglu,E. and Djerassi,C. Phospholipid studies of marine organisms: new branched fatty acids from Strongylophora durissima. Lipids, 19, 768-776 (1984).
  • Dasgupta,A., Ayanoglu,E., Wegmann-Szente,A., Tomer,K.B. and Djerassi,C. Mass spectral behaviour and HPLC of some unusual molecular phospholipid species. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 41, 335-347 (1986).
  • Dasgupta,A., Ayanoglu,E., Tomer,K.B. and Djerassi,C. HPLC and fast-atom-bombardment mass spectrometry of unusual branched and unsaturated PL molecular species. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 43, 101-111 (1987).
  • Deterding,L.J. and Gross,M.L. Fast-atom-bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry for determining structures of fatty acids as their picolinyl esters. Anal. Chim. Acta, 200, 431-445 (1987).
  • Deterding,L.J. and Gross,M.L. Tandem mass spectrometry for identifying fatty acid derivatives that undergo charge-remote fragmentations. Org. Mass Spectrom., 23, 169-177 (1988).
  • Dinh-Nguyen,N. Contribution to the study of mass spectrometry: use of methyl esters of normal long-chain fatty acids labelled with deuterium or C-13. Arkiv Kemi, 28, 289-362 (1968).
  • Dinh-Nguyen,N., Ryhage,R. and Stallberg-Stenhagen,S. Determination of the position of double bonds by mass spectrometry. I. Double bonds in methyl esters of cis-petroselinic, oleic and elaidic acids. Arkiv Kemi, 15, 433-438 (1959).
  • Dinh-Nguyen,N., Ryhage,R., Stallberg-Stenhagen,S. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometry studies. VIII. A study of the fragmentation of normal long-chain methyl esters and hydrocarbons under electron-impact with the aid of deuterium-substituted compounds. Arkiv Kemi, 18, 393-399 (1961).
  • Dix,T.A. and Marnett,L.J. Conversion of linoleic acid hydroperoxide to hydroxy, keto, epoxyhydroxy, and trihydroxy fatty acids by hematin. J. Biol. Chem., 260, 5351-5357 (1985).
  • Dommes,V., Wirtz-Peitz,F. and Kunau,W-H. Structure determination of polyunsaturated fatty acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry - a comparison of fragmentation patterns of various derivatives. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 14, 360-366 (1976).
  • Draffan,G.H., Stillwell,R.N. and McCloskey,J.A. Electron impact-induced rearrangement of trimethylsilyl ether groups in long chain compounds. Org. Mass Spectrom., 1, 669-685 (1968).
  • Duncan,W.R.H., Lough,A.K., Garton,G.A. and Brooks,P. Characterisation of branched-chain fatty acids from subcutaneous triacylglycerols of barley-fed lambs. Lipids, 9, 669-673 (1974).
  • Dunkelblum,E., Tan,S.H. and Silk,P.J. Double bond location in monounsaturated fatty acids by dimethyl disulphide derivatisation and mass spectrometry. J. Chem. Ecol., 11, 265-277 (1985).
  • Eagles,J., Fenwick,G.R. and Self,R. Remote group derivatives: limitations on the effectiveness of pyrrolidide derivatives of oxygen-containing fatty acids. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 6, 462-464 (1979).
  • Edlund,A., Nichols,P.D., Roffey,R. and White,D.C. Extractable and lipopolysaccharide fatty acid and hydroxy acid profiles from Desulfovibrio species. J. Lipid Res., 26, 982-988 (1985).
  • Egge,H., Murawski,U., Chatranon,W. and Zilliken,F. The branched chain fatty acids of Staphylococcus aureus, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Z. Naturforsch., 266, 893-901 (1971).
  • Egge,H., Murawski,U., Ryhage,R., Gyorgy,P., Chatranon,W. and Zilliken,P. Minor constituents of human milk IV. Analysis of the branched chain fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 8, 42-55 (1972).
  • Eglinton,G. and Hunneman,D.H. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry studies of long-chain hydroxy acids 1. The constituents of apple cutin. Phytochemistry, 7, 313-322 (1968).
  • Eglinton,G., Hunneman,D.H. and McCormick,A. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry studies of long-chain hydroxy acids III. The mass spectra of the methyl esters TMS ethers of aliphatic hydroxy acids. A facile method of double bond location. Org. Mass Spectrom., 1, 593-611 (1968).
  • Einhorn,J., Virelizier,H., Gemal,A.L. and Tabet,J.C. Direct determination of double bond position in long chain conjugated dienes by t-butyl+ CI/mass spectrometry. Tetrahedron Letts, 26, 1445-1448 (1985).
  • Eisele,T.A., Libbey,L.M., Pawloski,N.E., Nixon,J.E. and Sinnhuber,R.O. Mass spectrometry of the silver nitrate derivatives of cyclopropenoid compounds. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 12, 316-326 (1974).
  • Elias,J., De Coning,J.P., Vorster,S.A. and Joubert,H.F. The rapid and sensitive diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis by the detection of tuberculostearic acid in cerebrospinal fluid by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with selective ion monitoring. Clin. Biochem., 22, 463-467 (1989).
  • Emken,E.A. Synthesis and analysis of stable isotope- and radio-isotope labelled fatty acids. in 'Handbook of Lipid Research. Vol. 1. Fatty Acids and Glycerides', pp. 77-121 (edited by A. Kuksis, Plenum Press, New York) (1978).
  • Erdahl,W.L., Beck,W., Jones,C., Jarvis,D.E. and Privett,O.S. Determination of FA composition by CI-mass spectrometry. Lipids, 16, 614-622 (1981).
  • Esselman,W.J. and Clagett,C.O. Gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry of hydroxylated octadecanols derived from hydroxylated stearic acids. J. Lipid Res., 10, 234-239 (1969).
  • Etemadi,A.H. Isomerisation of methyl mycolates in alkaline medium. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 1, 165-175 (1967).
  • Etemadi,A.H. Concerning the structure of alpha-mycolic acids. Chem. Commun., 1074-1075 (1967).
  • Falck,J.R., Schueler,V.J., Jacobson,H.R., Siddhanta,A.K., Pramanik,B.and Capdevila,J. Arachidonate epoxygenase: identification of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in rabbit kidney. J. Lipid Res., 28, 840-846 (1987).
  • Fellenberg,A.J., Johnson,D.W., Poulos,A. and Sharp,P. Simple mass spectrometric differentiation of the n-3, n-6 and n-9 series of methylene interrupted polyenoic acids. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 14, 127-130 (1987).
  • Fogh,K., Kragballe,K., Larsen,E., Egsgaard,H. and Shukla,V.K.S. Mass spectrometry of underivatized 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and and 15-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 17, 459-462 (1988).
  • Foglia,T.A., Heller,P. and Dooley,C.J. Analysis of alpha-branched fatty acids by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 59, 45-47 (1976).
  • Fourche,J., Capdepuy,M. and Texier-Maugein,J. Gas chromatographic fatty acid determination to differentiate Nocardia asteroides, Mycobacterium fortuitum and M. chelonei. J. Chromatogr. B, 487, 142-146 (1989).
  • Francis,G.W. Alkylthiolation for the determination of double bond position in unsaturated fatty acid esters. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 29, 369-374 (1981).
  • Francis,G.W. and Veland,K. Alkylthiolation for the determination of double-bond positions in linear alkenes. J. Chromatogr., 219, 379-384 (1981).
  • Frank,H., Thiel,D. and MacLeod,J. Mass spectrometric detection of cross-linked fatty acids formed during radical-induced lesion of lipid membranes. Biochem. J., 260, 873-878 (1989).
  • Frank,H., Wiegand,M. and Thiel,D. Quantitative determination of fatty acid hydroperoxides in vivo. Basic Life Sciences, 49, 175-178 (1988).
  • Frankel,E.N. and Neff,W.E. Analysis of autoxidised fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. IV. Soybean oil methyl esters. Lipids, 14, 39-46 (1979).
  • Frankel,E.N., Dufek,E.J. and Neff,W.E. Analysis of autoxidised fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. VI. Methyl 9,15- and 12,15-octadecadienoate. Lipids, 15, 661-667 (1980).
  • Frankel,E.N., Neff,W.E. and Bessler,T.E. Analysis of autoxidised fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. V. Photosensitised autoxidation. Lipids, 14, 961-967 (1979).
  • Frankel,E.N., Neff,W.E. and Plattner,R.D. CI-mass spectrometry of secondary oxidation products from methyl linoleate and linolenate. Lipids, 21, 333-337 (1986).
  • Frankel,E.N., Neff,W.E., Rohwedder,W.K., Khambay,B.P.S., Garwood,R.F. and Weedon,B.C.L. Analysis of autoxidised fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: II. Methyl linoleate. Lipids, 12, 908-913 (1977).
  • Frankel,E.N., Neff,W.E., Rohwedder,W.K., Khambay,B.P.S., Garwood,R.F. and Weedon,B.C.L. Analysis of autoxidised fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: III. Methyl linolenate. Lipids, 12, 1055-1061 (1977).
  • Frankel,E.N., Neff,W.E., Rohwedder,W.K., Khambay,B.P.S., Garwood,R.F. and Weedon,B.C.L. Analysis of autoxidised fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: 1. Methyl oleate. Lipids, 12, 901-907 (1977).
  • Furlong,S.T., Leary,J.A., Costello,C.E. and Dawidowicz,E.A. Isolation and identification of 1(3),2-diacylglyceryl-(3)-O-4'-(NNN-trimethyl)homoserine from the soil amoeba, Acanthamoeba castellani. J. Lipid Res., 27, 1182-1189 (1986).
  • Gailly,C., Sandra,P., Verzele,M. and Cocito,C. Analysis of mycolic acids from a group of Corynebacteria by capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Eur. J. Biochem., 125, 83-94 (1982).
  • Galliard,T., Phillips,D.R. and Frost,D.J. Novel divinyl ether fatty acids in extracts of Solanum tuberosum. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 11, 173-180 (1973).
  • Gardner,H.W., Kleiman,R. and Weisleder,D. Homolytic decomposition of linoleic acid hydroperoxide: identification of fatty acid products. Lipids, 9, 696-706 (1974).
  • Gardner,H.W., Weisleder,D. and Kleiman,R. Formation of trans-12,13-epoxy-9-hydroperoxy-trans-10-octadecenoic acid from 13-L-hydroperoxy-cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid catalysed by either a soybean extract or cysteine-FeCl3 Lipids, 13, 246-258 (1978).
