Literature Survey

Solid-phase extraction and lipids

Solid-phase extraction methodology has simplified many aspects of lipid analysis. My impression is that a proportion of this has not been examined critically, but nonetheless must be considered.

The following references were collected as part of our regular literature reviews for our own research purposes. They cover the years 1990 onwards. For the earlier literature, I recommend my review, which can now be accessed directly from our website (here) -

Christie, W.W. Solid-phase extraction columns in the analysis of lipids. In Advances in Lipid Methodology - One, pp. 1-17 (1992) (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Ayr).

A more recent one by Ruiz-Gutierrez. and Perez-Camino is cited below. I cannot claim to have covered the subject exhaustively here, but I have done my best. References are listed alphabetically by the first author of a paper, but not necessarily chronologically by that author.

  • Adachi,J., Asano,M., Naito,T., Ueno,Y. and Tatsuno,Y. Chemiluminescent determination of cholesterol hydroperoxides in human erythrocyte membrane. Lipids, 33, 1235-1240 (1998).
  • Adachi,J., Yoshioka,N., Funae,R., Nagasaki,Y., Naito,T. and Ueno,Y. Phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide levels in human plasma are lower than previously reported. Lipids, 39, 891-896 (2004).
  • Adlof,R.O., Copes,L.C. and Emken,E.A. Robotic method for semi-automation of plasma triglyceride structure analysis by lipase. Proc. Internat. Symp. Laboratory Automationa and Robotics, Boston, 1997, pp. 414-424. (1997).
  • Agren,J.J., Julkunen,A. and Pentilla,I. Rapid separation of serum lipids for fatty acid analysis by a single aminopropyl column. J. Lipid Res., 33, 1871-1876 (1992).
  • Akesson-Nilsson,G. Isolation of chlorinated fatty acid methyl esters derived from cell-culture medium and from fish lipids by using an aminopropyl solid-phase extraction column. J. Chromatogr. A, 996, 173-180 (2003).
  • Allen,B., Norman,H.A., Vincent,J.S. and Chappelle,E.W. Preparation of carotenoid enriched vesicles of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol and digalactosyldiacylglycerol for use in Raman studies to investigate leaf canopy damage. J. Plant Physiol., 148, 413-417 (1996).
  • Alvarez,J.G. and Touchstone,J.C. Separation of acidic and neutral lipids by aminopropyl-bonded silica gel chromatography. J. Chromatogr. B, 577, 142-145 (1992).
  • Alves,S.P., Cabrita,A.R.J., Fonseca,A.J.M. and Bessa,R.J.B. Improved method for fatty acid analysis in herbage based on direct transesterification followed by solid-phase extraction. J. Chromatogr. A, 1209, 212-219 (2008).
  • Alves,S.P., Maia, M.R.G., Bessa, R.J.B., Fonseca, A.J.M. and Cabrita, A.R.J. Identification of C18 intermediates formed during stearidonic acid biohydrogenation by rumen microorganisms in vitro. Lipids, 47, 171-183 (2012).
  • Amelio,M., Rizzo,R. and Varazini,F. Determination of sterols, erythrodiol, uvaol and alkanols in olive oils using combined solid-phase extraction, HPLC and high-resolution GC techniques. J. Chromatogr. A, 606, 179-185 (1992).
  • Anderson,L., Cummings,J. and Smyth,J.F. Rapid and selective isolation of radiolabelled inositol phosphates from cancer cells using solid phase extraction. J. Chromatogr. B, 574, 150-155 (1992).
  • Arai,Y., Fukushima,T., Shirao,M., Yang,X.J. and Imai,K. Sensitive determination of anandamide in rat brain utilizing a coupled-column HPLC with fluorimetric detection. Biomed. Chromatogr., 14, 118-124 (2000).