  • Gensler,W.J. and Marshall,J.P. Structures of mycobacterial bis-cyclopropane mycolates by mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 19, 128-143 (1977).
  • Gensler,W.J. and Marshall,J.P. Structure determination of cyclopropane-substituted acids by mass spectrometry. J. Org. Chem., 42, 126-129 (1977).
  • Gerson,T., Patel,J.J. and Nixon,L.N. Some unusual fatty acids of Rhizobium. Lipids, 10, 134-139 (1975).
  • Gillan,F.T., Stoilov,I.L., Thompson,J.E., Hogg,R.W. Wilkinson,C.R. and Djerassi,C. Fatty acids as biological markers for bacterial symbionts in sponges. Lipids, 23, 1139-1145 (1988).
  • Glass,R.L., Krick,T.P., Sand,D.M., Rahn,C.R. and Schlenk,H. Furanoid fatty acids from fish lipids. Lipids, 10, 695-702 (1975).
  • Graff,G., Szczepanik,P., Klein,P.D., Chipault,.R. and Holman,R.T. Identification and characterization of fully deuterated fatty acids isolated from Scenedesmus obliquus cultured in deuterium oxide. Lipids, 5, 786-792 (1970).
  • Guichardant,M., Lagarde,M., Lesieur,M. and De Maack,F. Thermospray-mass spectrometry analysis of underivatized monohydroxy fatty acids: application to stimulated platelets. J. Chromatogr. B, 425, 25-34 (1988).
  • Gulacar,F.O., Buchs,A. and Susini,A. Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and identification of substituted carboxylic acids in lipids extracted from a 4000-year-old Nubian burial. J. Chromatogr. A, 479, 61-72 (1989).
  • Gunstone,F.D. and Schuler,H.R. Fatty acids. 47. The mass spectra of bis(trimethylsilyloxy) and methoxy TMS ethers derived from a series of methyl epoxyoctadecenoates and methyl epoxyoctadecynoates. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 15, 198-208 (1975).
  • Gunstone,F.D., Lie Ken Jie,M.S.F. and Wall,R.T. Fatty acids. 28. The synthesis and chromatographic and spectroscopic properties of some methyl cis,cis-dimethyleneoctadecanoates. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 6, 147-151 (1971).
  • Gut,J., Jamieson,G.C. and Trudell,J.R. Quantification of 5- and 15-HPETE's by direct chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Free Radical Biol. Med., 3, 323-328 (1987).
  • Ha,J.K. and Lindsay,R.C. Mass spectra of butyl esters of volatile branched-chain and other fatty acids occurring in milk fat and meat lipids. J. Food Compos. Anal., 2, 118-131 (1989).
  • Hadley,J.S., Fradin,A. and Murphy,R.C. Electron capture negative ion chemical ionisation analysis of arachidonic acid. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 15, 175-178 (1988).
  • Hall,N.A., Lynes,G.W. and Hjelm,N.M. Ratios for very-long-chain fatty acids in plasma of subjects with peroxisomal disorders, as determined by HPLC and validated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Clin. Chem., 34, 1041-1045 (1988).
  • Hallgren,B., Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. The mass spectra of methyl oleate, methyl linoleate and methyl linolenate. Acta Chem. Scand., 13, 845-847 (1959).
  • Hamberg,M. Decomposition of unsaturated fatty acid hydroperoxides by hemoglobin; structures of major products of 13L-hydroperoxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid. Lipids, 10, 87-92 (1975).
  • Hamberg,M. A novel transformation of 13-L-hydroperoxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 752, 191-197 (1983).
  • Hamberg,M. and Björkhem,I. omega-Oxidation of fatty acids. I. Mechanism of microsomal omega1- and omega2-hydroxylation. J. Biol. Chem., 246, 7411-7416 (1971).
  • Hamberg,M. and Samuelsson,B. On the specificity of the oxygenation of unsaturated fatty acids catalysed by soybean lipoxygenase. J. Biol. Chem., 242, 5329-5335 (1967).
  • Hannemann,K., Puchta,V., Simon,E., Ziegler,H., Ziegler,G. and Spiteller,G. The common occurrence of furan fatty acids in plants. Lipids, 24, 296-298 (1989).
  • Harvey,D.J. Picolinyl esters as derivatives for the structural determination of long chain branched and unsaturated fatty acids. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 9, 33-38 (1982).
  • Harvey,D.J. Picolinyl derivatives for the characterization of cyclopropane fatty acids by mass spectrometry. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 11, 187-192 (1984).
  • Harvey,D.J. Picolinyl derivatives for the structural determination of fatty acids by mass spectrometry. Applications to polyenoic acids, hydroxy acids, di-acids and related compounds. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 11, 340-347 (1984).
  • Harvey,D.J. Identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of long-chain fatty acids and alcohols from Meibomian glands using picolinyl and nicotinate derivatives. Biomed. Chromatogr., 3, 251-254 (1989).
  • Harvey,D.J. Long-chain fatty acids and alcohols from gerbil meibomian glands. J. Chromatogr. B, 494, 23-30 (1989).
  • Harvey,D.J. Identification of long-chain fatty acids and alcohols from human cerumen by the use of picolinyl and nicotinate esters. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 18, 719-723 (1989).
  • Harvey,D.J. and Tiffany,J.M. Identification of meibomian gland lipids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: application to the meibomian lipids of the mouse. J. Chromatogr. A, 301, 173-188 (1984).
  • Harvey,D.J., Tiffany,J.M., Duerden,J.M., Pandher,K.S. and Mengher,L.S. Identification by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of constituent long-chain fatty acids and alcohols from the meibomian glands of the rat and a comparison with human meibomian glands. J. Chromatogr. B, 414, 253-263 (1987).
  • Hase,A., Hase,T. and Anderegg,R. Identification of minor cyclic fatty acids in fractionated tall oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 55, 407-411 (1978).
  • Haslbeck,F. and Grosch,W. Autoxidation of phenyl linoleate and phenyl oleate: HPLC analysis of the major and minor monohydroperoxides as phenyl hydroxystearates. Lipids, 18, 706-713 (1983).
  • Hasma,H. and Subramaniam,A. The occurrence of a furanoid fatty acid in Hevea brasiliensis latex. Lipids, 13, 905-907 (1978).
  • Hawkins,D.J. and Brash,A.R. Eggs of the sea urchin, Strongylocentrus purpuratus, contain a prominent (11R) and 12(R) lipoxygenase activity. J. Biol. Chem., 262, 7629-7634 (1987).
  • Henningson,P.J., Vick,B.A., Bugbee,W.M. and Gudmestad,N.C. Characterization of 12-methyl-cis-4-tetradecenoic acid from Corynebacterium sepedonicum. Lipids, 23, 1086-1088 (1988).
  • Hintze,U., Roper,H. and Gercken,G. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of C1 -C20 fatty acid benzyl esters. J. Chromatogr., 87, 481-489 (1973).
  • Hogge,L.R. and Millar,J.G. Characterization of unsaturated aliphatic compounds by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Adv. Chromatogr., 27, 299-351 (1987).
  • Hogge,L.R., Underhill,E.W. and Wong,J.W. The determination of double bond position and geometry of unsaturation in multi-unsaturated aliphatic compounds by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 23, 171-175 (1985).
  • Holloway,P.J. The suberin composition of the cork layers from some suberin species. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 9, 171-179 (1972).
  • Holloway,P.J. The composition of suberin from the corks of Quercus suber and Betula pendula. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 9, 158-170 (1972).
  • Holloway,P.J. and Deas,A.H.B. Methoxy methyl ester artefacts in the methylation of hydroxy fatty acids. Chem. Ind. (London), 1140 (1971).
  • Holman,R.T., Deubig,M. and Hayes,H. Pyrolysis chromatography of lipids. I. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrolysis products of hydrocarbons. Lipids, 1, 247-253 (1966).
  • Holz,G.G., Beach,D.H., Singh,B.N. and Fish,W.R. Biosynthesis of the novel fatty acid, 17-methyl-cis-9,10-methylene-octadecanoic acid, by the parasitic protozoan, Herpetomonas megaseliae. Lipids, 18, 607-610 (1983).
  • Hooper,N.K. and Law,J.H. Mass spectrometry of derivatives of cvclopropene fattv acids. J. Lipid Res., 9, 270-275 (1968).
  • Horman,I. and Traitler,H. Routine gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of fatty acid methyl esters using the ion trap detector. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 18, 1016-1022 (1989).
  • Horman,I., Traitler,H. and Aeschlimann,J. A fatty acid methyl ester (FAMES) analyser. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., Chromatogr. Commun., 12, 308-315 (1989).
  • Hoshi,M., Kishimoto,Y. and Hignite,C. 2,3-erythro-Dihydroxyhexacosanoic acid and homologs: isolation from yeast cerebrin phosphate and determination of their structure. J. Lipid Res., 14, 406-414 (1973).
  • Hu,Z.-L., Mendoza,Y.A., Buchs,A. and Gülaçar,F.O. Substituted fatty acids in the leaves of some higher plants. Lipids, 23, 679-681 (1988).
  • Huang,Z-H., Zhang,J.Y. and Yu,Q.T. Chemical modification in mass spectrometry. 1. The double bond location of long-chain fatty acids: the mass spectra of 2-alkenylsubstituted heterocycles. Acta Chim. Sinica, 1, 29-36 (1988).
  • Hughes,H., Smith,C.V., Horning,E.C. and Mitchell,J.R. HPLC and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of specific lipid peroxidation products in vivo. Anal. Biochem., 130, 431-436 (1983).
  • Hughes,H., Smith,C.V., Tsokos-Kuhn,J.O. and Mitchell,J.R. Quantitation of lipid peroxidation products by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Anal. Biochem., 152, 107-112 (1986).
  • Ioneda,T. and Silva,C.L. Purification of 1-monoacylglycerols containing alpha-branched-beta-hydroxylated fatty acids from lipids of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 25, 85-91 (1979).
  • Ioneda,T., Silva,C.L. and Thomas,D.W. Studies on the structure of alpha-branched-beta-hydroxylated fatty acids from Corynebacterium ovis (C. pseudotuberculosis). Chem. Phys. Lipids, 24, 1-9 (1979).
  • Ishii,K., Okajima,H., Koyamatsu,T., Okada,Y. and Watanabe,H. The composition of furan fatty acids in the crayfish. Lipids, 23, 694-700 (1988).
  • Ishii,K., Okajima,H., Okada,Y. and Watanabe,H. Studies on furan fatty acids of salmon roe phospholipids. J. Biochem. (Tokyo), 103, 836-839 (1988).