  • Augustyn,O.P.H., Ferreira,D. and Kock,J.L.F. Differentiation between yeast species, and strains within a species, by cellular fatty acid analysis. 4. Saccharomyces-sensu-stricto, Hanseniaspora, Saccharomycodes and Wickerhamiella. System. Appl. Microbiol., 14, 324-334 (1991).
  • Augustyn,O.P.H., Kock,J.L.F. and Ferreira,D. Differentiation between yeast species, and strains within a species, by cellular fatty acid analysis. 5. A feasible technique? System. Appl. Microbiol., 15, 105-115 (1992).
  • Avalli,A. and Contarini,G. Determination of phospholipids in dairy products by SPE/HPLC/ELSD. J. Chromatogr. A, 1071, 185-190 (2005).
  • Azadmard-Damirchi,S. and Dutta,P.C. A single step solid-phase extraction method for complete separation of sterol oxidation products in food lipids. J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 36-42 (2009).
  • Azadmard-Damirchi,S. and Dutta,P.C. Novel solid-phase extraction method to separate 4-desmethyl-, 4-monomethyl-, and 4,4'-dimethylsterols in vegetable oils. J. Chromatogr. A, 1108, 183-187 (2006).
  • Azadmard-Damirchi,S. and Dutta.P.C. Rapid separation of methylsterols from vegetable oils by solid-phase extraction. Lipid Technology, 18, 231-234 (2006).
  • Azadmard-Damirchi,S., Nemati,M., Javad Hesari,J., Ansarin,M. and Fathi-Achachlouei,B. Rapid separating and enrichment of 4,4'-dimethylsterols of vegetable oils by solid-phase extraction. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 87, 1155-1159 (2010).
  • Bai,H.Y., Lin,S.L., Chung,Y.T., Liu,T.Y., Chan,S.A. and Fuh,M.R. Quantitative determination of 8-isoprostaglandin F-2 alpha in human urine using microfluidic chip-based nano-liquid chromatography with on-chip sample enrichment and tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 2085-2090 (2011).
  • Ballesteros,E., Gallego,M. and Valcarcel,M. Simultaneous determination of sterols in edible oils by use of a continuous separation module coupled to a gas chromatograph. Anal. Chim. Acta, 308, 253-260 (1995).
  • Balvers,M.G.J., Verhoeckx,K.C.M. and Witkamp,R.F. Development and validation of a quantitative method for the determination of 12 endocannabinoids and related compounds in human plasma using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 877, 1583-1590 (2009).
  • Bareth,A. Strohmar,W. and Kitzelmann,E. Gas chromatographic determination of mono- and diglycerides in milk and milk products. Eur. Food Res. Technol., 216, 365-368 (2003).
  • Bateman,H.G. and Jenkins,T.C. Method for extraction and separation by solid phase extraction of neutral lipid, free fatty acids, and polar lipid from mixed microbial cultures. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 132-134 (1997).
  • Beldean-Galea,M.S., Horga,C. and Coman,M.V. Separation and determination of tocopherols in vegetable oils by solid phase extraction on porous polymers SPE cartridges and capillary gas chromatography analysis. Central Eur. J. Chem., 8, 1108-1114 (2010).
  • Bergqvist,M.H.J. and Herslof,B.G. Isolation and purification of digalactosyldiacylglycerols. Chromatographia, 40, 129-133 (1995).
  • Bernhardt,T.G., Cannistraro,P.A., Bird,D.A., Doyle,K.M. and Laposata,M. Purification of fatty acid ethyl esters by solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography. J. Chromatogr. B, 675, 189-196 (1996).
  • Bioque,G., Tost,D., Closa,D., Rosello-Catafu, Ramis,I., Cabrer,F., Carcigano,G. and Gelpi,E. Concurrent C18-solid phase extraction of platelet activating factor (PAF) and arachidonic acid metabolites. J. Liqu. Chromatogr., 15, 1249-1258 (1992).
  • Blunk,H.-C. and Steinhart,H. Separation of phospholipids in bovine tissue with disposable silica gel extraction columns. Z. Lebensm.-Unters. Forsch., 190, 123-125 (1990).