  • Iversen,S.A., Cawood,P., Madigan,M.J., Lawson,A.M. and Dormandy,T.L. Identification of a diene conjugated component of human lipid as octadeca-9,11-dienoic acid. FEBS Letts, 171, 320-324 (1984).
  • Jacob,J. Thin-layer chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry of complex lipid mixtures from uropygial secretions. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 13, 415-422 (1975).
  • Jacob,J. 2,4,6,8-Tetramethylundecyl 2,4,6,8-tetramethylundecanoate - a highly branched preen wax from the kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem., 357, 609-611 (1976).
  • Jacob,J. Bird waxes. in 'Chemistry and Biochemistry of Natural Waxes', pp. 93-146 (ed. P.E. Kolattukudy, Elsevier, Amsterdam) (1976).
  • Jacob,J. Bird waxes. in 'Chemistry and Biochemistry of Natural Waxes', pp. 94-146 (edited by P.E. Kolattukudy, Elsevier, Amsterdam) (1976).
  • Jacob,J. Chemical composition of the preen gland secretions from some ciconiform birds. Lipids, 13, 274-282 (1978).
  • Jacob,J. and Poltz,J. Chemical compositions of uropygial gland secretions of owls. J. Lipid Res., 15, 243-248 (1974).
  • Janssen,G. and Parmentier,G. Determination of double bond positions in FA with conjugated double bonds. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 5, 439-443 (1978).
  • Janssen,G., Parmentier,G., Verhulst,A. and Eyssen,H., Location of the double bond positions in microbial isomerization and hydrogenation products of a- and g-linolenic acids. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 12, 134-138 (1985).
  • Janssen,G., Verhulst,A. and Parmentier,G. Location of double bonds in polyenoic long-chain carboxylic acids containing a conjugated diene unit. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 15, 1-6 (1988).
  • Jensen,N.J. and Gross,M.L. Fast atom bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry for determining iso- and anteiso-fatty acids. Lipids, 21, 362-365 (1986).
  • Jensen,N.J. and Gross,M.L.. Mass spectrometric methods for structure determination and analysis of fatty acids. Mass Spectrom. Rev., 6, 497-536 (1987).
  • Jensen,N.J., Tomer,K.B. and Gross,M.L. Collision activation decomposition mass spectrometry for locating double bonds in PUFA. Anal. Chem., 57, 2018-2021 (1985).
  • Jensen,N.J., Tomer,K.B. and Gross,M.L. Gas-phase ion decompositions occurring remote to a charge site. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 1863-1868 (1985).
  • Jensen,O.N. and Moller,J. Dimer and trimer fatty acids in feed fats characterized by HPLC-GPC and mass spectrometry. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 88, 352-357 (1986).
  • Johnson,A.R., Murray,K.E., Fogerty,A.C., Kennett,B.H., Pearson,J.A. and Shenstone,F.S. The reaction of methyl sterculate and malvalate with silver nitrate-silica gel and its use as a basis for the estimation of cyclopropene fatty acids. Lipids, 2, 316-322 (1967).
  • Joseph,J.D. Identification of 3,6,9,12,15-octadecapentaenoic acid in laboratory-cultured photosynthetic dinoflagellates. Lipids, 10, 395-403 (1975).
  • Julak,J., Turecek,F. and Mikova,Z. Identification of characteristic branched-chain fatty acids of Mycobacterium kansasii and gordonae by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr., 190, 183-187 (1980).
  • Jutila,M. and Jalonen,J. Piperidyl and morpholinyl esters as derivatives for the structural determination of long-chain fatty acids by mass spectrometry. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 17, 433-436 (1988).
  • Kaneda,K., Naito,S., Imaizumi,S., Yano,I., Mizuno,S., Tomiyasu,I., Baba,T., Kusunose,E. and Kusunose,M. Determination of molecular species composition of C80 or longer-chain alpha-mycolic acids in Mycobacterium spp. by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and mass chromatography. J. Clin. Microbiol., 24, 1060-1070 (1986).
  • Kaneda,T. Fatty acids of the genus Bacillus: an example of branched-chain preference. Bact. Rev., 41, 391-418 (1977).
  • Karlsson,K-A., Samuelsson,B.E. and Steen,G.O. Improved identification of monomethyl paraffin chain branching (close to the methyl end) of long-chain compounds by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 11, 17-38 (1973).
  • Karlsson,K-A., Samuelsson,B.E. and Steen,G.O. Detailed structure of sphingomyelins and ceramides from different regions of the bovine kidney with special reference to long-chain bases. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 316, 336-362 (1973).
  • Kates,M., Hancock,A.J., Ackman,R.G. and Hooper,S.N. Preparation and characterisation of the DDD(RRR)-stereoisomer of 4,8,12,16-tetramethylheptadecanoic acid and 5,9,13,17-tetramethyloctadecanoic acid. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 8, 32-41 (1972).
  • Kawaguchi,A., Kobayashi,Y., Ogawa,Y. and Okuda,S. Determination of double bond position in PUFA by mass spectrometry. Chem. Pharm. Bull., 31, 3228-3232 (1983).
  • Kawamura,K. and Gagosian,R.B. Identification of isomeric hydroxy fatty acids in aerosol samples by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 438, 309-318 (1988).
  • Kawamura,K. and Gagosian,R.B. Identification of aliphatic keto carboxylic acids in marine aerosols using capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 438, 299-308 (1988).
  • Kaya,K. and Kusumi,T. Isolation and structural characterization of a diacyltaurolipid in cells of Tetrahymena mimbres. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 960, 303-308 (1988).
  • Kenner,G.W. and Stenhagen,E. Location of double bonds by mass spectrometry. Acta Chem. Scand., 18, 1551-1552 (1964).
  • Keough,T., Mihelich,E.D. and Eickhoff,D.J. Differentiation of monoepoxide isomers of PUFA and FA esters by low-energy charge exchange mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 56, 1849-1852 (1984).
  • Khan,G.R. and Scheinmann,F. Some recent advances in physical methods for analysis and characterisation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Prog. Chem. Fats other Lipids, 15, 343-367 (1978).
  • Kidwell,D.A. and Biemann,K. Determination of double bond position and geometry of olefins by mass spectrometry of their Diels-Alder adducts. Anal. Chem., 54, 2462-2465 (1982).
  • Kim,H.Y. and Salem,N. Preparation and the structural determination of hydroxy derivatives of docosahexaenoic acid and other polyunsaturates by thermospray LC-mass spectrometry. Prostaglandins, 37, 105-119 (1989).
  • Kishimoto,Y., Williams,M., Moser,H.W., Hignite,C. and Biemann,K. Branched-chain and odd-numbered fatty acids and aldehydes in the nervous system of a patient with deranged vitamin B12 metabolism. J. Lipid Res., 14, 69-77 (1973).
  • Kleiman,R. and Spencer,G.F. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of methyl esters of oxygenated fatty acids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 50, 31-38 (1973).
  • Kleiman,R., Bohannon,M.B., Gunstone,F.D. and Barve,J.A. Mass spectra of acetylenic fatty acid methyl esters and derivatives. Lipids, 11, 599-603 (1976).
  • Kleiman,R., Plattner,R.D. and Spencer,G.F. Alchornea cordifolia seed oil: a rich source of a new C20 epoxide, (+)-cis-14,15-epoxy-cis-11-eicosenoic acid. Lipids, 12, 610-612 (1977).
  • Kleiman,R., Wolf,R.B. and Plattner,R.D. New long-chain hydroxy acids from Grevillea decora. Lipids, 20, 373-377 (1985).
  • Klein,R.A. and Kemp,P. Recent methods for the elucidation of lipid structure. in 'Methods in Membrane Biology. Vol. 8', pp. 51-217 (edited by E.D. Korn, Plenum Press, New York) (1977).
  • Klein,R.A. and Schmitz,B. Double bond location in fatty acids; a critical analysis of the feasibility of using specifically deuterated pyrrolidides for mass spectral analysis. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 13, 429-438 (1986).
  • Knoche,H.W. Incorporation of oxygen-18 into the oxirane ring of cis-9,10-epoxyoctadecanoic acid. Lipids, 6, 581-583 (1971).
  • Kolattukudy,P.E. Identification of 18-oxo-epoxystearic acid, a novel compound in the cutin of young apple fruits. Lipids, 8, 90-91 (1973).
  • Kolattukudy,P.E. and Agrawal,V.P. Structure and composition of aliphatic constituents of potato tuber skin (suberin). Lipids, 9, 682-891 (1974).
  • Kolattukudy,P.E. and Dean,B.B. Structure, gas chromatographic measurement, and function of suberin synthesised by potato tuber tissue slices. Plant Physiol., 54, 116-121 (1974).
  • Kolattukudy,P.E., Bohnet,S. and Rogers,L. Diesters of 3-hydroxy fatty acids produced by the uropygial glands of female mallards uniquely during the mating season. J. Lipid Res., 28, 582-588 (1987).
  • Koritala,S. and Rohwedder,W.K. Formation of an artefact during methylation of conjugated fatty acids Lipids, 7, 274 (1972).
  • Koza,T., Rezanka,T. and Wurst,M. Quantitative analysis of fatty acid methyl esters by capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection - quadrupole and sector mass spectrometry. Folia Microbiol., 34, 165-169 (1989).
  • Kuhn,H., Wiesner,R., Alder,L and Schewe,T. Occurrence of free and esterified lipoxygenase products in leaves of Glechoma hederacea L. and other Labiatae. Eur. J. Biochem., 186, 155-162 (1989).
  • Kuksis,A. Routine chromatography of simple lipids and their constituents. J. Chromatogr. B, 143, 3-30 (1977).
  • Kuksis,A. Separation and structure determination of structure of fatty acids. in 'Handbook of Lipid Research. Vol. 1. Fatty Acids and Glycerides', pp. 1-76 (edited by A. Kuksis, Plenum Press, New York) (1978).
  • Kuksis,A. Quantitative and positional analysis of fatty acids. in 'Lipid Research Methodology' (ed. J.A.Story, A.R.Liss Inc., N.Y.) pp. 78-132 (1984).
  • Kuksis,A. and Myher,J.J. Analytical methodology in the fat absorption area. in 'Fat Absorption', Vol. 1, pp. 1-41 (edited by A. Kuksis, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida) (1986).
  • Kuksis,A. and Myher,J.J. General strategies for practical chromatographic analysis of lipids. in 'Chromatography of Lipids in Biomedical Research and Clinical Diagnosis', (ed. A. Kuksis, Elsevier, Amsterdam) pp. 1-47 (1987).