  • Bodennec,J., Brichon,G., Portoukalian,J. and Zwingelstein,G. Improved methods for the simultaneous separation of free diacylglycerol species from ceramides containing phytosphingosine and sphingosine bases with non hydroxy and alpha-hydroxy fatty acids. J. Liqu. Chromatogr. Rel. Technol., 22, 1493-1502 (1999).
  • Bodennec,J., Brichon,G., Zwingelstein,G. and Portoukalian,J. Purification of sphingolipid classes by solid-phase extraction with aminopropyl and weak cation exchanger cartridges. Methods Enzymol. Sphingolipid Metabolism and Cell Signaling, Part B, 312, 101-114 (2000).
  • Bodennec,J., Famy,C., Zwingelstein,G. and Portoukalian,J. Purification of free sphingoid bases by solid-phase extraction on weak cation exchanger cartridges. Anal. Biochem., 279, 245-248 (2000).
  • Bodennec,J., Koul,O., Aguado,I., Brichon,G., Zwingelstein,G. and Portoukalian,J. A procedure for fractionation of sphingolipid classes by solid-phase extraction on aminopropyl cartridges. J. Lipid Res., 41, 1524-1531 (2000).
  • Bodennec,J., Pelled,D. and Futerman,A.H. Aminopropyl solid phase extraction and 2 D TLC of neutral glycosphingolipids and neutral lysoglycosphingolipids. J. Lipid Res., 44, 218-226 (2003).
  • Bodennec,J., Trajkovic-Bodennec,S. and Futerman,A.H. Simultaneous quantification of lyso-neutral glycosphingolipids and neutral glycosphingolipids by N-acetylation with [H-3]acetic anhydride. J. Lipid Res., 44, 1413-1419 (2003).
  • Bondia-Pons,I., Morera-Pons,S., Castellote,A.I. and Lopez-Sabater,M.C. Determination of phospholipid fatty acids in biological samples by solid-phase extraction and fast gas chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 204-208 (2006).
  • Bonzom,P.M.A., Nicolaou,A., Zloh,M., Baldeo,W. and Gibbons,W.A. NMR lipid profile of Agaricus bisporus. Phytochemistry, 50, 1311-1321 (1999).
  • Bortolomeazzi,R., Frega,N. and Lercker,G. Rapid determination of free and esterified sterols using prepacked silica columns. Ital. J. Food Sci., 2, 265-268 (1990).
  • Bortolomeazzi,R., Pizzale,L. and Lercker,G. Chromatographic determination of position and configurational isomers of methyl oleate hydroxides from corresponding hydroperoxides. Chromatographia, 36, 61-64 (1993).
  • Bortolomeazzi,R., Pizzale,L. and Lercker,G. Chromatographic determination of the position and configuration of isomers of methyl oleate hydroperoxides. J. Chromatogr. A, 626, 109-116 (1992).
  • Bortolomeazzi,R., Pizzale,L., Conte,L.S. and Lercker,G. Identification of thermal oxidation products of cholesteryl acetate. J. Chromatogr. A, 683, 75-85 (1994).
  • Bortolomeazzi,R., Pizzale,L., Vichi,S. and Lercker,G. Analysis of isomers of cholesteryl acetate hydroperoxides by HPLC and GC-ITDMS. Chromatographia, 39, 577-580 (1994).
  • Boselli,E., Caboni,M.F. and Lercker,G. Determination of free cholesterol from dried egg yolk by on-line coupling of supercritical fluid extraction with solid phase extraction. Z. Lebensm.-Unters. Forsch., 205, 356-359 (1997).
  • Boyle,T., Lancaster,V., Hunt,R., Gemski,P. and Jett,M. Method for simultaneous isolation and quantitation of platelet activating factor and multiple arachidonate metabolites from small samples: analysis of effects of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B in mice. Anal. Biochem., 216, 373-382 (1994).