  • Kuksis,A., Marai,L. and Myher,J.J. Strategies of glycerolipid separation and quantitation by complementary analytical techniques. J. Chromatogr. B, 273, 43-66 (1983).
  • Kunesch,G., Ferluga,J. and Etemadi,A.H. Microanalytical study of the structure of unsaturated mycolic acids by pyrolytic chromatography and mass spectrometry: method and applications Chem. Phys. Lipids, 1, 41-53 (1966).
  • Kusaka,T., Ikeda,M., Nakano,H. and Numajiri,Y. HPLC-mass spectrometry of fatty acids as their anilides. J. Biochem. (Tokyo), 104, 495-497 (1988).
  • Ladisch,S., Sweeley,C.C., Becker,H. and Gage,D. Aberrant fatty acyl alpha-hydroxylation in human neuroblastoma tumor gangliosides. J. Biol. Chem., 264, 12097-12105 (1989).
  • Laine,R.A., Young,N.D., Gerber,J.N. and Sweeley,C.C. Identification of 2-hydroxy fatty acids in complex mixtures of FA by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 1, 10-14 (1974).
  • Lam,W.K., Hahn,S., Ayanoglu,E. and Djerassi,C. Phospholipid studies of marine organisms. 22. Structure and biosynthesis of a novel brominated fatty acid from a hymeniacidonid sponge. J. Org. Chem., 54, 3428-3432 (1989).
  • Lankelma,J., Ayanoglu,E. and Djerassi,C. Double-bond location in long-chain PUFA by CI-mass spectrometry. Lipids, 18, 853-858 (1983).
  • Larsson,L., Mardh,P-E., Odham,G. and Westerdahl,G. Detection of tuberculostearic acid in biological specimens by means of glass capillary gas chromatography and CI-mass spectrometry, utilising selected ion monitoring. J. Chromatogr. B, 182, 402-408 (1980).
  • Lawson,M.P., Thompson,J.E. and Djerassi,C. Cell membrane localization of long chain C24-C30 fatty acids in two marine Demosponges. Lipids, 23, 741-749 (1988).
  • Le Quere,J.L., Semon,E., Lanher,B. and Sebedio,J.L. On-line hydrogenation in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of cyclic fatty acid monomers isolated from heated linseed oil. Lipids, 24, 347-350 (1989).
  • Lehmann,W.D. and Kessler,M. Direct isotope determination of isotopically labelled lipids by field desorption mass spectrometry. Fres. Z. Anal. Chem., 312, 311-316 (1982).
  • Lehmann,W.D. and Kessler,M. FA profiling of phospholipids by field desorption and fast atom bomb ardment mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 32, 123-136 (1983).
  • Leis,H.J., Malle,E., Mayer,B., Kostner,G.M., Esterbauer,H. and Gleisbach,H. Quantitative measurement of 5-, 12- and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid together with 12-hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid by stable isotope dilution gas chromatography-negative ion CI-mass spectrometry. Anal. Biochem., 162, 337-344 (1987).
  • Leonhardt,B.A. and DeVilbiss,E.D. Separation and double bond determination on nanogram quantities of aliphatic monounsaturated alcohols, aldehydes and fatty acid methyl esters. J. Chromatogr. A, 322, 484-490 (1985).
  • Lercker,G., Capella,P., Conte,L.S., Ruini,F. and Giordani,G. Components of royal jelly I. Identification of the organic acids. Lipids, 16, 912-919 (1981).
  • Litchfield,C., Tyszkiewicz,J. and Dato,V. 5,9,23-triacontatrienoic acid, principal fatty acid of the marine sponge Chondrilla nucula. Lipids, 15, 200-202 (1980).
  • Litchfield,C., Tyszkiewicz,J., Marcantonio,E.E. and Noto,G. 15,18,21,24-Triacontatetraenoic and 15,18,21,24,27-tricontapentaenoic acids: new C30 fatty acids from the marine sponge Cliona celata. Lipids, 14, 619-622 (1979).
  • Lough,A.K. The chemistry and biochemistry of phytanic, pristanic and related acids. Prog. Chem. Fats. Other Lipids, 14, 5-48 (1975).
  • Lyon,P.A., Stebbings,W.L., Crow,F.W., Tomer,K.B., Lippstreu,D.L. and Gross,M.L. Analysis of anionic surfactants by mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry with fast-atom-bombardment. Anal. Chem., 56, 8-13 (1984).
  • Maas,R.L., Turk,J., Oates,J.A. and Brash,A.R. Formation of a novel dihydroxy acid from arachidonic acid by lipoxygenase-catalyzed double oxygenation in rat mononuclear cells and human leukocytes. J. Biol. Chem., 257, 7056-7067 (1982).
  • Mallet,A.I., Barr,R.M. and Newton,J.A. Analysis of dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 378, 194-200 (1986).
  • Mallet,G., Cecchi,G., Ucciani,E. and Morin,O. Study of conjugated dienoic fatty acids by coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Rev. Franc. Corps Gras, 36, 131-135 (1989).
  • Marai,L., Myher,J.J., Kuksis,A., Stuhne-Sekalec,L. and Stanacev,N.Z. Identification of isomeric doxyl stearic acids by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 17, 213-221 (1976).
  • Marnela,K.M., Moilanen,T. and Jutila,M. Piperidine ester derivatives in mass spectrometric analysis of fatty acids from human serum phospholipids and cholesteryl esters. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 443-446 (1988).
  • Marzouki,Z.M.H., Taha,A.M. and Gomas,K.S. Fatty acid profiles of sebaceous triglycerides by capillary gas chromatography with mass selective detection. J. Chromatogr. B, 425, 11-24 (1988).
  • Matsui,E., Ogura,K. and Handa,S. Glycolipids of the bovine pineal organ and retina. J. Biochem. (Tokyo), 101, 423-432 (1987).
  • Mayzaud,P. and Ackman,R.G. The 6,9,12,15,18-heneicosapentaenoic acid of seal oil. Lipids, 13, 190-194 (1978).
  • McCloskey,J.A. Mass spectrometry of fatty acid derivatives. In: Topics in Lipid Chemistry. Volume 1, pp. 369-440 (ed. F.D. Gunstone, Logos press, London) (1970).
  • McCloskey,J.A. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of esters of perdeuterated fatty acids. Methods Enzymol., 35, 340-348 (1975).
  • McCloskey,J.A. and Law,J.H. Ring location in cyclopropane fatty acid esters by a mass spectrometry method. Lipids, 2, 225-230 (1967).
  • McCloskey,J.A. and McClelland,M.J. Mass spectra of O-isopropylidene derivatives of unsaturated fatty esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 5090-5093 (1965).
  • McFadden,W.H., Boggs,L.E. and Buttery,R.G. Specific rearrangements in the mass spectra of butyl hexanoates and similar aliphatic aldehydes. J. Phys. Chem., 70, 3516-3523 (1966).
  • Meyerson,S. Organic ions in the gas phase. XV. Decomposition of n-alkanes under electron impact. J. Chem. Phys., 42, 2181-2186 (1965).
  • Meyerson,S. and Leitch,L.C. Organic ions in the gas phase. XVII. A bicyclic doubly hydrogen-bridged transition state in decomposition of 6-substituted alkanoic acids and esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 88, 56-60 (1966).
  • Mikolajczak,K.L. Smith,C.R. and Wolff,I.A. Glyceride structure of Cardamine impatiens L. seed oil. Lipids, 3, 215-220 (1968).
  • Miller,R.W., Weisleder,D., Plattner,R.d. and Smith,C.R. cis-Enediyne chromophore of isano oil. Lipids, 12, 669-675 (1977).
  • Minnikin,D.E. Ring location in cyclopropane fatty acid esters by boron trifluoride-catalysed methoxylation followed by mass spectrometry. Lipids, 7, 398-403 (1972).
  • Minnikin,D.E. Location of double bonds in long-chain esters by mass spectrometry of methoxy-halogeno derivatives prepared from methoxymercuriacetate adducts. Lipids, 10, 55-57 (1975).
  • Minnikin,D.E. Location of double bonds and cyclopropane rings in FA by mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 21, 313-347 (1978).
  • Minnikin,D.E., Abley,P., McQuillin,F.J., Kusamran,K., Maskens,K. and Polgar,N. Location of double bonds in long-chain esters by methoxymercuration-demercuration followed by mass spectrometry. Lipids, 9, 135-140 (1974).
  • Minnikin,D.E., Bolton,R.C., Dobson,G. and Mallet,A.I. Mass spectrometry analysis of multimethylbranched fatty acids and phthiocerols from clinically-significant mycobacteria. Iyo Masu Kenkyukai Koenshu, 12, 23-32 (1987).
  • Miyagawa,M., Miwa,T.K. and Spencer,G.F. Fatty acid composition of oil in snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 56, 834-836 (1979).
  • Moss,C.W. and Dees,S.B. Identification of microorganisms by gas chromatography-MS analysis of cellular FA. J. Chromatogr. A, 112, 595-604 (1975).
  • Moule,A.L. and Wilkinson,S.G. Polar lipids, fatty acids and isoprenoid quinones of Alteromonas putrefaciens (Shewalla putrefaciens). System. Appl. Microbiol., 9, 192-198 (1987).
  • Mruzek,M.N. Mass spectrometry of the double bond. in 'Chem. Double-Bonded Funct. Groups' Vol. 2 (Pt.1) pp. 53-79 (ed. S. Patai, Wiley, Chichester) (1989).
  • Murata,T. Analysis of fatty acid methyl esters by a gas-liquid chromatography-chemical ionization/mass spectrometer computer system. J. Lipid Res., 19, 166-171 (1978).
  • Murata,T., Ariga,T. and Araki,E. Determination of double bond positions of unsaturated fatty acids by a chemical ionization/mass spectrometer computer system. J. Lipid Res., 19, 172-176 (1978).
  • Murata,T., Takahashi,S. and Takeda,T. CI-mass spectrometry. 1. Application to analysis of FA. Anal. Chem., 47, 573-577 (1975).
  • Murawski,U. and Egge,H. Technology for the identification of unusual cis,cis-octadecadienoic acids. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 13, 497-505 (1975).
  • Myher,J.J. Separation and determination of the structure of acylglycerols and their ether analogues. in 'Handbook of Lipid Research Vol. 1. Fatty Acids and Glycerides', pp. 123-196 (edited by A. Kuksis, Plenum Press, New York) (1978).
  • Myher,J.J., Marai,L. and Kuksis,A. Isolation of fatty acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using polar siloxane liquid phases. Anal. Biochem., 62, 188-203 (1974).
  • Natale,N. A mass spectrometry survey of some biologically important lipids. Lipids, 12, 847-856 (1977).
  • Neff,W.E., Frankel,E.N. and Weisleder,D. HPLC of autoxidised lipids: II. Hydroperoxy-cyclic peroxides and other secondary products from methyl linolenate. Lipids, 16, 439-448 (1981).
  • Neff,W.E., Frankel,E.N. and Weisleder,D. Photosensitised oxidation of methyl linolenate. Secondary products. Lipids, 17, 780-790 (1982).
  • Neff,W.E., Frankel,E.N., Scholfield,C.R. and Weisleder,D. HPLC of autoxidised lipids I. Methyl oleate and linoleate. Lipids, 13, 415-421 (1978).
  • Ng,K.J., Andresen,B.D., Hilty,M.D. and Bianchine,J.R. Identification of long chain dicarboxylic acids in the serum of 2 patients with Reye's syndrome. J. Chromatogr. B, 276, 1-10 (1983).
  • Nichols,P.D., Guckert,J.B. and White,D.C. Determination of monounsaturated double bond position and geometry for microbial monocultures and complex consortia by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of their dimethyl disulphide adducts. J. Microbiol. Methods, 5, 49-55 (1986).
  • Nichols,P.D., Mayberry,W.R., Antworth,C.P. and White,D.C. Determination of monounsaturated double-bond position and geometry in the cellular fatty acids of the pathogenic bacterium Francisella tularensis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 21, 738-740 (1985).
  • Nichols,P.D., Shaw,P.M. and Johns,R.B. Determination of the double bond position and geometry in monoenoic fatty acids from complex microbial and environmental samples by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of their Diels-Alder adducts. J. Microbiol. Methods, 3, 311-319 (1985).
  • Nichols,P.D., Volkman,J.K. and Everitt,D.A. Occurrence of 6-hexadecenoic acid and other unusual monounsaturated fatty acids in the lipids of oceanic particulate matter. Oceanol. Acta, 12, 393-403 (1989).
  • Nicolaides,N. The structures of the branched chain fatty acids in the wax esters of Vernix caseosa. Lipids, 6, 901-905 (1971).
  • Nicolaides,N. and Santos,E.C. The di- and triesters of the lipids of steer and human meibomian glands. Lipids, 20, 454-67 (1985).
  • Nicolaides,N., Apon,J.M.B. and Wong,D.H. Further studies of the saturated methyl branched fatty acids of Vernix caseosa lipid. Lipids, 11, 781-790 (1976).
  • Nicolaides,N., Soukup,V.G. and Ruth,E.C. Mass spectrometry fragmentation patterns of the acetoxy and trimethylsilyl derivatives of all the positional isomers of the methyl hydroxypalmitates. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 10, 441-449 (1983).
  • Niehaus,W.G. and Ryhage,R. Determination of double bond position in polyunsaturated fatty acids by combination gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 40, 1840-1847 (1968).
  • Nishimaki-Mogami,T., Minegishi,K., Takahashi,A., Kawasaki,Y., Kurokawa,Y. and Uchiyama,M. Characterisation of skin surface lipids from the monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Lipids, 23, 869-877 (1988).
  • Noble,A.C. and Nawar,W.W. Identification of decomposition products from autoxidation of methyl 4,7,10,13,16,19-doosahexaenoate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 52, 92-95 (1975).
  • Odham,G. and Stenhagen,E. On the chemistry of preen gland waxes of waterfowl. Accounts Chem. Res., 4, 121-128 (1971).
  • Odham,G., Stenhagen,E. and Waern,K. Stereospecific total synthesis of mycoserosic acids. Arkiv Kemi, 31, 533-554 (1970).
  • Oliw,E.H. Analysis of 1,2-diols of linoleic, a-linolenic and arichidonic acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using cyclic alkyl boronic esters. J. Chromatogr. B, 275, 245-260 (1983).
  • Oliw,E.H. and Sprecher,H. Metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids by an (n-6)-lipoxygenase associated with human ejaculates. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1002, 283-291 (1989).
  • Paradis,M. and Ackman,R.G. Occurrence and chemical structure of nonmethylene-interrupted dienoic fatty acids in American oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Lipids, 10, 12-16 (1975).
  • Parsons,H., Emken,E.A., Marai,L. and Kuksis,A. Simultaneous analysis of low plasma levels of deuterium-labelled saturated and unsaturated fatty acids as t-butyldimethylsilyl esters. Lipids, 21, 247-251 (1986).
  • Patton,G.M., Cann,S., Brunengraber,H. and Lowenstein,J.M. Separation of methyl esters of fatty acids by gas chromatography on capillary columns, including the separation of deuterated from non-deuterated fatty acids Methods Enzymol., 72, 8-20 (1981).
  • Pawlowski,N.E., Eisele,T.A., Lee,D.J., Nixon,J.E. and Sinnhuber,R.O. Mass spectra of methyl sterculate and malvalate and 1,2-dialkylcyclopropenes. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 13, 164-172 (1974).
  • Peake,D.A. and Gross,M.L. Iron(I) chemical ionization and tandem mass spectrometry for locating double bonds. Anal. Chem., 57, 115-120 (1985).
  • Pearce,R.E. and Stillway,L.W. trans-6-Hexadecenoic acid in the spadefish Chaetodipterus faber. Lipids, 11, 247-249 (1976).
  • Pearce,R.E. and Stillway,L.W. Non-methylene-interrupted and omega4 dienoic fatty acids of the white shrimp Penaeus setiferus. Lipids, 12, 544-549 (1977).
  • Pearl,M.B., Kleiman ,R. and Earle,F.R. Acetylenic acids of Alvaradoa amorphoides seed oil. Lipids, 8, 627-630 (1973).
  • Pechine,J.M., Perez,F., Antony,C. and Jallon,J.M. A further characterization of Drosophila cuticular monoenes using a mass spectrometry method to localize double bonds in complex mixtures. Anal. Biochem., 145, 177-182 (1985).
  • Perkins,E.G. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of lipids. in 'Analysis of Lipids and Lipoproteins', pp. 183-203 (edited by E.G. Perkins, American Oil Chemists' Soc., Champaign) (1975).
  • Perkins,E.G. and Argoudelis,C.J. Determination of double bond position in polyunsaturated fatty acids using combination gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Lipids, 4, 619-621 (1969).
  • Perkins,E.G. and Iwaoka,W.T. Purification of cyclic fatty acid esters: a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry study. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 50, 44-49 (1973).
  • Petty,F., Ragland,J.B., Kuiken,L.B., Sabesin,S.M. and Wander,J.D. Quantitative, multicomponent analysis of fatty acids from cholesteryl esters by chemical ionisation reconstructed mass spectrometry. Lipids, 10, 800-803 (1975).
  • Pfordt,J., Thoma,H. and Spiteller,G. Identification, structure elucidation, and synthesis of previously unknown urofuranic acids in human blood. Liebigs Ann. Chem., 2298-2308 (1981).
  • Phillipou,G., Bigham,D.A. and Seamark,R.F. Subnanogram detection of t-butyldimethylsilyl fatty acid esters by mass fragmentography. Lipids, 10, 714-716 (1975).
  • Piretti,M.V., Pagliuca,G. and Vasina,M. Proposal of an analytical method for the study of the oxidation products of membrane lipids. Anal. Biochem., 167, 358-361 (1987).
  • Plattner,R.D. and Gardner,H.W. Mass spectrometry of isomeric fatty acid hydroperoxides by chemical ionization via direct exposure probe. Lipids, 20, 126-131 (1985).
  • Plattner,R.D., Gardner,H.W. and Kleiman,R. CI-mass spectrometry of FA: the effect of functional groups on the CI spectra. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 60, 1298-1303 (1983).
  • Plattner,R.D., Spencer,G.F. and Kleiman,R. cis-5-Polyenoic acids in Larix leptolepis seed oil. Lipids, 10, 413-416 (1975).
  • Plattner,R.D., Spencer,G.F. and Kleiman,R. Double bond location in polyenoic fatty esters through partial oxymercuration. Lipids, 11, 222-227 (1976).
  • Poltizer,I.R., Griffin,G.W., Dowty,B.J. and Laseter,J.L. Enhancement of UV detectability of FA for purposes of HPLC-mass spectrometry analyses. Anal. Letts, 6, 539-546 (1973).
  • Poole,C.F. and Zlatkis,A. Trialkylsilyl ether derivatives (other than TMS) for gas chromatography and MS. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 17, 115-123 (1979).
  • Porschmann,J., Welsch,T., Herzschuh,R., Engewald,W. and Muller,K. Analysis of fatty acids by combined application of chemical, chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. J. Chromatogr., 241, 73-88 (1982).
  • Poulos,A., Johnson,D.W., Beckman,K., White,A.G. and Easton,C. Occurrence of unusual molecular species of sphingomyelin containing 28-34-carbon polyenoic fatty acids in ram spermatozoa. Biochem. J., 248, 961-964 (1987).
  • Poulos,A., Sharp,P., Singh,H., Johnson,D., Fellenberg,A. and Pollard,A. Detection of a homologous series of C26-C38 polyenoic fatty acids in the brain of patients without peroxisomes (Zellweger's syndrome). Biochem. J., 235, 607-610 (1986).
  • Prome,J.-C. Location of a cyclopropane ring in an aliphatic substance by examination of the mass spectrum of the ketones obtained by oxidation. Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 655-660 (1968).
  • Prome,J.-C. and Asselineau,C. On the chromic oxidation of diacyl-1,2-cyclopropanes. Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 2114-2115 (1966).
  • Prome,J.C., Aurelle,H., Couderc,F. and Savagnac,A. Structure determination of unsaturated fatty acids in complex mixtures by capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry. Remote site fragmentation of carboxylate anions from electron capture ionization of pentafluorobenzyl esters. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1, 50-52 (1987).
  • Qureshi,N., Takayama,K. and Schnoes,H.K. Purification of C30-C56 fatty acids from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra. J. Biol. Chem., 255, 182-189 (1980).
  • Ratnayake,W.M.N. and Ackman,R.G. Lipid analyses: Part II in 'The Role of Fats in Human Nutrition' (eds. A.J. Vergroesen & M. Crawford) pp. 515-565 (Academic Press Ltd, London) (1989).
  • Ratnayake,W.M.N., Olsson,B. and Ackman,R.G. Novel branched-chain fatty acids in certain fish oils. Lipids, 24, 630-637 (1989).