  • Breinholder,P., Mosca,L. and Lindner,W. Concept of sequential analysis of free and conjugated phytosterols in different plant matrices. J. Chromatogr. B, 777, 67-82 (2002).
  • Brufau,G., Codony,R., Canela,M.A. and Rafecas,M. Rapid and quantitative determination of total sterols of plant and animal origin in liver samples by gas chromatography. Chromatographia, 64, 559-563 (2006).
  • Bruschweiler,H. and Dieffenbacher,A. Determination of mono- and diglycerides by capillary GC. Pure Appl. Chem., 63, 1153-62 (1991).
  • Burdge,G.C. and Postle,A.D. Hepatic phospholipid molecular species in the guniea pig. Adaptations to pregnancy. Lipids, 29, 259-264 (1994).
  • Burdge,G.C., Creaney,A., Postle,A.D., Wilton,D.C. Mammalian secreted and cytosolic phospholipase A(2) show different specificities for phospholipid molecular species. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol., 27, 1027-1032 (1995).
  • Burdge,G.C., Wright,P., Jones,A.E. and Wootton S.A. A method for separation of phosphatidylcholine, triacylglycerol, non-esterified fatty acids and cholesterol esters from plasma by solid-phase extraction. Brit. J. Nutr., 84, 781-787 (2000).
  • Caboni,M.F., Menotta,S. and Lercker,G. High-performance liquid chromatography separation acid light-scattering detection of phospholipids from cooked beef. J. Chromatogr. A, 683, 59-65 (1994).
  • Caboni,M.F., Menotta,S. and Lercker,G. Separation and analysis of phospholipids in different foods with a light-scattering detector. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73, 1561-1566 (1996).
  • Cahoon,E.B. and Lynch,D.V. Analysis of glucocerebrosides of rye (Secale cereale L. cv Puma) leaf and plasma membrane. Plant Physiol., 95, 58-68 (1991).
  • Caligan,T.B., Peters,K., Ou,J., Wang,E., Saba,J. and Merrill,A.H. A high-performance liquid chromatographic method to measure sphingosine 1-phosphate and related compounds from sphingosine kinase assays and other biological samples. Anal. Biochem., 281, 36-44 (2000).
  • Calvano,C.D., Jensen,O.N. and Zambonin,C.G. Selective extraction of phospholipids from dairy products by micro-solid phase extraction based on titanium dioxide microcolumns followed by MALDI-TOF-MS analysis. Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 394, 1453-1461 (2009).
  • Calvo,M.V., Ramos,L. and Fontecha,J. Determination of cholesterol oxides content in milk products by solid phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Sep. Sci., 26, 927-931 (2003).
  • Cardenia,V., Rodriguez-Estrada, M.T., Baldacci, E., Savioli, S. and Lercker, G. Analysis of cholesterol oxidation products by Fast gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Sep. Sci., 35, 424-430 (2012).
  • Careri,M., Mangia,A., Musci,M. and Parolari,G. Development of gas chromatographic method for determination of cholesterol oxides in meat products. Chromatographia, 47, 42-48 (1998).
  • Cercaci,L., Rodriguez-Estrada,M.T. and Lercker,G. Solid-phase extraction-thin-layer chromatography-gas chromatography method for the detection of hazelnut oil in olive oils by determination of esterified sterols. J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 211-220 (2003).
  • Cha,D.M., Liu,M.M., Zeng,Z.R., Cheng,D.E. and Zhan,G.Q. Analysis of fatty acids in lung tissues using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry preceded by derivatization-solid-phase microextraction with a novel fiber. Anal. Chim. Acta, 572, 47-54 (2006).
  • Chambers,E., Wagrowski-Diehl,D.M., Lu,Z. and Mazzeo,J.R. Systematic and comprehensive strategy for reducing matrix effects in LC/MS/MS analyses. J. Chromatogr. B, 852, 22-34 (2007).