  • Rezanka,T. and Mares,P. Unusual and very long-chain fatty acids produced by Basidiomycetes. J. Chromatogr. A, 409, 390-395 (1987).
  • Rezanka,T. and Podojil,M. The very long chain fatty acids of the green alga, Chlorella kessleri. Lipids, 19, 472-473 (1984).
  • Rezanka,T., Koza,T., Kysilka,R., Viden,I. and Wurst,M. Reversed-phase liquid chromatography for enrichment of very-long-chain fatty acids and their identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 472, 290-295 (1989).
  • Rezanka,T., Kren,V., Sajdl,P. and Rehacek,Z. Identification of an unusual 4,5-dimethyloctanoic acid, in submerged mycelium of Claviceps purpurea. J. Nat. Prod., 50, 335 (1987).
  • Rezanka,T., Viden,I., Pokorna,L., Klanova,K. and Podojil,M. Fatty acids of Lactobacillus bulgaricus determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Folia Microbiol., 28, 470-473 (1983).
  • Rezanka,T., Vokoun,J., Slavicek,J. and Podojil,M. Determination of fatty acids in algae by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr., 268, 71-78 (1983).
  • Rezanka,T., Vyhnalek,O. and Podojil,M. Separation and identification of lipids and fatty acids of the marine alga Fucus vesiculosus by thin-layer chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Folia Microbiol., 33, 309-313 (1988).
  • Riviere,M., Cervilla,M. and Puzo,G. Structural determination of unsaturated mycolic acids by fast-atom-bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry analyses of their amino alcohol derivatives. Anal. Chem., 57, 2444-2448 (1985).
  • Rock,C.O., Fitzgerald,V., Rainey,W.T. and Snyder,F. Mass spectrometry identification of 2-(O-acyl)hydroxy fatty acid esters in the white portion of the rabbit harderian gland. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 17, 207-212 (1976).
  • Rohwedder,W.K. Field ionization mass spectrometry of long chain fatty methyl esters. Lipids, 6, 906-911 (1971).
  • Rohwedder,W.K. Mass spectrometry of lipids. in 'Analysis of Lipids and Lipoproteins', pp. 170-182 (edited by E.G. Perkins, American Oil Chemists' Soc., Champaign) (1975).
  • Rohwedder,W.K. and Cox,S.M. Hydrogenation of unsaturated FA during isobutane CI-mass spectrometry. Lipids, 19, 466-468 (1984).
  • Rohwedder,W.K., Emken,E.A. and Wolf,D.J. Analysis of deuterium labeled blood lipids by CI-mass spectrometry. Lipids, 20, 303-309 (1985).
  • Rohwedder,W.K., Mabrouk,A.F. and Selke,E. Mass spectrometric studies of unsaturated methyl esters. J. Phys. Chem., 69, 1711-1715 (1965).
  • Rojo,J.A. and Perkins,E.G. Chemical synthesis and spectroscopic characteristics of C18 1,2-di-substituted cyclopentenyl fatty acid methyl esters. Lipids, 24, 467-476 (1989).
  • Ross,M.M., Neihof,R.A. and Campana,J.E. Direct fatty acid profiling of complex lipids in intact algae by fast-atom-bombardment-mass spectrometry. Anal. Chim. Acta, 181, 149-157 (1986).
  • Ryhage,R. Use of a mass spectrometer as a detector and analyzer for effluents emerging from high temperature gas-liquid chromatography columns. Anal. Chem., 36, 759-764 (1964).
  • Ryhage,R., Stallberg-Stenhagen,S. and Stenhagen,E. Methyl esters of α,β-unsaturated long-chain acids. On the structure of C27-phthienoic acid. Arkiv. Kemi, 18, 179-186 (1961).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometric studies II. Saturated normal long-chain esters of ethanol and higher alcohols. Arkiv Kemi, 14, 483-495 (1959).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometric studies. V. Methyl esters of monoalkyl substituted acids with ethyl or longer side chains and methyl esters of di- and polyalkyl-substituted acids. Arkiv Kemi, 15, 333-362 (1959).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometric studies. I. Saturated normal long-chain methyl esters. Arkiv Kemi, 13, 523-542 (1959).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometric studies. IV. Esters of monomethyl-substituted long chain carboxylic acids. Arkiv Kemi, 15, 291-315 (1959).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometric studies. III. Esters of saturated dibasic acids. Arkiv Kemi, 4, 497-509 (1959).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometry in lipid research. J. Lipid Res., 1, 361-390 (1960).
  • Ryhage,R. and Stenhagen,E. Mass spectrometric studies. VI. Methyl esters of normal chain oxo-, hydroxy-, methoxy- and epoxy-acids. Arkiv Kemi, 15, 545-574 (1960).
  • Sand,D.M., Schlenk,H., Thoma,H. and Spiteller,G. Catabolism of fish furan acids to urofuran acids in the rat. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 751, 455-461 (1983).
  • Satouchi,K. and Saito,K. Separation and determination of oleic and cis-vaccenic acids by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry using a polar cyanopropylsiloxane liquid phase. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 6, 144-148 (1979).
  • Savagnac,A., Aurelle,H., Casas,C., Couderc,F., Gavard,P., Promé,D. and Promé,J.C. Structure determination of mycolic acids by using charge remote fragmentation. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 51, 31-38 (1989).
  • Schatowitz,B. and Gercken,G. Benzyl esters of C2 - C20 fatty acids and metabolically relevant carboxylic acids. Preparation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 409, 43-54 (1987).
  • Schmitz,B. and Egge,H. Determination of double bond position in tri- to hexaenoic FA by mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 25, 287-298 (1979).
  • Schmitz,B. and Klein,R.A. Mass spectrometric localization of carbon-carbon double bonds: a critical review of recent methods. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 39, 285-311 (1986).
  • Schmitz,B., Egge,H. and Murawski,U. Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of isomeric polyenoic FA as their poly-O-trimethylsilyl ether derivatives. Fres. Z. Anal. Chem., 279, 166- (1976).
  • Schmitz,B., Murawski,U., Pfluger,M. and Egge,H. Positional isomers of unsaturated fatty acids in rat liver lipids. Lipids, 12, 307-313 (1977).
  • Schogt,J.C.M. and Begemann,P.H. Isolation of 11-cyclohexylundecanoic acid from butter. J. Lipid Res., 6, 466-470 (1965).
  • Schwartzenbach,R.P. and Fisher,N.S. Rapid determination of the molecular weight distribution of total cellular fatty acids using chemical ionization/mass spectrometry. J. Lipid Res., 19, 12-17 (1978).
  • Scribe,P., Guezennec,J., Dagaut,J., Pepe,C. and Saliot,A. Identification of the position and stereochemistry of the double bond in monounsaturated fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of dimethylsulphide derivatives. Anal. Chem., 80, 928-931 (1988).
  • Sebedio,J.L., Le Quere,J.L., Semon,E., Morin,O., Prevost,J. and Grandgirard,A. Heat treatment of vegetable oils. II. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-FTIR spectra of some isolated cyclic fatty acid monomers. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 64, 1324-1333 (1987).
  • Sebedio,J.L., LeQuere,J.L., Morin,O., Vatele,J.M. and Grandgirard,A. Heat treatment of vegetable oils III. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry characterization of cyclic fatty acid monomers in heated sunflower and linseed oils after total hydrogenation. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 66, 704-709 (1989).
  • Seid,R.C., Bone,W.M. and Phillips,W.R. Identification of ester-linked fatty acids of bacterial endotoxins by negative-ion fast-atom-bombardment-mass spectrometry. Anal. Biochem., 155, 168-176 (1986).
  • Selley,M.L., Bartlett,M.R., McGuiness,J.A., Hapel,A.J., Ardlie,N.G. and Lacey,M.J. Determination of the lipid peroxidation product trans-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal in biological samples by HPLC and combined capillary column gas chromatography-negative ion CI mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 488, 329-340 (1989).
  • Sessa,D.J., Gardner,H.W., Kleiman,R. and Weisleder,D. Oxygenated fatty acid constituents of soybean phosphatidylcholines. Lipids, 12, 613-619 (1977).
  • Shantha,N.C. and Kaimal,T.N.B. Mass spectrometry location of double bonds in unsaturated fatty acids including conjugated FA as their methoxybromo derivatives. Lipids, 19, 971-974 (1984).
  • Sharkey,A.G., Shultz,J.L. and Friedel,R.A. Mass spectra of esters. Formation of rearrangement ions. Anal. Chem., 31, 87-94 (1959).
  • Sharp,P., Poulos,A., Fellenberg,A. and Johnson,D. Structure and lipid distribution of polyenoic very-long-chain FA in the brain of peroxisome-deficient patients (Zellweger syndrome). Biochem. J., 248, 61-67 (1987).
  • Shibahara,A., Yamamoto,K., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. Rapid determination of double bond positions in monounsaturated FA by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and its application to fatty acid analysis. Yukagaku, 34, 618-625 (1985).
  • Shibahara,A., Yamamoto,K., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. cis-Vaccenic acid in mango pulp lipids. Lipids, 21, 388-394 (1986).
  • Shibahara,A., Yamamoto,K., Nakayama,T. and Kajimoto,G. cis-Vaccenic acid in pulp lipids of commonly available fruits. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 64, 397-401 (1987).
  • Shibahara,A., Yamamoto,K., Takeoka,M., Kinoshita,A., Kajimoto,G., Nakayama,T. and Noda,M. Application of a GC-MS method using deuterated fatty acids for tracing cis-vaccenic acid biosynthesis in kaki pulp. Lipids, 24, 488-493 (1989).
  • Shukla,V.K.S. Recent advances in the HPLC of lipids. Prog. Lipid Res., 27, 5-38 (1988).
  • Shukla,V.K.S., Abdel-Moety,M.E., Larsen,E. and Egsgaard,H. Identification of cyclopentenyl fatty acids by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 23, 285-290 (1979).
  • Shukla,V.K.S., Clausen,J., Egsgaard,H. and Larsen,E. The content of fat and polyenoic fatty acids in the major food sources of the arctic diet. Localization of double bonds in FA by mass spectrometry of FA pyrrolidides. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 82, 193-199 (1980).
  • Silva,C.L., Gesztesi,J.L., Zupo,M.C., Breda,M. and Ioneda,T. Studies on monoacylglycerols from Gordona lentifragmenta, G. bronchialis and G. rubropertincta. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 26, 197-205 (1980).
  • Smith,A. and Calder,A.G. Characterization of ethyl substituted fatty acids from lamb subcutaneous triacylglycerols by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 6, 347-349 (1979).
  • Smith,A. and Duncan,W.R.H. Characterisation of branched-chain fatty acids from fallow deer perinephric TG by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Lipids, 14, 350-355 (1979).
  • Smith,A., Calder,A.G., Lough,A.K. and Duncan,W.R.H. Identification of methyl-branched fatty acids from the triacylglycerols of subcutaneous adipose tissue of lambs. Lipids, 14, 953-960 (1979).
  • Sonneveld,W. Metastable transitions in the mass spectra of five saturated fatty acid methyl esters. Rec. Trav. Chim., 84, 45-52 (1964).
  • Spencer,G.F. Epoxyoctadecadienoic acids from Crepis conyzaefolia seed oil. Phytochemistry, 16, 282-284 (1977).
  • Spencer,G.F. and Earle,F.R. The abundance of cis-5-octadecenoic acid in Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii seed oil. Lipids, 7, 435-436 (1972).
  • Spencer,G.F., Payne-Wahl,K., Plattner,R.D. and Kleiman,R. Lactobacillic and methyl-branched olefinic acids in Byrsocarpus coccineus seed oil. Lipids, 14, 72-74 (1979).
  • Sprecher,H.W., Maier,R., Barber,M. and Holman,R.T. Structure of an optically active allene-containing tetraester triglyceride isolated from the seed oil of Sapium sebiferum. Biochemistry, 4, 1856-1863 (1965).
  • Stan,H-J. and Scheutwinkel-Reich,M. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of polyhydroxy fatty acids with chemical ionisation. Fres. Z. Anal. Chem., 296, 400-405 (1979).
  • Stan,H-J. and Scheutwinkel-Reich,M. Detection of hydroxy fatty acids in biological samples using capillary gas chromatography in combination with positive and negative chemical-ionization mass spectrometry. Lipids, 15, 1044-1054 (1980).
  • Stefanov,K., Konaklieva,M., Brechany,E.Y. and Christie,W.W. Fatty acid composition of some algae from the Black Sea. Phytochemistry, 27, 3495-3497 (1988).
  • Strecker,G. and Stan,H-J. Conversion of linoleic acid hydroperoxides by soybean lipoxygenase in the presence of guiacol: identification of the reaction products. Lipids, 10, 847-854 (1975).
  • Strife,R.J. and Murphy,R.C. Preparation of pentafluorobenzyl esters of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase metabolites: Analysis by gas chromatography and negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 305, 3- 12 (1984).
  • Sugita,M. Studies on the glycosphingolipids of the starfish, Asterina pectinifera. I. The isolation and characterization of ceramide mono- and dihexosides. J. Biochem. (Tokyo), 82, 1307-1312 (1977).
  • Suzuki,M., Ariga,T., Sekine,M., Araki,E. and Miyatake,T. Identification of double bond position in PUFA by CI-mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 53, 985-988 (1981).
  • Suzuki,M., Nishizawa,M., Miyatake,T. and Kagawa,Y. Measurement of eicosapolyenoic acids in the serum by gas-liquid chromatography-chemical ionization mass spectrometry. J. Lipid Res., 23, 363-366 (1982).
  • Szczepanska,H. and Chmielarz,B. Analytical problems in the investigation of unsaturated acids conversion. 1. Determination of the content of trans isomers. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 84, 273-278 (1982).
  • Szczepanska,H. and Chmielarz,B. Analytical problems in the investigations of unsaturated acids conversion II: determination of position isomers, conjugated unsaturated bonds and composition of FA. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 85, 150-157 (1983).
  • Takagi,T. and Itabashi,Y. cis-5-Olefinic unusual fatty acids in seed lipids of gymnospermae and their distribution in triacylglycerols. Lipids, 17, 716-723 (1982).
  • Takagi,T., Kaneniwa,M. and Itabashi,Y. Fatty acids in crinoidea and ophiuroidea: Occurrence of all-cis-6,9,12,15,18,21-tetracosahexaenoic acid. Lipids, 21, 430-433 (1986).
  • Takayama,K., Quereshi,N. and Schnoes,H.K. Isolation and characterization of the monounsaturated long chain fatty acids of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Lipids, 13, 575-579 (1978).
  • Takayama,K., Schnoes,H.K., Armstromg,E.L. and Boyle,R.W. Site of inhibitory action of isoniazid in the synthesis of mycolic acids in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J. Lipid Res., 16, 308-317 (1975).
  • Takeuchi,G., Weiss,M. and Harrison,A.G. Location of double bonds in alkenyl acetates by negative ion tandem mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem., 59, 918-921 (1987).
  • Tatsumi,K., Kishimoto,Y. and Hignite,C. Stereochemical aspects of synthetic and naturally occurring 2-hydroxy fatty acids. Their absolute configurations and assays of optical purity. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 165, 656-664 (1974).
  • Taylor,J., Parkes,R.J., Wahle,K.W.J. and Graham,A. The monoenoic FA composition of a marine species of Desulphobulbus grown on lactate. Lipids, 20, 393-397 (1985).
  • Terao,J. and Matsushita,S. Products formed by photosensitised oxidation of unsaturated fatty acid esters. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 54, 234-238 (1977).
  • Terao,J., Inoue,T., Yamagata,S., Murakami,H. and Matsushita,S. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of monohydroperoxide isomers and their secondary oxidation products of methyl linoleate and methyl linolenate. Agric. Biol. Chem., 48, 1735-1743 (1984).
  • Thomas,D.W., Matida,A.K., Silva,C.L. and Ioneda,T. Esters of trehalose from Corynebacteria diphtheriae: a modified purification procedure and studies on the structure of their constituent hydroxylated fatty acids. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 23, 267-282 (1979).
  • Thomas,M.J. and Pryor,W.A. Singlet oxidation of methyl linoleate: isolation and characterisation of the NaBH4-reduced products. Lipids, 15, 544-548 (1980).
  • Tokita,M. and Morita,M. Methyl 9-(2-(2,5-dihydro-5-pentylfuryl))-nonanoate in the copper-catalyzed decomposition products of methyl linoleate hydroperoxides and some other products. Agric. Biol. Chem., 51, 309-313 (1987).
  • Tomer,K.B., Crow,F.W. and Gross,M.L. Location of double bond position in unsaturated fatty acids by negative ion mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 105, 5487-5488 (1983).
  • Tomer,K.B., Jensen,N.J. and Gross,M.L Fast-atom-bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry for determining structural modification of fatty acids. Anal. Chem., 58, 2429-2433 (1986).
  • Tomiyasu,I., Toriyama,S., Yano,I. and Masui,M. Changes in molecular species composition of nocardomycolic acids in Nocardia rubra by the growth temperature. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 28, 41-54 (1981).
  • Tracey,B.M., Cheng,K.N., Rosankiewicz,J., Stacey,T.E. and Chalmers,R.A. Urinary C6 to C12 dicarboxylic acyl carnitines in Reye's syndrome. Clin. Chim. Acta, 175, 79-88 (1988).
  • Traitler,H., Richli,U., Winter,H., Kappeler,A.M. and Monnard,C. FABES and FAPES - transesterification of triglycerides with higher alcohols. Quantitation and mass spectrometry evaluation. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., Chromatogr. Commun., 8, 440-443 (1985).
  • Tulloch,A.P. Chemistry of waxes of higher plants. in 'Chemistry and Biochemistry of Natural Waxes', pp. 236-287 (edited by P.E. Kolattukudy, Elsevier, Amsterdam) (1976).
  • Tulloch,A.P. Cutin acids: synthesis and mass spectrometry of methyl 16-hydroxy-7-oxo-, 16-hydroxy -8-oxo-, 16-hydroxy-9-oxo-, 16-hydroxy-10-oxo- and 7,16-, 8,16-, 9,16- and 10,16-dihydroxyhexadecanoates. Lipids, 15, 881-888 (1980).
  • Tulloch,A.P. Mass spectra of TMS esters of deuterated decanoic acids and TMS ethers of deuterated decanols. Lipids, 20, 404-411 (1985).
  • Tulloch,A.P. Mass spectrometry of pyrrolidides of oxo, hydroxy and trimethylsilyloxy octadecanoic acids. Lipids, 20, 652-663 (1985).
  • Tunlid,A., Ringelberg,D., Phelps,T.J., Low,C. and White,D.C. Measurement of phospholipid fatty acids at picomolar concentrations in biofilms and deep subsurface sediments using gas chromatography and CI-MS. J. Microbiol. Methods, 10, 139-153 (1989).
  • Tvrzicka,E., Rezanka,T., Krijt,J. and Janousek,V. Identification of very-long-chain fatty acids in rat and mouse Harderian gland lipids by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 431, 231-238 (1988).
  • Ulsaker,G.A. and Teien,G. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry identification of 9,10-epoxyoctadec-12-enoate ester and 12,13-epoxyoctadec-9-enoate ester in human blood. Analyst, 111, 559-562 (1986).
  • Vacheron,M.J., Michel,G. and Guilluy,R. Location of double bonds in ethylenic fatty acids by mass spectrometry. Bull. Soc. Chim. Biol., 51, 177-185 (1969).
  • Valicenti,A.J., Chapman,C.J., Holman,R.T. and Chipault,J.R. Mass spectrometry identification of C20 FA in bovine lens using the pyrrolidide derivative. Lipids, 13, 190-194 (1978).
  • Valicenti,A.J., Heimermann,W.H. and Holman,R.T. Mass spectrometry location of triple bonds in FA and fragmentation mechanisms of N-acylpyrrolidides. J. Org. Chem., 44, 1068-1073 (1979).
  • Vamecq,J. and Draye,J-P. The enzymatic and mass spectrometric identification of 2-oxophytanic acid, a product of the peroxisomal oxidation of L-2-hydroxyphytanic acid. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 15, 345-352 (1988).
  • Van Aller,R.T., Clark,L.R., Pessoney,G.F. and Rogers,V.A. A prostaglandin-like fatty acid from a species in the Cyperaceae. Lipids, 18, 617-622 (1983).
  • Van Kuijk,F.J.G.M., Thomas,D.W., Stephens,R.J. and Dratz,E.A. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for determination of phospholipid peroxides; II. transesterification to form pentafluorobenzyl esters and detection with picogram sensitivity. J. Free Radicals Biol. Med., 1, 387-393 (1985).
  • Van Kuijk,F.J.G.M., Thomas,D.W., Stephens,R.J. and Dratz,E.A. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for determination of phospholipid peroxides; transesterification to form methyl esters. J. Free Radicals Biol. Med., 1, 215-225 (1985).