  • Chappell,G.P., Xiao,X.Y., Pica-Mendez,A., Varnell,T., Green,S., Tanaka,W.K. and Laterza,O. Quantitative measurement of cysteinyl leukotrienes and leukotriene B-4 in human sputum using ultra high pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. B, 879, 277-284 (2011).
  • Chaves das Neves,H.J., Vasconcelos,A.M.P. and Vasconcelos,O. A simple and rapid method for the study of triglyceride fatty acid profiles in human serum by capillary GC. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 13, 520-522 (1990).
  • Chen,T., Breuil,C., Carriere,S. and Hatton,J.V. Solid-phase extraction can rapidly separate lipid classes from acetone extracts of wood and pulp. Tappi J., 77, 235-240 (1994).
  • Chen,Y.L. and Xu,Y. Isolation and quantitation of plasma lysophosphatidic acids by solid-phase extraction and capillary electrophoresis. J. Liqu. Chromatogr. Rel. Technol., 25, 843-855 (2002).
  • Choi,G.T.Y., Casu,M. and Gibbons,W.A. NMR lipid profiles of cells, tissues and body fluids - neutral, non-acidic and acidic phospholipid analysis of Bond Elut chromatographic fractions. Biochem. J., 290, 717-721 (1993).
  • Christie, W.W. Solid-phase extraction columns and lipid analysis. In:: 'Contemporary Lipid Analysis, 2nd Symposium Proceedings', pp. 23-29 (edited by N.U. Olsson & B.G. Herslof, LipidTeknik, Stockholm) (1992).
  • Christie, W.W. Solid-phase extraction columns in the analysis of lipids. In: 'Advances in Lipid Methodology - One' (edited by W.W. Christie, Oily Press, Ayr), pp. 1-17 (1992).
  • Christie, W.W. Silver ion chromatography of triacylglycerols on solid phase extraction columns packed with a bonded sulphonic acid phase. J. Sci. Food Agric., 52, 573-577 (1990).
  • Christie, W.W. and Han, X. Lipid Analysis - Isolation, Separation, Identification and Lipidomic Analysis (4th edition), 446 pages (Oily Press, Bridgwater, U.K. and Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, U.K.) (2010) - Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Christie, W.W., Gill,S., Nordback,J., Itabashi,Y., Sanda,S. and Slabas,A.R. New procedures for rapid screening of leaf lipid components from Arabidopsis. Phytochem. Anal., 9, 53-57 (1998).
  • Christie, W.W., Nikolova-Damyanova,B., Laakso,P. and Herslof,B. Stereospecific analysis of triacyl-sn-glycerols via resolution of diastereomeric diacylglycerol derivatives by HPLC on silica. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 68, 695-701 (1991).
  • Christman, B.W., Gay,J.C., Christman,J.W., Prakash,C. and Blair,I.A. Analysis of effector cell-derived lyso platelet activating factor by electron capture negative ion MS. Biol. Mass Spectrom., 20, 545-552 (1991).
  • Chua,S.C., Tan,C.P., Lai,O.M., Long,K., Mirhosseini,H. and Baharin,B.S. Effect of absorbent in solid-phase extraction on quantification of phospholipids in palm-pressed fiber. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 110, 334-340 (2008).
  • Clariana,M., Diaz,I., Sarraga,C. and Garcia-Regueiro,J.A. Comparison of the determination of eight cholesterol oxides in dry-cured shoulder by GC-FID, GC-MS, and GC tandem mass spectrometry. Food Anal. Methods, 4, 465-474 (2011)
  • Coene,J., Van den Eeckhout,E. and Herdewijn,P. GC determination of alkyl lysophospholipids after solid-phase extraction from culture media. J. Chromatogr. B, 612, 21-26 (1993).
  • Cohen,Z. and Cohen,S. Preparation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) concentrate from Porphyridium cruentum. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 68, 16-19 (1991).
  • Costa,C.G., Struys,E.A., Bootsma,A., ten Brink,H.J., Dorland,L., de Almeida,I.T., Duran,M. and Jakobs,C. Quantitative analysis of plasma acylcarnitines using gas chromatography chemical ionization mass fragmentography. J. Lipid Res., 38, 173-182 (1997).