  • Van Kuijk,F.J.G.M., Thomas,D.W., Stephens,R.J. and Dratz,E.A. Detection of lipid hydroperoxidation products in lipids and tissues by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Basic Life Sciences, 49, 179-183 (1988).
  • VanRollins,M. and Murphy,R.C. Autoxidation of docosahexaenoic acid: analysis of ten isomers of hydroxydocosahexaenoate. J. Lipid Res., 25, 507-517 (1984).
  • VanRollins,M., Frade,P.D. and Carretero,O.A. Synthesis of epoxide and vicinal diol regioisomers from docosahexaenoate methyl esters. J. Lipid Res., 30, 275-286 (1989).
  • Vatela,J.M., Sebedio,J.L. and LeQuere,J.L. Cyclic fatty acid monomers: synthesis and characterization of methyl w-(2-alkylcyclopentyl)alkenoates and alkanoates. Chem. Phys. Lipids, 48, 119-128 (1988).
  • Vekey,K., Baan,G. and Jennings,K.R. Identification of Z and E isomers by chemical ionization. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 267-268 (1988).
  • Verzele,M., Schuddinck,G., Proot,M. and Sandra,P. Quantitative capillary gas chromatography of trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids in beer. J. Inst. Brew., 93, 26-29 (1987).
  • Vetter,W. and Meister,L. Fragmentation of the chain in the mass spectra of the pyrrolidides of alkylcyclohexanecarboxylic acids. Org. Mass Spectrom., 21, 85-89 (1986).
  • Vetter,W. and Walther,W. The mass spectra of pyrrolidides of some aliphatic-alicyclic carboxylic acids. Monats. Chemie, 106, 203-211 (1975).
  • Vetter,W., Meister,W. and Oesterhelt,G. Triazolopyridine, a new derivative for the structural determination of fatty acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Org. Mass Spectrom., 23, 566-572 (1988).
  • Vetter,W., Walther,W. and Vecchi,M. Pyrrolidides as derivatives for structural analysis of aliphatic and alicyclic fatty acids by mass spectrometry. Helv. Chim. Acta, 54, 1599-1605 (1971).
  • Viden,I. and Rezanka,T. Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of aliphatic saturated alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid dimethyl esters and direct inlet mass-spectrometry of the corresponding free acids. J. Chromatogr. A, 408, 145-155 (1987).
  • Viden,I. and Rezanka,T. Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of very-long-chain alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid dimethyl esters from Equisetum (horsetail). J. Chromatogr. A, 465, 390-394 (1989).
  • Vincenti,M., Guglieilmetti,G., Cassani,G. and Tonini,C. Determination of double bond position in diunsaturated compounds by mass spectrometry of dimethyl disulphide derivatives. Anal. Chem., 59, 694-699 (1987).
  • Vine,J. Analysis of FA methyl esters by high resolution gas chromatography-CI/mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr., 196, 415-424 (1980).
  • Volkman,J.K., Burger-Wiersma,T., Nichols,P.D. and Summons,R.E. Lipids and chemotaxonomy of Prochlorothrix hollandica, a planktonic prokaryote containing chlorophylls a and b. J. Phycol., 24, 554-559 (1988).
  • Vulliet,P., Markey,S.P. and Tornabene,T.G. Identification of methoxyester artefacts produced by methanolic-HCl solvolysis of the cyclopropane fatty acids of the genus Yersinia. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 348, 299-301 (1974).
  • Wait,R. and Hudson,M.J. The use of picolinyl esters for the characterization of microbial lipids: application to the unsaturated and cyclopropane fatty acids of Campylobacter species. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1, 95-99 (1985).
  • Walkup,R.D., Jamieson,G.C., Ratcliff,M.R. and Djerassi,C. Phospholipids of marine organisms II. Phospholipids, phospholipid-bound fatty acids and free sterols of the sponge Aplysina fistularis (Pallas) forma fulva (Pallas). Isolation and structure elucidation of unprecedented branched-chain fatty acids. Lipids, 16, 631-646 (1981).
  • Wallen,L.L., Davis,E.N., Wu,Y.V. and Rohwedder,W.K. Stereospecific hydration of unsaturated fatty acids by bacteria. Lipids, 6, 745-750 (1971).
  • Walton,T.J. and Kolattukudy,P.E. Determination of the structures of cutin monomers by a novel depolymerisation process and combined gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Biochemistry, 11, 1885-1897 (1972).
  • Warnaar,F. Deca-2,4,6-trienoic acid, a new conjugated fatty acid, isolated from the latex of Euphorbia pulcherrima willd. Lipids, 12, 707-710 (1977).
  • Weaver,N., Johnston, N.C., Benjamin,R. and Law,J.H. Novel fatty acids from the royal jelly of honeybees (Apis mellifera, L.). Lipids, 3, 535-538 (1968).
  • Weihrauch,J.L., Brewington,C.R. and Schwartz,D.P. Trace constituents in milk fat: isolation and identification of oxo fatty acids. Lipids, 9, 883-890 (1974).
  • Wertz,P.W. and Downing,D.T. Integral lipids of human hair. Lipids, 23, 878-881 (1988).
  • Wijekoon,W.M.D., Ayanoglu,E. and Djerassi,C. Phospholipid studies of marine organisms 9. New brominated demospongic acids from the phospholipids of two Petrosia species. Tetrahedron Letts, 25, 3285-3288 (1984).
  • Wing,D.R., Harvey,D.J., La Droitte,P., Robinson,K. and Belcher,S. Examination of the esterified fatty acids from mouse erythrocyte and synaptosomal membrane phospholipids and their distribution between various phospholipid types. J. Chromatogr. A, 368, 103-111 (1986).
  • Wolff,G., Wolff,R.E. and McCloskey,J.A. The mechanism of electron-impact-induced elimination of methanol from long chain methyl esters. Tetrahedron Letts, 36, 4335-4339 (1966).
  • Wong,M.Y.H. and Gray,G.R. Structures of the homologous series of monoalkene mycolic acids from Mycobacterium smegmatis. J. Biol. Chem., 254, 5741-5744 (1979).
  • Wong,W-S.D. and Hammond,E.G. Analysis of oleate and linoleate hydroperoxides in oxidised ester mixtures. Lipids, 12, 475-479 (1977).
  • Wood,R. and Reiser,R. Cyclopropane fatty acid metabolism: physical and chemical identification of propane ring metabolic products in the adipose tissue. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 42, 315-320 (1965).
  • Woollard,P.M. Selective silylation using tertbutyldimethylsilyl reagents: Their use in the quantitation of FA. Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 10, 143-154 (1983).
  • Woollard,P.M. and Mallet,A.I. Lipoxygenase products. A novel gas chromatography-mass spectrometry assay for monohydroxy FA. J. Chromatogr. B, 306, 1-21 (1984).
  • Wyatt,C.J., Pereira,R.L. and Day,E.A. The lactone precursor in fresh milk fat: Identification of the hydroxy fatty acids. Lipids, 2, 208-211 (1967).
  • Yamamoto,A., Fujii,Y. and Mitsuda,H. Product specificity of rice germ lipoxygenase. Lipids, 15, 1-5 (1980).
  • Yang,Y.M., Zhang,J.Y. and Huang,Z.H. Combined in-beam electron impact-B/E-linked scan mass spectrometry of oxazoline derivatives for the structure determination of long-chain unsaturated fatty acids. J. Lipid Res., 30, 127-133 (1989).
  • Yano,I., Ohno,Y., Masui,M., Kato,K., Yabuuchi,E. and Ohyama,A. Occurrence of 2- and 3-hydroxy fatty acids in high concentrations in the extractable and bound lipids of Flavobacterium meningosepticum and F. IIb. Lipids, 11, 685-688 (1976).
  • Yu,O.T., Zhang,J.Y. and Huang,Z.H. A novel approach to double bond location in long-chain olefinic acids. The mass spectra of 2-alkenylbenzoxazoles. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 13, 211-216 (1986).
  • Yu,Q.T., Liu,B.N., Zhang,J.Y. and Huang,Z.H. Location of methyl branches in fatty acids: Fatty acids in uropygial secretion of Shanghai ducks by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Lipids, 23, 804-810 (1988).
  • Yu,Q.T., Liu,B.N., Zhang,J.Y. and Huang,Z.H. Location of double bonds in fatty acids of fish oil and rat testis lipids. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the oxazoline derivatives. Lipids, 24, 79-83 (1989).
  • Zeman,A. and Scharmann,H. Mass spectrometry of lipids (a review). I. Fette Seifen anstrichm., 74, 509-514 (1972).
  • Zeman,A. and Scharmann,H. Mass spectrometry of lipids (a review). II. Fette Seifen Anstrichm., 75, 32-44 (1973).
  • Zhang,J.Y., Wang,H.Y., Yu,Q.T., Yu,X.J., Liu,B.N. and Huang,Z.H. The structures of cyclopentenyl fatty acids in the seed oils of Flacourtiaceae species by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 66, 242-246 (1989).
  • Zhang,J.Y., Yu,Q.T. and Huang,Z.H. 2-Substituted 4,4-dimethyloxazolines as useful derivatives for the localisation of cyclopropane rings in long-chain fatty acids. J. Mass Spectrom. Soc. Japan, 35, 23-30 (1987).
  • Zhang,J.Y., Yu,Q.T., Huang,Z.H., Wang,H.Y. and Yu,X.J. New keto-acids from the kernel oil of Pseudobombax elliptica by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the dimethyloxazoline derivatives. Chem. Scripta, 28, 353-356 (1988).
  • Zhang,J.Y., Yu,Q.T., Liu,B.N. and Huang,Z.H. Chemical modification in mass spectrometry IV. 2-Alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazolines as derivatives for double bond location of long-chain olefinic acids. Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 15, 33-44 (1988).
  • Zhang,J.Y., Yu,Q.T., Yang,Y.M. and Huang,Z.H. Chemical modification in mass spectrometry. 11. A study on the mass spectra of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives of hydroxy fatty acids. Chem. Scripta, 28, 357-363 (1988).
  • Zhang,J.Y., Yu,X.J., Wang,H.Y., Liu,B.N., Yu,Q.T. and Huang,Z.H. Location of triple bonds in the fatty acids from the kernel oil of Pyrularia edulis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of their 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 66, 256-259 (1989).
  • Zirrolli,J.A. and Murphy,R.C. Mass spectrometry of 3-methoxy fatty acid methyl esters. Org. Mass Spectrom., 11, 1114-? (1976).

Updated August 22, 2011