  • Craven,R.J. and Lencki,R.W. Rapid analysis of acylglycerols in low molecular weight milk fat fractions. Lipids, 42, 473-482 (2007).
  • Cripps,G.C. and Tarling,G.A. Rapid procedure for the isolation and analysis of fatty acid and fatty alcohol fractions from wax esters of marine zooplankton. J. Chromatogr. A, 760, 309-313 (1997).
  • Danielewicz,M.A., Anderson,L.A. and Franz,A.K. Triacylglycerol profiling of marine microalgae by mass spectrometry. J. Lipid Res., 52, 2101-2108 (2011).
  • Davey,M.W. and Lambein,F. Quantitative derivatization and HPLC analysis of cyanobacterial heterocyst-type glycolipids. Anal. Biochem., 206, 323-327 (1992).
  • Dawson,M. and McGee,C. Comparison between ethanol and methanol for the reversed-phase HPLC analysis of leukotriene B4 and its metabolites in cell incubation supernatants. J. Chromatogr. B, 532, 379-386 (1990).
  • De Jong,C. and Badings,H.T. Determination of free fatty acids in milk and cheese. Procedures for extraction, clean up and capillary GC analysis. J. High Resolut. Chromatogr., 13, 94-98 (1990).
  • De Jong,C., Palma,K. and Neeter,R. Sample preparation before capillary gas chromatographic estimation of free fatty acids in fermented dairy products. Neth. Milk Dairy J., 48, 151-156 (1994).
  • Deutsch,J., Grange,E., Rapoport,S.I. and Purdon,A.D. Isolation and quantitation of long-chain acyl-coenzyme A esters in brain tissue by solid-phase extraction. Anal. Biochem., 220, 321-323 (1994).
  • Deutsch,J., Rapoport,S.I. and Purdon,D. Isolation and HPLC separation of polyunsaturated species of rat brain acyl-CoA produced during decapitation-ischemia. Phosphorus, Sulfur, Silicon, Related Elements, 110, 389-392 (1996).
  • Dickson,L., Bull,I.D., Gates,P.J. and Evershed,R.P. A simple modification of a silicic acid lipid fractionation protocol to eliminate free fatty acids from glycolipid and phospholipid fractions. J. Microbiol. Methods, 78, 249-254 (2009).
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  • Dionisi,F., Golay,P.A., Aeschlimann,J.M. and Fay,L.B. Determination of cholesterol oxidation products in milk powders: Methods comparison and validation. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 2227-2233 (1998).
  • Doehl,J. and Greibrokk,T. Determination of prostaglandins in human seminal fluid by solid-phase extraction, pyridinium dichromate derivatization and HPLC. J. Chromatogr. B, 529, 21-32 (1990).
  • Dreiucker,J. and Vetter,W. Fatty acids patterns in camel, moose, cow and human milk as determined with GC/MS after silver ion solid phase extraction. Food Chem., 126, 762-771 (2011).
  • Dubois, M., Tarres,A., Goldmann,T., Loeffelmann,G., Donaubauer,A. and Seefelder,W. Determination of seven glycidyl esters in edible oils by gel permeation chromatography extraction and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection. J. Agric. Food Chem., 59, 12291-12301 (2011).
  • Dutta, P.C. Studies on phytosterol oxides. 2. Content in some vegetable oils and in french fries prepared in these oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 659-666 (1997).
  • Dutta, P.C. and Appelqvist,L.A. Studies on phytosterol oxides. 1. Effect of storage on the content in potato chips prepared in different vegetable oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74, 647-657 (1997).
  • Dybvik, A.I., Falch,E. and Rustad,T. Solid phase extraction as a tool to separate lipid classes and study deterioration of marine lipids. J. Aquatic Food Prod. Technol., 17, 39-59 (2008).
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  • Eggink, M., Charret,S., Wijtmans,M., Lingeman,H., Kool,J., Niessen,W.M.A. and Irth,H. Development of an on-line weak-cation exchange liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method for screening aldehyde products in biological matrices. J. Chromatogr. B, 877, 3937-3945 (2009).
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  • Elmer-Frolich, K. and Lachance,P.A. Faster and easier methods for quantitative lipid extraction and fractionation from miniature samples of animal tissues. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 69, 243-245 (1992).
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  • Eriksson, E. and Ledin,A. Analysis of long-chain fatty acids in grey wastewater with in-vial derivatization. Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 83, 987-995 (2003).
  • Esche, R., Barnsteiner, A., Scholz, B. and Engel, K.H. Simultaneous analysis of free phytosterols/phytostanols and intact phytosteryl/phytostanyl fatty acid and phenolic acid esters in cereals. J. Agric. Food Chem., 60, 5330-5339 (2012).
  • Esche, R., Scholz, B. and Engel, K.H. Analysis of free phytosterols/stanols and their intact fatty acid and phenolic acid esters in various corn cultivars. J. Cereal Sci., 58, 333-340 (2013).
  • Fagan, P., Wijesundera,C. and Watkins,P. Determination of mono- and di-acylglycerols in milk lipids. J. Chromatogr. A, 1054, 251-259 (2004).
  • Fauland, A., Trotzmuller, M., Eberl, A., Afiuni-Zadeh, S., Kofeler, H., Guo, X.H. and Lankmayr, E. An improved SPE method for fractionation and identification of phospholipids. J. Sep. Sci., 36, 744-751 (2013).
  • Fang, J.S. and Findlay,R.H. The use of a classic lipid extraction method for simultaneous recovery of organic pollutants and microbial lipids from sediments. J. Microb. Methods, 27, 63-71 (1996).
  • Fauler, G., Rechberger,G.N., Devrnja,D., Erwa,W., Plecko,B., Kotanko,P., Breunig,F. and Paschke,E. Rapid determination of urinary globotriaosylceramide isoform profiles by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry using stearoyl-d(35)-globotriaosylceramide as internal standard. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 19, 1499-1506 (2005).
  • Ferreiro-Vera, C., Mata-Granados,J.M.. Priego-Capote,F. and de Castro,M.D. Automated method for targeting analysis of prostanoids in human serum by on-line solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in selected reaction monitoring. J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 2848-2855 (2011).
  • Ferreiro-Vera, C., Priego-Capote, F. and de Castro, M.D.L. Comparison of sample preparation approaches for phospholipids profiling in human serum by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A, 1240, 21-28 (2012).
  • Ferreiro-Vera, C., Priego-Capote, F. and de Castro, M.D.L. Integrated identification/confirmatory and targeted analysis of epoxyeicosatrienosic acids in human serum by LC-TOF MS and automated on-line SPE-LC-QqQ MS/MS. Talanta, 106, 440-447 (2013).
  • Ferreiro-Vera, C., Ribeiro,J.P.N., Mata-Granados,J.M., Priego-Capote,F. and de Castro,M.D.L. Standard operation protocol for analysis of lipid hydroperoxides in human serum using a fully automated method based on solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in selected reaction monitoring. J. Chromatogr. A, 1218, 6720-6726 (2011).
  • Frank, H.G. and Graf,R. Determination of free unsaturated C20 fatty acids in rat placentae using HPTLC. J. Planar Chromatogr. - Mod. TLC, 4, 134-137 (1991).
  • Frankel, E.N., Neff,W.E. and Miyashita,K. Autoxidation of polyunsaturated triacylglycerols. II. Trilinolenoylglycerol. Lipids, 25, 40-47 (1990).
  • Frey, B., Haupt,R., Alms,S., Holzmann,G., Konig,T., Kern,H., Kox,W., Rustow,B. and Schlame,M. Increase in fragmented phosphatidylcholine in blood plasma by oxidative stress. J. Lipid Res., 41, 1145-1153 (2000).
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